Info

In both bulbs are at atmospheric pressure. The stopcock is closed, the volume in the measuring bulb is read, thermometer and barometer are noted, the volume which the air in the measuring bulb would occupy at 20 and 760 mm. is calculated, and the mercury reservoir and the bulbs are adjusted until the air in the measuring bulb occupies this calculated volume and until the air in the compensating bulb is ut exactly the same pressure as that in the measuring bulb. A glass tube bent twice at right...

Sulphuric Acid

If battery acid or other dilute acid is used, concentrate it by boiling. Container used hould be of enamelware or oven glass. When dense IMPORTANT Wash outside of jar thoroughly with clear water. If this is not done, the jar may be dangerous to handle during use 1. Place the tube containing the Sugar Chlorate crystals on an incendiary or flammable material taped end down. 3. Fit the tube to the bulb ba and tape in place. Meke sure that the tube doee not cover that portion of...

Do Not Remove Safety Stick Until Ready To Throw Fire Bottle

The safety stick, when in pUce, prevents ignition of the fire bottle if it should accidentally be broken. the end with the matches passes ' the slot in the can. Pass the flat stick or piece of metal Matches through slots in can to hold spring in place. This acts as a safety device. 8. Punch many closely spaced small holes between the lines marked on the can to form a striking surface for the matches. Be careful not to seriously deform can. Section V No. 4.1 CELLED FLAME FUELS LYE SYSTEMS Lye...

Pipe Pistol For Caliber Ammunition

A .45 caliber pistol can be made from 3 8 in. nominal diameter steel gas or water pipe and fittings. Lethal range is about 15 yards (13-1 2 meters*. Steel pipe. 3 8 in. (1 cm) nominal diameter and 6 in. (15 cm) long with threaded ends. 2 threaded couplings to fit pipe Solid pipe plug to fit pipe coupling Hard wood. 8-1 2 in. x 6-1 2 in. x I in. (21 cm x 16-1 2 cm x 2-1 2 cm) Tape or string Flat head nail, approximately 1 16 in. < 1-1 2 mm) in diameter 2 wood screws, approximately 1 16 in. <...

1

.* . 't - - , -. - t -I . .- . sp ' ft.' A- , - *> . AHEAD LOCK can be broken with one sure swift blow. You may frantically pull and tug and twist to release yourself from someone who has an arm tightly wrapped around your neck or by Jiu-Jitsu you may release yourself easily in less than two seconds. There is no question about the effectiveness of this method the effect on the nerve which is struck is instantaneous and severe. This release is very easy to apply and needs comparatively little...

Connect To Explosive

When a vehicle passes over the switch, the two metal plates make contact closing the firing circuit. 3. Wrap a connecting wire around one leg of each U at least 1 4 from the end and solder in place. 4. Place metal ball on block so that it rests in the center hole. 5. Insert the ends of the small MU into two holes in the block. Insert large U into the remaining two hole s. CAUTION Make lure that the metal ball does not touch either MU shaped wire when the switch is standing on its base. If the...

Procedure

Draw or scratch two lines around the can - one 3 4 (19 mm) and the other 1 1 4 (30 mm) from the open end. 2. Cut 2 slots on opposite sides of the tin can at the line farthest from the open end. Make slots large enough for the flat stick or piece of metal to pass through. 9. Fill the jar with gasoline and cap tightly 10, Turn can over and place over the jar so that the safety stick rests on the lid of the jar. 3. Punch 2 small holes just below the rim of the open end of the can. 11. pass wire or...

By Fred B

1 -piece of hardwood,about 1VWx3 4 )-piece of hardwood,about 2x lMxl I-strip of tension steel, about 3*l The Bates MFG. Co. of Orange, NJ makes a steel ruler that will do.The stock H is BNR-12. It can be bought in most stores. I-roof ing na iI -nail about 1 long String them 3 8n from the bottom and the other 2 3 V from the bottom. If you are using the ruler there will be no problem. 2. Snip all but V off the roofing nail, and file it to a point. Solder or glue it V' from the tension steel. This...

J

WHILE the chances are that you'll never be attacked by anyone wielding a knife, the Jiu-Jitsu defense against such a person is so easy that you cannot afford to neglect it. When practicing, use a knife of the proper weight and shape, but have the blade covered by some protective sheath so that there is no possibility of anyone This number requires o lot of proctice before you can know thai you have really mastered 1. But when you can apply it as shown in the following pictures you own a real...

Wax Base Seal

Add a drop of wax to the nozzle fuse Junction or store your completed grenades in a zlplock bag, as the mix Is somewhat hygroscopic and may take on some moisture from the air or moist surroundings. For your first test firing It Is best not to hand-hold the grenade, although this Is possible once you can predict its functioning. Not only may it get quite hot, but It may malfunction dangerously If you prepared the filler incorrectly. Wedge it into the ground and stand upwind to watch the action....

M V

This is another of those Jiu-Jitsu numbers which you should be coreful about in your practice. Hit your partner easily reserve the vicious blows for a rcot enemy. Looking at this number again, note that you pay no attention to the attacker's hands at your throat. Raise your hands above his elbows. Hit hard Hit at about the fifth ribs with the knife edge of your hands.

Common Source

Sodium hydroxide (lye, solid or concentrated solution) Copper or brsss plate about 4 in. < 10 cm) square and 1 16 in. < 2 mm) thick Soap manufacturing Disinfectants Sewer cleaner Aluminum plate or sheet, same site as copper plate One of the following Potassium permanganate, solid NOTE Be sure sodium hydroxide solution is at least a 45 solution by weight. If not, boil off some of the water. If solid sodium hydroxide Is available, dissolve some sodium hydroxide In about twice as muct. water...

Jjs

In analyzing this hold I discussed the severol steps vuch as blocking the blow, getting rid of the knife and throwing the man,, as if ihuy were separate parts of the number. Of course they are all port of one smooth flowing action which accomplishes the final goal. When you block a blow don't merely slow it down. Hit as hard as you can. The instant you block this blow your hand moves down and grips his hand with your thumb to the back of his hand. Your left hand then re-in-forces your right and...

U

Pedoes were formerly filled with compositions containing chlorate and red phosphorus, similar to those which are used in toy caps but these mixtures are dangerous and much more sensitive than Figure 36. Packing Globe Torpedoes in Wood Shavings. (Courtesy National Fireworks Company and the Boston Globe.) Figure 36. Packing Globe Torpedoes in Wood Shavings. (Courtesy National Fireworks Company and the Boston Globe.) is necessary. At present, safer perchlorate mixtures without phosphorus are used....

World War Development

To accomplish its mission in war, an army must protect itself it must seek to keep itself intact and avoid an excessive drain in casualties upon its resources and fighting power. Hence there is both an individual and a collective demand for protection in war regardless of what means or weapons are employed. In consequence of this, the history of war might well be viewed as an age-long and continuing struggle between weapon development as a means of taking life, 011 the one hand, and protection...

O

It is immersed in an acetone solution of calcium nitrate which is kept continuously saturated with ethylene which is bubbled through in such manner that it sweeps over the surface of the platinum gauze. An aluminum cathode is used, in a catholyte consisting of a nitric acid solution of calcium nitrate, and the cathode compartment is filled to a higher level since the liquid moves into the anode compartment as the electrolysis progresses. After the electrolysis,...

Y

Picramic acid, red needles, m. p. 109 , may be prepared by evaporating ammonium pic rate in alcohol solution with ammonium sulfide. Preparation of Diazodinitrophenol. Ten grams of picramic acid is suspended in 120 cc. of 5 hydrochloric acid in a beaker which stands in a basin of ice water, and the mixture is stirred rapidly with a mechanical stirrer. Sodium nitrite (3.6 grams) dissolved in 10 cc. of water is added all at once, and the stirring is continued for 20 minutes. The product is...

Tape

Drill four 1 16 holes and one 1 8 hole through the wood block as shown. 2. Form two U shaped pieces from 1 16 copper wire to the dimensions shown. J ONE 1 HIGH ONE 1-1 2 HIGH The switch is placed in a hole in the path of expected traffic and covered with a thin layer of dirt or other camouflaging material. The mine or other explosive device connected to the switch can be buried with the switch or emplaced elsewhere as desired.

Animal Blood Systems

MATERIAL REQUIRED Animal blood can be used to gel gasoline for use as a flanre fuel which will adhere to target surfaces. Small jar with cap Cardboard Adhesive tape How Used Common Source Potassium Chlorate Sugar Motor fuel Gas Station Sulphuric Acid (Battery Acid) Motor vehicles Rubber sheeting (automotive inner tube) white fumes begin to appear, immediately remove the acid from heat and allow to cool to room temperature

Dividers

F' ONE'S drafting kit does not include proportional dividers, an efficient substitute for this father expensive instrument may be easily made by the method illustrated. The dividers will be found very useful for enlarging or reducing a drawing or sketch. The blades may be made of cardboard, brass, aluminum, or even thin wood. If Hovr to lay at blades for proportional di* riderj, and a quick acting spring wire pivot of cardboard, cut the two blades to the shape shown in the upper diagram if of...

Nitroamines And Related Substances

The nitroamines are substituted ammonias, substances in which a nitro group is attached directly to a trivalent nitrogen atom. They are prepared in general either by the nitration of a nitrogen base or of one of its salts, or they are prepared by the splitting off of water from the nitrate of the base by the action of concentrated sulfuric acid upon it. At present two nitroamines are of particular interest to the explosives worker, namely, nitro-guanidine and cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine...

Lxx

DD, explosive, 166 DDNP, 443 see also Diazodinitrophenol DNT see Dinitrotoluene DNX see Dinitroxylene Dead pressed explosive, 4, 410, 424, 438, 441, 444, 450, 451 Dearrangement, urea, 373, 384, 385, 386 , 392 237, 266, 267, 452, 453 Decomposition in vacuum, 269 Definition of explosive, 1 Dehydrating press, 299, 300, 302 Density of louding. 24, 132, 169, 172, 175, 182, 267, 286, 337, 391 effect upon explosive decomposition, 390 optimum, 14, 139, 361, 362, 363 Dermatitis, 125 Deterrent, 291, 319,...

Popular Mechanics

A 1-in. hole was bored.in the center of a 2-in. square block. Two finishing- in, as shown in the' sketch. These were connected to terminals of an induction coil'. After everything was ready the . powder was poured in the hole and a board weighted with rocks placed over the block. When the button is pressed or the circuit closed in some other way the discharge occurs. The distance between the nail points which must be bright and clean should be just enough to give a good, fat spark.

Methods Of Projection

Regardless of the technical means employed, there are but three basic methods of placing chemicals on a target area. First, by releasing the chemical from containers installed in one's own front lines, and depending upon the wind to carry it to and over the target area. This may be called the method of release at origin. Second, by releasing from containers projected on the target area by some physical means, such as firing from a gun (chemical shell), dropping from an airplane (chemical bomb),...

W

Water-dried powder, 313 Water-drying, 305, 306, 307, 316 Water fireworks, 56 Water gas, 277 Water glass, 108, 253 Web thickness, 8, 299 Whale oil, 199 Wheel cake, 46 Wheel mill, 45, 46, 51, 290 Wheels, pyrotechnic, 91, 92 Whistling fireworks, 72, 73 Whistling rockets, 72 White fire, 61, 64, 71, 118 White lances, 58, 69 White lights, 64, 68, 71 White powder, Augendre's, 358 Raschig's, 50 White smoke, 123 White stars, 83 Willow tree, 86 Wing-tip flares, 68 Wire dips, 119 Wood cellulose, 259 Wood...

Bromacetone CHaCOCHjBr

German 14 B-Stoff French Martonite British and American BA Not satisfied with the slight improvement of benzyl bromide over xylyl bromide, the Germans soon brought out a third bromine compound bromacetone in an effort to solve the problem of a more easily volatilized irritant. It was also used by the French, mixed with 20 per cent chloracetone, under the name Martonite, and by the British and Americans under the symbol BA ' This compound was the most

Step

The 3x6 triangular base plate should be cut.from 3 16 (minimum) brass. Thickness should be at least V if aluminum is used. Drill 1 8 holes L, M,- and N in the plate. Use the base plate as a template to mark the bottom of the center piece (front spacer) on the frame. Edge of base plate should be flush with front of frame. Thread holes and coat screws with Loctite before installing plate to frame. If you are using bolts and nuts for assembly, the bolts must be inserted from the top down into the...

Lunginjurant Agents Group Characteristics

The lung injurants were the second group of agents to make their appearance in the World War. They form a well-defined group, having many properties in common* and for that reason they were designated by the Germans under a siugle generic class Green Cross substances. In general, they were all liquids of relatively low boiling points and high vapor pressures. They, therefore, were volatile substances that formed i ion persistent gases upon release from their containers. Their principal...

S

S-Type smoke mixture, British, 233 Salve, protective, 505 Shell, chemical, artillery, gas, used in World War, H5H incendiary, development, 47 Shelters, gasproof, 568-571 Silicon tetrachloride, 239 SK, 138 Smoke, candles and pots, development and use, 303-309 clouds, nature of, 61 nature of, 224 ulwcuring power, 226 production, principle* of, 229 screens, 27, 220 Smoke agent, classification, 220 comparison, 246 definition, 4 future of, 247 history, 220 nature of, 224 obscuring power, 45, 22fi...

Lzt

Which is as good a stabilizer as diphenylamine itself. Since both of these substances may be detected by simple tests upon an alcoholic extract of a sample of the powder, the fitness of the powder for continued storage and use may be easily demon which is as good a stabilizer as diphenylamine itself. Since both of these substances may be detected by simple tests upon an alcoholic extract of a sample of the powder, the fitness of the powder for continued storage and use may be easily demon...

Leather Washer

ALL that was required to make the high-grade hunting knife shown above was a worn-out 10-in. mill file, 10 cents worth of scrap sole leather from a shoe repair shop, and a piece of scrap brass 154 in. in diameter. Place the file in a forge or bury it in a roaring bed of live coals in a furnace or stove and bring to a white heat. Remove and let cool gradually. This will leave just the right temper. , Now place the file in the vise with 5 in. above the jaws, and break it off with a hammer. Grind...

Black Powder

The discovery that a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur is capable of doing useful mechanical work is one of the most important chemical discoveries or inventions of all time. It is to be classed with the discovery or invention of pottery, which occurred before the remote beginning of history, and with that of the fixation of nitrogen by reason of which the ecology of the human race wilKbc different in the future from what it has been throughout the time that is past. Three...

Requirements For Ideal Agents

Since wc have now reviewed the requirements for chemical agent at some length, we may summarize this subject by stating the qualities and characteristics of an ideal chemical agent of each type. Offensive Gas. The ideal combat gas for us on the tactical offensive should meet the following requirements Tactical t. High toxicity. - Multiple effortiveneas. X npersistcncy. 4 hfiocts of m ximum duration. V Immediate effectiveness. I . Insidiousness in action. Volatility (maximum field conrcntra-I...

Capchur Equipment

The world famous system for immobilizing or medicating wild or domestic animals. A patented method for Injecting Any fluid drug into an animal from distances up to 80 yards - safely, accurately and instantaneously. The drug we offer is for ttie purpose of immobilizing an animal for easy capture or handling, but any liquid medicine or drug recommended by your veterinarian may be used with this equipment. The weapons propel a unique patented syringe which carries the drug. On impact with the...

General Data

Type surface to surface antitank missile. Configuration length, 24 diameter, 4 wingspan, 18 ' solid balsa cruciform wings, spiral wound paper tube body and nosecone. Propulsion type 4 solid propellaat single stage motors - burning time - three seconds, maximum combined thrust - 36 lbs - average combined thrust - 8 lbs. Payload high explosive shaped charge approx. lbs. of explosive. Guidance type two channel radio control, visually guided to target. 4 movable trim tabs on wings for steering....

Future Of Smoke Agents

During the World War obscuring smoke proved its tactical value on land and sea and won for itself an assured place as a military weapon. Since the war the development of air force has still further enhanced the value of obscuring smoke, for not only are airplanes a means par excellence for putting down smoke Bcreens on the field of battle, but their power of observation has greatly increased the need for obscuration. So greatly has aircraft increased the facility of observing enemy dispositions...

Automatic Firearm

Automatic weapons of the submachine gun type are sometimes referred to as machine pistols and such weapons must be light in weight and efficient u operation. According to this Invention weight cf the weapon is kept to a minimum by constructing certain elements so that they per* ions two or more functions. For example, the trigger guard of this invention is arranged in such manner as to afford protection for the outwardly protruding trigger and also so as to function as guide means whereby...

Plastic Bombs

Hand grenades and antipersonel mines can be easily and cheaply constructed from polyester casting res in, auto body putty, ABS and PVC pipe, plexiglass, vacumn formed styrene sheet etc. These plastic devices won't produce shrapnel fragments or concussions equal to the power of conventional bombs, but they do have two unique and noteworthy features they are both non metallic and x-ray Li.apparent. The first feature allows these devices to be carried through airports, government buildings and...

Osu

Ignition temperature, 3, 21, 165, 189, 206, 446 Impact, sensitivity to, 21, 138, 157, 165, 168, 184 Incendiary compositions, 28, 35, 52 Indigo. 123, 164 Indoor fireworks, 70, 93 Indurite, 296 Inhibitory effect of groups, 128 Initiator, 2, 11 Iodine, 409 Iron, 429 Iron filings. 52, 57, 118 Iron oxide, 61 Iron picrate, 63, 165 Iron scale, 53 Iron wire, 118 Isoamyl phthalate, 322 Isoamyl sebacate, 322 Isonitroacetic acid, 407 Isonitrosoacetaldehyde, 407 Isopropyl alcohol, 207 Isopropyl nitrate,...

Wdj

Dynamite Manufacture. (Courtesy Hercules Powder Company.) Hoppers underneath the mixing machine, showing the buggies which carry the mixed dynamite to the packing machines. 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 0 Nitroglycerin 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 Combustible material 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 14 15 16 Sodium nitrate 64 60 56 52 48 44 40 35 29 23 Calcium or magnesium carbonate 1111111111 Figure 86. Dynamite Manufacture. (Courtesy Hercules Powder Company.) Hoppers underneath the mixing...

WaterTipe

The walking stick shotgun made from water pipe which was featured in PMA could be a very handy weapon, except that it's unsafe to carry. Besides the danger, it could be very embarrassing as well as a detriment to your continued freedom to have your'walking stick' either fail apart or go off at the wrong t i me. You can eliminate this potential hazard by putting in a pin type saf-ty lock.This Is simply a piece of 1 8 or 3 16 drill rod slightly longer than the diameter of piece number th ree and...

Physical Classification

The physical classification is very simple and is based upon physical state or form of the substance under ordinary conditiona, i.e., temperature 68 F. (20 C.) and atmospheric pressure (760 mm. Hg). Thus, an agent is a true gas, if its boiling point is below ordinary atmospheric temperature, as is the case with chlorine (b.p. 28 F.). This classification as a true gas is not to be confused with the broad generic term gas, used to refer generally to toxic chemical agents, but means that the...

Oqa

Technical Lead Azide, 90-9.59 pure (75X). For use in detonators. Precipitated in the presence of dextrin, it shows no crystal faces under the microscope. follows from the original work of Curtius, the second from a reaction discovered by Wisliscenus in 1892 and later developed for plant scale operation by Dennis and Browne. Curtius first prepared hydrazoic acid by the action of aqueous or alcoholic alkali or ammonia on acyl azides prepared by the action of nitrous acid on acyl...

No

Hexanitrodiphenyl sulfide (picryl sulfide) is formed by the interaction of picryl chloride and sodium thiosulfate in alcohol solution in the presence of magnesium carbonate. It is sparingly soluble in alcohol and ether, more readily in glacial acetic acid and acetone, golden-yellow leaflets from alcohol-acetone, m.p. 234 . It does not stain the fingers yellow and is said to be non-poisonous. Its explosive properties are comparable to those of hexanitrodiphenylamine. Its use in reinforced...

Note

Common dry cigarettes burn about 1 inch every 7 or 8 minutes in still air. If the fuse cord is placed 1 inch from the burning end of a cigarette a time delay of 7 or 8 minute will result. Delay time will vary depending upon type of cigarette, wind, moisture, and other atmospheric conditions. DELAY IGNITER FROM CIGARETTE A simple and economical time delay can be made with a common cigarette. To obtain accurate delay time, a test run should be made under use11 conditions.

Explosive

If an exploaive charge other than a atandard TNT block ia uaed, make a hole in the center of the charge for inaerting the blaating cap. TNT can be drilled with relative safety. With plaatic explosives, a hole can be made by preaaing a round atick into the center of the charge. The hole ahould be deep enough that the blaating cap ia totally within the exploaive. 2. Tape, tie or glue one or two rows of closely packed naila to sides of explosive block. Nails should completely cover the four...

L

Lachrymator, 140, 144 Lactose, 65, 123, 208, 238, 240 Lactose Hexanitrate, 242 Lactose octonitrate, 241 Lady crackers, 111 Laevulosan, 243 Laminated powder, 298, 318 Lamium, oil of, 34 Lampblack, 57, 61, 64, 65, 70, 71, 72, 84, 85, 86, 90, 108, 118, 289, 356 Lampblack effect, 98 Lampblack stars, 86, 87 Lances, 57, 58, 63, 69 Lead acetate, 425, 440 Lead azide, 3, 4, 8,169, 183, 209, 281, 391, 420, 421, 424 ff., 431, 434, 440, 450 density, 430, 434 drop test, 209 efficiency as initiator, 280...

Tt

a working model and it was an instant sucess. Really though, it couldn't have been anything but a success, as It was so very simple in construction. This first bazooka consisted of nothing more than an aluminum tube six feet long and 3 A to I inch In diameter, a motorcycle battery (power pack), a light switch (trigger), and the necessary wiring and electrical connections. These parts were all taped together for easy assembly and disassembly. The assembly goes as follows The wiring goes from...

Hohemaoe Bazooka

The subject of improvised weaponry has been a topic to which much thought has been devoted. However, until recent times in the light of massive anti-gun IegislatIon,it has been somewhat crude and ineffective. Taking these facts into mind I decided to design, build and test a weapon that would be easy to make and highly effective. Ater toying with the idea and encountering a few failures, a friend of mine developed the Idea of the bazooka. He later built

Comparison Of Smoke Agents

On the basis of total obscuring power (T.O.P.), the smoke agents discussed above, as well as other substances that have been U9ed since the War for producing smoke, are arranged below in the descending order of their T.O.P.'s. White Titanium tetrachloride and Sulfur .Sulfur trioxide and chlorsulfonic acid (FS) 2.550 Hydrochloric acid and HC Silicon tetrachloride and Titanium tetrachloride Oleum Tin tetrachloride Phosphorus trichloride and Chlomtlfonic acid and Silicon Sulfur chloride and...

Xvo

No m-nitrotetryl is produced if pure dimethylaniline is used in the usual process for the manufacture of tetryl. The amount of this impurity in the usual process depends upon the amount of monomethylaniline which may be present. A large excess of sulfuric acid tends toward the production of m-nitro compounds, but a reduction in the amount of sulfuric acid is not feasible for this increases the amount of benzene-insoluble material. m-Nitro-tetryl reacts with water, as TNA does the nitro group in...

Info Gmt

Rial which composes the burnt head of the match has become thoroughly heated, it is extinguished by shaking, and the burnt head is then touched to the heap of nitrosoguanidine. The nitrosoguanidine explodes with a zishing sound and with a cloud of gray smoke, but with no visible flash whatsoever. The place on the hand where the nitrosoguanidine was fired will perhaps itch slightly, and the next day will perhaps show a slight rash and peeling of the skin. There is no sensation of being burned,...

Dissemination By Projectiles

While the theoretical economy of releasing chemicals on the target area is very large, as indicated above, the practical advantage is not nearly so great, for several deterrant factors enter into the projection and dispersion of chemicals from projectiles. In the first place, projectiles are not very efficient as carriers of chemicals, for their walls must be made thick enough to withstand the shock of discharge, and this greatly limits their chemical capacity. The efficiency of a chemical...

Chapter

Incendiaries, the third member of the chemical arm, are striata nces used to set fire to enemy material in the Theater of War. Unlike gas and smoke, which are directed against personnel and are used chiefly on the field of battle, incendiaries are directed primarily against material, and their employment is not limited to the battle front, but extends to targets anywhere in the Theater of War that can be reached by bombing airplanes. Incendiaries may also be used to a limited extent against...

Collective Protection General Considerations

Measures of protection against chemical agents which apply generally to a group of persons, as distinguished from those measures which pertain solely to an individual, are classed under the heading of Collect itr Protection, (38) and comprise the following 1. Provision and use of gasproof shelters where personnel may work, sleep, rcsi. nd cnt their meals in a gas-free atmosphere during ga* attacks. 2. Removal of gas from enclosed spaces. 3. Decontamination of ground, building , clothing. md...

Safety Check Test Fire Shotgun Before Hand Firing

Locate a barrier such as a stone wall or large tree which you can stand behind in case the weapon explodes when fired. 2. Mount shotgun solidly to a table or other rigid support at least ten feet in front of the barrier. 3. Attach a long cord to the firing strap on the shotgun. 4. Holding the other end of the cord, go behind the barrier. 5. Pull the cord so that the firing strap is held back. groove of stock with shellac or lacquer and, while still wet, place pipe in V groove and wrap 6....

Mab

Title Page of John Bate's Book of Fireworks. A green man, such as might walk at the head of a procession, is shown scattering sparks from a fire club. The construction of this device is described as follows To make . . . you must fill diverse canes open at both ends (and of a foot long, or more, or lesse, as you think fit) with a slow composition, and binde them upon a staffe of four or five foot long prime them so that, one being ended, another may begin you may prime them with a...

Source

Soil containing old decayed vegetable or animal matter Old cellars and or farm grounds Decayed stone or mortar building foundations Totally burned whitish wood ash powder Totally burned paper (black) 4. Place bucket over shallow container. Bucket may be sup-ported on sticks if necessary. Bucket or similar container, about 5 gallons (19 liters) in volume (Plastic, metal, or wood) 2 pieces of finely woven cloth, each slightly larger than bottom of bucket large as bottom of bucket Shallow heat...

Caution

Store matches and completed igniters in mois-tureproof containers such as rubber or plastic bags until ready for use. Damp or wet paper book matches will not ignite. 3. Shape the cover into a tube with striking surface on the inside and tape. Make sure the folded cover will fit tightly around the taped match heads. Leave cover open at opposite end for insertion of the matches. 4. Push the taped matches into the tube until the bottom ends are exposed about 3 4 in, (2 cm).

Vwd

An agent is a liquid if its melting point i> below ordinary temperatures and its boiling point is above such temperatures* i.e., when the range of atmospheric temperatures lie between the melting and boiling point of an agent, e.g., chlorpicrin (m.p. 92.4 F., b.p. 235.4 F.). Similarly, an agent is a solid when its melting point is above ordinary atmospheric temperatures, e.g., white phosphorus (m.p. 111 F.). The tabulation on page 111 shows the principal World War chemical agents classified...

Command Post

Place your manually detonated mines in spots that can be readily identified by you. If you put one in a tree stump, run the string into your command post, put a little tag on the pulling end that says 'tree stump'. If you have a big project like a long wall that you want to dot with mines, put numbers on the wall facing you and tag your strings accordingly. By doing this, you just sit back and wait for someone to take his position, and then finish him off. If you are being stormed, pull all the...

Future Of The Vesicants

The vesicants introduced a new principle in chemical-warfare offense in that they readily penetrated clothing and produced casualties by body bums. Masks, therefore, were wholly inadequate for protection against these agents, and special protective clothing was resorted to. Such clothing is very uncomfortable, especially in hot weather, and greatly lowers the combat ability of troops. It also enormously increases the problem of protection from contamination, not only for men and animals but...

Material Required

Mating socket Cardboard or heavy paper Black Powder Adhesive tape 7. Cut a disc from rubber sheet so that it juat fits snugly inside the lid of the jar. 1. Break the glass of the electric light bulb. Take care not to damage the filament. The initiator will NOT work if the filament is broken. Remove all glasa above the base of the bulb. 8. Partly fill jar with water, cover with rubber disc and cap tightly with the drilled lid. Invert bottle and allow to stand for a few minutes to make sure that...

Bargain Bugging

When it is necessary to record your conversation with another person or his conversation with a third party after your departure, a bug can be hidden In your pocket and may be left at the scene. The bug transmits to a receiver tape recorder setup In your nerarby parked car or carried by your associate who places himself as close to the scene of conversation as possible outside an office, in an adjoining room, etc. walkie talkies. Adequate ones are available for about 25 from any radio and...

Philosophy Of Battle

Prior to the era of modern times, there do not seem to have been any generally recognized limits to tIk* scope and character of warfare. On the contrary, in war, might made right, ami those means which most expeditiously and utterly annihilated an enemy were preferred. Few if any checks or limitations ap > ear to have been placed upon the powers, of the commanders of armies in t he field. The first code of warfare which sought to define the limits within which armed conflict between civilized...

Group Characteristics

The lacrimators, as a group, have certain well-defined properties in common, the most important of which are the following 1. They all have the power to irritate certain tissues only, i.e., the eyes, and without producing noticeable lesions their action is thus both elective and reversible since they affect only one organ, and the irritation produced quickly disappear . 2. Their threshold of action is low, i.e., they are effective in extremely low concentrations, such as a few thousandths of a...

Hammer Pattern

Will not be filled, a wad of paper should be used to ensure that a , quantity of filler is held in place around the fuse. The spark cannot be counted on to make a jump. If a nore sophlsticated explosive filler is to be used, be sure to use the correct companion booster or igni-tor charge. Most high explosives cannot be detonated by fuse only. When the epoxy is dry coat the threads of the grenade body with Permatex or a similar non drying gasket sealer. This will form a waterprooF seal between...

Classification Of Chemical Agents

Chemical agents may be classified in several ways depending upon the point of view and the purpose of the classification. Broadly speaking, we may divide the several classifications into two general groups theoretical and practical. In the theoretical group are included classifications according to (1) chemical composition, (2) physical state, and (3) physiological effect, whereas the practical group comprises classifications according to (1) persistency, (2) degree of action, and (3) tactical...

Figs

In accordance with the invention, therefore, the chamber has at its front end a section of reduced cross-sectional area. Weight, size and cost are reduced without seriously affecting the efficiency of noise reduction. The silencer may be built as an attachment or, preferably, the rear portion of the chamber may be built around the barrel of the firearm, with communicating holes through the barrel. The heat absorbing material may be metal screen , which may take the form of apertured discs,...

Index Tm

Armor materials 160 Battery, short lasting 154, two hour 157 Carbine, 7.62 mm 46 Cartridge, rifle 61 Cone charge, wine bottle 23 Dust explosions 12 Explosions, dust 12 Fertilizer explosive 14 Fire bottle, chemical 84, mechanically initiated 88 Fuse cords, fast burning 118 slow burning 119 Gelled flame fuels, alcohol-lye 94 alcohol-soap 96 blood 102 egg 97 latex 99 lye 93 wax 101 Generator, automobile 152 Igniter, fuse, from book matches 108 from book matches 86 Igniter, delay, cigarette 110...

Chlorine

Chlorine gas is generated when chlorine bleach is mixed with sodium bisulfate (Sani-Flush). Pour a can of Sani-Flush in a baking pan, and level off the top of the pile. Punch a hole near Che bottom of the plastic bleach jug and place the jug in the center of the pan. A steady cloud of gas will be generated, the actual duration depending upon the rate of bleach flow. If it is necessary to direct the gas to a specific area, the generator can be covered with an airtight top fitted with a hose.

Figure

Just got PMA. 05 and saw your little article on Caltrops. There's an even easier way to make them out of about 1 32 sheet steel that needs only a pair of tinsnips (although compound leverage aviator's snips would be easier to use ). Just cut a piece of sheet steel to the shape shown in Figure I, then twist 90 across the narrow waist, see Figure 2. The Caltrop will sit on one edge and one point with the remaining point sticking up. See Figure 3. The 1 32 thickness is okay for passenger cars, but...

Trip Lever

Strip one in. (2 1 2 cm) of insulation from the ends of 2 connecting wires. 4. Wrap one wire tightly around the spring loaded striker of the mousetrap. 5. Wrap the second wire around some part of the trip lever or piece of metal. This switch can be used in a number of ways -- one typical method is presented here. The switch is placed inside a box which also contains the explosive and batteries. The spring loaded striker is held back by the lid of the box and when the box is opened the circuit...

Military Application

Now that the basic principles of chemical action have been broadly outlined, there remains to be considered the manner in which chemical Viewing the typical modern battlefield in panoramic plan, each military arm may be regarded as responsible for definite areas which are largely delimited by the ranges of the weapons of thai arm. Infantry for example, is directly concerned to a distance of say 1,000 yd. to its front, which is about as far as infantry rifles are practically ffective. Chemical...

Projectors

RANCE PROJECTOR - RIFLE TTPE (CO, powered) 1. Specially designed pneumatic rifle that fires patented Cap-Chnr syringe. The 2 small CO, cylinders inserted into the rifle will discharge the rifle approximately 10 times. Can be successfully used at distances up to about 35 yard*, but most effective at 25 to 30 yard range. The lower velocity of this unit minimizes danger of injury to animals resulting from the physical impact of the syringe. Bolt Action. Specially designed barrel. Sh. wt. 8Yi...

Capchur Sol Immobilizing Drug

Cap-Chur Sot is the most rapid actms immobilizer available. Total immobilization usually occurs in from 2 to 10 minutes. Dizziness and lack of visual coordination may occur in as short a time as 30 seconds so that the animal will normally not move far after injection. Best results are usually obtained by mak-ins ihe injection in the muscular area of the hindquarters on larger animals. The dosases prescribed are for intramuscular or intraperitoneal Injection. Cap-Chur Sol contains nicotine...

Cross Strips

Tween the rollers of. a wringer, by flattening them with a lawn roller, or in anv other convenient way. If the target 4S to be no larger than 2 ft. in diameter, it is now necessary only to roll the strip* as tightly as possible under your knee and bind with wire aa described a little later on, It will improve the target to brush the pasteboard heavily with a solution of sodium silicate (water glass). If a standard 4-ft. target is to be made, prepare a frame as shown in the drawing. Bore the...

Iiv

Davis Pamks 191-458 CorvuHJHTKD as Volume II, 19-4 1 I Properties of Classification of A Complete Round of Propagation of Detonating Velocity of Munroe Sensitivity Tests of Explosive Power and Brisance 23 II Black Berthold Boerhaave on Black Greek Marcus Roger Development of Black Burning of Black Uses of Black Blasting Other Related Propellent III Development of Pyrotechnic Mixtures 53 Colored Railway Scratch Marine Parade Aluminum and Magnesium Picrate Picrate Non-Picrate Roman...

Fertilizer Explosive

An explosive munition can lie made from fertilizer grade ammonium nitrate and either fuel oil or a mixture of equal parts of motor oil and gasoline. When properly prciwrcd, this explosive munition can be detonated with a blasting cup. 4. Place the aluminum metal on top of the explosive. 5. Just before use, insert the blasting cap into the cavity made by the rod. The initiator is now ready for use. Cardboard Disk Insert For Handling Purposes NOTE If it is desired to carry the initiator some...

Push Dagger Full Size Pattern

Sewn to the inside of your boot or the scabbard supplied with the knife can be shortened to fit the new blade length. The push dagger, like the derringer, was a popular b ckup or hideout weapon for the American traveler in the 18008. Rlverboat gamblers would often produce a push dagger to settle a gambling argument, and many gentlemen carried a dagger as a discrete means of protection for encounters with the local riff-raff. Many of these early push daggers were works of art. One of the more...

Coke Bottle Shaped Charge

This shaped charge will penetrate 3 in. (7-1 2 cm) of armor. (It will disable a vehicle if placed on the engine or engine compartment). Glass Coke bottle. 6-1 2 oz. size Plastic or castable explosive, about 1 lb. (454 gm) Metal cylinder, open at both ends, about 6 in. (IS cm) long and 2 in. (5 cm) inside diameter. Cylinder should be heavy walled for best results. Non-metal rod about 1 4 in. (6 mm) in diameter and 8 in. (20 cm) or more in length. 2 tin cans if castable explosive is used (See...

New Subminiature Fm Wireless Microphone

Wireless Mike

If left on the scene the wireless mike will continue to transmit for about 80 hours. It can be attached to the bottom of a desk or chair with a piece of tape or ribbon epoxy or hidden in a paper bag and placed in a convenient waste basket. The one drawback to this transmitter Is the short battery life. This Is a result of the unit being constantly on as long as the battery is in place. Anyone with a fair amount ol electronic skill can tap inlo the battery circuit of the mike and install a voice...

A D C Ranford

Here's a neat little device that can launch a 2 lb. pipe bomb 100 yards or more, depending upon the thrower. Use a pipe bomb with a 10-15 second fuse and tie a string 2-3 feet long around one end, as shown in Fig.I. Using this method of launching, you shouldn't find it too difficult to throw accurately at surprisingly long distances. The grenade that wouldn't reach a nearby hill can now be thrown over1 the next one as well. There are several times when you'll need a grenade to reach something...

Edward L Allen

Edward Allen began teaching Jiu-Jitsu twenty years ago he has taught thousands of law enforcement officers and law abiding citizens. He gives private lessons to single pupils and class lessons to hundreds. He teaches business men interested in Jiu-Jitsu as a means of keeping order in their establishments and officers eager to have this additional weapon at their commond. Housewives making certain that they can repel possible intruders in their homes and soldiers preparing for foreign...

By Darvis Mccoy

In feudal Japan there existed an organization Qf assassins known as Ninja. They were adept in the use of all weapons of their day. The one we are Interested in here is the weighted chain, or manrikigusarl. Different versions of this weapon existed, such as the long rope, with a ring on one end and a knife on the other, or the chain with a weight on each end. The most appropriate for modern street defense Is the latter. The weighted chain is a versatile fighting tool. It can be snapped at the...

Info Tfx

Readily soluble in acetone, acetic acid, and in methyl and ethyl alcohol, and is relatively stable. It reduces Fehling's solution on warming. l-Rhamnose trinitrate, CoHo02 ON02 3, results from the action of mixed acid on i-rhamnosc. It is a white amorphous material, melting below 100 , readily soluble in alcohol and in soluble in water. It explodes feebly under a hammer blow. a-Methylglucoside tetranitrate,89 C7Hi002 0N02 4, crystallizes from alcohol in quadrilateral plates which melt at 49-50...

Mannose Pentanitrate

Nitroglucose d-Glucose pentanitrate , CJEirOfONOub d-Glucosc pentanitrate 00 is a colorless viscous syrup, insoluble in water and in ligroin, readily soluble in alcohol. It becomes hard at 0 . It is unstable above 50 , and if heated slowly to a higher temperature decomposes rapidly at about 135 . It reduces Fehling's solution on warming. Ghicosan trinitrate, CUH7O2 0N02 3, is produced by the nitration of cr-glucosan and by the action for several days of mixed acid on d-glucose. It is readily...

Bolas

For centuries, the Indians of South America have used a weapon called the bola, or bolsadero, for hunting and warfare. It was used widely in tribal disputes, and was very effective a-gainst the Spanish cavalry. Today the gauchos who inhabit the pampas use them to snare the feet of livestock on the run, but their value as a weapon has not diminished. The bola of old was made by wrapping a stone in a leather pouch, tying a leather thong about three feet long to the pouch, then tying three of...

Nitric Acid

Nitric acid is used in the preparation of many explosives, incendiary mixtures, and acid Delay timers. It may be prepared by distilling a mixture of potassium nitrate and concentrated sulfuric acid. MATERIAL REQUIRED SOURCES Improvised Section I. No. 2 Motor vehicle batteries Industrial plants Potassium nitrate 2 parts by volume by volume 2 bottles or ceramic jugs narrow necks are preferable Pot or frying pan Heat source wood, coal, or charcoal etc. but not cellophane Paper or rags IMPORTANT If...

Dynamite And Other High Explosives

Dynamite and the fulminate blasting cap both resulted from Alfred Nobel's effort to make nitroglycerin more safe and more convenient to use. Having discovered that nitroglycerin is exploded by the explosion of a small firecracker-like device filled with black powder, he tried the effect of mixing the two materials, and in 1863 was granted a patent which covered the use of a liquid explosive, such as nitroglycerin or methyl or ethyl nitrate, in mixture with gunpowder in order to increase the...

Shotgun Shell

Set guns are a dandy way to protect yourself and your property. Correctly rigged, they can kill or malm an intruder , and, If you are around, announce the Intruder's tresspasses. If push ever comes to shove In our uncertain future, set guns will provide c eap, they can be improvised reliable, and effective insurance for a broad variety of security problems. For the present, they must be used with the greatest discretion. The authorities and their minions frown upon the use of firearms In...

Zx

Bury at least 1 2 of the launcher pipe in the ground at desired angle Open end should face the expected path of the enemy. Muzzle may be covered with cardboard and a thin layer of dirt and or leaves as camouflage. Be sure cardboard prevents dirt from entering pipe. NOTE The 14 in. launcher may be hand held against the ground instead of being buried. METHOD II - If Electrical Igniter is Used NOTE Be sure that bulb is in good operating condition. 1. Prepare electric bulb initiator as described...

Gil

266, 320, 321, 327 Cadmium azide. 183, 411, 412 Cadmium fulminate, 183, 411, 412 Cadmium picrate, 164 Calcium azide, 411 Calcium carbide, 377 Calcium carbonate, 66, 86, 105, 106, 122, 124, 185, 189, 276, 308, 333, 339, 311. 345, 454 Calcium chloride muriate , 60, 133, 377 Calcium cyanamide, 377 Calcium fluoride, 71 Calcium hydroxide, 278 Calcium nitrate, 200, 201, 229 Calcium picrate, 63, 164 Calcium silicide, 458 Calcium sulfate, 353 Calomel. 64, 65, 67, 70, 72, 85, 86 Calx, 38 Camphor, 40,...

American Jiujitsu

For 20 years I have studied and taught Jiu-Jitsu. My students have been city and state policemen, business men, soldiers, housewives, college students, penitentiary guards, private and industrial policemen, Y.M.C.A. classes and householders. Sixteen year old boys and girls and sixty-five year old men and women two hundred and fifty pounders and ninety pound lightweights have gained poise and confidence by acquiring the knowledge and skill of Jiu-Jitsu. Whether the art originated, as some...

Co M B At Pisto L T A R G Et

Pictured Is a diagram of an excellent target to use when practicing defensive shooting with a pistol. A wide black felt tip pen is used to lay out several targets on 18 inch X 30 inch pieces of corrugated cardboard, following the measurements given in the drawing. These targets are hung from a piece ot clothesline about 25 yards from the shooter. The silhouettes may be used singularly, in groups of two or three, or even more if you anticipate a gun fight with a band of desparados. Any hit in...

By Billy L Nielsen

In the event of an extreme emergency or catastrophe, the urge to survive will be the one most uppermost instinct in all men. As we prepare for an eventual crisis, we begin stocking up on food, water, defense firearms and ammunition.Having made the above provisions, we next must consider keeping and protecting these precious supplies, as well as keeping alive. Booby traps will not only help protect one against unwelcome intruders, but can also serve as an alarm system. It should be stressed that...

Archer Rolls Targets From Pasteboard

Targcta no larger than 2 ft. in diameter can bi rolled under one's knee Targcta no larger than 2 ft. in diameter can bi rolled under one's knee Bigger target Ilka that at tha lait ara atarlad in the tame my but finished on 4 wooden frame ci the type ihown below Snww target backs used for archery re expensive, wear out quickly, cannot be repaired when the ccnters have been shot away, and cannot easily be made at home even in the few localities where luitable rye straw is to be obtained. An...

Water Or Moisture Away From The Mold

Short Cartridge Dimensions

Lead from the last house that was torn down here. Stand the bullets you have cast in a shallow pan and pour melted bullet lube on them. When the lube cools and hardens cut the bullets out of the lube by pressing a fired cartridge case down over the bullet. Punch the fired primer out first and use a stiff piece of wire to shove the bullet out of the case. The bullet shoots fair as is but for better accuracy, get a Lee Lube and Size kit. The lubed and sized bullets shoots very accurately with a...

Nitric Esters

Nitric esters or organic nitrates contain the nitrate radical, 0 NO-, attached to a carbon atom, or, to express the same idea in a different way, they contain the nitro group, N02, attached to an oxygen atom which is attached to a carbon. In nitro compounds, strictly so called, the nitro group is attached directly to a carbon in nitroamines or nitramincs it is attached to an amino nitrogen atom, that is, to a nitrogen which is attached to a carbon. In the nitric esters and in the nitroamines...

Tuberculin Sybince

Disposable Icc syringe with 5 8 needle is excellent for measuring exact proportions to put in Cap-Chur syringes. Features 1 100th cc graduations. CM02N-S01-TB Per All Cap-Chur equipment and supplies are available for immediate shipment from Nasco. Your orders will be processed without delay. Our staff is experienced in the use of this equipment and is able to answer your questions. Simply call the nearest Nasco office if you need assistance. NASCO Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin 414 563-2446...