Reviews

Free J5 Tactical Flashlights and Survival Gear

Free J5 Tactical Flashlights and Survival Gear

The Last Man Standing Review

The Last Man Standing Review

First Gun T-shirt Free

First Gun T-shirt Free

Light Defender Tactical Laser Can Save You By Dazzling Your Enemy

Light Defender Tactical Laser Can Save You By Dazzling Your Enemy

Doomsday Medicine Chest Review

Doomsday Medicine Chest Review

Jumpstart Liberty Review

Jumpstart Liberty Review

Free Survival Multitool Plus Bonuses Review

Free Survival Multitool Plus Bonuses Review

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Legally Concealed Courses Review

Legally Concealed Courses Review

The Strikelight Tactical Flashlight Review

The Strikelight Tactical Flashlight Review

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book Review

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book Review

My Experience with Shipping Container Home Made Easy

My Experience with Shipping Container Home Made Easy

Articles

Internal External and Terminal Ballistics

There are basically three types of ballistics, internal, external and terminal. Internal ballistics is the study of what happens within the barrel of a weapon from the moment the firing pin hits the primer to the time the bullets exits from the barrel. It is mainly concerned with propellant pressures, acceleration of the missile whilst it is in the bore, muzzle velocity and recoil. Esoteric considerations such as primer ignition time, primer pressure time curves and temperature also come within...

Recovery methods for fired bullets

If a weapon has been recovered, it will be necessary to compare fired ammunition from this weapon with fired ammunition recovered from the scene. Obtaining a series of test cartridge cases from a self-loading pistol presents little difficulty as they merely have to be picked up. Obtaining fired bullets in a near pristine condition is, however, a little more difficult. In the past, cotton waste or wadding has been used, but this material can be quite abrasive to soft-lead bullets especially...

Shell Lifter Height Adjustment

Mec Reloading Chart

It is necessary for the shell lifter to be level with the track in which the shells ride around the machine. To adjust shell lifter height 1. Make sure the reloader is at the top of its stroke. 2. Loosen the wad guide mounting screw slightly enough so you may turn it on the wad guide rod . 3. Using a 1 z inch open-end wrench, loosen the lock nut, Figure 52. 4. Put a straight edge in the track above the shell lifter, Figure 53. 5. Raise or lower the shell lifter as required by turning the wad...

Colt Automatic Pistol

Colt Automatic Calibre Disassembly

Text by LUDWIG OLSON Colt's of Hartford. Conn., is among the world's leading suppliers of .25 ACP pocket automatic pistols. Their first pistol of this type was developed by John M. Browning, the famous U.S. arms designer, and introduced in 1908. Approximately 500,000 of this excellent blowback-operated arm were produced. This pistol was discontinued in 1946. and Colt's did not re-enter the .25 ACP pocket pistol field until 1958 when they introduced the Junior...

Gunshot Wounds of the Brain

Gunshot Injuries Mechanism

Gunshot wounds of the brain constitute approximately one-third of all fatal gunshot wounds. Wounds of the brain from centerfire rifles and shotguns are extremely devastating. Such injuries are described in Chapters 7 and 8. This section will deal with gunshot wounds of the brain caused by low-velocity weapons handguns and .22 rimfire rifles. When a bullet strikes the head, it punchesout acircular to oval woundof entrance in the skull, driving fragmentsof boneintothebrain. Thebone chips...

Army Gage Set 8426685

M16 Rifle Bolt

Applicable Configuration M16 M16A1 Rifle Test Equipment Tool and Gage Set 8426685 Small Arms Repairman Tool Kit SC 5180-95-CL-A07 19204 Materials Parts Cleaner, lubricant and preservative CLP item 9, app D Lubricating oil, weapons LAW item 20, app D Lubricating oil, weapons LSA item 21, app D Wiping Rag item 24, app D 1. Remove firing pin retaining pin 1 . 2. Tip key and bolt carrier assembly 2 allowing firing pin 3 to drop out. Catch the firing pin. 3. Rotate bolt cam pin 4 1 4 turn and lift...

The Japanese miscellany

Japanese aircraft armament was characterised by a wide variety of different types most of which used their own unique ammunition. This is partly explained by the fact that the air forces were divided between the army and navy, although a similar situation did not prevent a high degree of commonality in US aircraft guns. Certainly the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy IJA and UN respectively followed wilfully different procurement policies and seemed unconcerned about the benefits of...

Glossary Of Sniping And Marksmanship Terms

ALTERNATE POSITION A backup position selected by a sniper to which he can displace and still shoot into his original sector of fire. A sniper should have several alternate positions. See Primary Position and Supplementary Position. AVENUE OF APPROACH AA A road, path, or open area across which the enemy could advance toward you, depending on whether he's mounted or dismounted. Snipers should cover dismounted avenues of approach. BACK AZIMUTH DETECTION TECHNIQUE A technique to identify an enemy...

Measurement of bore and groove diameters

In a barrel having an even number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the distance between the tops of opposite lands. In a barrel having an odd number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the diameter of a circle which would touch the tops of all of the lands. The groove diameter for a barrel having an even number of grooves is the distance from the bottom of a groove to the bottom of the opposite groove. The groove diameter for a barrel having an odd number of grooves may be...

Bullets without Rifling Marks

Rifling Marks

Occasionally a bullet recovered at autopsy will show no rifling on its surface. Lack of rifling indicates that the weapon is a zip-gun, a smooth-bore handgun, or rifle, or a revolver whose barrel has been removed. Zip guns have been previously discussed. Weapons intentionally manufactured with smooth-bores are almost all .22-caliber rifles made for the exclusive use of .22 shot cartridges. Rarely, weapons that are supposed to have rifled barrels, inadvertently, get out of a factory with smooth...

Figure A Targetbox paddle DVCT

f The shot-group exercise provides a chance for the trainer to critique the soldier on his aiming procedures, aiming consistency, and placement of shot groups. Assuming the rifle and paper remain stationary and the target man properly marks the three shots, the only factor to cause separation of the dots on the paper is error in the soldier's aiming procedure. When the soldier can consistently direct the target into alignment with the sights on this exercise, he should be able to aim at the...

Cleaning And Maintenance

A WARNING ENSURE YOUR FIREARM IS UNLOADED BEFORE BEGINNING TO CLEAN IT (SEE UNLOADING SECTION). ALWAYS FOLLOW THE RULES OF SAFE GUN HANDLING. Your firearm is a precision instrument. To ensure reliable function it is necessary to follow a routine maintenance procedure. After firing your handgun, be sure to unload it following the procedure outlined in the section entitled Unloading before performing any cleaning or maintenance procedure. Your handgun should be cleaned by brushing the barrel bore...

Priming Compounds and Primers Introduction

A priming compound is a highly sensitive explosive chemical which, when struck by the firing pin or hammer of a weapon, will explode with great violence, causing a flame to ignite the propellant. This explosive chemical is often mixed with other chemicals which provide oxygen to assist in the production of the flame, a fuel to increase the length and temperature of the flame and ground glass as an abrasive to assist in the initial ignition of the explosive. In the realms of forensic science,...

Improvised Homemade Shotgun Shells

410 Shotgun Cartridges

If, for whatever reason, you cannot buy your .410g shells from a store, you may need to construct your own improvised .410 ammunition. The following document illustrates how .410 shells can be easily and quickly constructed with just a few simple tools and components. 1 15 32 11.9mm brass tube. 2 13 32 amp 7 16 brass tube. The first step in constructing these improvised .410 shotgun shells is to purchase some lengths of brass tubing. This material is commonly available from most good hobby and...

The Forensic Aspects of Ballistics

Bullet Rifling

Rifles and handguns have rifled barrels, that is, spiral grooves have been cut the length of the interior or bore of the barrel Figure 2.1 . Rifling consists of these grooves and the metal left between the grooves the lands see Figure 1.13 . The purpose of rifling is to impart a rotational spin to the bullet along its longitudinal axis. This gyroscopic effect stabilizes the bullet's flight through the air, preventing it from tumbling end over end. This spin does not, however, stabilize the...

How To Drill Out A Blank Gun Barrel

Barrel Lead Taper Burnishing

A is plan and detail views of oil tubing used on barrel drills. B is plan and end view of barrel drill while C is underside view of same. into the tool post slot in the rest. This tongue is just thick enough to extend a short distance down in the tool post slot and the block is held down by two cap-screws passing down through it and into a bar of steel in the wide groove at the bottom of the slot. This block is drilled and reamed, out beyond the tool post slot, on the...

Effects Of Wind And Gravity

M16 Front Sight And Silhouette

Marksmanship instructors-trainers should know how the effects of wind and gravity influence the flight of the bullet, and soldiers should know how to compensate for such bullet displacement. This instruction is appropriate for all marksmanship training and concurrent training. a. Effects of Gravity. Gases created by gunpowder push each round out the end of the barrel. The barrel must be elevated slightly to allow the round to travel farther, creating an arc. The round will travel straight until...

Firearms And Fingerprints In The Crime

Firearms Transfer Thumbprint Card

The roles of firearms and fingerprint examiners in the crime laboratory are numerous and varied. Firearms examiners are frequently called upon to do many things that do not fall under the traditional heading of firearms identification. Examples include serial number restoration with chemical etchants, gunshot residue analysis for barium nitrate, and shooting incident reconstruction. Similarly, fingerprint examiners must be proficient in specialized methods of photography, the application of...

M at subcaliber tracer trainer

Firing Mechanism Bolt Action

The M287 subcaliber tracer trainer Figure B-10 uses the 9-mm M939 training practice-tracer TP-T cartridge. When loaded, this trainer simulates the M136 AT4 in weight, balance, and operation. The velocity and trajectory of its ammunition match that of the M136 AT4's HEAT cartridge, but the M287 produces less noise, backblast, and overpressure. The M287 subcaliber tracer trainer is used in place of the M136 AT4 in training. Figure B-10. M287 subcaliber tracer trainer. B-24. The M287 tracer...

Basic Disassembly And Reassembly

DISASSEMBLY WARNING Never clean, lubricate, disassemble or work on a firearm while it or its magazine 5 loaded. CAUTION Before starting disassembly, remove sling, scope and rings and place the rear sight blade In Its down (flat) position. 1. Check to ensure that chambcr and magazine arc clear of ammunition. 2. To remove bolt Open bolt and pull to the rear while at the same time pivoting open the bolt stop (located on the left side of the receiver). Remove bolt from gun. 3. To remove firing pin...

Headstamp Markings on Ammunition Introduction

Union Metallic Headstamp

A cartridge headstamp is a mark, or series of marks impressed, or sometimes embossed, on the head of the cartridge case during its manufacture. The mark can consist of numbers, letters, trademarks, figures or any combination of these. Systems of headstamp markings are used worldwide. They can be in any language, numbering system or can relate to any calendar. From these impressions, one can, depending on the type of ammunition and its origin, determine the manufacturer, calibre, type, date of...

How To Make A Shotgun Barrel Dent Raiser

Shotgun Barrel Dent Raising Tool

Various methods which may be necessary in fitting a loose forearm. A shows tightening the forearm by straightening out the curve of the spring in the vise jaws. B shows curved spring type forearm being peened out to lengthen it. C shows a sliding-type forearm catch being lengthened by peening the end with a ball pien hammer. a little too long to fit, then reharden the spring and draw it to the proper temper, then file the end until it is the proper length to fit. The sliding-type fore-end catch...

Disassemble and Clean the Bolt

Mauser Bolt Cocking Sleeve

The preservative grease inside the bolt will cause the rifle to fail to fire. To clean the bolt, you must become knowledgeable about its disassembly and reassembly. You may require some help here as this is somewhat difficult it requires some strength in your hands and you are dealing with a very powerful firing pin spring, so pay careful attention . a. Check the position of the safety lever. It should be in the vertical upright position. If it isn't, put the bolt back in the rifle and close...

Adjustable Double Set Triggers

Thompson Tcr Hunter

The TCR'83 is equipped with adjustable double set triggers see Photo E . As pictured, the front trigger is always the firing trigger while the rear trigger is the set trigger. When in its set position, the rear trigger will reduce letoff travel creep in the front trigger and lighten trigger pull. Inasmuch as the setting action of the rear trigger considerably lightens the trigger pull required to fire the rifle, your complete concentration is required once the trigger is set. IMPROPER USE AND...

Ricochet Analysis Introduction

Projectile Ricochet

When a bullet strikes any surface, there is a critical angle at which the bullet will bounce off or ricochet from the surface rather than penetrate. After ricocheting from the surface, the missile will lose a considerable amount of its velocity anything up to 35 in test firings and, invariably, lose its stability. This is contrary to the popular belief that a ricocheting bullet will carry further than one fired at the elevation for maximum range. The actual degree at which a bullet will...

Procedure To Strip Dshk

PART VII WEAPON DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOVIET UNION 1. Background of Soviet Arms Infantry Armament in the Nineteenth Introduction of Maxim's Automatic Machine Madscn Machine Guns Used from 1900 to Weapons Used in World War Development of the National Armament Wehrmacht Soviet Production in Types of Soviet Aircraft Armament in World War Basic Data on Machine Guns and Cannon Used for Arming Airplanes of the Air Force of the Red Soviet Armament after World War 2. Maxim Type Machine Gun and Federov...

Cleaning And Maintenance Suggestions

To ensure proper functioning of your BAR, it should be periodically inspected and cleaned. Any time sluggish or incomplete operation of the action is experienced while using commercial ammunition, the action should be cleaned. The following procedure should be followed 1 BE CERTAIN THE RIFLE IS UNLOADED AND THE SAFETY IS IN THE ON SAFE POSITION. Again, to unload your rifle, eject any live round in the chamber by pulling the operating handle to the rear and lock it open. Unload the magazine by...

Penetration potential

The penetration of various materials can be of great assistance in the investigation of shooting incidents. It is also of considerable general interest if for no other reason than to show how often the movie makers and novel writers make appalling blunders. In the past, one of the standard tests performed to assess bullet and cartridge performance was the penetration of pine boards of various thicknesses. This, as with any other type of penetration test, is plagued with inaccuracies. Many...

Brief History of Forensic Firearms Identification Introduction

As with any evolving science, the exact origins of forensic firearms identification are shrouded in obscurity. Exactly when it was first noted that fired bullets from a given weapon possessed a certain number of equally spaced impressed grooves, all inclined in the same direction and at the same angle, and which were the same on every other bullet fired through that weapon, will probably never be known. Likewise, it will never be known when the next logical step was taken to compare the width,...

Degree of shot dispersion

Benelli Raffaell Crio Choke Ret

The degree of dispersion of the shot is dependent on many factors, the most important of which are Cartridge type. The higher the pressure generated by the cartridge, the more the shot will be disrupted as it emerges from the barrel by the following gases. Whilst this effect is largely offset by the wads used in modern cartridges, it is a factor which does affect the dispersion of the shot. Wad type. The wadding in traditional shotgun cartridges consisted of an over-powder wad, a series of...

Markings on the cartridge

Cartridges, especially those fired in automatic or repeating firearms, often show repetitive marks which are useful in the identification of the type and sometimes the make of weapon used and of the individual arm when test cartridges fired in it are compared with an evidence cartridge. Impressions that are made by file marks, tool marks, or other inequalities on the surface of the breechblock when a shell sets back against it under high pressure are likely to be more reproducible than marks...

High Standard pistols

The presently named High Standard Manufacturing Corporation, of Hamden, Conn., started out in 1926 as the High Standard Manufacturing Company, in New Haven, Conn., when C.G. Swebilius and three other men began the manufacture of gun barrel drills. At that time the firm had three employees. In 1932 the firm acquired the Hartford Arms and Equipment Co., of Hartford, Conn. This firm had developed and produced a single-shot pistol, a repeating pistol, and an automatic pistol. Although this firm was...

New England Firearms Huntsman Inline .50 Caliber Muzzleloader Parts

Guns Colt 1855

Y., took advantage of the paper cartridge to patent a machine gun. Sustained volley fire was obtained by a compact firing assembly that allowed the gunner to fire one shot, or the whole volley, by a quick turn of the handle. The weapon consists of a scries of barrels, grouped around a common axis, that are open at both ends for breech loading. The barrels remain stationary during firing. The breechblock made in the shape of a revolving cylinder is loaded with the...

Remington Model Rifle

Remington 572 Trigger Assembly Pics

Remington Model 552 Speed-.22 rimfire semi-automatic was introduced in 1957. A blow-back-operated autoloader designed for informal target shooting and small-game hunting, it fires .22 short, long, and long rifle regular and high-velocity cartridges interchangeably and without adjustment. The 552 bolt is sufficiently light to permit functioning with low-power cartridges, and a buffer in the rear of the receiver cushions the bolt when high-power rounds are fired. The steel buffer is backed by a...

M4 Lower Receiver Assembly

Cal Spare Barrel Nsn

Upper Receiver and Barrel Assembly M16A2 9349050, and M4 and M4A1 12972680. TM9-1005-319-23LP 3 4 5 DESCRIPTION AND USABLE ON CODE UOC GROUP 03 UPPER RECEIVER AND BARREL ASSEMBLY M16A2 9349050, M4 AND M4A1 12972680 FIG. C-6. UPPER RECEIVER AND BARREL ASSEMBLY RECEIVER ASSEMBLY RECEIVER ASSY M4 AND HANDGUARD ASSEMBLY GUARD,HAND,GUN M4 AND TUBE,BENT,METALLIC TUBE,BENT,METALLIC M4 AND M4A1 BARREL ASSEMBLY BARREL AND FRONT SI SIGHT ASSEMBLY, REPLACEMENT M4 AND SHIM PIN,SPRING ,GAS...

Phase I Reflexive Fire Training

Reflexive Fire Target

Reflexive fire training provides the fundamental skills required to conduct short-range marksmanship. It involves the practical application of all four of the fundamentals of SRM. All soldiers must receive a go on the task Conduct Reflexive Firing, before proceeding with training. Reflexive firing should be conducted as refresher training as often as possible to insure that soldier's skills are always at the highest possible level. This is a perishable skill that must be constantly reinforced....

Invector Interchangeable Choke System

500 Choke With Slug

All current Auto-5 shotguns have barrels that are threaded to accept the Browning Invector-Plus Interchangeable Choke System. You may confirm this by glancing on the right side of your barrel where the specifications are inscribed, and where the choke markings are normally located. All older Auto-5 models and the Auto-5 Buck Special are conventionally choked. The word, INVECTOR denotes that the barrel is threaded. The degree of choke tube is indicated twice on each choke tube Inscribed on the...

Ml A Rifle And Mma Carbine Annual Gaging Requirements

All Army Reserve and Army National Guard M16A2 rifles must be inspected and gaged at least once every 2 years, after the initial inspection gaging procedures have ARMY Small Arms Repairman Tool Kit been accomplished. This 2 year interval maintenance checks and services PMCS , or other physical evidence, indicates that an individual unit's rifles require inspection gaging at a more frequent interval. If it is determined that a yearly inspection is necessary for an individual unit, only that...

Stippling Powder Tattooing and Pseudo Powder Tattooing

M16 Powder Tattooing

Stippling consists of multiple punctate abrasions of the skin due to the impact of small fragments of foreign material. If this material is gunpowder, the author calls this form of stippling powder tattooing. If the material is not powder, but the punctate abrasions produced appear identical to those due to powder, the phenomena is referred to as pseudo-powder tattooing. Most stippling of a non-gunpowder origin does not resemble powder tattooing and can easily be differentiated from it. The...

Assembly Disassembly Of The System

Breech Plug For Black Powder Rifle

This System 1 has three 3 basic parts groups This System 1 has three 3 basic parts groups 1. The Barrel Assembly - This assembly includes the barrel, breech plug with nipple, ramrod, thimbles and sights. It is held to the receiver by a takedown bolt which anchors the barrel lug to the receiver lug. 3. The Receiver Striker Trigger Assembly - This assembly is held in the stock by two screws one located at the rear of the trigger guard and the other is the front trigger guard screw on those models...

He Says Hes Number

Ppks 380 Accuracy

He advertises himself as the foremost manufacturer of suppressed firearms today . . . the standard of quality and performance the others try to match. He could be telling the truth. Whether Jonathan Arthur Ciener really is number one isn't the point. The only people who count in judging that are the military and intelligence technocrats who evaluate his designs with standard issue adoption in mind, and they're not talking. So, only history will really determine if Jonathan Arthur Ciener was the...

What is the maximum altitude that a bullet will attain

308 Bullet Flight Characteristic

As with many other subjects that one comes across in forensic firearms examinations, this has little real relevance in everyday case examinations. There was an occasion, however, when a commercial airliner which had been flying in the air space above Northern Ireland was found, on landing, to have a 7.62 mm calibre hole in one side of the tailfin. Unfortunately, the airline concerned was unwilling to have the tailfin dismantled and taken apart due to the costs involved, and it was not possible...

How To Check Smokeless Powder For Deterioration

Although modern smokeless powders contain stabilizers and are basically free from deterioration under proper storage conditions, safe practices require a recognition of the signs of deterioration and its possible effects. Deteriorating smokeless powders produce and acidic odor and may produce a reddish brown fume. Don't confuse this with common solvent odors such as alcohol, ether and acetone. Powder deterioration can be checked by opening the cap on the container and smelling the contents....

Puttin it all together

M16 Automatic Lower Receiver

Reassembly of the lower receiver is next. For the parts needed to convert the AR-15 to M-16 configuration, other than the M-16 auto-sear jarts, refer to drawings page 13. numbers 1. sear spring, 2. sear pin, 3. sear bushing, and 4. sear tody parts 1 3. and 4 are normally assembled when you purchase them are M-16 hammer, lisconnector, trigger, selector switch, and bolt carrier, shown on page 11. The AR-15 parts and their M-16 counterparts are shown on pages 10 and 11. Jtep 1 Install the M-16...

Nontoxic and frangible bullets

Lead contamination of firing ranges, both indoor and outdoor, has been a continuing and serious problem. The US National Bureau of Standards claims that 80 of airborne lead on firing ranges comes from the projectile, whilst the remaining 20 comes from the combustion of the lead styphnate primer mixture. In the early 1980s, a concerted move was made towards eliminating this health hazard, especially at training facilities and indoor ranges. The first step in this process was to eliminate the...

Marksmanship Fundamentals

Sight Alignment

The soldier must understand the four key fundamentals before he approaches the firing line. He must be able to establish a steady position that allows observation of the target. He must aim the rifle at the target by aligning the sight system, and he must fire the rifle without disturbing this alignment by improper breathing or during trigger squeeze. The skills needed to accomplish these are known as rifle marksmanship fundamentals. These simple procedures aid the firer in achieving target...

The Four Fundamentals

Basic Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

The soldier must understand and apply the four key fundamentals before he approaches the firing line. He must establish a steady position allowing observation of the target. He must aim the rifle at the target by aligning the sight system, and fire the rifle without disturbing this alignment by improper breathing or during trigger squeeze. These skills are known collectively as the four fundamentals. Applying these four fundamentals rapidly and consistently is the integrated act of firing. a....

Figure Grouping procedures

Eotech Zeroing Target

Shot grouping is a form of practice firing with two primary objectives firing tight shot groups and consistently placing those groups in the same location. Shot grouping should be conducted between dry-fire training and zeroing. The initial live-fire training should be a grouping exercise with the purpose of practicing and refining marksmanship fundamentals. Since this is not a zeroing exercise, few sight changes are made. Grouping exercises can be conducted anywhere...

Conduct Of Dryfire Training

A skilled instructor trainer should supervise soldiers on dry-fire training. Once an explanation and demonstration are provided, soldiers should be allowed to work at their own pace, receiving assistance as needed. The peer coach-and-pupil technique can be effectively used during dry-fire training with the coach observing performance and offering suggestions. Several training aids are available to correctly conduct initial dry-fire training of the four fundamentals Appendix C . A supported...

MAl Standard Sights And Zeroing

Army Zeroing

To battlesight zero the rifle, the soldier must understand sight adjustment procedures. The best possible zero is obtained by zeroing at actual range. Because facilities normally do not exist for zeroing at 250 meters, most zeroing is conducted at 25 meters. By pushing the rear sight forward so the L is exposed, the bullet crosses line of sight at 25 meters, reaches a maximum height above line of sight of about 11 inches at 225 meters, and crosses line of sight again at 375 meters Figure 3-21 ....

Gunshot Wounds Pictures

Lead Snow Storm Xray

X-rays are invaluable in the evaluation of gunshot wounds. They should be taken in all gunshot wound cases, especially those in which there appears to be an exit wound. X-rays are useful for a variety of reasons 1. To see whether the bullet or any part of it is still in the body. 3. To locate for retrieval small fragments deposited in the body by a bullet that has exited. 4. To identify the type of ammunition or weapon used prior to autopsy or to make such an identification if it cannot be made...

Figure E Slow fire silhouette target

M16a2 Rifle Trajectory

Nine rounds from a supported fighting position and nine rounds from a prone unsupported position. Placement of all 18 bullets also indicates that the firer's rifle zero may be too far to the right. With a better firing performance, sight adjustments can be made while using this target. The analysis procedures used on the zeroing target may be applied to shot groups on these silhouette targets. The shot-group center on each target indicates aiming techniques. The comparison between the targets...

Semi Automatic Pistol Design

Semiauto Pistol Drawings

Receiver retaining lug T. Hammer 11. Extractor spring and follower IS. Extractor 1 . Front blade sight IT. Front barrel retainer 24. Disconnector spring spring guide 26. Ejector behind disconnector In this volume, I propose to show two different pistol or handgun designs which can be manufactured in the home workshop. One of these designs is for a semi-automatic pistol, and the other describes a fallingblock single shot pistol. The first one is of necessity...

M60 Machine Gun Disassembly

M60 Machine Gun With Railed Front End

Clearing is always the first step upon receiving an M60 or preparing it for 3 Put the safety on SAFE and return the cocking handle to its forward position. 4 Raise the cover, inspect the tray, and remove links or ammunition. 5 Raise the tray and inspect the chamber to insure that no rounds are present. 6 Close the cover, place the safety on FIRE, pull the cocking handle to the rear, and pull the trigger while manually easing the bolt forward. 7 Place the safety on SAFE and raise the cover. If...

Browning Twelvette Manual

Browning Double Automatic

Richards remained as active head of his firm until 1855 when he was succeeded by his son. Westley Richards. Harold L. Peterson. The Browning 12-ga. Double Automatic shotgun, introduced early in 1955, was designed by Val M. Browning, son of firearms inventor John M. Browning. Manufactured by Fabrique Nationale in Belgium, this gun is designated Double Automatic because it will hold only 2 shells and is self-loading semi-automatic . Unlocking of the breech is accomplished by an inertia block...

J C Higgins Model Rifle

Mossberg 935 Tube Supports

Higgins Model 33 slide-action rifle, introduced in 1955, is produced by the High Standard Mfg. Corp., Hamden, Conn., for sale by Sears, Roebuck amp Co. Of hammerless, tubular magazine construction, it shoots .22 long rifle, long, and short rimfire cartridges interchangeably, in both standard and high-velocity loadings. Magazine capacity is 25 short, 20 long, or 17 long rifle cartridges. The Model 33 weighs 5 lbs. 2 ozs. and has an over-all length of 4134. Barrel length is 23V . The...

Drop change instructions see table page

Using Benelli Shims

The shotgun comes with the original drop given at the factory for the various markets. If the desired level of comfort for handling and aiming is not obtained and the drop requires adjustment, use the special kit provided. The kit, which permits two additional drops to suit all markets, consists of metal stock locking plate set plus plastic drop change shim see fig. 13 . Each unit is marked with the corresponding letter. Before attempting any work on your Be-nelli make sure that the chamber and...

U S Model Rifle Enfield

Enfield Model 1917 Bolt Release

Rifle, Cal. .30, Model of 1917, is of basic Mauser turn-bolt type with dual front locking lugs, one-piece bolt, and staggered column box magazine. Developed during World War I, it was a modification of the British Pattern 1914 Service Rifle. In 1913 British Ordnance developed an experimental Mauser-type bolt-action rifle chambered for a cal. .276 rimless cartridge loaded with a 165-gr. pointed bullet at 2800 feet per second f.p.s. . The intent of these experiments was to develop a...

Identifying the Use of a Sound Suppressor

Inertia Bullet Puller

Sometimes the backyard gunsmith does not fully accomplish his goal of converting a semiautomatic weapon to fully automatic, resulting in a weapon that will occasionally fire in the fully automatic mode. Actual test-firing is often the only way to confirm this. The firearms examiner can load two or three rounds initially and attempt to get the weapon to fire multiple rounds with one pull of the trigger. If this is unsuccessful, a full magazine may be used. By examining the internal workings of...

How To Replace The Fireing Pin On Wichester

Extractor Lever Pin Franchi

Stevens amp Co., later J. Stevens Arms amp Tool Co., made single-shot, break-open shotguns with exposed hammers. In 1920 the firm was purchased by the Savage Arms Co., who continued the use of the Stevens name on many of their products. Savage-Stevens used other brand names as well, including Springfield. Around 1929 the first shotgun to be called the Model 94 was merchandised as a Springfield. It had many desirable features such as two way top snap, rebounding exposed...

How Many Rounds Does A Erma Luger 22 Hold

Luger Pistols Mechanisms

- Luger pistol is extremely popular JL with both collectors and shooters. For many years, there was a demand for a cal. .22 rimfire version of this pistol. and between the World Wars the Erma-Werkc in Germany introduced a .22 caliber Luger conversion unit. In 1964, Erma brought out a .22 pistol which has the same general appearance and size as the German Model 1908 9 mm. Luger. However, these pistols differ from each other mechanically and in several other respects. Chambered for the .22 long...

Ruger Mini 14 Full Auto Conversion

Ruger Mini Full Auto Conversion Kit

Screw-Pivot, Tripping Lever - Drawing 4A This screw will act as a pivot point for the tripping lever. It is designed with a shoulder that will bottom out against the receiver when installed. This will prevent binding between the tripping lever and the receiver. The top of this lever will contact a portion of the slide each time the gun cycles. By means of a pivot in the center of the lever, the forward movement at the top of the lever causes the bottom of the tripping lever to move rearwards....

Ithaca Shotgun Disassembly

Homemade Shotguns Disassembly

A number of these improvements met with little favor despite their virtues, and a few led to litigation ancl considerable controversy. Perhaps the most widely acccptcd of Manton's designs was the elevated rib for sighting double-barrel arms, and second was his patent brccch complete with drain hole, which made it possible for double-barrel guns to be constructed in a more streamlined form. Less popular were his V-shapcd priming pan and his gravitational safety...

Entrance Versus Exit Wounds Entrance Wounds

Wound 9mm Palm

Most entrance wounds, no matter the range, are surrounded by a reddish, reddish-brown zone of abraded skin the abrasion ring Figure 4.16 . This is a rim of flattened, abraded epidermis, surrounding the entrance hole. Fresh entrance wounds have an abrasion ring with a moist, fleshy appearance. As the abrasion ring dries out, however, it assumes the more familiar appearance. Figure 4.16 A The bullet indents the skin, punching a hole through it and abrading the margins of the entrance wound in the...

Springfield Rifled Musket

Breech Lock Diagram

A total of 265,129 cal. .58 Model of 1861 Springfield rifled muskets were produced at Springfield Armory and this arm was also the pattern for civilian contractors furnishing muskets to the government. It is quite similar to the Model of 1863, and there is a high degree of parts interchangeability between these models. A total of 273,-265 Model of 1863 rifled muskets were produced at Springfield Armory. Present-day collectors are often hard put to determine the exact model at hand as the date...

Tool To Disassemble Browning 1910 380 Handgun

Ortgies Firing Pin

Text by LUDWIG OLSON, Semi-automatic pistols designed by the U. S. small arms genius, John M. Browning, and produced in Belgium by Fabrique Nationale F.N. have an enviable reputation for simplicity, strength, and reliability. Millions of Browning pistols were produced through the years, and F. N. still manufactures them in various models and calibers. Among the most popular Browning pistols was the Model 1910 offered in cals. .32 ACP and .380 ACP. Of simple...

Llama Pistol Identification

Gun Cross Section

Automatic pistols made by Gabilondo from 1914 to 1933 were based on Browning F.N. models of 1903, 1906, 1910, and 1922. In 1931 it was decided to modernize their line by undertaking the manufacture of the external hammer, recoil-operated system originally designed by Browning and used by Colt and the Fabrique Nationale. Work on a new design began in 1931 and culminated in 1932 with a Spanish patent issued on April 12th of that year. The first pistol produced was an exact copy of the Colt Mod....

Calculating Target Movement and Leads

Sniper Training Targets

All the data published here re- 1 2 fleets a target moving 90 degrees to the path of your bullet, that is, moving directly right or left, which is full value. Look at the illustration at right. Should the target move oblique right or left, whether toward or away from you, use one-half the value, since in rela- Target movement will dictate full value, half value, or no compensation. dve terms he's crossing your front at half the speed. When he's heading directly toward you or away from you,...

Suicides Due to Handguns

Suicide Gunshot Imprint

The location of the self-inflicted wound varies depending on the type of the weapon, the sex of the victim, and whether the victim is right- or left-handed. In individuals who shoot themselves with handguns, the most common sites for the entrance wound are the head 81 , the chest 17 , and the abdomen 2 , in that order Table 14.1 . There is some difference by sex Table 14.1 in that a smaller percentage of women 72 shoot themselves in the head than do men 83.5 . Table 14.1 Sites of Suicidal...

Engagement Skills Trainer

Engagement Skills Trainer

Unlike Weaponeer or MACS, the Engagement Skills Trainer EST can accommodate the simultaneous firing of up to 12 soldiers. Thus, it can provide both individual rifle marksmanship training and some squad-level collective training. The EST uses a combination of analog and digital video, synchronized image projection, laser hit detection, and microcomputer technology to display a variety of target arrays and courses of fire on an 8 ft high x 30 ft wide screen.38 Like the Weaponeer, the EST is...

Ruby class or Eibar type

Around 1910 the Spanish firearms industry began the manufacture of a style of automatic pistol patterned after the blowback, internal-hammer design used by Fabrique Nationale in their Modele 1903 Browning and by the Colt Co. in the manufacture of their Hammerless Pocket Model of 1903. The Spanish imitations differed in minor points from model to model, but all of them preserved the characteristics which easily marked them as Browning imitations. The common design was a 5- or 7-round type, in...

Full Disassembly Trigger Group and Breech Bolt

Trigger Group Shotgun

NOTE All current production A-500 shotguns have an improved trigger group assembly. You can confirm this by the letter H' stamped on the trigger guard See Figure 10 . If your trigger guard does not have the letter H stamped on it then please contact our Browning Service Department toll tree at 1-800-322-4626 for information on how to get the improved trigger assembly installed on your A-500. If a malfunction occurs, or if the action becomes excessively dirty, it is advisable to disassemble the...

Cal .22 Mechanism Rifle

M16a1 Naming The Parts

.22 long rifle, smallbore target rifle was introduced in 1954 by O. F. Moss-berg amp Sons, Inc. Weighing only 8 lbs., it is for those who prefer a medium-weight, moderate price target rifle. The turnbolt action of this rifle is basically similar to that of the Mossberg Model 44-US which was a training rifle used by the Army in World War II. Cocking occurs as the bolt is rotated open when the action is cocked, an indicator projects from the rear of the bolt. Dual extractors are provided, and the...

Weapons of other nations

Lancaster Quad Gun Turret

The Italian Air Force was unusual in changing very early from RCMGs to HMGs, but rather threw away the lead this might have given them at the start of the war by typically fitting very few of W il A PONS FOll AIR F I ti II TIIV lt i them. As already stated, the Italians adopted the 12.7 x 81SR Vickers cartridge and produced two of their own weapons in this calibre, the Breda-SAFAT and the Scotti, the former being far more important and numerous. They also produced prototypes of two 20mm guns,...

Browning Superposed Shotgun

Main Spring Hammer Percussion Lock

The Superposed was the last product of the world-famous small-arms designer John M. Browning, and its manufacture was just beginning at the time of Browning's death in 1926. It has proved to be one of the most successful guns of its kind. Unique, original design features of the Superposed are the single under-bolt, the fore-end which remains attached to the barrels when the gun is taken down, and the trigger. The gun was originally made with the conventional 2 triggers. These were replaced by a...

Invectorplus Choke Tube System

Chokes Invector Plus

New model BT-99 shotguns feature a barrel fitted with the Invector-Plus choke tube system. Older BT-99s may also have the Standard Invector tube system or a conventionally choked barrel. The Invector-Plus system is a screw in choke tube system with interchangeable tubes. You can confirm this by reading the inscription on the right side of the barrel. Skeet A Invector Plus choke tube B Standard Invector choke tube Invector-Plus Back-Bored Choke Tube System Available 12 Gauge Invector-Plus tubes...

Bayard pocket models

Munition Bayard

The Bayard pocket models were made by Anciens Etablissements Pieper A.E.P. and were produced in three calibers 6.35, 7.65, and 9 mm. The first to be produced was the so called Model of 1908 which appeared in late 1909 or early 1910. The first advertisement of this pistol appeared in the April 1, 1910, issue of Schuss and Waffe. The design was based on patents taken out by B. Clarus from 1905 to 1907 and purchased by A.E.P. in 1907 or early in 1908. In 1911 the 9 mm. model appeared and was...

Types And Characteristics

303 Rifle Bullet Tip

The characteristics of the M16 family of ammunition are described in this paragraph. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Dummy, M199. Used in both rifles. The M199 dummy cartridge is used during dry fire and other training see 3, Figure 2-17 . This cartridge can be identified by the six grooves along the side of the case beginning about 1 2 inch from its head. It contains no propellant or primer. The primer well is open to prevent damage to the firing pin. Cartridge, 5.56-mm, Blank, M200. Used in the M16A1 or...

Cleaning From The Breech

Black Diamond Breech Plug

When you are finished shooting for the day or for the season and plan to store the in-line muzzleloader away, it is recommended that you clean the firearm thoroughly. This includes removal of the breech plug and cleaning the corresponding threads in the barrel. Follow these instructions for thorough cleaning 1. Disassemble your in-line muzzleloader as detailed on pages 10 and 11 of this manual. 2. When using the in-line muzzleloader breech plug wrench, remove the breech plug by turning it...

Lyman Great Plains Rifle and Great Plains Hunter

Lyman Plains Pistol Diagram

The rifle carried across the Great Plains by western pioneers and fur trappers was the culmination of percussion firearms development. This Great Plains rifle was designed and built by such famous makers as Hawken, Gemmer and Demick to the specifications of experienced backwoodsmen. Only the best and most reliable designs and finest workmanship were acceptable. Today, as in the 1800's, the experienced black powder shooter is looking for a very special rifle. The Lyman Great Plains Rifle, with...

Thk SniperS Hide T h K F F P

Snipers Hide Pic

Grass in the hide so you could turn and even move a bit without touching any foliage. Your barrel doesn't protrude from the foliage you pruned just enough leaves to allow firing without any visible muzzle blast. And you even put an 18-inch square of wee canvas below the muzzle to prevent any dust from being kicked up. So that you could shoot prone, you shoved some dirt aside or filled a sandbag. Perhaps you had to lay a flat rock beneath your bipod legs for better stability in soft soil. To...

M2 .50 Cal Parts Diagram Retracting Slide

Cartridge Stop Rear

Cartridge stop for blank ammo is different longer than cartridge stop for live ammo. Ensure cartridge stop is changed when firing blank or live ammo. Check if front cartridge stop 1 RH feed front cartridge stop 1 LH feed is broken, tight fitting, or incorrectly assembled. Check if link stripper 2 RH feed only is broken, tight fitting, or incorrectly assembled. Check if rear cartridge stop 3 RH feed only rear cartridge stop assembly 4 LH feed only is broken, tight fitting, or incorrectly...

To Remove Threeshot Plug

Federal migratory bird regulations limit the capacity of any auto-loading or repeating shotgun used for migratory game bird shooting to three shells. Your Model 1200 comes to you with a wooden plug in the magazine tube. The plug permits only two shells to be inserted in the magazine. Until the wooden plug is removed, your Model 1200 has a total capacity of three rounds, two in the magazine and one in the chamber. To remove this three-shot plug, follow these directions 1. Be sure your gun is...

Remington Nylon Rifle

Remington Nylon Apache Black Chrome

HART Text By LUDWIG OLSON Introduction of the Remington Nylon 66 cal. .22 semi-automatic rifle in 1959 heralded a new concept in firearms. Featuring a one-piece stock, receiver, and fore-end produced from structural nylon, this unusual blowback-operated rifle was designed by a team of Remington engineers headed by Wayne E. Leek. The designation Nylon 66 was taken from the name of the high-strength DuPont nylon selected for the rifle. Chambered for .22 long-rifle...

No Greene Oval Bore Rifle Regulation

1863 Sharps Rifle Size

Marked Greene's Patent Nov. 17, 1857. Length about 52 inches length of barrel 36 inches calibre of bore before ovaling .53, depth of cutting each side .008, making the calibre .546 pitch 1 turn in about 50 inches. Weight without bayonet 10 pounds. The charge, in a paper packet, was 2 inches long, and contained 68 grains of powder and a Minie bullet weighing an ounce and a quarter. The wood was filled and coated writh linseed oil. The hammer was case-hardened in colors the ramrod was bright...

106mm Recoilless Rifle

M344 106mm

This cartridge is used in 106mm recoilless rifles against armored targets. The cartridge consists of a perforated, plastic-lined steel cartridge case crimped to a steel projectile containing a shaped charge. The nose cone adapter of the projectile carries a cap with a piezoelectric element to initiate the PIBD fuze in the base. A copper cone within the projectile shapes the charge. The hollow space within the cone and the adapter provides the appropriate standoff distance between target and...

Revolver Barrel Removal

Barrel Vise Mag Combo

Ful not to set the clamp up too tightly on a shotgun barrel if it is a new barrel, or a barrel you are going to use again, as you may crush it. But when setting it up on a high-power rifle barrel, oil the threads on the bolts holding the two parts of the clamp together, and pull the nuts up tightly with a long-handled socket-wrench, Removing a round barrel from bolt-action receiver, using Parmalee Removing a round barrel from bolt-action receiver, using Parmalee A shotgun barrel has a fairly...

Sight Alignmentsight Picture

Heckler Koch Sights Rotary

The sighting arrangement on the HfcK MP5 takes advantage of the natural ability of the eye and the brain to easily align concentric circles circles all having a common center . These sights are both fast and accurate and are considered the best and easiest to use in the industry. H amp K calls the sights found on the MP5 diopter sights. Diopter meaning as seen through. All MP5's have a rotating rear sight drum that provides four various width apertures. Rotating this drum does not change the...

Difference Between Models

The M249 has been designated as two separate models, the Automatic Rifle AR and Light Machine Gun LMG . The basic M249 is the same for both versions. However during handoff, the LMG version is fielded with additional equipment as identified below. AR ROLE STD LIN M09009 - The AR role is to replace selected M16 rifles. The magazine cartridge NSN 1005-01-334-1507 100 round assault pack is included for the M249 AR model. LMG ROLE STD LIN M39263 - The LMG role is to replace selected M60 machine...

Accu Accusteel Choke Tubes

Mossberg 9200

BEFORE REMOVING OR INSTALLING ANY CHOKE TUBE a Move safety button fully rearward to the ON SAFE position as described in this Owner's Manual Fig. 2 b Open the action, check chamber, elevator and magazine tube to be certain firearm is unloaded. Do not use bent or deformed tubes as these may result in tube or barrel damage upon firing. Inspect tubes periodically to insure they are properly installed and in good condition. Never fire the gun without a choke tube properly installed. Failure to do...

Parker Double Barrel Shotgun

Www Remington Modle 81woods Master

In 1832 Charles Parker of Meriden, Conn., organized the Parker Co. to make coffee mills and subsequently bench vises. In 1860 the firm was reorganized to become Parker, Snow, Brooks amp Co. On Sept. 28. 1863. the firm signed a contract with the government to make 15.000 Model 1861 rifled muskets at 19 each. This contract was fulfilled. Upon termination of the Civil War. Charles Parker became president of the Meriden Mfg. Co which position he held until 1868 when the firm of Parker Brothers was...

Cold Barrel vs Warm Barrel

Recognizing that consistency equals accuracy and vice versa, a sniper constantly looks for ways to increase his shooting consistency and diagnoses any causes of inconsistency. Variations in rifle barrel temperature lead to variations in where a bullet impacts because a hot or even warm barrel will warp at least slightly. How much it warps, how quickly it warps, how differently it warps according to different kinds of ammo these add more variation and lead to still more inconsistency. The...

Hasty Ground Fighting Position

Army Hasty Fighting Position

3All depths are approximate and will need adjustment for surrounding terrain and fields of fire. Production rate of 100 bank cubic yards per 0.75 hour. Divide construction time by 0.85 for rocky or hard soil, night conditions, or closed hatch operations M9 . Use of natural terrain features will reduce construction time. 1 Hasty fighting positions. Hasty fighting positions for combat vehicles and mortar carriers take advantage of natural terrain features or are prepared with a minimum of...

Loading And Unloading

CAUTION WHEN LOADING AND UNLOADING ALWAYS PREPARE THE RIFLE BY HAVING THE SAFETY ON AND THE RIFLE POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION. 1. Load the magazine by inserting the cartridges one at a time into the magazine see figure 3 . Place the rifle on safety and point it in a safe direction. 2. Insert the magazine into the magazine well with the rear of the magazine slightly lower than the front. When the front of the magazine is fully inserted, firmly rock the magazine up and to the rear until it locks...

Methods of measuring barrel pressure

Homemade Guns And Homemade Ammo

Assuming that the weapon is in good condition and that the correct type of ammunition is being used, it is the pressure produced in the barrel which ultimately decides whether the bullet will either reach the muzzle, exit from the barrel at an acceptable velocity or destroy the weapon completely. Often weapons are received with reloaded or home- made ammunition and for safety sake, it is often necessary to determine whether the ammunition is in fact safe to fire. At other times, it is necessary...

Interchangeable Backstraps P Pistol

Pistola Taurus

Extra Large, Large, Medium standard , amp Small Backstraps Extra Large, Large, Medium standard , amp Small Backstraps Backstrap removal for all P Series pistols - Ensure the pistol is CLEAR and decocked see page 3 and the magazine is removed. Dry firing the pistol will relieve any tension on the hammer spring prior to removal of the grip panel. With an appropriate metal punch, carefully tap out the lanyard loop roll pin Figure 7 . Extract the pin once it is protruding from the frame. When the...

Figure MK target board

Machine Gun Symbols

Sight Setting and Laying Exercises. This first exercise teaches the soldier how to set the rear sight quickly and correctly Figure 4-10 . The second builds accuracy and speed in laying the gun on an aiming point, and allows extra practice in sight setting. Explain and show each exercise before beginning instruction. 1 Sight Setting Exercise. Explain that, by training the elevating screw knob, the soldier can make minor adjustments in elevation. All major adjustments are made by using the...

Lever Action Rifle Diagram

Bolt Assembly M249

To disassemble rifle, remove magazine 42 and open action, checking chamber to be sure it is unloaded. Hold gun inverted with lever upward and remove forearm screw 47 . Lift barrel and action out of stock, pivoting rear of receiver against recoil block 53 . Recoil block may be removed from stock by removing butt-plate 51 and unscrewing recoil block screw 54 through hole in butt. Action is removed intact from receiver as shown in Fig. 2. Remove front ends of rear links from pins in ears of guard....

The Ruger Selective Fire Conversion System

Ruger Exotic Weapons System

At the beginning of this project, the designer began by experimenting with possible selective-fire conversion systems starting from the original factory trigger components. Although the open-bolt conversion system, which is very simply done and requires no modification to the receiver or trigger housing, has proven to be the ideal selective-fire conversion for the 1022, coming to that conclusion was not so easy. The first several conversion attempts proved very unsatisfactory. These conversions...

Boobs Tubes and Dollars Wallow in Politics

Dover Devil Machine Gun

In the early 1970s, an apparently feckless-seeming group of planners in the Pentagon started marching out of cadence with the normal lockstep of ordnance procurement. The accepted method was still the old boy network of cronyism, featuring active duty officers, recently retired officers just hired by ordnance sellers, plus the other dol-hred trappings of what Col. Isaac Lewis once termed The Ordnance Ring. The planners1 new idea was to consolidate, coordinate, and cut cost. In 1977, this new...