Position Of The Coach

The coach constantly checks and assists the firer in applying marksmanship fundamentals during firing. He observes the firer'5 position and his application of the steady position elements. The coach is valuable in checking factors the firer is unable to observe for himself and in preventing the firer from repeating errors. During an exercise, the coach should be positioned where he can best observe the firer when he assumes position. He then moves to various points around the firer sides and...

Conduct Of Record Fire Range

Since all soldiers must fire the record fire course at least once each year for qualification, the record fire course can provide excellent firing performance evaluations. It also provides excellent diagnostic information for instructors trainers who are concerned with scheduling training to overcome the most serious firing weaknesses. The standard qualification course should be used for all soldiers. However, there are times when a qualification exercise must be conducted on an alternate...

Kneeling Targets Inches High

Point of ai mat each target, at all ranges, is center of mass or in the center of the chest. Point of impact is also center of mass. Note that fire on targetat 300meters is also effective on 400meter target. At SOOmeters, fire does not exceed the height of a man at any point along its trajectory. the correct information so they can improve their firing performance by adjusting their aiming point to allow for the effects of gravity. The use of an adjusted aiming point could be more important for...

6920-00-172-3572

Landscape Target 6920-00-713-8253 Spindle, Target Spotter Wood 6920-00-713-8257 Spotters, 1 1 2 inches in diameter 6920-00-789-0864 Spotters, 3 inches in diameter 6920-00-713-8255 LOCATION OF MISS AND HIT (LOMAH) SYSTEM LOMAH is a range aid used during downrange feedback exercises. The device uses acoustical triangulation to compute the exact location of a supersonic bullet as it passes through a target. The bullet impact is displayed instantly on a video monitor at the firi ng line. Of more...

Marksmanship And The Metl

Marksmanship proficiency is critical and basic to soldiering and is required for any unit deployed to a wartime theater. All commanders should develop a METL and organize a training program that devotes adequate time to marksmanship. The unit's combat mission must be considered when establishing training priorities. This not only applies to the tasks selected for the unit's METL but also the conditions under which the tasks are to be performed. If a unit may be employed in a MOUT environment,...

Background

The scaled silhouette target provides the same visual perception at 25 meters as the firer would see when firing targets at actual range. The use of this target at 25 meters allows the firer to practice aiming at various range targets and to see precisely where his bullets hit, whether they are target hits or misses. Scaled silhouette targets fit well into a marksmanship training program between zeroing and field fire training, but they provide for excellent training whenever a 25-meter range...

Conduct Of Downrange Feedback

During IET basic rifle marksmanship, downrange feedback is conducted with paper targets at 75 meters, 175 meters, and 300 meters. Shot groups are fired progressively at the 75-meter target, then the 175-meter and 300-meter range targets. Half of the bullets are fired from the supported fighting position and the other half from the prone unsupported position. After each group is fired, soldiers move downrange to mark their targets. Based on this feedback, soldiers receive a critique from their...

Ma Standard Sights And Zeroing

Limited visiability and moving target ape limited visiability and moving target ape The larger aperture, marked 0-2, is used for moving target engagement and during limited visibility. The unmarked aperture is used for normal firing situations, zeroing, and with the elevation knob for target distances up to 800 meters. The unmarked aperture is used to establish the battlesight zero. After the elevation knob is set, adjustments for elevation are made by moving the front sight post up or down to...

Conduct Of Fire

The firer will be given two 1 0-round magazines to engage the 10 silhouettes on the targei. This mdudes2 rounds lor each silhouette ftom the foxhole supported position to be completed in 1 20 seconds, including the magazine change. No more than two hits for each silhouette will be scored. The firer will then be given 2 additional 10-round magazines to engage the lO silhouettes on a second target sheet. This includes 2 rounds lor each silhouette from the prone unsupported position to be...

M16a1 Aiming Card

Aiming card, C-2 (illus) ammunition, 2-16 bolt, M2, C-14 care and handling, 2-17 short-range training, C-14 types and characteristics, 2-16 (illus) automatic fire effectiveness, 4-8 modifications, 4-9 training, 4-20 ball-and-dummy exercise, C-7 ballistics bullet dispersion, F-17 external, F-16 internal, F-14 terminal, F-17 blank firing attachment, C-4, C-5 (illus) caliber .22 rimfire adapter, M261, C-12 characteristics, 2-2 clearing, 2-1 (illus) M16A1 and M16A2,2-2 (table) coach checklist, 3-20...

Failure to Feed Chamber or Lock

A malfunction can occur when loading the rifle or during the cycle of operation. Once the magazine has been loaded into the rifle, the forward movement of the bolt carrier group could lack enough force (generated by the expansion of the action spring) to feed, chamber, and lock the first round. While firing, the cycle of function is interrupted by a failure to strip a round from the magazine, to chamber the round, and to lock it (Figure 2-14). Probable causes. The cause could be...

Section I Suppressive Fire

In many tactical situations, combat rifle fire will be directed to suppress enemy personnel or weapons positions. Rifle fire, which is precisely aimed at a definite point or area target, is suppressive fire. Some situations may require a soldier to place suppressive fire into a wide area such as a wood line, hedgerow, or small building. While at other times, the target may be a bunker or window. Suppressive fire is used to control the enemy and the area he occupies. Suppressive fire is employed...

Bullet Dispersion At Range

The effects of bullet dispersion and accuracy at various ranges are discussed in this paragraph. Instructors trainer must have a working knowledge of normal shot dispersion. Minute of Angle. Minute of angle is a term used to discuss shot dispersion. It is the standard unit of measurement used in adjusting rifle sights and other ballistic-related measurements. It is also used to indicate the accuracy of a rifle. A circle is divided into 360 degrees. Each degree is further divided into 60...

Mopp Fire Exercises

The many difficulties the soldier encounters while firing with MOPP gear must be experienced and overcome during training. Dry-Fire MOPP Exercises. Repeated dry-fire exercises covering all aspects of MOPP firing are the most effective means available to ensure all soldiers can function during a live-fire MOPP situation. Multiple dry-fire exercises must be conducted before the first live round is fired. Otherwise, valuable ammunition and training time are wasted in trying to teach soldiers the...

Adjusted Aiming Point

Teaching an adjusted aiming point is intended to increase hit probability when properly presented. However, soldiers can be easily confused, which could result in degraded performance. Therefore, all soldiers should be taught to aim at target center unless they are confident they know the range to the target, or they have just engaged a close target and missed presumably high , or they have just engaged a distant target and missed presumably low , or the strike of the bullet had been observed....

Fm

Required when clearing a room or bunker. Initial training should be in the SEMI mode. Two techniques of delivering quick fire are Aimed. When presented with a target, the soldier brings the rifle up to his shoulder and quickly fires a single shot. His firing eye looks through or just over the rear sight aperture, and he uses the front sight post to aim at the target Figure 4-5 . Using this technique, a target at 25 meters or less may be accurately engaged in one second or less. Pointed. When...

Practice M

Although PPA see 7, Figure 2-17 closely replicates the trajectory and characteristics of service ammunition out to 25 meters, it should not be used to set the combat battlesight zero of weapons to fire service ammunition. The setting that is placed on the sights for a weapon firing PPA could be different for service ammunition. If adequate range facilities are not available for sustainment particularly Reserve Components , PPA can be used for any firing exercises of 25 meters or less. This...

Conduct Of Training

Before engaging targets, soldiers are issued one magazine of 6 to 10 rounds and confirm or refine their zero at the 300-yard line by firing two 3-round or 5-round shot groups. Targets are spotted by the pit crews after each group. NOTES 1. M16A1. The unmarked aperture short-range is used on the M16A1 for refinement of zero at 300 yards. For target engagement beyond the 300-yard line, the long-range aperture L Is used. 2. M16A2. The unmarked aperture is used for both refinement of zero and...

Range Operations Checklist

This checklist consists of nine sections, each covering a different topic relating to range operations. The checklist should be modified to include local policy changes to the regulations or SOPs. The person responsible for the training must answer the questions in each section. Ask yourself each question in order. Record each Yes11 answer by placing a check in the GO column. Record a No or Don't know by checking the NO-GO column. Refer to the checklist to find the GO and NO-GO columns. When...

M16a2 Rifle Parts

M16a1 Naming The Parts

The M16A2 rifle features several product improvements illustrated in this chapter and the operator's manual. The rifle Figure 2-3 is a 5.56-mm, magazine-fed, gas-operated, shoulder-fired weapon. It is designed to fire either semiautomatic or a three-round burst through the use of a selector lever SAFE, SEMI, and BURST . NOTE The procedures for disassembly, inspection, and maintenance of the M16A1 and M16A2 rifles are contained in the appropriate operator's technical manual. cartridge magazine...

Rapidfire Training

Soldiers should be well trained in all aspects of slow semiautomatic firing before attempting any rapid-fire training. Those who display a lack of knowledge of the fundamental skills should not advance to rapid semiautomatic training until these skills are learned. Initial training should focus on the modifications to the fundamentals and other basic combat skills necessary during rapid semiautomatic firing. Dry-Fire Exercises. Repeated dry-fire exercises are the most efficient means available...

Marksmanship Fundamentals

The soldier must understand the four key fundamentals before he approaches the firing line. He must be able to establish a steady position that allows observation of the target. He must aim the rifle at the target by aligning the sight system, and he must fire the rifle without disturbing this alignment by improper breathing or during trigger squeeze. The skills needed to accomplish these are known as rifle marksmanship fundamentals. These simple procedures aid the firer in achieving target...

Types And Characteristics

The characteristics of the M16 family of ammunition are described in this paragraph. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Dummy, M199. Used in both rifles. The M199 dummy cartridge is used during dry fire and other training see 3, Figure 2-17 . This cartridge can be identified by the six grooves along the side of the case beginning about 1 2 inch from its head. Jt contains no propellent or primer. The primer well is open to prevent damage to the firing pin. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Blank, M200. Used in the M16A1 or...

Peer Coaching

Peer coaching is using two soldiers of equal firing proficiency and experience to assist coach each other during marksmanship training. Some problems exist with peer coaching. If the new soldier does not have adequate guidance, a blind-leading-the-blind situation results, which can lead to negative training and safety violations. However, when adequate instruction is provided, peer coaching can be helpful even in the IET environment. Since all soldiers in units have completed BRM, peer coaching...

Moving Target Techniques

There are two primary techniques of engaging moving targets. Tracking. Tracking is a more accurate technique of engaging targets by experienced firers. It involves the establishment and maintaining of the aiming point in relationship to the target and maintaining that sight picture moving with the target while squeezing the trigger. As the target moves, this technique puts the firer in position for a second shot if the first one misses. Trapping. Trapping is the setting up of an aiming point...

Failure To Feed First Round Bolt Carrier Not Fully Closed A Double Feed Of Two Live Rounds

Other causes could be damaged or broken action spring, exterior accumulation of dirt in the lower receiver extension, or fouled gas tube resulting in short recoil. Corrective action. Applying immediate action usually corrects the malfunction. However, to avoid the risk of further jamming, the firer should watch for ejection of a cartridge and ensure that the upper receiver is free of any loose rounds. If immediate action fails to clear the malfunction, remedial action must be...

Meter Zeroing Target Wa

Rifle Zeroing Targets

Ml6Al SERIES TARGET 25-METER ZERO TARGET STANDARD SIGHTS gt 121110 I 7 1 I 3 2 f 0 1 2 J 4 b I 7 11011171 1 . AIM AT TARGET CENTER. ADJUST SIGHTS TO HOVE SHOT GROUP CENTtR AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO WHITE DOT. 2. AT COMPLETION OF ZERO ROTATE REAR SIGHT TO U NMARKED APERTURE AMD WEAPON WILL BE BATTLE SIGHT ZEROED FOR 25 M RKik It HI Ihm IK IP l t B'3 mUipd infibp rigmiMK chO pitl Ift MCmqrk iDr j- p5 nilirs An il UfQBlCMIBr mcl ygfrS M m6M tftftlqrfcjp Ii IS ilnt E'DMlhlB la t will iter ID IlK ce...

Burst Fire Mode Ma

When the selector lever is set on the BURST position Figure 2-13 , the rifle fires a three-round burst if the trigger is held to the rear during the complete cycle. The weapon continues to fire three-round bursts with each separate trigger pull as long as ammunition is in the magazine. Releasing the trigger or exhausting ammunition at any point in the three-round cycle interrupts fire, producing one or two shots. Reapplying the trigger only completes the interrupted cycle it does not begin a...

Downrange Feedback Targets

The M16A1 M16A2 75-meter feedback target is the size of an actual F-type silhouette target with 6 inches cut from the bottom to allow for the target-holding mechanism and skip plate. When viewed from a distance of 75 meters, the target looks similar to a standard F-type silhouette on the field-fire range. However, there are important differences. The target and surrounding space are large enough to capture all bullets fired. The firer moves to the target and actually locates each bullet hole....

Training Devices And Exercises

Several marksmanship training devices are available to aid in sustainment training when used with the appropriate training strategies. They are beneficial when ammunition is limited for training or practice exercises. Some training devices are complex, costly, and in limited supply, while others are relatively simple, cheap, and in large supply. Devices and aids can be used alone or in combinations. Individuals or squads can sustain practice basic marksmanship skills and fundamentals with...

M16a1 Rear Sight

Front And Rear Sight Post M16a2

M16A1 250-meter trajectory. Figure 3-22. M16A1 250-meter trajectory. O 25M 50M 75M 100M 125M 150M 175M 200M 225M 1 275M Most combat targets are expected to be engaged in the ranges from 0 to 300 meters therefore, the 250-meter battlesight zero is the setting that remains on the rifle. At 25 meters, the bullet is about 1 inch below line of sight, crossing line of sight at 42 meters. It reaches its highest point above the line of sight about 5 inches at a range of about 175 meters,...

Is M16a1 And M16a2 Selector The Same

To assume the standing position, the soldier faces his target, executes a facing movement to his firing side, and spreads his feet a comfortable distance apart. With his firing hand on the pistol grip and his nonfiring hand on either the upper handguard or the bottom of the magazine, the soldier places the butt of the rifle in the pocket formed by his firing shoulder so that the sights are level with his eyes. The weight of the rifle is supported by the firing...

Gta For M16a2 Rifle

Rifle Rest for target-box exercise DVC-T-07-26 GTA 09-06-43 TAD-0034 locally TAD-12 locally TAD-12 locally TAD-26 locally TAD-0026A Rotating Panel Chalkboard Holder for GTA Charts TAD-4 locally Graphic Training Aids GTAs Rifle, 5.56-mm, M16A1 Mechanical Training 1973 GTA 7-1-26 Rifle, M16 Disassembly M16A1 M16A1 Rifle Malfunction M16A1 Rifle Maintenance Card Rifle, M16A1 Part I, Care, Cleaning, Lubrication Rifle, M16A1 Part II, Field Expedients

Mechanical Zero

To mechanically zero the weapon, the firer adjusts the front sight post up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the well. Then he adjusts the front sight post 11 clicks in the direction of UP. This moves the post down into the well 11 clicks. The soldier turns the rear sight windage drum until it moves all the way to the left side and locks. Then, he turns the windage drum back right 17 clicks so the rear sight is approximately centered see Figure G-23 . Figure G-23....

J V

Once the supported fighting position has been mastered, the firer should practice various unsupported positions to obtain the smallest possible wobble area during final aiming and hammer fall. The coach trainer can check the steadiness of the position by observing movement at the forward part of the rifle, by looking through the M16 sighting device, or by checking to see that support is being used. NOTE The objective is to establish a steady position under various conditions. The ultimate...

Record Fire Scorecard

Thu proponent agency is TRADOC Data Rf UiRfO 0Y PRIVACY act Of 1974 AUTHORITY 10U5C301 lg twutiv Or 'Mft PRINCIPAL Pu POSE S Facilita individual' training on mMh.pl t.m targatangagamant at varying rang ROUTINE US Ej Si. Evalutn individual Pfoiirmnrv. N IW r poaitivi dnntif lotion piirpnw nnlv MANDATOR Y OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND E FFECTON INDIVIDUAL NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION. Voluntary Individual npt providing infnrmfltion nannnt b ratftd Rcnrad on a misi...

Multipurpose Arcade Combat Simulator

MACS has been developed by the US Army as an inexpensive part-task marksmanship trainer Figure C-10 . The system consists of a Commodore 64 microcomputer, 13-inch color monitor, specially designed long-distance light pen, and mount, which attaches to the M16 rifle. Some versions use a permanent mount on a demilitarized rifle. The system is activated by a program cartridge, which contains several training exercises. Figure C-10. Multipurpose arcade combat simulator.

Srta And M Bolt Use In Training

Nsn 1005 184 4041 Pics

The US Army is constantly faced with training constraints such as lack of suitable real estate, safety restrictions, and cost of transporting troops to live-fire ranges. Short-range training ammunition allows training in small local training areas without fixed training facilities, in MOUT facilities, and in combat training theaters. With its 25-meter usable range, the SRTA can train on grouping, zeroing, 25-meter scaled silhouette firing, Figure C-11. M2 bolt NSN 1005-01-184-4041 . The...

Disconnector

SEMIAUTOMATIC MODE M16A1 AND M16A2 The disconnector is mechanism installed so that the firer can fire single rounds in the M16A1 and M16A2 rifles. It is attached to the trigger and is rotated forward by action of the disconnector spring. When the hammer is cocked by the recoil of the bolt carrier, the disconnector engages the lower hook of the hammer and holds it until the trigger is released. Then the disconnector rotates to the rear and down, disengaging the hammer and allowing it to rotate...

Equipment

E-type silhouette NSN 6920-00-071-4780 Target, zeroing, 25- 15-meter, 25-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1392 M16A1 A2 15-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1394 M16A2 15-meter NSN 6920-01-253-4005 M16A1 Target, scaled, silhouette 25-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1398 15-meter NSN 6920-01-167-1396 Pasters, black, NSN 6920-00-165-6354 Pasters, buff, NSN 6920-00-172-3572 Also used if sighter rounds are fired. Six if sighter rounds are fired.

Single And Multiple Targets Field Firing Scorecard

For use In i- form, i ne f-M 'J.ift Thft f gt rnpon nr aftftiry 5 TRAQOC DATA niaUIRCD BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 AUTHOR ITY 10 USC 301 Z E ugcutiv Ordar 9397 PRIN CIPAl Pu AP05fe SJ FacilrraT Individ ranfiuon io dltTftnt lirg x nd pfovid f db 6k. ROUTJNE USE S Evaluate individual pfi gt f c ency. SSN S used for poftilrva identification purpot f only MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE AND EFFFCT ON INDMDUAl NOT PROVIDING INFORMATION. Voluntary Individual nor providing mfOfrtUKrOrt CArt no I be rated...

Initial Sight Setting For Field Fire Ma

When zeroing on either a modified field fire range or a KD range using the M16A2 300-meter feedback targets, the initial sight setting field fire must be placed on the weapon. To do this, the soldier flushes the front sight post, centers the 0-2 aperture on the rear sight, and sets the elevation knob to the 8 3 mark. Point of aim should be on the 300-meter feedback target center of mass. During zeroing, the soldier makes all adjustments for elevation with the front sight post. If the rifle has...

Internal Ballistics Factors

The overall dimensions of the combat service 5.56-mm cartridges are the same, which allow cartridges to be fired safely in M16A1 or M16A2 rifles. There are internal differences that affect firing accuracy. An ammunition comparison is provided in Figure F-14. This increase in projectile length, weight, and configuration requires different twists in the barrels, lands, and grooves to stabilize the M855 bullet in flight Figure F-15 . The M16A1 has a 1 12 barrel twist. The bullet rotates by the...

Firing Elbow

Meter Zero Target Silhouette

Firing elbow placement The location of the firing elbow is important in providing balance. The exact location, however, depends on the firing fighting position used for example, kneeling, prone, or standing. Placement should allow shoulders to remain level. Nonfiling elbow. The nonfiring elbow is positioned firmly under the rifle to allow for a comfortable and stable position. When the soldier engages a wide sector of fire, moving targets, and targets at various elevations, his nonfiring elbow...

Stoppage

A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation. The firer can apply immediate or remedial action to clear the stoppage. Some stoppages that cannot be cleared by immediate or remedial action could require weapon repair to correct the problem. A complete understanding of how the weapon functions is an integral part of applying immediate-action procedures. Immediate Action. This involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a...

M16a1 Sniper Rifle

Illustrates that the bore line and line of sight are parallel, gravity causes the bullet to drop. B. Illustrates that by raising the bore line above the line of sight, the effects of gravity are compensated for and the bullet hits all targets near center mass. Notice how the line of sight, bore line, and trajectory coinside at 42 meters, and how the line of sight and trajectory again coincide at 250 meters but the bore line is 16 inches above the target. While the trajectory shown in Figure...

M16a1 Trajectory

M16A1 short- and lorig-range trajectories. Trajectory short-range sight - passes through mass of all targets out to 300 meters. Trajectory long-range sight passes through mass of all targets from 325 meters to maximum effective range. It should be noted that the same scale was used in Figures F-2, F-3, and F-4. Therefore, the relationship between the bore line and trajectory is similar in all figures. The bullet drops from the bore line the same way regardless of the zero range....

Wind Measurement

A wind gage can be used for precise measurement of wind velocity. When a gage is not available, velocity is estimated by one of the following methods Flag method. If the firer can observe a flag or any clothlike material hanging from a pole, he should be able to estimate the angle formed at the juncture of the flag and pole. As shown in Figure F-10, dividing this angle by the constant number 4 equals the wind velocity in mph. Pointing method. If a flag is not visible, a piece of paper or other...

Steps Of Functioning

The eight steps of functioning feeding, chambering, locking, firing, unlocking, extracting, ejecting, and cocking begin after the loaded magazine has been inserted into the weapon. STEP 1 Feeding Figure 2-4 . As the bolt carrier group moves rearward, it engages the buffer assembly and compresses the action spring into the lower receiver extension. When the bolt carrier group clears the top of the magazine, the expansion of the magazine spring forces the follower and a new round up into the path...

Speed Loading

Emphasis on maintenance and understanding of the rifle can prevent most problems and malfunctions. However, a soldier could encounter a stoppage or malfunction. The soldier must quickly correct the problem by applying immediate action and continue to place effective fire on the target. Immediate-action procedures contained in Chapter 2 and the operator's technical manual should be taught and practiced as part of preliminaiy dry-fire exercises, and should be reinforced during live-fire...