Hotchkiss Works

Chamber and cams on the upper face of the piston gives a turning motion to the fcrmcture nut which thereby engages its Interrupted threads with the corresponding ores on the nose of the breech block. This securely locks the breech during the period of high pressure. The firing pin is driven against the primer and the cartridge is discharged. The bullet goes down the barrel and passes over the port which leads to the gas nozzle, and a small portion of gas under high pressure is conducted by the...

Field Assembly Of

Marines Small Arms Bolt Action

Replace Stock and tiyhfen Takedown Screw. 9. Screw the Bjmper Pljq into place. 2. Li+t ends of Connector and Disconnector and twist Action Bar ir under ends of Connector and Disconnector. 3. Lay the Action Bar in place with Action Bar Camming Lug in the Bo t Camming Recess as shown. Depress Trigger. Place Bolt in Receiver and slide it forward. 9. Screw the Bjmper Pljq into place. 7, Insert the Hammer, small hole forward. Pu I Trigger and Hammer will fall on the BoIt. 8. Replace Hammer...

Note On Cooling System Of Lewis

A very ingenious cooling system is employed in this gun. A oarrel mouthpiece is screwed over the end of the barrel and has a cone shaped interior. As the bullet leaves the muzzle, the expanding gases strike against the cone shaped interior of this barrel mouth piece, rebound and strike against the front end of the radiator casing, thus forcing all the air out in front of them. This creates a suction behind which draws a current of air from the rear of the gun through the rear casing and around...

British Australian Austen Mm Machine Carbine

As the bolt starts bac< , the extractor draws the empty cartridge case with it this case is struck against the ejector and pivoted out the right side of the gun ard then the extractor spring snaps the extractor back into its place. As the bolt in its rearward travel passes the ncuth of the magazine, the magazine spring forces the rext cartridge into line ready to be picked up on forward motion. The rear buffer end or the recoil spring tube is firmly supported by the cap and retaining ring...

Mm

Magazine Box type, on top of receiver as in the Bren gun. Gun Operated By Gas. Gas escaping through hole in under side of barrel through gas vent into cylinder drives piston back as in the case of the Hotchkiss guns. Locked By turning bolt as in Lewis. As piston is driven to the rear by escaping gas, bolt is turned out of locking position by a cam arm operating in a curve in the body of the bolt. Cooled Air cooled. Has radial fins on rear of barrel. Bolt stays open between shots. Cyclic Rate of...

Stoppages And Immediate Action

Small Cut Arm

Th's weapon is so simple and rugged in construction that very few stoppages are likely to be encountered if the weapon is given reasonable care and cleaning. If the weapon has been kept clean and lightly oiled (too much oil slows down the mechanism), stoppages are like'y to be caused by either faulty ammunition or defective magazines. If the magazine spring has been weakened or the lips of the magazine damaged, the weapon may fail to feed. If the ammunition is ocfcctive, it may fail to fire...

Field Stripping

Dismounting this weapon is essential'y the same as dismounting o-her Maxims. The covcr is aised by pushing up on the spring cover latch at the rear of the gun where the butt joins the frame. The cover is lifted, the feed block lifted directly out of its seating, the crank handle pushed forward and he d there while the lock is lifted out. The lock is then twisted on the stem connecting it to the connecting rod. The lock is then lifted or. Spring box on the left side of gun is sprung forward,...

British Vickers

Remove the asbestos string packing, reoil it and wind it loosely around the barrel, pushing it in with a punch and piece of wood. Then screw the gland on as tightly as possible by hard. This should stop the leakage and yet permit the recoiling portions to move freely. Cooling System Whenever it is at all possible the barrel casing should be kept full during the firing period. The water will boil after firing two belts. It evaporates at the rate of one and a half pints for every 500 rounds, or...

U S Thompson Submachine Gun

Remove magazine by pressing magazine caich up with fhe thumb and pulling 20-shot magazine straight down or sliding 50-shot magazine out to the left. Remove buttstock by pressing Its slide catch down and pulling stock straight to the rear out of its guide. Turn gun upside down on table or knee. Push in the frame latch (tne spring plunger on under side of frame behind pistol grip), and tap frame with right hand until it slides back a short distance. Set safety on ' Fire and set fire control lever...

Gas Action

As the bullet passes over the gas vent in the barrel, some gas escapes through and into the gas cylinder, then through the gas regulator to strike a sharp blow against the piston head. This sudden thrust drives the piston and its extension to the rear, and the inclined ramp on the piston post bearing against the breech block lowers the rear end of the block out of engagement with the resistance space at the rear of the barrel extension, unlocking Further rearward motion of the piston extension...

British Besa Machine Gun

Also during the forward movement, the piston extension acts on the lower arm of the feed lever moving the upper arm and the feed pawl over to the right permitting the feed pawl to be depressed by the belt and cartridge and engage in the link of the third round The retaining pawl is engaged behind the link of the cartridge just stripped into the firing chamber and holds the belt stationary during the movement.

Italian Breda Mm And Mm Machine

While this gun was originally designed to take the 6.5mm Italian Service cartridge, many will be found chamoered to take the 7.35mm cartridge used by the Italians in the last few years. Note The larger caliber is sometimes referred to as a Model 38. Feed A magazine is attached to the right side of the gun where it sw'ngs forward when unlocked. It is fed by a clip. Capacity is 20 cartridges. Overall Length of Gun About 40. Weight of Gun 231 2 'bs. bipod mount. Sights...

Thompson Submachine Gun Ml

Tnis is the latest model of the Thompson Submachine Gun manufactured for the United States Army. While it looks very much like the Thompson 1928 AI, actually it is a very much simp er, sturdier, and cheaper weapon. The bolt in the Ml model is heavier than the bolt in tine earlier type. This model eliminates the useless lock, actuator and breech oiler of the earlier models. This design is further simplified by eliminating the cooling fins on the barrel. No compensator is issued with this gun....

Belgian Browning Long Mm Automatic Pistol

Note This pistol is popularly known in Europe as the F. N from the initials of the factory where it was orig'nally made near Liege, Belgium. The factory was the Fa'orique Nacionale de Armes de Guerre. Pistol was manufactured and sod throughout Europe under Browning patents, while pistols of the same design were manufactured and sold under those same patents in the United Spates by the Colt Patent Firearms Company. Caliber 9mm Browning Long. Magazine Removable box type in handle, capacity 7...

Italian Beretta Mm Automatic

With magazine out of weopon, pull back slide as far as it will go hod it wth right hand and with left thumo push safety catch up Into locking notch in jnder side of slide. 2. Now push straight back on barrel with palm of hand. This will free barrel from its locking recess. 3. Pull barrel straight back and up, drawing It out o the slide os shown. 4. Push siide. recoil spring and recoil spring cuice straight forward off the receiver. Spring and guide may now be removed from their sea's. Safety...

Garand Semi Automatic Rifle

Magazine Fixed box type in receiver loaded with clip. Cartridge Clip Capacity 8 rounds. Note that this is nol the Springfield type. The Garand clip is inserted in the Rifle with the cartridges. When Last Shot Has Been Fired Empty cartridge clip is expelled through top of the Rifle. Ballistics Standard for cartridges employed. Weight of Gun 9' 2 lbs. (with bayonet I lb. more.) Sights Aperture. Adjustable from 200 to 1200 yards. Rifle Operated by Sas. As bullet leaves barrel, a small quantity of...

U S Reising And Submachine

I. (a) Set Selector on F.A. (b) Press 2. Unscrew Take-Down Screw, which is 3. Rerrove Stock as showi. magazino roleosa -orward and withdraw just to roar of Magazine Guide. 4. (a) Pull Trigcer to release tension of Hammer Spring, (b) Unscrew Bumper Plug. 7. With left rhurrb. push Action Bar to rear urtil the dismountirg hole in the Action Bar Spr ng Guide can be seen. Then insert end of Hammer Spring in the dismount iny hole. 8. With forefinger of right hanc, hold up ends of Conrector ano...

Austrian Steyrmannlicher Mm Rifle And Carbine

In a straight-pull type, th's leverage is not present. As the bolt handle is pulled straight to the rear the full cylinder is prevented from revolving by its rios which ride in the grooves of the receiver and by centers engaging in the undercut groove in the tang. The bolt head cannot come back until the locking lugs have been turned out of their recesses in the receiver, v hich is brought about by a turn'ng motion given to the tail of the oolt head by the...

British Bren Light Machine Gun

In replacing bipod take care the mount s fully home. In Mark I guns check that the stop on the left of the forward end of the butt group is in front of the barrel nut catch before lowering the catch. In replacing barrel on Mark I, make sure the long groove underneath between gas block and carrying handle engages properly with stud on top of receiver. Be sure the barrel nu1 catch is fully locked and catch has engaged on rib in the body or receiver. When replacing breech block on piston, slide...

Loading And Firing

This revolver was designed to use the rimless .45 Government Automatic Pistol cartridge. Revolver cartridges must have rims to catch on the cylinder and over the head of the extractor to permit extraction. Automatic pistol cartridges, on the other hand, should be rimless, so they will lie properly in place on top of each other in the magazine and will feed in and out of the action with a minimum of difficulty. To make it unnecessary for the Army to use special cartridges for revolvers, Smith...

Stripping

At the rear of the action is a milled cap. On the left side is a spring catch which is pressed to permit removing this milled cap. This permits removal of the bolt. No further stripping is normally necessary. Top View Showing Dismounting Cap, Safety and Cocking Handle Position GERMAN BERGMANN 9-MM 1934 MACHINE PISTOL This is a development of the original machine pistol Model 1918. It s 7h wide use in the German army, but it is even more extensively used in Russia. This design was the forerunner...

German Luger Parabellum Mm Automatic

Length of the weapon enclosing it completely. A pocket for an extra magazine will be found inside this holster. Inside the flap is a small dismounting tool. By placing the hole of this tool over the stud of the magazine, and pressing down on the projecting hook, a special lever is provided which makes loading the magazine much easier than if the spring is compressed entirely by the thumb and fingers. EXPLANATORY NOTE ON VARIOUS NAMES FOR GERMAN PISTOL 08 Pistole 08 This is the official German...

Loading

The trigger guard is part of a heavy steel unit called the trigger guard body. Press forward the cocking catch thumbplece which is mounted on the left side of the trigger guard body to disengage the cocking catch which is in a recess in the underside of the receiver. Be carfeul not to touch the trigger. Push the trigger guard body forward and the sear will click into engagement in a bent in the piston extension. Still keeping the finger away from the trigger, and holding firmly to the pistol...

U S Winchester M Carbine

Magazine Box tyoe, detachable, capacity 15 rounos. Positioned directly under receiver. Muzzle Velocity About 2.000 feet per second. Weight of Bullet IIO grains, lead with metal jacket. Striking Energy About 900 foot-pojnds. Barrel Length 18. Overall Length of Carbine 35, 2 '. Weight About 5 lbs 12 oz. Sights Blade front protected by wings L-type rear with apertures, set for 100 and 300 yards. Accurate Range About 300 yards. Maximum Range About 2.000 yards. Carbine Operated By Gas. As oullet...

How The Bergmann Machine Pistol Works

The loading magazine being inserted in the magazine housing and pushed in, it is locked by the magazine locking catch. Turning the cocking handle up and drawing it straight back to the rear draws back the bolt which is caught by the sear when it reaches full cocked position and is held there. Pushing forward the cocking handle compresses the recoil spring wnile turning the handle down locks it to the receiver by interrupted screw threads. Pressure on the trigger drives a plung forward pushing a...

French A Long Automatic

This weapon is modeled after our own .45 Colt Automatic Pistol. Magazine release catch is same as for Colt Automatic .45. Trigger mechanism and shape of hammer d'ffers from Colt. There is no grip safety. This pistol is 7, 2r over all and shoots a specially designed cartridge of 7.65mm caliber. This' is a freak cartridge not in ordinary production. It is metal jacketed. It must not be confused with either the Luger, Browning or Colt cartridge of 7.65mm caliber. In genera the rules for loading...

Care Of

The rifie must be kept clean and properly lubricated. Failure to do so may result in stoppages at a critical moment. The rifle shoulo be inspected daily. To Clean the Bore A clean patch saturated with hot water and soap should be run through the bore a number of times. Plain water, hot or cold may be useo if soap is lacking. While the bore is still wet, our metal brush should be run through several times to loosen up any material which has not been dissolved by the water. D y patches should...

British Hotchkiss Light Machine

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Lift Handles

Now withdraw tha recoil soring from the rocoivor. 4. Insert I he cocking hardle In the piston and push forward as far as it w'll go keeping the knob inclined to about 45c to tho right as when dismounting. When it is fully home, turn the knob up to the vortical oosition v hich will engage the lugs at the forward end of the piston. Pulling ihe cocking handle stralgnt back now will brng the piston, breech block, extractor and firing pin completely out of the gun. 5. Remote Ihe cocking handle...

Return Movement Of The Action

The forward end of the recoil spring is housed in a cavity in the actuator. Ths buffer forms a guide for the rear end of the recoil spring, permitting it to compress in a straight line as the action goes backward. A fiber washer is provides to absorb the shock of recoil, and oil pads in the receiver lubricate the locking lugs and bolt sides during the passage of those pieces. The extractor, which is positioner on the right forward end o the bolt, draws the empty case cut of the firing chamber...

How The Gun Works

Villaperosa

Pull out the side plate cover catch and force the cover back to the rear. Lifting the pawls and turning the rear end of the pawl release lever up until the featherway coincides, will permit the pawl release lever to be lifted out. Push down the feed paw lever actuating spring and its rod. Turn and remove it. Now push up the feed block cover and lift it out Further stripping is essentially the same as for Revelli. Except for the feed mechanism, this weapon is essentially the same as the Revelli....

U S Browning M Machine

This gun is produced with three different types of barrels for various types of use. The aircraft model, fitted with a perforated barrel jacket or casing weighs 64-pounds. This is a fixed-type machine gun whose general design, except for firing mechanism, resembles that of the oihcr types. The antiaircraft model is fitted with a water jacket as in the case of the Browning .30, model 1917 and weighs I2M 2 pounds. The third type, the model HB, M2. Ground, fitted with a heavy barrel weighs 81...

Russian Maxim Mm Machine

Mounting Tripod with detachable wheels. Sights Barleycorn front and V-rear. Elevation from 400 tc 2,000 paces. Locked Standard Maxim system, formation of a toggle joint. Cooled Water. Has water jacket around barrel to absorb heat. Cyclic Rate of Fire Aoout 500 per minute. rype of Fire Full automatic only. Special Features The only unusual features in this gun are the mountings employed. The wheeled mount permits rather easy manoeuvering for such a heavy gun,...

How The Pistol Luger Works

Starting with the Pistol Loaded and Cocked, the action is as Follows The trigger being pressed, a connecting piece forces back a pin which presses out a spring-retaining lock permitting the striker to go forward and fire the cartridge in the chamber. The involved trigger system of this pistol is one of its greatest weaknesses. As the bullet goes forward down the barrel, the barre and the recoiling mechanism locked together move backwards about half an inch. There is a toggle joint behind the...

How The Reising Gun Works

Reising Gun Spring

Starting with the Gun Loaded and Cocked the action is as follows The Trigger is pressed. This results in the hammer being released to be driven forward by the compressed hammer spring. The hammer drives the firing pin against the primer in the head of the cartridge. The primer explodes the powaer in the sheH. The bullet is driven forward and out of the barrel. The rearward thrust of he gases formed by the combustion of the powder pushes ihe empty cartridge case or shell back against the bolt....

Danish Madsen Mm Light Machine

A coiied spring around the firing pin, which is compressed by the hammer movement, pulls the firing pin back into the face of the breech block as the cartridge is fired. As the recoiling parts are thrust forward by the recoil lever spring, a circular stud in the lower part of the breech block, working In the guide grooves of a switch plate which is fitted to the non-recoiling portion of the receiver, strikes the rear of the center block in the plate and so...

Note On Italian Rifles

Italian Military Guns

Besides the two models mentioned the Italian Army was equipped with a wide variety of Carbines and older model bolt action weapons. An automatic rifle of 6.5mm caliber was used to some slight extent. This is called a Reveilli. So few were in use or manufactured that a detailed description is not warranted. The wide variety ot rifles in use by the Italians during this war at least 15 types can be identified all have one thing in common, all are poor military weapons in comparison with United...

French Chauchat Mm Machine Rifle

Called Fusil Mitrailleur This weapon, although obsolescent, was in wide use oy the French and the Be gians when this war smarted. In Europe it is called the Chauchard. Caliber French 8mm. Belgian Caliber .301. Also manufactured in U. S. du 'ng last war for Standard United Spates Service cartridge. Ballistics Average for cartridges employed. Weight of Gun 18 pounds. Fitted with a tripod mount. Sights Graduated to 1200 meters. This is an inaccurate weapon at best. Gun Operated By Long recoil....

Other Italian Weapons

Army Small Arms Weapons

Dozens of types of inferior arms were in use by the Italians, ranging from old model Vetterli rifles which were among the first ever developed to handle metal cartridge cases, to atrocious Bodego revolvers in which the empty cartridge cases have to be dug out with a knife. The 8mm Breda medium machine gun model 37 is a reasonably good, though heavy, gas operated, air-cooled gun. Cocking handle is on the right side, and traversing handles and thumb triggers are provided as in the Revelli gun....

Assembling

Replacing gas cylinder, if it has been dismounted, is done by merely reversing the aismounting procedure. 2. To assemble barre and receiver group Tilt the barrel and receiver assembly, sight up and muzzle to the front to an ang e of about 45 . 3. Ho ding the bolt by the right locking lug so the front end of the bolt is somewhat above and to the right of its extreme forward position in the receive', insert the rear end in its cearing on the bridge of the receiver. Switch it from right to left...

British Sten Mm Submachine Gun Mark I Ii And

Magazine Staggered box type, capacity 32-carMdges. Weight of Bullet About 125 grains round rose with metal jacket. Muzzle Velocity About 1060-feet per second. Muzzle Energy About 300 foot pounds. Overall Length of Carbine 35 inches. Weight of Loaded Magazine I ' 2 lbs. Front Sight ' Barleycorn common European type like an inverted V. Rear Sight F'xed aperture, set for 100 yard range. Gun Operated by Backward pressure of gases against fired cartridge case. Locked Simple blow-back. Heavy bolt and...

How The Lewis Machine Gun Works

Starting with the gun cocked and loaded magazine in place, the action is as -follows The ma'nspring or recoil spring in this weapon resembles a heavy clock spring. It is housed in the pinion casing just forward of the trigger guard under the receiver. It is fitted in a gear box and on the under side of Ihe piston teeth are cut to make a rack which engages with this gear. As the trigger is pressed, the nose of the sear is released from the bent in the rear of the rack on the piston rod and the...

Beretta Automatic Carbine Moschetto mm

This also is a blowback weapon of the general Berg-mann order. The magazine is mounted on top of the gun. The magazine release catch is in front of the mounting. This gun fires from an open bolt. The cocking handle is on the right side of the receiver ust to the rear of the magazine. It is pulled back and revolves. ' Note that this revo ving action is not a lock. As the bolt goes forward, it strips a cartridge from the magazine into the firing chamber and fires it. Under the influence of the...

Italian Fiat Mm Machine

Feed 50 round belt additional units may be added to this. Overall Length of Gun About 50. Weight About 40 pounds. Weight of tripod about 50 pounds. Locked Semi-locked. This is a modification of Hie Revelli machine gun. Position of Cocking Handle Directly below and behind rear sight. Same as Revelli. Cooled Air cooled. Has barrel jacket and heavy barrel. As this weapon fires from a closed bolt, the barrel can get dangerously hot after comparatively a short amount of firing. Cyclic Rate of Fire...

U S Browning And A Machine Gun

EXTRACTOR CAM _ PLUNGER SPRING BARREL PLUNGER GUIDE PIN BARREL PLUNGER EXTRACTOR CAM _ PLUNGER SPRING COCKING LEVER -COCKING LEVER PIN -DRIVING SPRING ROD ACCELERATOR PIN ACCELERATOR STOP LOCK FRAME SEPARATOR -TRIGGER PIN LOCK FRAME GUIDE LBREECH LOCK PIN -BARREL PLUNGER STUD gelt holding pawl ltfeed pawl spring belt holding pawl pin d ng pawl et belt feed lever pivot spring 3elt feed lever belt feed lever pivot spring 3elt feed lever 'belt feed slide -ejector pin extractor cam plunger spring...

British Besa Machine

These guns are widely used in armored vehicles by the British. They do not use the standard British .303 cartridge. They were specially developed for a 7.92mm cartridge, and the standard German rifle and machine gun ammunition may be used in them. Mark I indicates that the gun is converted from a ground pattern. Mark II indicates that it is a specially manufactured gun for armored vehicle use. Differences are comparatively minor. The mounting base on the Mark II is integral with the body while...

British Bren Light Machine

Caliber .303 Inch British service cartridge. Magazine Box type. Arc shaped. Capacity 30 rounds. There is also a 100 round drum type used for antiaircraft work. Position of Magazine Mounted on top of gun in front of the rear sights. Magazine catch is directly behind the magazine. Muzzle Velocity About 2400 feet per second. Weight of 30 Round Magazine Loaded 2 pounds. Sights Fixed front. Aperture type rear. Rear sight adjustable on Mark I model from 200 to 2000 yards. 50-yard clicks and 200 to...

Italian Revelli Fiat Mm Machine

Starting with the gun loaded and cocked, the action is as follows Pressing the thumb trigger moves the bent of the sear out of contact with the bolt which is situated in the breech block and permits the striker to run forward under the influence of its compressed spring and discharge the cartridge in the firing chamber. As the bullet is driven down the barrel, the rearward action of the gas against the cartridge case pushes back against the breech bock the barrel, sleeve and breech block move...

British Smith And Wesson Revolver

In all essentials this revolver is identical with the United States Revolver Smith amp Wesson Model 1917. These revolvers when chambered for the .455 British Service cartridge, will usually be found to have stamped on the barrel .455 Eley. This cartridge has a bullet weight of 265 grains, a muzzle velocity of about 600 feet per second in the 6' 2 barre. model illustrated some models of this revolver have been manufactured in 5 barrels . Muzzle enerqy is about 220 foot pounds and extreme range...

British Enfield Pistol No

Cylinder Capacity 6 cartridges. Muzzle Velocity About 600 feet per second. Weight of Bullet 200 grains, lead. Muzzle Striking Energy About 190 foot pounds. Barrel Length 5. Overall Length of Pistol 9' 2. Weight 27 2 ozs. - Other Data In genera same as for pistol No. I. Data on Stripping, Loading, Firing, and Operations, a about the same as for pistol No. I. While it has many points of difference in design, it is operated like Note Pistol No. 2 is produced in two...

Finnish Suomi Mm Submachine

Suomi Sight

Note This weapon is one of the most remarkable developments of the present world war. Its simplicity, ruggedness, reliability, ease of operation, are al outstanding in machine pistol construction. Added to these qualities, it costs less than a good pistol and is easy to manufacture. The Russians are making wide use of a modification of this weapon. Caliber 9mm Parabellum. This is also the pistol cartridge of the Finns. Magazine a Box type usually ho ding 20 or 30 cartridges. b Drum type...

Table Of Contents

Austrian Steyr 9-mm Pistol 2 Austrian Steyr-Mannlicher Rifle and Carbine 4 Austrian Schwarzlose 8-mm Machine Gun 6 Belgian Browning Long 9-mm Automatic Pistol . . 9 British Enfield .380 Pistol No. 2 II British Webley .455 Mark VI Pistol No. I 12 British Smith and Wesson .38 Pistol No. 2 14 British Webley .455 British Army Rifles British Bren .303 Light Machine Gun 22 British Lewis .30-06 and .303 Light Machine Gun 28 British Besa Machine Guns British Vickers .303 Machine Gun 38 British...

How The Glisenti Pistol Works

Sterling Smg Assembly

Starling with the Pistol loaded and cocked, the action is as follows The grip safety being pressed and the trigger squeezed, the sear is permitted to revolve and the striker is re eased and driven forward by its spring. As the cartridge is fired, the bullet moves forward out of the barrel and the rearward pressure of the gas forces the cartridge case and the locked bo't, barrel and barrel extension directly to the rear. They travel back locked together for about Here the barrel haits against...

French Hotchkiss Mm Machine

Hotchkiss Machine Gun Tripod

The French type is heavy and unwie dy. A modification of this model is the basic heavy machine gun of the Japanese. The light improved weapon of this type is widely used in Great Britain. Norway uses a machine gun of this type in Caliber 6.5mm. It is also in use in Spain in Caliber 7mm. Caliber 8mm French Service Cartridge. Type of Feed Metal strip, holding 30 cartridges and feeding from the left hand side of the gun. Muzzle Velocity of Cartridge About 2380 feet...

British Webley Automatic

Small Arms British Military Pics

Caliber .455 Webley Self Loading Pistol. Muzzle Velocity 750 feet per second. Weight of Bullet 220 grains, metal jacketed. Muzzle Striking Energy 270 foot pounds. Overall Length of Pistol 81 2. Accurate Range 75 yards. Maximum. Range About 500 yards. Pistol Operated by Recoil. Locked By diagonal inclined planes on the barrel engaging in diagonal grooves on the sides of the slide. Locked barrel and slide recoil together for a short distance, and then the diagonal slots force the barre down out...

British Besa Machine Gun Caliber mm MARK

This is a heavy model of the original Besa Machine Gun developed for use in armored vehicles. Us handling and functioning is much the same as the smaller calibre. It is not equipped with an accelerator as is the lower powered weapons, but it is fitted with a change lever device permitting single shot of full automatic fire. Caliber 15mm Mark I. Feed Metal belt holding 25-cartridges. Muzzle Velocity Approximately 3,000 feet per second. Barrel Length About 57 including the flash hider. Overall...

British Vickers Machine

Rected with the top lever, carries trie bottom one over to the right, thus causing the feed clock slide to move over to he right. This movement causes the top pawls in the feed block to drive to the right and slip over and behind the next cartridge in the belt, which Is being held in place by the botlom pawl. Meanwhile the lock has been moving backwards. The extractor attached to it removes the loaded cartridge from the belt at the same time it draws the empty cartridge case from the chamber....

U S Springfield Rifle

Slide-Cap Yftndage ' Screw rScrew Extractor Slide and_ iCollar Slide Cap' Windage-Screw i.Wjndvge-Scrert Collar Knob Cutoff Spindle - gt gt t-Sleeve Lock Safety Lock Sleeve- Thumb Piece I f Safety Lock Main Firing-Pin '-Bofi y Spindle j Spring Sleeve j r-Striker i ' Magazine Guard Screw, Front Magazine Spring Floor Plate liddle finger and right thumb, and turn the safety lock I the left with the right forefinger to release it. This 1 relieve part of the tension of the mainspring. Resting the...

Special Note On The Bren

This is one of the finest light machine guns ever developed. Originally manufactured in Brno, Czechoslovakia, it was further engineered and developed in England and gets its name from the combination of Brno and Enfield. As mentioned before, while this weapon is essentially a one-man machine gun intended to be used from a bipod mount, or fired from the hip while moving in action, it may speedily be converted into a heavy nachine gun firing from a solid tripod mount, or a very effective...

How The Browning Machine Gun Works

Belt Feed Work

RBACK PLATE rGRIP rBUFFER RING rBUFFER PLUG -DRIVING SPRING ROD rDRIVING SPRING ROD PIN rLATCH STOP SCREW r-TOP PLATE 'ER EXTRACTOR SPRING COVER EXTRACTOR SPRING STUD 'ER EXTRACTOR SPRING COVER EXTRACTOR SPRING STUD BARREL PLUNGER SPRING BARREL UJNGELR- L BREECH LOCK CAM BARREL EXTENSION LACCELERATOR P N ACCELERATOR PIN SPRING -ACCELERATOR BARREu PACKING REAP LBELT FEED PAWL SPRING -BELT FEED PAWL -FIRING PIN SPRING PIN LOCK FRAME SPACER LOCK FRAMF GUIDE 1 LOCK FRAME SE RA ORJ BOTTOM PLATE...

German Mm Light Machine Gun

In general this gun follows the operating detail of the MG-34. However, an entirely new design of bolt and locking mechanism is employed. The barrel and bolt in this gun travel back in a straight line during the period of recoil. There is no turning action. A heavy barrel extension is screwed on to the chamber end of the barrel. In its sides are slots into which cams are machined. As the bolt goes forward, a movable locking stud on each side of the front end of the bolt strikes a corresponding...

How The Pistol Works

How The Pistol Work

A magazine holding any number of cartridges from I to 7 is inserted in the handle and pushed in until it locks. This locking is produced by the thumb catch lock snapping into a notch cut in the upper front end of the magazine. 2. As slide is drawn bac lt for the opening movement, it compresses a recoil spring, and forces the hammer back and down to full cock. Here it is held in position by the sear. As the slide goes back the disconnector is pressed bac lt . positively preventing the trigger...

British Lewis Light Machine Gun

Mechanism Lewis Air Rifle

Feed pawl-stop paw--machine fawis spring The gases upon leaving bom in their forward ruth expand against mils of barrd mouthpiece which deflects Their course, causing scwe to syphon fix cod air through radiator as shovm by arrowed course cartridge spacer ring magazine top plate rivet-magazine center -feed operating arm latch-magazine top plate-magazine latch striker striker pin operating post -,k charging j handle j 5pringj teed cover SECTION C-D back-sight slide f back-5ight bed j1 back-sight...

Tic Pistol Works

Military Small Arms

During ail this action, the recoil spring has been compressed this compression being brought about by the combination locking piece and recoil spring compressor riding back in a slot under the slide and pressing against the recoil spring housing. The rearward motion is now completed. Return Movement of the Action The compressed recoil spring now pu Is the slide forward driving a loaded cartridge from the top of the magaz'ne into the firing chamber. The s ide connects with the rear face of the...

The Accelerator

When the accelerator is set in its high position, the rear of the piston extension will not make contact with the accelerator and the gun will fire at its normal rate of 450 to 550 per minute. If, however, the accelerator is set in its low position, the complete backward motion of the piston extension is halted by the rear of the extension striking the front face of the accelerator. This forces the accelerator casing to the rear, thereby compressing the heavy ac-celerator springs. Thus, when...

French Modele Dordonnance Revolver

French Foreign Legion

Muzzle Velocity 625 feet per second. Muzzle Striking Energy 104 foot pounds. Type of Action Double action. Hammer may be cocked by the thumb or the entire firing action may be produced by pulling straight back on the trigger. Cylinder Release Catch This is a thumb piece on the right side of the revolver. It is swung directly back and down on its pivot. The cylinder then may be swung out to the right. Extraction Pushing up on extractor rod. unloads revolver in exactly the same manner as...

Italian Revelli Fiat Mm Machine Gun

M1914 Italian 5mm Mouse

This Is sometimes cal'ed the Fiat, 1914 Model after Caliber 6.5mm Italian service cartridge Calioer .256-inch . Magazine Mouse trap type, holding 50 cartridges in 10 lines of 5 each. Muzzle Velocity About 2000 feet per second. Weight of Bullet 162 grains, lead with full metal jac lt ets. Overall Length of Gun About 46 Mounting Tripod mount is provided with this weapon. It weighs 49' 2 lbs. Sights Barleycorn front and V type rear sight, adjustable from 200 to 2000 meters. Gun Operated By Recoi'...

Instructions For Loading And Firing

Insert loaded magazine, bullets po'ntlng forward, into magazine housing on left side of carbine just ahead o forward end of cocking handle slot. Push in until magazine locks with a click. 2. Pull sack cocking handle and turn down into safety slot if the moder. is Mark I. If model is Mark II or III, the safety slot is us so turn cocking handle up into slot. 3. When ready to fire, turn cocking handle out of the safety slot. 4. Directly under the safety slot is a button passing through the...

Japanese Hotchkiss Heavy Machine

Caliber Either 6.5mm or 7.7mm .256 or .303 inch . Feed Hotchkiss type strip, 30 round capacity. Fed from the left hand sioe. Barrel Length About 30. Overall Length of Gun About 45. Weight of Gun 67-pounds for caliber 6.5mm, and about 62 pounds for the larger caliber. Gun Operated By Gas, Hotchkiss principle. Locked Hotchkiss principle, slide camming down the bolt lock beh'ind locking lugs on sides of receiver. Cooled Air. Barrel partly enclosed with a sheath of heavy radia cooling rings. Cyclic...

Unloading The Garand Rifle

First check to be sure that the safety is off. 2. V ith the right forefinger pu'l the operating rod sharp y and hold it in rear position. This will eject cartridge that was in the firing chamber. With the of the hand grasp the trigger guard or the grip . Hold the stock against the right hip to support it. place the left hand over the receiver and with the thumb release the clip latch. 3. The clip and whatever cartridges remain in it now pop up into the right hand and must oe re- 4. With the...

How The Gewehr W Works

This rifle does not have a gas port tapped in the barrel. Instead a gas-trap, cone shaped, is screwed onto the muzzle. As the bullet leaves the barrel, it jumps a gap which for just an instant permits the gas to stop up the muzzle end of this cone. The pressure thus trapped rebounds against the gas piston which fits around the barrel end. and against the rear of the blast cone. This pressure thrusts back the floating operating rod which rests against the cylindrical piston working on top of the...

U S Smith And Wesson Revolver

Military Small Arms

As hammer is drawn back by thumb or by action of trigger its underside catches below the trigger nose and draws the rear end of the trigger up and back. When the hammer reaches fuil cock, it will be held there by the trigger nose. As the hammer goes backwards, it compresses the flat mainspring in the grip. During the rearward motion of the hammer, the attached hand or pawl pushes up against the ratchet on the face of the extractor and revolves the cylinder fhe full distance of one firing...

Field Stripping The Lewis

Bren Field Strip

Insert the pcint of a bullet into the slot below ihe point of the bull where it joins the receiver. In some British models thoro is a latch here which is pushed . Maintaining forward pressure with the bullet point, twis the butt s ock up and to the left and pjll it straight back to Gripping he feed cove the flat piece on top of the receiver at the rear on which the rear sight is mounted draw back abou ' V UP This ex poses all the feed mechanism. Note that the feed arm should oe over to the...

Notes On The German Gewehr

Gewehr Soloturn

While this is an excellent type of semi-automatic rifle, it does not compare in simp.icity or ruggedness with our own rifle. It is interesting to note however, that the Germans in experimenting with such a weapon have also hit upon the gas operated principle. The 41 and 41-W are standard rifles the 41M is so infrequently met with that it is considered merely experimental and does not warrant attention here. Bolt Cover open, Showing Detail of Bolt and Recoil Spring. GERMAN 7.92-MM GEWEHR 42...

How The Sten Gun Works

A loaded magazine being inserted in the magazine housing until it locks, the cocking handle is then pulled back to the cocked position, compress'ng the return spring. When the trigger is pressed, the heavy breech block is freed and driven forward by the return spring. Feed ribs on the breech block strip the top cartridge from between the lips of the magazine and drive it into the firing chamber. The extractor, which is attached to the oreech bock, snaps into the cannelure in the cartridge case...

U S Winchester Ml Carbine

At forward eno of trigger guard is the trigger housing retaining pin. Push it out from the left side until it clears the lug in the receiver. Pull the housing forward until it clears the grooves in the receiver, when it may be lifted out. Pull back the operating slide spring guide a short distance until it is free cf -he operating slide. Pulling it forward and to the right permits it and its spring to be withdrawn. Take hold of the bolt and slide it to the rear until is face is behird the...

How The Bren Gun Works

Starting with the gun loaded and cocked, the action is as follows If the change lever is set at R, pressing the trigger pulls a connecting tripping lever, which in its turn draws down the sear out of engagement with the pin on the piston. This action also compresses the coil scar spring. The compressed return spring, situated in the butt, pushes the rod forward, and this in turn pushes against the seat in the piston driving the piston forward, carrying with it the locking and firing mechanism....