Reviews

Free J5 Tactical Flashlights and Survival Gear

Free J5 Tactical Flashlights and Survival Gear

The Last Man Standing Review

The Last Man Standing Review

First Gun T-shirt Free

First Gun T-shirt Free

Light Defender Tactical Laser Can Save You By Dazzling Your Enemy

Light Defender Tactical Laser Can Save You By Dazzling Your Enemy

Doomsday Medicine Chest Review

Doomsday Medicine Chest Review

Jumpstart Liberty Review

Jumpstart Liberty Review

Free Survival Multitool Plus Bonuses Review

Free Survival Multitool Plus Bonuses Review

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Legally Concealed Courses Review

Legally Concealed Courses Review

The Strikelight Tactical Flashlight Review

The Strikelight Tactical Flashlight Review

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book Review

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book Review

My Experience with Shipping Container Home Made Easy

My Experience with Shipping Container Home Made Easy

Articles

Suggested Loads For The Tc Triumph Muzzleloader

Bore Muzzleloading

The following charts show recommended charges using Black Powder or a Pyrodex equivalent as the propellant for Thompson Center Triumph muzzleloading rifles. Charges are listed by caliber, powder charge and type of projectile. Note that in each instance a series of charges are listed. More than one charge is shown in each category to clearly illustrate the appropriate powder charge range for that particular caliber, gun model and projectile. A WARNING MAXIMUM LOADS ARE NOT TO BE EXCEEDED NOR IS...

Basic Disassembly And Reassembly

DISASSEMBLY WARNING Never clean, lubricate, disassemble or work on a firearm while it or its magazine 5 loaded. CAUTION Before starting disassembly, remove sling, scope and rings and place the rear sight blade In Its down (flat) position. 1. Check to ensure that chambcr and magazine arc clear of ammunition. 2. To remove bolt Open bolt and pull to the rear while at the same time pivoting open the bolt stop (located on the left side of the receiver). Remove bolt from gun. 3. To remove firing pin...

Full Disassembly Trigger Group and Breech Bolt

Trigger Group Shotgun

NOTE All current production A-500 shotguns have an improved trigger group assembly. You can confirm this by the letter H' stamped on the trigger guard See Figure 10 . If your trigger guard does not have the letter H stamped on it then please contact our Browning Service Department toll tree at 1-800-322-4626 for information on how to get the improved trigger assembly installed on your A-500. If a malfunction occurs, or if the action becomes excessively dirty, it is advisable to disassemble the...

Cleaning From The Breech

Black Diamond Breech Plug

When you are finished shooting for the day or for the season and plan to store the in-line muzzleloader away, it is recommended that you clean the firearm thoroughly. This includes removal of the breech plug and cleaning the corresponding threads in the barrel. Follow these instructions for thorough cleaning 1. Disassemble your in-line muzzleloader as detailed on pages 10 and 11 of this manual. 2. When using the in-line muzzleloader breech plug wrench, remove the breech plug by turning it...

Bullet Hole In Clothing

Powder Tattooing Gun Shot Wound

Figure 12.4 Intermediate-range gunshot wound of chest from .22 Magnum revolver. Note the absence of powder on the outside of the clothing with powder tattooing of the underlying skin. by another, different conclusions may be reached as to the range from which the individual was shot. In view of these facts, one can see why examination of the clothing is part of the autopsy. This examination should be conducted not only with the naked eye but with the dissecting microscope. The presence of one...

Assembly Disassembly Of The Thunder Hawk

This ThunderHawk has four 4 basic parts groups 1. The Barrel and Receiver Assembly - This assembly is held in the stock by two stock screws one is located about 1 in front of the trigger guard and the other is the rear trigger guard screw. 2. The Stock Assembly - Molded composite material or wood. 3. The Striker Assembly - The striker assembly is housed in the receiver, under spring tension. It is secured by the large receiver end cap at the rear end of the receiver. 4. The Trigger Assembly -...

Figure E Slow fire silhouette target

Army M16 Qualification

Nine rounds from a supported fighting position and nine rounds from a prone unsupported position. Placement of all 18 bullets also indicates that the firer's rifle zero may be too far to the right. With a better firing performance, sight adjustments can be made while using this target. The analysis procedures used on the zeroing target may be applied to shot groups on these silhouette targets. The shot-group center on each target indicates aiming techniques. The comparison between the targets...

Headstamp Markings on Ammunition Introduction

Union Metallic Headstamp

A cartridge headstamp is a mark, or series of marks impressed, or sometimes embossed, on the head of the cartridge case during its manufacture. The mark can consist of numbers, letters, trademarks, figures or any combination of these. Systems of headstamp markings are used worldwide. They can be in any language, numbering system or can relate to any calendar. From these impressions, one can, depending on the type of ammunition and its origin, determine the manufacturer, calibre, type, date of...

Loading And Unloading

Before attempting to load or unload the rifle, be certain the muzzle is pointing in a safe direction. MAGAZINE CAPACITY AND CARTRIDGES. Magazine capacity is 3 cartridges with Magnum calibers, 4 cartridges with caliber 220 Swift and 5 cartridges with all other calibers. Do not put more cartridges into the magazine than is specified in the foregoing. Each M-77 rifle is chambered for a specific caliber. Know the caliber of the rifle you are loading and load cartridges of only that caliber into the...

High Standard pistols

The presently named High Standard Manufacturing Corporation, of Hamden, Conn., started out in 1926 as the High Standard Manufacturing Company, in New Haven, Conn., when C.G. Swebilius and three other men began the manufacture of gun barrel drills. At that time the firm had three employees. In 1932 the firm acquired the Hartford Arms and Equipment Co., of Hartford, Conn. This firm had developed and produced a single-shot pistol, a repeating pistol, and an automatic pistol. Although this firm was...

Revolver Barrel Removal

Barrel Vise Mag Combo

Ful not to set the clamp up too tightly on a shotgun barrel if it is a new barrel, or a barrel you are going to use again, as you may crush it. But when setting it up on a high-power rifle barrel, oil the threads on the bolts holding the two parts of the clamp together, and pull the nuts up tightly with a long-handled socket-wrench, Removing a round barrel from bolt-action receiver, using Parmalee Removing a round barrel from bolt-action receiver, using Parmalee A shotgun barrel has a fairly...

Location And Discription Of Major Components

Trigger Housing Assembly For M240

A BARREL ASSEMBLY - Houses cartridge for firing and directs projectile. B BUFFER ASSEMBLY - Absorbs recoil of bolt and operating rod assembly at the end of recoil movement. C DRIVING SPRING ROD ASSEMBLY - Provides energy for returning bolt and operating rod assembly to firing position. D BOLT AND OPERATING ROD ASSEMBLY - Provides feeding, stripping, chambering, firing, extraction, and ejection of cartridges using the projectile propelling gas for power. E TRIGGER HOUSING ASSEMBLY - Controls the...

J C Higgins Model Rifle

Disassemble Higgins Model

Higgins Model 33 slide-action rifle, introduced in 1955, is produced by the High Standard Mfg. Corp., Hamden, Conn., for sale by Sears, Roebuck amp Co. Of hammerless, tubular magazine construction, it shoots .22 long rifle, long, and short rimfire cartridges interchangeably, in both standard and high-velocity loadings. Magazine capacity is 25 short, 20 long, or 17 long rifle cartridges. The Model 33 weighs 5 lbs. 2 ozs. and has an over-all length of 4134. Barrel length is 23V . The...

The Forensic Aspects of Ballistics

Rifling Factory

Rifles and handguns have rifled barrels, that is, spiral grooves have been cut the length of the interior or bore of the barrel Figure 2.1 . Rifling consists of these grooves and the metal left between the grooves the lands see Figure 1.13 . The purpose of rifling is to impart a rotational spin to the bullet along its longitudinal axis. This gyroscopic effect stabilizes the bullet's flight through the air, preventing it from tumbling end over end. This spin does not, however, stabilize the...

Cycles Of Functioning

Rotary Bolt With Locking Lugs

The soldier must understand the rifle components and the mechanical sequence of events during the firing cycle. The eight cycles of functioning feeding, chambering, locking, firing, unlocking, extracting, ejecting, and cocking begin after the loaded magazine has been inserted in the weapon. a. Feeding Figure 4-3, page 4-4 . As the bolt carrier group moves rearward, it engages the buffer assembly and compresses the action spring into the lower receiver extension. When the bolt carrier group...

Disassemble and Clean the Bolt

Mauser Bolt Cocking Sleeve

The preservative grease inside the bolt will cause the rifle to fail to fire. To clean the bolt, you must become knowledgeable about its disassembly and reassembly. You may require some help here as this is somewhat difficult it requires some strength in your hands and you are dealing with a very powerful firing pin spring, so pay careful attention . a. Check the position of the safety lever. It should be in the vertical upright position. If it isn't, put the bolt back in the rifle and close...

Improvised Gun Barrels

Tube sizes for improvised firearm barrels from .22 rimfire to 12 gauge shotgun. Seamless Mechanical Tube SMT and Seamless Hydraulic Tube SHT . All the tube sizes listed here offer an excellent 'Bullet to Bore' fit. All will require chambering with the appropriate calibre of chamber reamer.

To Uncock Decock The Revolver

Revolver Eject Cartridges

If your revolver is cocked, and you wish to let the hammer down to its forward position against the frame , proceed as follows USE EXTREME CARE WHEN ATTEMPTING TO DECOCK THE REVOLVER, AS THE THUMB SLIPPING DURING THIS PROCESS CAN RESULT IN AN ACCIDENTAL DISCHARGE IF THE TRIGGER IS HELD TO THE REAR. 1. Make certain that the revolver is pointing in a safe direction See Rule 2, Page 39 . 2. Make certain both hands are dry and not impeded in any way - gloves, bandages, cold, etc. 3. Grasp the...

Bullet Wounds of the Skull

Keyhole Bullet Wound

Tangential wounds of the skull have classically been called gutter wounds.19 In first-degree gutter wounds only the outer table of the skull is grooved by the bullet, with resultant carrying away of small bone fragments. In second-degree wounds pressure waves generated by the bullet fracture the inner table. In third-degree wounds the bullet perforates the skull in the center of the tangential wound Figure 4.40 . The outer table is fragmented, and there are depressed fragments of the internal...

How To Check Smokeless Powder For Deterioration

Although modern smokeless powders contain stabilizers and are basically free from deterioration under proper storage conditions, safe practices require a recognition of the signs of deterioration and its possible effects. Deteriorating smokeless powders produce and acidic odor and may produce a reddish brown fume. Don't confuse this with common solvent odors such as alcohol, ether and acetone. Powder deterioration can be checked by opening the cap on the container and smelling the contents....

Priming Compounds and Primers Introduction

A priming compound is a highly sensitive explosive chemical which, when struck by the firing pin or hammer of a weapon, will explode with great violence, causing a flame to ignite the propellant. This explosive chemical is often mixed with other chemicals which provide oxygen to assist in the production of the flame, a fuel to increase the length and temperature of the flame and ground glass as an abrasive to assist in the initial ignition of the explosive. In the realms of forensic science,...

Firearms Examination Equipment

Forensic Science Compression Tool Marks

The specialized equipment used by firearms examiners includes microscopes, measuring tools, testing tools, and balances. These tools enable the examiner to carry out the various aspects of firearms examination and comparison. The need for proficiency with microscopes emphasizes the importance of examiners having an academic background in science. Other equipment, such as measuring and weighing devices, are also familiar items to anyone who has a science background. The firearms or tool marks...

Characteristics Of Fire

Beaten Zone

The gunner's knowledge of his machine gun is not complete until he learns something of the action and effect of the projectiles when fired. This section discusses various characteristics of machine gun fire, including trajectory, cone of fire, and the beaten zone. a. Trajectory. The trajectory is the curved path of the projectile in its flight from the muzzle of the weapon to its impact. The major factors that influence the trajectory are the velocity of the round, gravity, rotation of the...

Entrance Versus Exit Wounds Entrance Wounds

Bullet Entry And Exit Wounds

Most entrance wounds, no matter the range, are surrounded by a reddish, reddish-brown zone of abraded skin the abrasion ring Figure 4.16 . This is a rim of flattened, abraded epidermis, surrounding the entrance hole. Fresh entrance wounds have an abrasion ring with a moist, fleshy appearance. As the abrasion ring dries out, however, it assumes the more familiar appearance. Figure 4.16 A The bullet indents the skin, punching a hole through it and abrading the margins of the entrance wound in the...

This Relatively Inexpensive Kit Can Create A Gold Or Silver Finish On Your Favorite Firearm

Dry Plating

The plating kits from Texas Platers are available in several models, ranging from the Gunsmiths' Special which can be used to plate several guns to kits for plating only one or two pistols. Illustrated are the components available for plating with copper, brass, silver, nickel or 23K gold. The more precious metals have become relatively expensive. Right In setting about replating this derringer, author made certain the rig was hooked up correctly to batteries. H53 W. FIVE-MRS PKWY. DAM-AS,...

Bullet performance and wounding capabilities

This is another of those subjects surrounded by myth and misinformation. In many ways, this is understandable as the number of factors influencing how a bullet reacts on entering a human body is so diverse as to make a scientific study of the subject virtually impossible. If the body were made uniformly from a material of constant density, it would be extremely simple to simulate the effects of a bullet. The body is, however, full of voids with a hard bone skeleton and is associated...

Centerfire Rifle Wounds

Star Shaped Gunshot Entrance Wound

Wounds from centerfire rifles may be classified as contact, intermediate, or distant. Contact wounds of the head are the most devastating, producing a bursting rupture of the head Figure 7.7 . Large irregular tears in the scalp radiate from the entrance site. Powder soot and searing are typically present at the entrance. Rarely, virtually no soot will be present. In some contact wounds of the head, the entrance may be difficult to locate because of the massive destruction. Large pieces of the...

Identifying the Use of a Sound Suppressor

Inertia Bullet Puller

Sometimes the backyard gunsmith does not fully accomplish his goal of converting a semiautomatic weapon to fully automatic, resulting in a weapon that will occasionally fire in the fully automatic mode. Actual test-firing is often the only way to confirm this. The firearms examiner can load two or three rounds initially and attempt to get the weapon to fire multiple rounds with one pull of the trigger. If this is unsuccessful, a full magazine may be used. By examining the internal workings of...

Markings on the cartridge

Cartridges, especially those fired in automatic or repeating firearms, often show repetitive marks which are useful in the identification of the type and sometimes the make of weapon used and of the individual arm when test cartridges fired in it are compared with an evidence cartridge. Impressions that are made by file marks, tool marks, or other inequalities on the surface of the breechblock when a shell sets back against it under high pressure are likely to be more reproducible than marks...

Gunshot Wounds of the Brain

Gunshot Injuries Mechanism

Gunshot wounds of the brain constitute approximately one-third of all fatal gunshot wounds. Wounds of the brain from centerfire rifles and shotguns are extremely devastating. Such injuries are described in Chapters 7 and 8. This section will deal with gunshot wounds of the brain caused by low-velocity weapons handguns and .22 rimfire rifles. When a bullet strikes the head, it punchesout acircular to oval woundof entrance in the skull, driving fragmentsof boneintothebrain. Thebone chips...

How To Remove The Plug In A Remington Model 11-48

Remington Model Magazine Tube

1 Before disassembling the Model 11-48, engage safety 52 on safe by pushing to right, and unload magazine and barrel. Red band marking will not show when safety is on. Unscrew magazine cap 45 from end of magazine tube A . Pull fore-end assembly 29 forward and remove from gun. O Pull barrel assembly 8 forward and separate from magazine tube and receiver 50 . Friction piece 32 will remain in barrel guide ring B . 4 Barrel assembly and breechbolt may or may not be removed from gun to take out...

Browning Auto 5 Ejector Spring

Browning Locking Block

Browning Arms Co. added the BL-22 lever-action .22 caliber repeating rifle to its line of sporting arms in 1969. Generally similar in appearance to Winchester lever-action repeaters developed by John M. Browning in the late 1800's, this small-game and plinking rifle is produced for Browning in Japan. It weighs only about five lbs., and fires .22 long rifle, long, and short regular and high speed cartridges interchangeably, without adjustment. Capacity of its tubular under-barrel magazine is 15...

Ricochet Analysis Introduction

Projectile Ricochet

When a bullet strikes any surface, there is a critical angle at which the bullet will bounce off or ricochet from the surface rather than penetrate. After ricocheting from the surface, the missile will lose a considerable amount of its velocity anything up to 35 in test firings and, invariably, lose its stability. This is contrary to the popular belief that a ricocheting bullet will carry further than one fired at the elevation for maximum range. The actual degree at which a bullet will...

Browning Bar High Power Rifle

Mossberg 935 Gas Cylinder Assembly

The Browning semi-automatic centcrfire rifle was a spin-off of Fabrique National's FN development of military weapons. It has a gas-operated mechanism with a rotating bolt head which engages shoulders in the rear of the barrel. Its box magazine can. but need not. be detached from the hinged floorplate for loading. M. Ernest Vervier was its principal designer. When introduced in 1967. the rifle was availabe in Grades 1 no engraving and 11 light engraving chambered only for the .30-06 cartridge....

Supermatic Trophy Pistol

Standard Magazine Spring Replacement

IN late summer of 1958 High Standard Manufacturing Corp. of Hamden, Conn., introduced 4 ten-shot detachable-clip cal. .22 semi-automatic pistols featuring detachable barrels and an improved lockwork to provide crisp and uniform sear disengagement. These guns were designated Supermatic Trophy, Supermatic Citation, Olympic Citation, and Supermatic Tournament. The first 3 guns are regularly available with 10, 8, and 6barrels. The fully-adjustable rear sight is mounted on the slide of the 63A...

How To Replace The Fireing Pin On Wichester

Extractor Lever Pin Franchi

Stevens amp Co., later J. Stevens Arms amp Tool Co., made single-shot, break-open shotguns with exposed hammers. In 1920 the firm was purchased by the Savage Arms Co., who continued the use of the Stevens name on many of their products. Savage-Stevens used other brand names as well, including Springfield. Around 1929 the first shotgun to be called the Model 94 was merchandised as a Springfield. It had many desirable features such as two way top snap, rebounding exposed...

Recovery methods for fired bullets

If a weapon has been recovered, it will be necessary to compare fired ammunition from this weapon with fired ammunition recovered from the scene. Obtaining a series of test cartridge cases from a self-loading pistol presents little difficulty as they merely have to be picked up. Obtaining fired bullets in a near pristine condition is, however, a little more difficult. In the past, cotton waste or wadding has been used, but this material can be quite abrasive to soft-lead bullets especially...

Cal .22 Mechanism Rifle

Mossberg 46b Firing Pin

.22 long rifle, smallbore target rifle was introduced in 1954 by O. F. Moss-berg amp Sons, Inc. Weighing only 8 lbs., it is for those who prefer a medium-weight, moderate price target rifle. The turnbolt action of this rifle is basically similar to that of the Mossberg Model 44-US which was a training rifle used by the Army in World War II. Cocking occurs as the bolt is rotated open when the action is cocked, an indicator projects from the rear of the bolt. Dual extractors are provided, and the...

Aden 25mm Revolver Cannon

Figure 18-2. 30-mra British Aden Gun. Cylinder housing Figure 18-2. 30-mra British Aden Gun. Cylinder housing Buffers. The buffers are situated between the front of the cradle and the front face of the breech cylinder housing. Assembled on the buffer spindle is the buffer housing. Between the spindle washer and the buffer housing plug are 29 Belleville washers, each 0.090 inch thick, in pairs. A single Belleville washer at one end is placed with its concave surface facing outward. Barrel. The...

Penetration potential

The penetration of various materials can be of great assistance in the investigation of shooting incidents. It is also of considerable general interest if for no other reason than to show how often the movie makers and novel writers make appalling blunders. In the past, one of the standard tests performed to assess bullet and cartridge performance was the penetration of pine boards of various thicknesses. This, as with any other type of penetration test, is plagued with inaccuracies. Many...

Remington Nylon Rifle

Remington Nylon Cal

HART Text By LUDWIG OLSON Introduction of the Remington Nylon 66 cal. .22 semi-automatic rifle in 1959 heralded a new concept in firearms. Featuring a one-piece stock, receiver, and fore-end produced from structural nylon, this unusual blowback-operated rifle was designed by a team of Remington engineers headed by Wayne E. Leek. The designation Nylon 66 was taken from the name of the high-strength DuPont nylon selected for the rifle. Chambered for .22 long-rifle...

Savage Model Combination

Shotgun Locking Barrel Pin

The Stevens .22-.410 over-under combination rifle and shotgun was first offered in 1939 by the J. Stevens Arms Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Savage Arms Corp. This gun was chambered for the .22 long rifle cartridge and the 3 length of the .410 shotshell. Guns produced initially had walnut stocks and fore-ends, but stock assemblies of Tenite plastic were later made standard. During World War II the U. S. Air Force purchased 10,000 of these combination guns with Tenite stocks for issue to...

Operation Of Mechanism

Mechanism Assault Rifle

A round is in the chamber the breech block is locked the shot has just been fired. The bullet moves along the barrel and reaches the level of the gas port f fig. 4 . The combustion gases pass through the gas port f and reach the gas plug a , which closes the front end of the gas cylinder, screwed into the gas block b if the gas plug is closed Jetters Gr showing on top , the gas intake is blocked and the weapon will then function as a repeating rifle. If the gas pJug is open letter A showing on...

Improvised Firearms Philippines

Improvised weapons, most notably firearms, have gained great popularity in the rural areas of the world. The residents of such areas are generally poor, and cannot afford to buy commercially produced firearms. There is not much access to commercial firearms in these areas anyway. Presented in this book are improvised firearm designs as developed and hand-built by rural gunsmiths in the Philippines. Neighboring countries such as Bornea, Sumatra, and Malaysia have their own versions of these...

Browning Superposed Shotgun

Main Spring Hammer Percussion Lock

The Superposed was the last product of the world-famous small-arms designer John M. Browning, and its manufacture was just beginning at the time of Browning's death in 1926. It has proved to be one of the most successful guns of its kind. Unique, original design features of the Superposed are the single under-bolt, the fore-end which remains attached to the barrels when the gun is taken down, and the trigger. The gun was originally made with the conventional 2 triggers. These were replaced by a...

Invector Interchangeable Choke System

500 Choke With Slug

All current Auto-5 shotguns have barrels that are threaded to accept the Browning Invector-Plus Interchangeable Choke System. You may confirm this by glancing on the right side of your barrel where the specifications are inscribed, and where the choke markings are normally located. All older Auto-5 models and the Auto-5 Buck Special are conventionally choked. The word, INVECTOR denotes that the barrel is threaded. The degree of choke tube is indicated twice on each choke tube Inscribed on the...

How To Remove An M2 Heavy Barrel

Mossberg 935 Assembly

Test for proper locking of backplate assembly 28 by pulling up on the backplate assembly. 27. Pull backplate latch lock 29 back and pull up on backplate assembly 28 to ensure proper locking. 28. Lift backplate latch 30 up and pull up on backplate assembly 28 to ensure proper locking. 29. Close cover assembly 1 , making sure it latches securely to receiver 3 . Reopen cover assembly. 30. Retract bolt assembly 21 far enough for barrel locking spring lug 31 to center in barrel locking spring hole...

Remington 721 Trigger Assembly

Remington 721

5 Drive out bolt stop pin 5 , and remove bolt stop and bolt stop spring 7 . Drive out sear pin 40 , and remove trigger housing assembly unit, sear safety cam 39 , and sear spring 41 . Weight of trigger pull is adjustable by turning trigger adjusting screw 46 clockwise for a heavier pull, and counterclockwise for a lighter one. Overtravel can be reduced by turning trigger stop screw 53 clockwise until firing pin will not release when trigger is pulled. While keeping pressure on trigger, trigger...

Figure MK target board

Machine Gun Range Card

Sight Setting and Laying Exercises. This first exercise teaches the soldier how to set the rear sight quickly and correctly Figure 4-10 . The second builds accuracy and speed in laying the gun on an aiming point, and allows extra practice in sight setting. Explain and show each exercise before beginning instruction. 1 Sight Setting Exercise. Explain that, by training the elevating screw knob, the soldier can make minor adjustments in elevation. All major adjustments are made by using the...

Firearms And Fingerprints In The Crime

Forensic Breech Face Marks

The roles of firearms and fingerprint examiners in the crime laboratory are numerous and varied. Firearms examiners are frequently called upon to do many things that do not fall under the traditional heading of firearms identification. Examples include serial number restoration with chemical etchants, gunshot residue analysis for barium nitrate, and shooting incident reconstruction. Similarly, fingerprint examiners must be proficient in specialized methods of photography, the application of...

In vector Plus Choke Systems

Choke Patterns Chart

Pre 1983 BPS models and current 12 ga. BPS Buck Specials are conventionally choked. Most current BPS shotguns have barrels that are threaded to accept the Browning Invector Interchangeable Choke Tube System. You may confirm this by glancing on the right side of your barrel where the specifications are inscribed. The degree of choke is indicated on the side of the tube, and with a notch code on the top rim of the tube. Pre 1993 BPS models, excluding the 12 ga. 3 1 21' magnum, are threaded to...

Ithaca Shotgun Disassembly

Homemade Shotguns Disassembly

A number of these improvements met with little favor despite their virtues, and a few led to litigation ancl considerable controversy. Perhaps the most widely acccptcd of Manton's designs was the elevated rib for sighting double-barrel arms, and second was his patent brccch complete with drain hole, which made it possible for double-barrel guns to be constructed in a more streamlined form. Less popular were his V-shapcd priming pan and his gravitational safety...

Measurement of bore and groove diameters

In a barrel having an even number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the distance between the tops of opposite lands. In a barrel having an odd number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the diameter of a circle which would touch the tops of all of the lands. The groove diameter for a barrel having an even number of grooves is the distance from the bottom of a groove to the bottom of the opposite groove. The groove diameter for a barrel having an odd number of grooves may be...

They Said It Couldnt Be Done

224 Harvey Kay Chuk

Bobcat shot with wildcat cartridge, .224 Kay-Chuk, is proudly held up by hunter Don King, Gainesville, Tex. HARD WORKING DREAMER MAKES HIS DREAMS COME TRUE BY TURNING OUT GUNS AND LOADS THAT FULFILL SHOOTER'S DREAMS OF ACCURACY AND FIELD PERFORMANCE DO YOU have your own ideas, some of them pretty spectacular, about what a gun or a load should be for a specific purpose If so, you are the kind of fellow who helped make the musket obsolete, and some of your ideas might be worth trying. Be inspired...

Assembly Disassembly Of The System

Muzzleloading Diagrams

This System 1 has three 3 basic parts groups This System 1 has three 3 basic parts groups 1. The Barrel Assembly - This assembly includes the barrel, breech plug with nipple, ramrod, thimbles and sights. It is held to the receiver by a takedown bolt which anchors the barrel lug to the receiver lug. 3. The Receiver Striker Trigger Assembly - This assembly is held in the stock by two screws one located at the rear of the trigger guard and the other is the front trigger guard screw on those models...

The Japanese miscellany

Japanese aircraft armament was characterised by a wide variety of different types most of which used their own unique ammunition. This is partly explained by the fact that the air forces were divided between the army and navy, although a similar situation did not prevent a high degree of commonality in US aircraft guns. Certainly the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy IJA and UN respectively followed wilfully different procurement policies and seemed unconcerned about the benefits of...

Remington Model Rifle

Remington 572 Trigger Assembly Pics

Remington Model 552 Speed-.22 rimfire semi-automatic was introduced in 1957. A blow-back-operated autoloader designed for informal target shooting and small-game hunting, it fires .22 short, long, and long rifle regular and high-velocity cartridges interchangeably and without adjustment. The 552 bolt is sufficiently light to permit functioning with low-power cartridges, and a buffer in the rear of the receiver cushions the bolt when high-power rounds are fired. The steel buffer is backed by a...

The Ruger Selective Fire Conversion System

Ruger Exotic Weapons System

At the beginning of this project, the designer began by experimenting with possible selective-fire conversion systems starting from the original factory trigger components. Although the open-bolt conversion system, which is very simply done and requires no modification to the receiver or trigger housing, has proven to be the ideal selective-fire conversion for the 1022, coming to that conclusion was not so easy. The first several conversion attempts proved very unsatisfactory. These conversions...

Colt Automatic Pistol

Colt Automatic Calibre Disassembly

Text by LUDWIG OLSON Colt's of Hartford. Conn., is among the world's leading suppliers of .25 ACP pocket automatic pistols. Their first pistol of this type was developed by John M. Browning, the famous U.S. arms designer, and introduced in 1908. Approximately 500,000 of this excellent blowback-operated arm were produced. This pistol was discontinued in 1946. and Colt's did not re-enter the .25 ACP pocket pistol field until 1958 when they introduced the Junior...

Stippling Powder Tattooing and Pseudo Powder Tattooing

M16 Powder Tattooing

Stippling consists of multiple punctate abrasions of the skin due to the impact of small fragments of foreign material. If this material is gunpowder, the author calls this form of stippling powder tattooing. If the material is not powder, but the punctate abrasions produced appear identical to those due to powder, the phenomena is referred to as pseudo-powder tattooing. Most stippling of a non-gunpowder origin does not resemble powder tattooing and can easily be differentiated from it. The...

Savage Ml Ii Accurate Loads

For more information, please visit our web site at www.savagearms.com WARNING THE USE OF SMOKELESS POWDER IN A MUZZLE LOADER NOT SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR SMOKELESS POWDER MAY CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY TO THE SHOOTER, BYSTANDERS, AND OR DAMAGE TO THE FIREARM. The loads specified are for average hunting applications seasons. For best accuracy during hot days or if the barrel is getting warmer, reduce the powder charge in V2 grain increments. In extremely warm conditions, a reduction of 10 or more may...

Tool To Disassemble Browning 1910 380 Handgun

Ortgies Firing Pin

Text by LUDWIG OLSON, Semi-automatic pistols designed by the U. S. small arms genius, John M. Browning, and produced in Belgium by Fabrique Nationale F.N. have an enviable reputation for simplicity, strength, and reliability. Millions of Browning pistols were produced through the years, and F. N. still manufactures them in various models and calibers. Among the most popular Browning pistols was the Model 1910 offered in cals. .32 ACP and .380 ACP. Of simple...

Rifle Lee Enfield Mark

Lee Enfield Firing Pin Removal Tool

The cal. .303 British Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Rifle, Mark III was approved for the British Service on Jan. 26, 1907. It was an evolutionary development of the Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Rifle, Mark I, which was adopted on Dec. 23, 1902. The Mark III version is dimensionally similar to the earlier Mark I but is heavier. It weighs 8 lbs. IOV2 ozs. as against 8 lbs. 2Vi ozs. for the Mark I. The weights given do not include the bayonet. The Mark III is fitted with a magazine cutoff so that...

Methods of measuring barrel pressure

Homemade Guns And Homemade Ammo

Assuming that the weapon is in good condition and that the correct type of ammunition is being used, it is the pressure produced in the barrel which ultimately decides whether the bullet will either reach the muzzle, exit from the barrel at an acceptable velocity or destroy the weapon completely. Often weapons are received with reloaded or home- made ammunition and for safety sake, it is often necessary to determine whether the ammunition is in fact safe to fire. At other times, it is necessary...

Methods of Analyzing Gunshot Residues

Method For Hand Swab

By the mid-1980s, there were three generally accepted methods of analyzing for gunshot residues neutron activation, flameless atomic absorption spectrometry FAAS , and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry SEM-EDX . All threemethods werebasedonthedetection of metallic elements principally barium, antimony, andlead originatingin primers and deposited on the back of the hand firing the weapon. Although all three compounds were found in the primers of virtually all...

Cartridge nomenclature

A basic understanding of this subject is essential as it is an area where the inexperienced can really show lack of knowledge. Knowing the difference between a 9 x 18 and 9 x 19 mm cartridge, for example, may seem a little insignificant, but it is an area where the unwary can easily be tripped up and made to look very foolish. Having said that, it is a vastly complicated subject, and there are very few set rules. The first identifier is whether the cartridge in question is referred to in metric...

Bullets without Rifling Marks

Rifling Marks

Occasionally a bullet recovered at autopsy will show no rifling on its surface. Lack of rifling indicates that the weapon is a zip-gun, a smooth-bore handgun, or rifle, or a revolver whose barrel has been removed. Zip guns have been previously discussed. Weapons intentionally manufactured with smooth-bores are almost all .22-caliber rifles made for the exclusive use of .22 shot cartridges. Rarely, weapons that are supposed to have rifled barrels, inadvertently, get out of a factory with smooth...

How To Drill Out A Blank Gun Barrel

Barrel Lead Taper Burnishing

A is plan and detail views of oil tubing used on barrel drills. B is plan and end view of barrel drill while C is underside view of same. into the tool post slot in the rest. This tongue is just thick enough to extend a short distance down in the tool post slot and the block is held down by two cap-screws passing down through it and into a bar of steel in the wide groove at the bottom of the slot. This block is drilled and reamed, out beyond the tool post slot, on the...

Llama Pistol Identification

Gun Cross Section

Automatic pistols made by Gabilondo from 1914 to 1933 were based on Browning F.N. models of 1903, 1906, 1910, and 1922. In 1931 it was decided to modernize their line by undertaking the manufacture of the external hammer, recoil-operated system originally designed by Browning and used by Colt and the Fabrique Nationale. Work on a new design began in 1931 and culminated in 1932 with a Spanish patent issued on April 12th of that year. The first pistol produced was an exact copy of the Colt Mod....

Mauser Rifle Argentine Model

Mauser 1891 Magazine Follower

The Argentine Model 1891 Mauser military rifle was adopted in that year, and the initial production contract calling for 180,000 rifles and 30,000 carbines was granted to Ludwig Loewe amp Co. of Berlin. Additional arms of this pattern were made later for Argentina by Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken DWM in Berlin. DWM had taken control of Loewe in 1896. 7.65 mm. Mauser cartridge loaded originally with 212-gr. round-nose bullet to a muzzle velocity of approximately 2060 feet per second....

Chapter Advanced Rifle Marksmanship Phase Iv of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Alternate Prone Firing 7-2. Kneeling Supported Firing 7-3. Kneeling Unsupported Firing 7-4. Standing Firing 7-5. Modified Supported Firing 7-6. Urban Operations Firing 7-7. Modified Automatic and Burst Fire Section II. Combat Fire 7-8. Rapid Semiautomatic 7-9. Automatic or Burst 7-10. Suppressive 7-11. Quick Section III. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical 7-12. MOPP Equipment Fire 7-13. NBC Dry-Fire and Live-Fire Section IV. Night Fire 7-14. Unassisted Night Fire...

Operating And Cleaning Instructions

Aperture Sight Alignment

The CRICKETT Rifle is chambered for .22 caliber short, long or long riile cartridges. It is a single shot bolt action rifle. Before attempting to operate, disassemble or clean your rifle, read the following instructions. Removing the Bolt - Lift the bolt handle up and pull to the rear. This will open the action. Pull the trigger to the rear and at the same time slide the bolt to the rear, removing it from the receiver. Replacing the Bolt - Place the bolt into the receiver, at the same time...

Open Sight Adjustments

All SAKO rifles fitted with open sights have been zeroed in at the factory at 100 m 110 yds with SAKO ammunition. The sights can be, however, adjusted for other ranges and different ammunition. STANDARD OPEN SIGHTS Windage adjustment Fig. 3 can be made with the rear sight. When adjusting the rear sight 1 first loosen screw 2 with 2 mm Allen key, and move sight blade sideways in direction required. To move the impact to the right, adjust sight blade to the right. The rear sight is graduated to...

Drop change instructions see table page

Using Benelli Shims

The shotgun comes with the original drop given at the factory for the various markets. If the desired level of comfort for handling and aiming is not obtained and the drop requires adjustment, use the special kit provided. The kit, which permits two additional drops to suit all markets, consists of metal stock locking plate set plus plastic drop change shim see fig. 13 . Each unit is marked with the corresponding letter. Before attempting any work on your Be-nelli make sure that the chamber and...

Falling Block Rifle Plans

For many years a dream of mine was to design and build a non-bolt action single shot rifle I could call all my own. That dream was slow in being fulfilled and 1 kept telling myself I had good reasons for putting it off. Anyway, my dream action had to be different from all others and it had to be of simple design and construction, but most of all it had to be one I could make in my modestly equipped home workshop. It was the late John Amber, who edited my book Single Shot Rifles and Actions, who...

Antitank and Modern Heavy Rifles

The first anti-tank AT rifle, the Mauser Tank-Gewehr M1918, was developed towards the end of the First World War in parallel with the MG TuF machine gun which used the same 13 x 92SR ammunition. It was rushed into service to provide infantry with some protection against the Allied tanks until the TuF could be introduced. The M1918 was conceptually very simple a bolt-action weapon just like a scaled-up infantry rifle but 1.68m long and weighing 17.7kg. The steel-cored projectile was claimed to...

Internal External and Terminal Ballistics

There are basically three types of ballistics, internal, external and terminal. Internal ballistics is the study of what happens within the barrel of a weapon from the moment the firing pin hits the primer to the time the bullets exits from the barrel. It is mainly concerned with propellant pressures, acceleration of the missile whilst it is in the bore, muzzle velocity and recoil. Esoteric considerations such as primer ignition time, primer pressure time curves and temperature also come within...

Identification of Calibre from the Bullet Entry Hole Introduction

Bullet Identification Markings

In skin and fabrics, it is, unless a wadcutter-type bullet is used, all but impossible to determine the calibre of a missile from its entry or exit hole. Wadcutter bullets, as discussed earlier, are intended for target practice. As such, they are designed to cut a clean hole through the target to facilitate the determination of the shooter' s accuracy. When round-nosed or even hollow-point bullets are used, the hole produced by the bullet is very much smaller than its calibre. In skin, this is...

Shell Lifter Height Adjustment

Mec Reloading Chart

It is necessary for the shell lifter to be level with the track in which the shells ride around the machine. To adjust shell lifter height 1. Make sure the reloader is at the top of its stroke. 2. Loosen the wad guide mounting screw slightly enough so you may turn it on the wad guide rod . 3. Using a 1 z inch open-end wrench, loosen the lock nut, Figure 52. 4. Put a straight edge in the track above the shell lifter, Figure 53. 5. Raise or lower the shell lifter as required by turning the wad...

106mm Recoilless Rifle

M344 106mm

This cartridge is used in 106mm recoilless rifles against armored targets. The cartridge consists of a perforated, plastic-lined steel cartridge case crimped to a steel projectile containing a shaped charge. The nose cone adapter of the projectile carries a cap with a piezoelectric element to initiate the PIBD fuze in the base. A copper cone within the projectile shapes the charge. The hollow space within the cone and the adapter provides the appropriate standoff distance between target and...

Detail of Breech Trigger Mechanism

Trigger Mechanism For Omega Cal

Assembly amp Disassembly Of The T C Omega Muzzleloader This T C Omega Muzzleloader has two 2 basic parts groups 1. The Barrel and Action Assembly. This assembly is held in the stock by two stock screws one is located about 1 in front of the trigger guard, and the other is approximately 4 ahead of the first. 2. The Stock Assembly - molded composite material or wood. Note The barrel and action assembly can be broken down further by removal of the trigger action assembly. This is recommended for a...

Browning Twelvette Manual

Browning Double Automatic

Richards remained as active head of his firm until 1855 when he was succeeded by his son. Westley Richards. Harold L. Peterson. The Browning 12-ga. Double Automatic shotgun, introduced early in 1955, was designed by Val M. Browning, son of firearms inventor John M. Browning. Manufactured by Fabrique Nationale in Belgium, this gun is designated Double Automatic because it will hold only 2 shells and is self-loading semi-automatic . Unlocking of the breech is accomplished by an inertia block...

Pistol Automatic Cal 6.35 Spain

Cal Automatic Pistol Spain

Ill tjiiulllllll 1 l7f IK t iii M If i Itlll iTlllllillMlttfifilri No. 72 6.35 mm. Astra Mod. 1924 Esperanza y Unceta Guernica, Spain No. 270689 No. 72 6.35 mm. Astra Mod. 1924 Esperanza y Unceta Guernica, Spain No. 270689 m j n 111 i lt 111 i n lt i i. t gt m n i n m m ' n 11 n 111 i ij i .i 'j' 111' n ' m i ij 11' i' i' 111 gt i' n 11 n i 1., , 1,, m 1. nT T.TTUThm 1 n,. I f Unceta y Cia. Name changed in 1926 . Guernica, Spain No. 65280 r r tft 1111 h i tfl n I 111 fTJ 11 ii m i i i I i i iTH...

Glossary Of Sniping And Marksmanship Terms

ALTERNATE POSITION A backup position selected by a sniper to which he can displace and still shoot into his original sector of fire. A sniper should have several alternate positions. See Primary Position and Supplementary Position. AVENUE OF APPROACH AA A road, path, or open area across which the enemy could advance toward you, depending on whether he's mounted or dismounted. Snipers should cover dismounted avenues of approach. BACK AZIMUTH DETECTION TECHNIQUE A technique to identify an enemy...

Alkartasuna Alkar pistols

Alkartasuna Fabrica de Armas was one of the Spanish pistol manufacturers of lesser importance, but they did play a part in World War I and many specimens of their product are to be found in this country, having been brought back by returning soldiers. This firm was organized during World War I, in 1917, to manufacture under license the Ruby automatic pistol originated by Gabilondo y Urresti in 1914. Information supplied by Gabilondo y Cia. states that the Alkartasuna firm was founded by...

Grenade Launching

Fal Grenade Sight Plug

The Light Auto Rifle L.A.R. is equipped with a new combined device, serving as both flash-hider and grenade launcher with this fitment, anti-tank and anti-personnel grenades can be launched with great accuracy. This device consists of a tube, fitted to the muzzle of the barrel, on which the grenade is positioned. A spring retainer holds the grenade in place. Four lines of oblique holes are drilled towards the fore-end of the tube, in a setting designed to eliminate flash fig. 27 . The fore-end...

Remington 521-t Magazine

Remington 513t Sling Swivels

The Remington Model 521T smallbore target rifle, chambered for the cal. .22 long rifle cartridge, was first offered by Remington Arms Co., in 1947. Designed for young target shooters, this moderately-priced rifle filled the gap below the more expensive and heavier Remington Model 513T and Model 40X target rifles. Thomas E. Wessel of Whippany, N. J., is a technical illustrator long interested in firearms. The turnbolt action features dual locking lugs and extractors and is of cock-on-opening...

Training Devices And Exercises

Several marksmanship training devices are available to aid in sustainment training when used with the appropriate training strategies. They are beneficial when ammunition is limited for training or practice exercises. Some training devices are complex, costly, and in limited supply, while others are relatively simple, cheap, and in large supply. Devices and aids can be used alone or in combinations. Individuals or squads can sustain or practice basic marksmanship skills and fundamentals with...

Chemical tests for range of firing estimations

In cases where a SEM is not available, the tests described below can still be used. Great caution should be used with the interpretation of any results obtained from these tests as none of them is specific. At best, the results could be presumptive and at worst, only indicative. Sodium rhodizonate test. The most valuable of the available spot tests is the sodium rhodizonate test for lead. This test is a rapid and very cheap method for determining, in those cases where a microscopic examination...

Model Commission Rifle

Millimeter German Rifle

German Commission Model 1888 rifle, cal. 8 mm. Mauser. Commission Model 1888 carbine, cal. 7 mm. Mauser, produced in 1907 by C. G. Haenel, Suhl, Germany. Tn 1886 France established a prece-X dent among the military powers by being the first to adopt a smokeless-powder magazine rille. This rifle was 8 mm., the smallest calibcr in military use at that time. The innovations prompted other nations to strive for improved armament, and Germany adopted a 7.9 mm. magazine rifle and carbine in 1888....

Sniper Mission Insertion Equipment

Sniper Gear And Equipment

H HARNESS AND QUICK RELEASES SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, SIDE VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, SIDE VIEW SNIPER OBSERVER WITH HAHO EQUIPMENT DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER OBSERVER WITH HAHO EQUIPMENT DONNED, FRONT VIEW EQUIPMENT TO BE PREPPED FOR WATERBORNE INSERTION. NOTE THAT THE SCOPE HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM THE RIFLE AND WATERPROOFED TORQUE WRENCH REQUIRED TO REMOUNT IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN ZERO. SCOUT...

Scope Mounts For The Fm Vault Lock Rifle

Shortest Lever Action Rifle

The FM VAULT LOCK rifle is not well adapted for use with open sights. However, if you wish to use the rifle with open sights we suggest the use of the Williams Guide rear sight and a front sight mounted on a Williams ramp base. To use open sights the stock will require a lower comb line than we have shown in the drawings. Any target scope can be mounted on the FM VAULT LOCK rifle using appropriate target scope bases to match the contour of the barrel. The target mount bases made for the Model...

Cartridge Case And Bullet Dies

202 Bullet Cases

As special cartridge cases are usually made by necking-down an existing case of larger caliber, a full-length die to neck the case down is required. This can be made in two different ways, the first of which is to turn up a reamer blank in the lathe to the form desired for the special cartridge. This reamer blank, instead of being fluted as a regular chambering reamer is made, is usually cut away between the pilot and the shank, to one-half its diameter. This is done either in the milling...

Chicopee Action Specifications

Chicopee Rifle Plans

Rear, side and top views of rotary lock release lever. Also see Figs. 4-1, 4-2 and 4-4. Side and end views of rotary lock. Also see Figs. 4-1, 4-2 and 4-4. Side and end views of the rotary lock spring, plus a view showing the starting step in forming the spring. Also see Figs. 4-1 and 4-2. This is a mid-section drawing of the slock used on our CH1COPKE R.F. rifle. The dotted lines show the areas to be routed or sawed out when making laminated stocks as explained in the text. Instructions and...

Home Made Rifling Machine

Spiral Grooved Barrel

The cutter is raised to rifling position by placing very thin shims beneath it in the slot. These shims should be only .0002 to .0005 in thickness, preferably the thinner one. After the cutter makes a cut in each groove, another shim is placed beneath the cutter, another cut made in each groove and this process continued until all grooves are cut to the proper depth. A small hole is drilled through the rifling head in the bottom of the cutter slot so that a small pin-punch can be inserted...

Bernardelli Model Pistol

Indicator Assembly

Illustrations By DENNIS RIORDAN Text By LUDWIG OLSON Produced by the well-known firm of Vincenzo Bernardelli in Gardone V.T., Italy, the Bernardelli Model 60 semi-automatic pistol is designed for informal target shooting and self defense. This modern blowback-operated arm was introduced in 1959. It is made in .22 long rifle and .32 ACP calibers and was also formerly offered in cal. .380 ACP. The Model 60 is handsome and of simple construction. It has a V i barrel attached rigidly to a...

The Terrorizing Sound of Silencers

Homemade Science Models

Clammy moisture formed on the upper lip of the security chief and his stomach felt queasy. Only a few more minutes, he thought, and the damn OPEC people will board their jetliner and become someone else's problem. Primal fear lifted the hair at the nape of his neck just before the first round snapped within a foot of his head and thudded heavily into the Libyan oil minister. Another bullet cracked and hit the Algerian representative. In a frenzy, the security chief whirled around searching for...

Urban Movement Techniques

How Detect Snipers Urban Area

Whether you're a police or military sniper, avoid moving toward danger along open, predictable routes. If you must move quickJv, at least use less expected approaches such as backyards, alleys, and rooftops. When you absolutely must advance along a street, do so on the left side so you can quickly duck into a doorway or behind a building comer and rerum fire with your rifle on your right shoulder. When time isn't so pressing, you should actually A rubbled urban environment, whether Stalingrad...

Planning And Preparation Of A Sniper Mission

The purpose of this lesson plan is to ensure that all Special Warfare scout snipers pocess the ability to plan, prepare and carry out a assigned sniper mission. All aspects of planning and preparation of a sniper mission are contained in this lesson plan, from the sniper employment officer's responsibilities to the sniper team's responsibilities in planning, preparing, and executing a mission. A sniper patrol is always tailored for the mission it is to execute. 1. DEFINITION. A sniper...

Penetration By Cal Ap Rounds

Caliber Suppressor

ALUMINUM 3.5 inches RUBBLE asphalt, soil, cement 20 inches TAMPED SNOW 77 inches 19.9-24.9 Ibs. cu. ft. An efficient muzzle brake reduces recoil but boosts the visual signature, especially on dusty, sandy soil. impossible to find him, but your previous surveillance and range card data will enable you to engage his concealed positions for some time. Due to their weight and bulk, .50-caliber rifles are not suited for direct assaults or classic sniper stalking. Indeed, U.S. Marine Corps and Army...