Very Early British Designs In Large Caliber

British Model 1853-66 Snider Single Shot Overall length, rifle without bayonet 55 Bore Diameter .577 Overall weight, rifle without bayonet 9.06 Groove Dia. .589 lbs. With bayonet attached 72.5 Type of action Side hinged block With bayonet attached 10 lbs. Barrel Length 39 Direction of Twist Right No. Grooves 3 Rate of Twist 78 1. Sniders were converted muzzle loading Enfields.

Note On Source Materials

There are few books in English dealing in any way with even a small percentage of the evolutionary rifle forms just discussed. In view of that fact, this work seeks to consolidate all the essential data any average reader might reasonably want to know about them. Before World War II the records of these weapons could be found in German, French, Spanish, Italian or Portuguese in most of the great libraries and museums abroad. Today few even of those sources are intact or generally available,...

Chapter Albania

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Repair and maintenance facilities. PRIVATE PLANTS Albania has no arms industry in the modern sense of the word. During the years of Turkish domination hundreds of underground gunsmithing establishments operated crude forges, lathes and rifling machines. As a result, guns made up of every conceivable combination of stock, barrel, sights and action may be found there. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES Albania is currently equipped with the Soviet 7.62mm SKS carbine. Older Soviet rifles...

Tua

German People's Assault Rifle (Volkssturm Gewehr) caliber 7.9mm kurz (shoil). Tins is a semiautomatic arm using (he shortened cartridge developed by the Germans for assault rifle use. A slide around the rigid barrel is blown back to operate the action as in the standard blowback automatic pistol. However, holes drilled in the forward end of the barrel permit gas to escape forward into a sleeve which lends to hold the action closed until breech pressure from the powerful cartridge has dropped to...

Chapter SPAIN

PRIVATE PLANTS There are literally hundreds of small arms manufacturers in Spain. Barcelona, Fibar, Madrid and Placencia are the headquarters of most of the larger ones. Comparatively few manufacture rifles, however. Pistols, revolvers, machine guns and submachine guns are the common manufacture, plus some shotgun production. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES 7.62mm NATO CETME Assault Rifle Model 58, 7.92mm Model 1943* 7I,nn Mi893 rifles, and some 7Ilim Mi916 short rifles have been converted to 7.62mm...

The Model

Similar in essential dimensions and weight to the Model 1896 the Model 1898 rifle and carbine merely embodied further minor structural changes. Interest in individual marksmanship for the soldier also resulted in numerous changes in rear sights and less obvious changes in the dimensions of the front sight. No good purpose would be served here by going into almost endless detail concerning this obsolete arm. Most of them now in use by Americans have been converted into sporters to which purpose...

Appendixes

The Williams Floating III. Double Barreled and Three Barreled IV. Paradox Guns V. Rifle-Shotgun Combinations VI. Rifled Shotgun VII. Morris Tube VIII. The Rifles of Peter Paul IX. The Rifles o the Ritter von X, German Small Arms Manufacturing Codes XI. Foreign Rifle XII. Australian, Indian and Philippine XIII. Latest U.S. Sporting Index

Info

6-ioiiiid in line non-detachable box magazine Talent w V notch graduated from 500-1500 M leaf turned over for battle sight Bayonet permanently attached, bolt handle bent Caliber Overall length Barrel length Feed device 6-round in line non-detachable box magazine 6-round in line noil-detachable box magazine 6-round in line non-detachable box magazine Tangent w V notch graduated from 500* 1500 M leaf turned over for barrle sight Uses knife-type bayonet, bolt handle bent

The M

This was the only semiautomatic rifle introduced by the Germans utilizing the projecting bolt cocking handle externally resembling the standard Mauser rifle. It was a product of the engineering of the Mauser organization, experimental forms of it having been tested for years. The design had never proved entirely acceptable in tests, and its introduction to field use proved the impracticability of the design. Characteristics This is a semiautomatic rifle operated by trapping gases in a muzzle...

British Model Martini Henry Single Shot

Overall length, rifle without bayonet 49.5 Overall weight, rifle without bayonet q lbs. Type of action Falling Block Barrel Length 33.2 No. Grooves 7 Bore Diameter .450 Groove Dia. 459 1. Some Martini-Henry rifles were later modified to take the standard British .303 cartridge. With bayonet attached 71.5 With bayonet attached 9.75 lbs. Direction of Twist Right Rate of Twist 22

Contents

THE EVOLUTION OF SHOULDER ARMS 1. The Origins of Gunpowder and the 2. The Development of Shoulder Weapons The Cannon Lock The Matchlock The Wheel-lock The Snaphaunce The True Flintlock The Percussion Lock 3. Rifling and Early Repeating Weapons 4. The Dawn of the Metallic Gartridge Rifle 37 5. The Development of Bolt Actions 6. The Development of the Semiautomatic 12. Austria 13. Belgium 14. Bolivia 15. Brazil 16. Bulgaria 17. Canada 18. Chile 19. Nationalist China 20. Communist China...

Bullet

Type Lead (heel type), paper patch on heel Notes Cartridge has not been made in recent years. In 1888 Holland modified the Beaumont single shot rifle to accommodate the Italian Vitali box magazine inserted in the action from below. This magazine is a modified form of the American Lee single column vertical type. It differs in the form of the magazine spring, which is a coil mounted in the center of the box and projecting well below the line of maximum follower compression. The cartridge used...

W C

Norwegian Krag Jorgensen Slings

Mechanically this rifle follows very closely the original Danish Model 1889 designed by Superintendent Ole Krag of the Kongsberg Armory and Jorgensen. (2) Model lS9t. Sniper's rifle. Barrel 29.9, overall 49.9 and weight 9.9 lbs. This form has telescope as well as standard sights. (3) Rifle Model 1930. This design has a sporting style halt stock. Special receiver sights are adjustable from 100 to 1000 meters. Barrel 29.5, overall 49.9 and weight 1 1 lbs. (Note This model was also sold as a...

Oc

German Model 1SSS, sectional view with magazine loaded. one cartridge fired. In this construction the clip forms a part of the magazine. The magazine follower work> between the side walls of the clip. When the last cartridge has been chambered. the clip drops out through the bottom of the magazine. This clip differs from the early Mannlicher forms in that it may be inserted in the action either side up. factured 7.92mm ammunition with .323 diameter bullets is frequently called 7.9mm (or...

Italian mm M Cartridge

Other Names 10.35mm Vetterli, 10.2mm Vetterli Type Rimmed, Necked, Centerfire Overall Length 2.59 Average Wt. 540 gr. Type Powder Black Approximate Chg. 61.7 gr. Type Primer Box BULLET Type Lead (Heel Type) Diameter .411 Weight 313 gr. Length .996 Notes Cartridge has not been made in recent years CARTRIDGE CASE Length Overall 1.84 Length Head to Shoulder 1.35 Length of Shoulder .25 Length of Neck .24 Diameter at Rim .626 Diameter at Base .537 Diameter at Neck .437 Diameter at Shoulder .517...

Arisaka Type 38 Rate Of Twist

Modern Rifles

I ype Jacketed, Flat Nose Diameter .315 Weight 238 grs. Length 1.18 CARTRIDGE CASE Diameter at Base -192 ft A I.LI ST ICS (approximate) Muzzle Velocity 1850 f.s. Collector's item only. Type of magazine Tubular Capacity K Type of bolt 2 piece, rotating head Japanese 8mm Type 20 Rifle. This wa.s the first Japanese small-boie magazine iifl< Overall length, rifle without bayonet 50.2 Overall weight, rifle -without bayonet 8.5 lbs Type of action Turnbolt Type of Magazine Box Staggered column...

The Cannon Lock

The earliest positive data we have on the use of small arms comes from Italian sources. The first small arms, now called Cannon Locks, were commonly of cylindrical form and had a length of about nine inches exclusive of the staff or pike to which they were affixed. They were made of cast bronze or brass or of wrought iron, some having chambers and some having straight bores. They actually had n.o lock but were ignited through a touchhole on lop of the barrel. The muzzle commonly had a thick...

Chapter ARABIA

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Repair and maintenance facilities. PRIVATE PLANTS There is no integrated arms industry in Arabia. Manufacture and repair is generally confined to crude shops. Even the cheapest of weapons are usually imported. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES The most common official design is the U. S. cal. .30 Mi rifle. All patterns of Mausers as described under Czechoslovakia, Germany and Turkey will also be encountered. Calibers are customarily 7.92mm German or 7.65mm Turkish.

Japan

Overall weight, rifle without bayonet 8.8 lbs. Type of action Turnbolt Type of Magazine Box Staggered column Barrel Length 25.75 No, Grooves 4 Bore Diameter .303 Groove Dia. .315 i. This is a modified form of the M. 38. Late models with cast steel receivers are dangerous. Overall length, rifle without bayonet 44 With bayonet attached 9.8 lbs. Type of bolt 1 piece Rotating head Capacity 5 Direction of Twist Right Rate of Twist 9.75

Specifications Of The Em

Toiai weight of weapon 7 lbs. 81,4 oz. Length of barrel 24.- '. Weight of magazine loaded with 20 rounds Weight of barrel 1 lb. . 2 oz. i lb. 7 oz. Cyclic rate of fire gt 00- gt 50 r.p.m. Total length of weapon 35.0. lype f sight Optic non-magnifying. General Description of Lee Enfield Designs These are turn-bolt magazine rifles. The bolt handles are turned down instead of projecting straight out to the side as in most European practice. The bolt is of the two-piece type, the bolt cylinder...

Government Made Bolt Action Rifles

Rifle Caliber .22 The Ordnance Department together with the National Rifle Association developed a series of rifles built around the M1903 action to use the .22 long rifle cartridge. These were designed to stimulate training with the bolt action service rifle not only in service units, but also in rifle clubs, schools and colleges and were developed before the adoption of the semiautomatic rifle. Early models which were made in prototype form were the Model 1 and Model 2. U. S. Magazine...

Earlier Official Breechloaders Remington rolling block single shot Model rifle and Model carbine mm Spanish See under

Browning 1885 Scope Mounting

Top to bottom Argentine 7.65mm Carbine Model 1891 modified to use bayonet Argentine 1.65mm Model 1891 Carbine Argentine 7.65mm Model 1909 Cavalry Carbine Argentine M1909 7.65mm Mountain Carbine the Ha Icon .22 L.R. Model 52 Carbine. The Halcon and several other 22's are made by Melalurgku Centra.

1916 Mannlicher Berthier Carbine

Drawn Caliber Cars

Modified 5-shot magazine to permit ship loading from standard Mauser-pattern clips. French Model 1917 Semi-Auto Ri e, Caliber 8mm. The 1918 pattern is very similar but has a shorter barrel. These arc popularly known as the St. Etienne rifles. Mazagine holds 5 cartridges. Operating rod works on outside of rifle. This is a lurnbolt, locked breech operated by gas drawn off through barrel port. French Model 1916 Mannlicher Berthier Carbine. 5-shot M nnlicher...

Mosin-nagant Drawing Sheet

American Rifles Korean War

Chinese 7.92mm Model Chiang Kai Shek Mauser. This rifle is a copy of the Mauser Standard Model. ufacture. Copies of the Standard Model Mauser were made in China and were known as the Chiang Kai Shek Model. 7.92mm Belgian FN M1924 and 1930 rifles and Chinese-made copies were also used as were Czech-made Model 24 rifles and Chinese copies thereof. The Chinese also used quantities of captured Japanese 6.5mm Type 38 and 7.7mm Type 99 rifles. When the Japanese armament plants in Manchuria were...

Id

Bolt Action Rifles Extraction Cam Design

This is a modified form of the 1890 Mousqueton. t here are several slight variations of this design. Caliber 8mm. All Mannlicher Berliner carbines wert modified i i 1927 modifications consisted of removing cleaning rods and adding a stacking hook. French M. 1892, action closed and open. Upper picture shows the bolt cylinder projection which works against a cam face at top of receiver ring to give primary extraction as the bolt handle is lifted. Lower picture shows...

Chapter Germany

German Model Rifle

GOVERNMENT PLANTS None since 1918 pre-1918 plants were Spandau, Amberg, Danzig, and Erfurt. PRIVATE PLANTS Prior to May 8, 1945 Adamv Gebr der Suhl . 2 I. G. Anch tz Zella Mehlis . 3 Astora a trademark, of BSW . 4 Berlin-Suhler Waffen- und Fahrzeugwerke Berlin, Suhl and Weimar BSW. 5 Bock-Drilling a trade name used by S. Gunther in Suhl . 6 Bolle amp Anscliiitz Zella Mehlis . 7 B scher-Gewehre Zella Mehlis . 8 Burgsmuller amp S hne Harz . 9 G. C. Dornheim A.-G. Suhl . 10 Emil Eckoldt Suhl . 11...

Dutch Mannlicher

Type Jacketed, Round Nose Diameter .263 Weight 162 grs. Length 1.22 Notes 1. The cartridge case for this Mannlicher. CARTRIDGE CASE Length Overall 2.11 Length Head to Shoulder 1 15 Ixmgth of Shoulder .14 length of Neck .32 Diameter at Rim .527 Diameter at Base 44H Diameter at Neck .294 Diameter at Shoulder .421 BALLISTICS approximate Muzzle Velocity 2400 f.s. Pressure About 40,000 lbs. sq. in. tridge is the same as the Netherlands 6.5mm Roumanian Model 189 M nnlicher, sectional drawing showing...

Chapter CUBA

PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES Cuba was equipped with U.S. cal. .30 Mi903 and Mi rifles prior to the seizure of power by Fidel Castro. A quantity of FN FAL light automatic rifles were delivered to Cuba before the Western powers established an embargo oil arms shipments to that country. Cuba has within the past several years been receiving large shipments of weapons from the Soviet bloc. The Cubans at present have respectable quantities of Czech 7.62mm Model 52 rifles plus other Czech and Soviet...

Style U S Rifle Caliber Special Match Rifles

In addition to ihe various models of the Springfield National Match Rifle, limited quantities of special Match Rifles were made at Springfield mainly for use in the Olympics and other international competitions. Special Cal. .30 Match Rilles with set triggers were made for the 1921 International Matches. For the 1922 Matches, Springfield made a number of special riiles. These had an adjustable upper band, stocks specially fitted to the team members, a butt hook, a cork palm rest, headless...

Ad

In the early 14th Century, Italy was the most advanced and the best educated nation in the world. During that same period Flanders and Germany were busily engaged in developing all the appliances of war the Belgians to sell them abroad, the Germans to use them for conquest. The Italian records were the best organized in the world at that time, though the Germans were soon to outreach them. The archives of the City of Florence for this period definitely establish that firearms were already in...

The Berdan Primers

In the late i8 ios the common American military type center fire cartridges were of the early folded-head design, resembling the common rim fire in outside appearance. The head of the case was reinforced by a cuplike piece of metal which was inserted through the mouth of the cartridge case and pressed down until the bottom of the reinforcing cup was snug against the inside of the head of the case. A pocket in the bottom of the reinforcing cup was loaded with the priming mixture before insertion...

Browning Automatic Rifle

American Training Manual 62mm Rifle

I here are other variations as for example, the British produced LiAi and the Canadian produced Ci. crosspiece in the receiver. The bolt return spring propels the bolt and carrier into their forward locked positions, stripping a round from the magazine and chambering it. Being independent of the bolt, the tappet rod can move in a straight line it is not bent around the magazine as in the Mi Garand. Danger of fouling the gas system has been reduced by hard chrome-plating of the gas tube and...

Cartridge Case

Length Overall 2.12 Length Head to Shoulder 1.69 Length of Shoulder .14 Length of Neck .287 Diameter at Rim .488 Diameter at Base .481 Diameter at Neck .343 Diameter at Shoulder 450 Pressure About 40,000 lbs. sq. in. Notes 1. This cartridge superseded the unsuccessful M1924 which had a longer case. The M1924 bullet was retained in the new 1929 cartridge. Cupro-Nickcl and gliding metal jackets are both found on the bullets. Clips are generally made of aluminum. 2. The 1929 Balle D bullet for...

The primary German service weapon during World War II

Volkssturmgewehr

This slot also provides clearance for the safety lug on models equipped with that feature. Two gas vents, each 5X 10mm, are placed in the bolt cylinder forward of the position where the mainspring bearing collar on the striker rests when the gun is fired. Thus the collar on the striker serves as a gas baffle in the case of a ruptured primer. The face of the bolt is recessed for the head of the rimless cartridge. On earlier models the bolt could be closed when the magazine was empty but...

Chapter Netherlands

Modern Rifle

PRIVATE PLANTS Nedcrlandsche Wapenen Muniiiefabriek N. V. Dc Kruithoorn NWM , S'Hertogenbosch, Holland. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFI.RS y.iismm NATO FAL Light Automatic Rifle. Rille Cal. .goM i and British rifles were also in service. FORMER RI FI .FS 6.5mm M1S95 Rifle and carbines. FN 7 . gt 2 mm NATO Light Automatic Rifle. This version was made or the Net herZands, it tent ion is cat led to the bipod and the metal handguards. Description of the Model 1895 Netherlands Mannlicher Caliber 6.5mm This...

German Model Single Shot

Overall length, rifle without, bayonet 52.9 Overall weight, rifle without bayonet. 10 lbs. Type of action Turnboll Hurrel length 33.5 No. grooves 4 Bore diameter .433 Groove dia. .4487 Notes With bayonet attached 72.6 With bayonet attached 11.8 lbs. Type of bolt 2 piccc Rotating head Direction of twist Right Rate of twist 21.65 1. This rifle uns adopted in 1871 but first deliveries were made in 1872. Photo shows a short rifle version. 2. This was the first metallic cartridge breech loader...

Gunpowder

The discovery of gunpowder lies shrouded in the mists of time. We find ambiguous references in the writing of the ancients which the credulous and the romantic can use to prove to their own satisfaction, at any rate that almost any invention, including gunpowder, is a product of a dim and distant past. In Virgil's Aeneid one can find mention of the attempt of Salmoneus to reproduce thunder Valerius Flaccus can be quoted on the e if or is of the Brahmins to do the same Philostratus' Life of...

F

Abn Machine Gun Repeating Weapons

German Gew 4J W sectional dtawings .slum tug details of construction and operation. Top detail shows overall construction with chamber loaded and arm ready to fire. Note thai while operating rod works along the top of the barrel and is fully enclosed by guards, its return spring is positioned below the barrel. Arms extend down on either side at the rear of the rod to compress the rod return spring. The two-piece boll return spring is housed in receiver. Center detail illustrates gas operation....

H

Modern Rifle Stocks

Czech 7.62mm Model 58 Assault Rifle with Wooden Stock. Czech 7.62mm Model 58 Assault Rifle with Folding Stock, Stock Fixed. System of operation Gas, selective fire Weight, loaded with wooden stock 8.7- lbs. with metal stock 8.75 lbs. f.englh overall w wooden stock 33 w fixed metal stock 33 w folded metal slock 25 Feed device 30-round staggered column, detachable box magazine Sights from. Protected post rear Tangent leaf, adjustable in 100 meter increments from 100 10 Soo meters. Cyclic rate...

U S Rifle Caliber M Other Models

Style SB This is the standard Mi903 rifle as fitted to the 1922M1 cal. .30 stock Type B . Style XRA This is the Springfield Sporter. It employs the Model 1922. NRA , stock, Caliber .30. This is the short sporting design without handguard and with a rounded shotgun buttplate. The barrel and receiver arc browned in this design. A special lower band fastens the short fore-end of the stock to the barrel. A Lyman 48 receiver rear sight replaces the military design. Style NBA This is the same as the...

Ic

Modern Musket

British Rifle Mo. 5, M irA 7ung lt r Carbine , Cal. 303. This is essentially the production Rifle No. 4 shortened into carbine form. Since this carbine uses the standard rifle cartridge the muzzle flash may prove frequently undesirable hence the flash-hider. The Rifle A o. 4 series represents an attempt to apply mass production methods to manufacture of the old S.M.L.E. rifle system. Modifications arc those required to modernize the rifle insofar as is possible. and to cut manufacturing steps....

German Model Mauser Commission

German Model 1888 sectional drawing with action open ready for loading. The magazine feeding system varies from the Mannlicher. Note that barrel jacket is sere-wed in to receiver. Details of removable boli head can be seen. Since this design bolt is bored out from the front there is no bolt sleeve. Instead the cocking piece is mounted over the rear of the projecting striker and held by a nut screwed into the threaded rear end of the striker.

Muzzle velocity fps Austrian Mannlicher Model

Muzzle Velocity Rifle

Overall length, rifle without bayonet 504mm Overall weight, rifle without bayonet 9.7 lbs. Type of action Straight Pull Type of Magazine Box Vertical Column Barrel Length 30.1 So. Grooves 4 Bore Diameter .315 Groove Dia. .329 1. When first issued in 1888, the then new 8mm cartridge was loaded with black powder. In 1890 the change to smokeless was made, calling for regraduation of sights. 2. The action of this model is the same as the Model 1886. With bayonet attached 60.2 With bayonet attached...

Chapter NORWAY

Krag Jorgensen 5mm

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Kongsbcrg Vapcnfabrikk. PRIVATE PLANTS H. Larsen Drammen . No large scale manufacturing of small arms. Imports usually from Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Germany. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES U.S. Rifle Cal. .30 Mi various other rifles such as British No. 4s. German Kar gSk's, etc., are held in reserve. FORMER MILITARY RIFLES 6.5111m Krag Jorgensen M1894 and its variants. Norwegian 6.5mm Ml89.5 Krag Jorgensen, Carbine. The Norwegian Army realized at the end of World War II that their...

The U S Rifle Caliber BO Model

Springfield Model 1903 Caliber 306 1918

Shortly after the adoption of the Krag-Jorgensen in 1892 the U. S. Army Ordnance Department began the study of the Mauser system. Five thousand of a first model, designed with a 30 inch barrel and having a muzzle-length stock were ordered for experimental purposes in 1901. Before they were ready the barrel length was ordered reduced to 24 inches. This was in the direction of providing a weapon suitable for both infantry and cavalry use, eliminating the long standard combination of rifle and...

French Model Kropatchek Marine Infantry

Overall length, rifle without bayonet 49 Overall weight, rifle without bayonet 10.3 lbs. Type of action Turnbolt Type of Magazine Tubular Barrel Length 29.5 No. Grooves 4 Bore Diameter .433 Groove Dia. .4417 1. Original cartridge was modified for this arm which was the Model 18f gt 6 Gras converted to the tubular magazine. With bayonet attached 69 With bayonet attached 11.5 lbs. Type of bolt 2 piece Rotating head Capacity 7 Direction of Twist Left Rate of Twist 21.65

Chapter Austria

Steyr M95 Stutzen Carbine

GOVERNMENT PLANTS None currently manufacturing small arms. See German Intelligence Code List in appendix X for list of wartime plants in Austria. PRIVATE PLANTS Steyr-Werke A. G. was the outstanding manufacturer. This organization was founded by Josef Werndl, developer of the early Werndl breechloader. Steyr manufactured all forms of M nnlicher straight pull and turn bolt rifles. In recent years manufacture was concentrated on Mannlicher-Schoenauer rifles and carbines, hammerless double...

Lt

Martini Henry Rifle Caliber

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Copsa Mica at Cugir, built in the 1930's by Zbrojovka of Czechoslovakia. No private plants. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES Roumanian A KM, Soviet 7.62 mm AK-47 Assault Rifle and 7.62mm SKS carbine. FORMER MILITARY RIFLES Czech ZR Model 24 Mauser rifle in 7.9mm and the obsolete Model 1893 M nnlicher turning bolt 6.5mm. Also 1924 and later Mauser patterns made in Belgium 7.9mm. Steyr 8mm Mi895, French 8mm M1907 Mannlicher Berthier, Soviet 7.62mm M1891 series, and Mosin Nagant rifles...

French Model Gras Chassepot Conversion Single Shot

Overall length, rifle without bayonet 51 Overall weight, rifle without bayonet 9.3 lbs. Type of action Turnbolt Barrel Length 32.3 No. Grooves 4 Bore Diameter .433 Groove Dia .4448 2. The 1874 modification in both rifle and carbine forms is still a common rifle in the Balkans. With bayonet attached 74 With bayonet attached 11.5 lbs. Type of bolt 2 piece Rotating head Direction of Twist Left Rate of Twist 21.2

Mosin Remington 280049

1936 Bolt Action Mauser Photo

1.62 mm M1891 Mas in ragant Rifle of early manufacture. Note sling swivels and flat leaf rear .sight. 7.62mm 1I89I Mosin Nagant Jiifle of later manufacture. Sole sling sluts through stock and rounded sight leaf. The Model 1891 was first made 11 quantity at Chatellerault in France it has also been made bv SIG in Switzerland and Stevr in Austria. It can also be found with a bayonet lug sleeve mounted on the barrel. This work was done by the Germans in World War I to enable them to use their...

Soviet Sporting Rifles

Soviet Guns

The Soviets have a complete line of sporting rifles, from relatively cheaply-made caliber .22 weapons to expensive match weapons. These weapons are rare in the United States and are quite expensive in this country, but are widely used throughout the Soviet Bloc. The Soviets have especially concentrated on free-type march rifles suitable for Olympic competition. By competing in the Olympics with first-class shooters and first-class equipment of native design, the Soviets have attempted to make...

North Korean Ak-47

World War Guns

Type Full Jacketed-Flat based-Pointed bullet Diameter .310 Weight 184 grs. Length 1.9 5 CARTRIDGE CASE Length Overall 2.97 Length of Shoulder .14 Diameter at rim .476 Diameter at Neck .337 Length Head to Shoulder 1.84 Length of Neck .99 Diameter at Base .473 Diameter at Shoulder 431 BALLISTICS approximate Muzzle Velocity 2390 f.p.s. The firm of B. C. Miroko, whose factory is located at Kochi City, Kochi Prefecture manufactures rifles. Their Model 360 is a bolt action with box magazine chambered...

Japanese World War II Bolt Action Rifles

Carcano Prototype

Japanese forces were equipped with the 6.5111m Type 38 rifle, Type 38 carbine, and Type 44 carbine for a long time prior to World War II and large quantities of these weapons were used throughout the war. The older 6.5mm Type 30 rifle and carbine were also frequently encountered during the war. After 1 heir experiences in China and Manchuria the Japanese decided they needed a heavier caliber rifle. They had adopted a 7.7111111 semi-rimmed cartridge for use in a heavy machine gun Type 92 in 1932...

On Opposite Page Roumanian Model Details

1827 Ansch

Top line shows detail of safety and spring, bolt which is bored out from the front, and special nut which screws on to end of striker and holds cocking piece in place Next line shows side view of cocking piece, early pattern Roumanian extractor, striker and mainspring. Note that in later models the extractor may be the same as the Dutch pattern, a type which is also found in the Mannlicher Schoenauer and Hungarian Mannlicher patterns. Next line shows details of loaded clip, and two views of...

Rifle Model

French Carbine Rifle

Barrel Length 23.4 No. grooves 4 Bore Diameter .313 groove dia. .326 Type of bolt 2 piece iota ling head Capacity 5 War II in France. It was also used in the x gt r and exteriors crude. This is an obsolete French 1886 M93. Right side detail showing action open, cartridge in elevator ready to be chambered, and hooked front of elevator preventing next cartridge in magazine tube from emerging. The bolt is two piece. The dual lugs are carried on the bolt head. Primary extraction is effected by the...

Belgian Rifles In World War II

While the basic rifles and carbines were the 7.65mm M 1889 the following rifles were listed as being widely issued 1 Model 1916 Slight variant of the 7.65mm 1889. Barrel jacket. 2 Model 189S Belgian Same as German Gew. 98, but in 7.65mm. 3 Model 1924 Series Calibers 7, 7.65 and 7.92mm. These were export Mauser System rifles, made by F. N. 4 Model 1935 Belgian Officially adopted for use in 7.65mm. 5 Model 1936 Belgian The old projecting box magazine M1889 modified to take the German Gew. 98...

Origins Of Gunpowder And The

Work are of classical antiquity, the sections dealing with gunpowder formulas were written about the middle of the 13th Century. The next, or perhaps concurrent, references to gunpowder are in the manuscripts of the English monk Roger Bacon, the Spanish monk Ferrarius and the Bishop Albertus Magnus of Ratisbon. The manuscript of Ferrarius is an unedited letter now in England in the Bodleian Library at Oxford addressed to an unknown Ansclm. The Opus de mirabilibus mundi of Bishop Albertus...

Buixet

Length 1.35 CARTRIDGE CASE Length Overall 2.21 Diameter at Rim .554 Weight of Case 180 gr. Muzzle Velocity 2395 f.p.s. Hungary, like most of the other European satellites, uses Soviet produced sporting rifles extensively. In addition, Hungary produces several caliber .22 rifles which are also exported by Ferunion, Budapest. The Bcke is a medium weight, single shot, bolt action target rifle. Its only unusual feature is the mounting of a peep rear sight on the barrel...

Holland And Holland Single Action Farquaharson Rifles

Modern Custom Lever Action Rifles

Type Lead Paper Patched Diameter .45 Weight 480 grs. Length Overall 2.31 Length Head to Shoulder 1.33 Length of Shoulder .' 7 Length of Neck .75 Diameter at Rim .765 Diameter at Base .66 Diameter at Neck 475 Diameter at Shoulder .615 Notes This cartridge was originally made with a coiled brass or iron case but was later made, including manufacture in this country with a solid brass case and regular Boxer type primer. Pre-World Wrar II British Sporting Rifle There was little real mass production...

Mauser M-96 Carbine

Swedish Mauser M96 Images

Sweden had been armed with the single shot, Remington, rolling-block rifle since 1867. It had been rebarreled in 1889 from 12.17mm rimfire cartridge to 8mm Danish Krag cartridge. However, Sweden was anxious to acquire a small bore repeating rifle. After testing the Mannlicher, Krag, etc., Sweden settled upon the Mauser rifle in caliber 6.5 x 55mm, officially designated M96 to commemorate the year of its adoption, although its origination at the German Mauser works at Oberndorf in collaboration...

Chapter JAPAN

Rifle Mechanism

GOVERNMENT PLANTS World War II-Tokyo, Nagoya, Kokura Jinsen Inchon , Korea. PRIVATE PLANTS World War II Chuo Kogyo Kabushiki. Current Howa Kogyo K. K. Ltd., B. C. Miroku. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES The current standard rifle of the Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces JGSDF is the 7.62mm NATO Type 64 rifle. Caliber .30 Ml rifles and caliber .30 M2 carbines are probably still available as reserve arms. During the early days of the JGSDF a number of 7.7mm Type 99 rifles were converted to caliber...

Regulus Plion Patent 2998

Just when or where the first inventor applied the forces of discharge to the task of reloading and cocking an arm, no man can positively say. The authoritative official British Textbook of Small Arms 1929 Edition considers that the automatic principle appears to have been an English invention, on the basis of a fully authenticated entry in the records of the British Royal Society dated March 2, 1663. On that early flintlock day the record shows see Birch's History of the Royal Society that Sir...

Part Ii

A single shot rifle, as its name implies, is a weapon having no mechanism for loading cartridges into the chamber from a magazine. It must be manually loaded for each shot. This type of rifle falls into two general classifications a Those of the original Maynard type in which pushing down the finger lever which forms the trigger guard releases the barrel at the breech, permitting the muzzle to hinge down from the fore-end for loading and unloading. In recent years only the discontinued Stevens...

Maynard Rifle Drawing

Robbins Lawrence Pepperbox

Except for one undated specimen in Paris in the M usee d' Artillerie, the Dreyse seems to mark the first application of this very simple locking system, a fact difficult to understand when we consider that the door bolt from which it evolved had been in common use for centuries. When the bolt was withdrawn, a paper cartridge was inserted. A primer was attached to the base of Top to bottom Early Flintlock with set trigger and barrel sights. Early pepperbox. Details of the Dreyse Needle...

Dominican Republic

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Facilities for the manufacture of rifles exist. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES U.S. Springfield, Model 1903 30 06, 7.62mm FN FAL, U.S. cal. .30 Mi. The Dominican Republic has developed respectable sized small arms design and production facilities since World War II. This has been done with the help of refugee Hungarian technicians and Italian tooling. The first native weapon to be built in quantity was the Cristobal Model 2 Carbine. Caliber .30 Automatic Carbine Cristobal Model 2...

.400 Calibre Rifles 1905

Turkish Mauser Detachable Magazine

Length Overall 2.18 Length Head to Shoulder 1.15 Length of Shoulder .11 Length of Neck .32 Diameter at Rim .496 Diameter at Base .494 Diameter at Neck .335 Diameter at Shoulder 452 Muzzle Velocity 2560 f.s. Pressure About 43,000 lbs. sq. in. PRINCIPAL GOVERNMENT PLANTS Kirikkalc. PRINCIPAL PRIVATE PLANTS None of consequence. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES U.S. rifle cal. .30 Mi. Mauser 1905, 7.92mm. Also earlier patterns, primarily Mi893 convened to 7.92111111 British No. 1 and No. 4 rifles Czech...

Earlier Official Breechloaders Ross rifles

Ross Interrupted Lugs

The Ross straight pull rifle was invented by Sir Charles Ross. Various models were manufactured at his arms plant in Quebec, Canada. The Ross appeared in a wide variety of Marks. Minor modifications included sight changes, while major modi Pica lions included types of magazines employed and construction of boll locking lugs. All these rifles are now obsolete, but a brief description is given because many of the rifles are still in use or in the hands of collectors. The Ross in caliber .303 Mark...

Chapter BRAZIL

1904 Brazilian Mauser

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Industria National de Armas, Sao Paulo, SP. PRIVATE PLANTS Amanda Rossi, Sao Leopoldo, RS. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES Cal. .80 FN M1949, 7.62mm FN FAL rifles, Mauser Model 1908, 7mm. Some U.S. M1903 and Ml rifles and Ml carbines. EARLY OFFICIAL BREECHLOADERS Model 1894 Mauser, 7mm. Very slight modification of Spanish Model 1893 See under Spain. The description of the German Gew. and Kar. 98 series see under Germany covers all mechanical details of the Brazilian M. 1908, wThich...

Poland

Modern Rifle With Grenade Launcher

PRIVATE PLANTS None. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES Soviet designed 7.62mm AKM, AK-47 Assault Rifle and 7.62mm SKS Carbine. Soon after the organization of the Polish nation at the conclusion of World War I, Poland obtained machinery for the manufacture of both the German Gewehr 98 and the German Karabiner 98. Except for minor details of manufacture, the Polish rifles are identical with the German. Polish 7.92mm M91 98J25 Rifle an alteration of the Russian M91...

Chapter CANADA

Ross Rifles

GOVERNMENT PLANTS, Long Branch, Ontario. PRIVATE PLANTS Ross no longer in production . John Inglis, World War II NAACO. Canadian Ross Rifles C.al. 303. From top to bottom Mark III, Mark II , Mark II, and Mark III . PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES 1 . Rifle, 7.62 mm FN C1AL 2 . The only rifle manufactured in Canada and issued during World War II was the Service Rifle, No. 4 Mark I and Mark I . The above Lee-Enfiekl pattern is discussed under Great Britain. Canada was among the first to adopt the FN...

Chapter West Germany

Snooper Scope

PRIVATE PLANTS Rheinmettal Borsig, Dusscldorf Heckler and Koch, Oberndorf A M J. G. Anschutz GmbH, Ulm Donau Carl Walther, GmbH, Ulm Donau H. Krieghoff K. G., Ulm Donau J. P. Sauer 8c Sohn A. G., Dussel-dorf Waffcn Frankonia, VVurzburg, F. W. Heym, Munnerstadt, Krico, and Mauser, Obendorf. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES 7.62mm Rifle G3, G3A1, G3A2, G3A3 and G3A4. This weapon is the German version of the Spanish CETME assault rifle. The G , which is covered in more detail under Spain, began as the...

R

Russian M 91 System with action open ready fot loading. The interruptor which prevents more than one cartridge from rising into line for feeding is seen in the left side receiver wall. The bolt head construction may vary somewhat in models manufactured at different periods or places. Russian M 91 System loaded and loeked, ready to fire. The lugs in his design lock into the right and left side wails of the receiver ring. Pulling back and turning the cocking piece not only removes it from contact...

Early Metallic Cartridge Breech Loaders

Metallic Cartridge Bavarian

In the 1860's and '70s the combination of American inventive and manufacturing genius first truly asserted itself. With the introduction of the metallic cartridge, the Sharps' locking system came into its own. Existing rifles were promptly converted to both rim and center fire types. Christian Sharps' original patent was granted in percussion days September 12, 1848 to be exact , yet its essential locking system has come down through the years as one of the great basic locking forms. The...

Types Of Types Of Firearms In The World

All Types Firearms

Length Overall 2.24 Length Head to Shoulder 1.81 Length of Shoulder .125 Length of Neck .305 Diameter at Rim 470 Diameter at Base 471 Diameter at Neck .351 Diameter at Shoulder .4314 BALLISTICS approximate Muzzle Velocity 2530 f.s. Pressure 47,000 Ibs. sq. in. Notes 1 Sporting type commercially manufactured in the United States to lower pressure with smaller diameter bullet can be used in German 1888 types as well as 98. 2. This cartridge is made in Europe in armor piercing, tracer and...

World War 2 Weapons

Tangent w V notch graduated from 300-1000 M leaf turned over for battle sight. First of Italian rifles chambered for 7.35mm cartridge, bolt handle bent. Some have knife-type folding bayonet which can be carried folded on rifle or removed 7.35mm version of M1891 carbine, has permanently attached folding bayonet, bolt handle bent 7.35mm version of M1891 24 carbine, uses knife-type bayonet, bolt handle bent Basically the same as the Rifle M1891 except for length and rear sight Caliber Overall...

Ballistics

M43 Ballictics

Caliber 7.62mm, Czechoslovak Model 5a System of operation Gas, semi-automal ic fire only Weight, loaded 9.8 lbs. Length, overall 39.37 Barrel length 20.66 Note Feed mechanism 10-round, double staggered-row, detachable box magazine loaded with 5-round chargers Sights front Hooded blade removable hood rear Notched tangent with curved ramp Muzzle velocity 2.140 f.p.s. Model 52 57 has the same characteristics but is chambered for the Soviet 7.62mm M43 7.62 x 39mm . Czech 7.62mm Model 52 Rifle with...

Chapter Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovak Rifles

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Ceska Zbrojovka Brno now under State control. This is one of the largest rifle plants in the world. Manufacture before 1939 was largely military Mausers for export. Currently some sporting Mausers are being manufactured, as well as some conventional .22 bolt actions. Considerable devel-ment work has been done on gas-operated military semi- and full automatic rifles. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES The 7.62mm Model 58 Assault Rifle is now the principal military rifle. Quantities of...

Lever Action Rifle Bolt Stop

Rifle Design Bolt Drawing

SI G .22 Model 530-1 Rifle with folding butt stock. FORMER MILITARY RIFLES 7.5mm Schmidt Rubin M1889, M1889 1900, M1896 11, and M1911 rifles. Carbines 7.5mm Mi893 Mannlicher, M1905, and M1911 Schmidt Rubin. Description of the Schmidt-Rubin Rifles Major, later Lieut. Col. Rubin, then director of the Swiss Laboratory at Thun, was among the first to recognize the tremendous potentialities of the small bore high velocity military cartridge. As early as 1883, he submitted his 7.5mm cartridge to the...

Krnka Quick-loader

Krnka 1869

0 For iron sights when scope is dismounted. Maximum sighting rung for the telescopic sight on this weapon is PK scope 1400 meters 1540 yd scope -1300 meters 1420 yd. . Soviet 7.62mm rifle and ground machine nun rimmed ammunition. The Krnka 1869 was merely a lifting block conversion for muzzle loaders. The Russian Berdan I is commonly confused with the Spanish Berdan. Where the Spanish Model resembles the typical hinged lifting block, outside hammer type of construction widely associated in the...

Chapter United States Of America

PRINCIPAL GOVERNMENT PLANTS Springfield, Rock Island. Springfield has been closed and Rock Island no longer manufactures rifles. PRINCIPAL PRIVATE PLANTS AAI, Armalite, Colt, Harrington amp Richardson, High Standard, Ithaca, Iver Johnson, Marlin, O. F. Mossherg amp Sons, Noble, Remington, Savage, Smith amp Wesson, Sturm Ruger, Thompson Products, Universal Firearms, Weatherby, Winchester and numerous smaller manufacturers. Manufacturers who do not normally manufacture rifles, but have...

Bullet Development

Between 1800 and 1850 the French had so advanced in the art of artillery firing that the military were forced to concede the necessity of greater range and accuracy for the shoulder arm. When problems of exterior ballistics began occupying the attention of designers, it became apparent that the employment of rifling was a necessity if the required range and accuracy were to be obtained. Up to this time the universal use of rifling had been prevented by the difficulty of ramming down the rifled...

The Spencer Action

Meanwhile in Bavaria the Peabody system was being modified more drastically than in Switzerland. J. L. Werder, director of a Nuremberg factory, was given access to the Peabody test which had been conducted by an Arms Commission for over a year, and in 1867 introduced his modification which became famous as the Bavarian Lightning.' Werder recognized the military need for a rifle which could be rapidly manipulated from a prone position. Accordingly he modified the Peabody breechblock so that a...

1911 A1 Parker Light

Lee Enfield Mark Modern

Rifle No. 1 Mark ill. S.M.L.E. Mark III and Mark III 's during World War 1 B.S.A. made 1,601,608 in the same period. This rifle has a bridge type charger guide on the receiver. The rear sight has a fine adjustment worm screw for elevation and is adjustable for windage this sight used a U notch rather than the V notch used on earlier models. The front sight has a blade rather than a barleycorn and a different nose cap with altered sight guards was fitted. Other changes were...

Ross Rifle Model

This rifle, commonly encountered in caliber .280 Ross, is the Ross design best known in the U. S. It was widely sold in this country as a sporting rifle. It was also manufactured in calibers .303 British and to a limited extent in calibers .30-06 and .35 Winchester. The mechanics of this rifle are the same as of the earlier design, except for minor refinements. A gas escape vent is provided in the bolt head between the two locking lugs. The magazine in the Model 10 is very much like the...

Chapter PERU

Winchester Military Rifle

PRIVATE PLANTS None of consequence. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES F. N. 7.62mm FAL .Rifle, Cal. 30 Mi. Mauser M. 1909. Also later F. N. M 1935s some in caliber .30-06. The 7.65111111 M1891 Mauser was formerly used. EARLIER BREECHLOADERS In 1870 the Belgian Comblain single shot 11mm was adopted See under Belgium and Brazil . During the 8oY' Winchester '73 rifles in caliber .44-40 were imported in some quantity for army use. Peruvian Model 1907 Mauser caliber 7.65mm. Except...

Madscn Light Automatic Rifle

Schultz Larsen Accuracy

The Dansk Industri Syndicat has developed a new rifle which currently exists only in prototype form. This weapon makes extensive use of light weight material having an aluminum alloy receiver, receiver cover, trigger guard, rear sight, magazine, and bipod. Caliber 7.62mm NATO System of operation Gas. selective fire Weight w loaded magazine 10.6 lbs. Length overall 42.3 Barrel length 21.1 Feed device 20-round detachable, staggered box magazine rear Aperture, graduated from loe to 600 meters...

Notes

Cartridges for the M. 1898 and its later variations have been variously listed as 7.9. 7.91 and 7.92mm. Many German 98-40 rifles will be found stamped 7.87, 7.88 or 7.89mm. All use the Standard German cartridge. 2. The 98b differs from ihe Rifle y8 in having a bent-down bolt handle, side sling, and tangent type sight. 3. Rifle 98 was also made, after World War I, with a tangent-type sight. verted when the pointed bullet S cartridge was adopted in 1903, some of these early arms arc...

Mexico

1936 Mexican Mauser 7mm

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Mexico City Arsenal. PRIVATE PLANTS None of consequence. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES 7.62mm NATO FN FAL Cal. .30 Ml, cal. .30 Ml954. FORMER MILITARY RIFLES Various Mauser patterns, 7nmi. Chiefly 1895, 1902, 1907, 1910, 1912, 1LJ24, and 1936. Later manufacture is Mexican, but German makes were also used. In 1895 Mexico officially adopted for military service a 7mm Mauser rifle, practically identical with the Spanish Model 1893. The photographs, drawings and description of the...

Modern French Rifle

Modern Sniper Rifle

One-quarter inch of the forward end of the rectangular bolt is rounded and the bolt face is recessed. The ejector is a short stud that slides through the left side of the bolt face at 30 angle and projects into a groove in the left side of the receiver. Rearward movement of the bolt is halted when this projection hits a stud at the end of the receiver groove which also causes the ejector to slide forward to strike the head of the expended cartridge case which pivots on the claw extractor and is...

Nationalist China

Nationalist China Guns

GOVERNMENT PLANTS The Government Arsenal has been tooled tc produce the U.S. 7.62mm NATO M14 rifle. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES The basic equipment is the cal. .30 Mi. However, during World War II I J. S. Model 1903 and 1917 rifles Springfields and Enfields in Caliber .30-06 were supplied in quantity to the Chinese Government troops. China began the purchase of German Mauser rifles with the very first con gt mercial design, the Mauser 1871 single shot. As Paul Mauser developed his new rifles,...

M

Sako Finnbear

The year 1939 saw the adoption of the M39 rifle. Essentially, it is the same as its predecessor, the M28 30, except for the substitution of an ingeniously designed pistol-grip stock, consisting of two separate pieces of wood joined together. This innovation in the stock imparts greater rigidity to the forearm. To prevent warping, special wood is selected for the forearm. Fitting of the forearm to the stock, proper, is accomplished by a three-finger inter locking-type joint, demanding skilled...

Modern Krag Jorgensen

Modern Pivoted Front Doors

DESCRIPTION OF DANISH KRAG-JORGENSEN This is a turn-bolt rifle of a distinct type. The bolt is of one piece design with a recessed head, li has only one locking lug at the head of the bolt and turns downward to engage in the receiver locking recess. The guide rib also serves as a locking lug. The bolt handle also turns down into a recess in the receiver to provide a safety locking lug of sorts. Prominent feature of the bolt assembly is the long, fiat spring extractor, fastened to the bolt...

Mannlicher Schoenauer

Mannlicher Sch Nauer Sniper

Steyr Daimler Puch has developed a match version of their current high-powered boll-action rifle. The SSG has a heavy barrel, an adjustable trigger, a hooded front sight and micrometer-type rear sight. The length of the butt is adjustable and the stock, which may be had in walnut or plastic, is of much heavier design than the hunting rifles. Steyr notes that the barrel is made by the hammering process this process essentially consists of forming the rifling and outside contour of the barrel in...

Hungary

Hungarian Made Rifle

GOVERNMENT PLANTS Budapest all former private plants are now government owned. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES A modification of the Soviet designed 7.62mm AKM Assault Rifle is the current Hungarian service rifle. FORMER MILITARY RIFLES i Model 1935 Mannlicher. 2 Model 1895 Austro-IIungarian Mannlicher straight pull. Note The modified and converted Mi935 used by the Germans and designated Gew. 98 40 was used in Hungary as the Model 1943. The Hungarian Model 1943 used Hungarian type fittings and...

Mauser Selbstladekarabiner 1916

Mauser M1916 Semiauto Rifle

This is a split bridge receiver action made with one piece bolt. Besides the dual locking lugs at the front end of the bolt cylinder, the handle locks down into its receiver scat forward of the bridge. The locking lugs are net cam cut to provide the customary primary extraction. Because of the crudity of manufacture and materials, this design cannot be recommended for American use. clear of the holt and cocking piece. Rotating the lever to the vertical...

Mm Nato Cetme Assault Rifle M

Bayonet Types Mechanical Locking Systems

This weapon was developed from the German 7.92mm short StG 45 M assault rifle. This weapon is covered in detail under Germany. The development in Spain was done at the Centro de Estudios Tecnicos de Materiales Especiales, CETME, a Spanish government establishment, by a group headed by L. Vorgrimmler, a former member of the Mauser design staff. Vorgrimmler had gone to France at the end of World War II and had worked for the French on development of a prototype delayed blow back carbine for a...

Close Assault Weapon System

Prototype Assault Rifles

I, G 7 7.5 A-Y gt . 2, G AH 5 No. 3, Semiautomatic Rifles and Walt her M Kb-4 2 W Assault Rifle. The rifles appeared in prototype form and their gas system was used on the MKb-42 W Assault Rifle and in modified form is currently being used on the Czech Model .52 Rifle. Considerably before World War 11. the Germans laid down a requirement for a selective fire rifle to replace the standard bolt action rifle, submachine gun, and the light machinegun and an in...

Fn Mauser Safety Left Side

Schmidt Rubin M1931 Calvery Carbine

Bears against first one and then the other when in opened or closed position, holding the operating rod ready for forward or rearward thrust. A dovetailed stud on the left side of the operating rod travels in the undercut groove on the bolt cap while the rib travels in a slot between the main receiver cylinder in which the bolt mechanism travels and the secondary receiver cylinder on the right in which the operating rod travels . The operating rod stud working in the helical groove in the...

Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics

Japan Rifle

PRINCIPAL GOVERNMENT PLANTS Tula, Izshevsky, and many others. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES a 7.62mm AKM Assault Rifle b 7.62mm AK Assault Rifle c 7.62mm Sniper Rifle SVD. Shortly after World War II the U.S.S.R. adopted three squad level weapons for a new intermediate sized 7.62mm cartridge. These weapons are the 7.62mm SKS semiautomatic carbine, the 7.62mm AK-47 assault rifle, and the 7.62mm RPD light machine gun. The 7.62mm AK-17 was initially issued to replace the submar.hinegun in the Soviet...

Sweden

PRINCIPAL GOVERNMENT PLANTS Carl Gustafs Stads Gevarsfaktori. PRINCIPAL PRIVATE ARMS PLANTS Husqvarna Vapenfabriks A. B. PRINCIPAL GOVERNMENT AMMUNITION FACTORIES Karlsborg. PRINCIPAL PRIVATE AMMUNITION FACTORIES Norma and Swedish Metalworks. PRINCIPAL MILITARY RIFLES The 7.62mm NATO Model AK4, a modified copy of the German G3 rifle, is the current standard rifle, the semi-automatic 6.5mm AG42B Ljungman may still be held in reserve stocks. It is believed that the Mauser M96 rifle, M94 carbine,...