Reviews

Free J5 Tactical Flashlights and Survival Gear

Free J5 Tactical Flashlights and Survival Gear

The Last Man Standing Review

The Last Man Standing Review

First Gun T-shirt Free

First Gun T-shirt Free

Light Defender Tactical Laser Can Save You By Dazzling Your Enemy

Light Defender Tactical Laser Can Save You By Dazzling Your Enemy

Doomsday Medicine Chest Review

Doomsday Medicine Chest Review

Jumpstart Liberty Review

Jumpstart Liberty Review

Free Survival Multitool Plus Bonuses Review

Free Survival Multitool Plus Bonuses Review

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Spec Ops Shooting Review

Legally Concealed Courses Review

Legally Concealed Courses Review

The Strikelight Tactical Flashlight Review

The Strikelight Tactical Flashlight Review

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book Review

Defensive Handgun Training Drills Book Review

My Experience with Shipping Container Home Made Easy

My Experience with Shipping Container Home Made Easy

Articles

Improvised Homemade Shotgun Shells

410 Shotgun Cartridges

If, for whatever reason, you cannot buy your .410g shells from a store, you may need to construct your own improvised .410 ammunition. The following document illustrates how .410 shells can be easily and quickly constructed with just a few simple tools and components. 1 15 32 11.9mm brass tube. 2 13 32 amp 7 16 brass tube. The first step in constructing these improvised .410 shotgun shells is to purchase some lengths of brass tubing. This material is commonly available from most good hobby and...

Penetration potential

The penetration of various materials can be of great assistance in the investigation of shooting incidents. It is also of considerable general interest if for no other reason than to show how often the movie makers and novel writers make appalling blunders. In the past, one of the standard tests performed to assess bullet and cartridge performance was the penetration of pine boards of various thicknesses. This, as with any other type of penetration test, is plagued with inaccuracies. Many...

Tool To Disassemble Browning 1910 380 Handgun

Ortgies Firing Pin

Text by LUDWIG OLSON, Semi-automatic pistols designed by the U. S. small arms genius, John M. Browning, and produced in Belgium by Fabrique Nationale F.N. have an enviable reputation for simplicity, strength, and reliability. Millions of Browning pistols were produced through the years, and F. N. still manufactures them in various models and calibers. Among the most popular Browning pistols was the Model 1910 offered in cals. .32 ACP and .380 ACP. Of simple...

Revolver Barrel Removal

Barrelless Colt

Ful not to set the clamp up too tightly on a shotgun barrel if it is a new barrel, or a barrel you are going to use again, as you may crush it. But when setting it up on a high-power rifle barrel, oil the threads on the bolts holding the two parts of the clamp together, and pull the nuts up tightly with a long-handled socket-wrench, Removing a round barrel from bolt-action receiver, using Parmalee Removing a round barrel from bolt-action receiver, using Parmalee A shotgun barrel has a fairly...

High Standard pistols

The presently named High Standard Manufacturing Corporation, of Hamden, Conn., started out in 1926 as the High Standard Manufacturing Company, in New Haven, Conn., when C.G. Swebilius and three other men began the manufacture of gun barrel drills. At that time the firm had three employees. In 1932 the firm acquired the Hartford Arms and Equipment Co., of Hartford, Conn. This firm had developed and produced a single-shot pistol, a repeating pistol, and an automatic pistol. Although this firm was...

Sight Alignmentsight Picture

Mp5 Aim Pointer

The sighting arrangement on the HfcK MP5 takes advantage of the natural ability of the eye and the brain to easily align concentric circles circles all having a common center . These sights are both fast and accurate and are considered the best and easiest to use in the industry. H amp K calls the sights found on the MP5 diopter sights. Diopter meaning as seen through. All MP5's have a rotating rear sight drum that provides four various width apertures. Rotating this drum does not change the...

Markings on the cartridge

Cartridges, especially those fired in automatic or repeating firearms, often show repetitive marks which are useful in the identification of the type and sometimes the make of weapon used and of the individual arm when test cartridges fired in it are compared with an evidence cartridge. Impressions that are made by file marks, tool marks, or other inequalities on the surface of the breechblock when a shell sets back against it under high pressure are likely to be more reproducible than marks...

Priming Compounds and Primers Introduction

A priming compound is a highly sensitive explosive chemical which, when struck by the firing pin or hammer of a weapon, will explode with great violence, causing a flame to ignite the propellant. This explosive chemical is often mixed with other chemicals which provide oxygen to assist in the production of the flame, a fuel to increase the length and temperature of the flame and ground glass as an abrasive to assist in the initial ignition of the explosive. In the realms of forensic science,...

How To Replace The Fireing Pin On Wichester

Extractor Lever Pin Franchi

Stevens amp Co., later J. Stevens Arms amp Tool Co., made single-shot, break-open shotguns with exposed hammers. In 1920 the firm was purchased by the Savage Arms Co., who continued the use of the Stevens name on many of their products. Savage-Stevens used other brand names as well, including Springfield. Around 1929 the first shotgun to be called the Model 94 was merchandised as a Springfield. It had many desirable features such as two way top snap, rebounding exposed...

Entrance Versus Exit Wounds Entrance Wounds

Wound 9mm Palm

Most entrance wounds, no matter the range, are surrounded by a reddish, reddish-brown zone of abraded skin the abrasion ring Figure 4.16 . This is a rim of flattened, abraded epidermis, surrounding the entrance hole. Fresh entrance wounds have an abrasion ring with a moist, fleshy appearance. As the abrasion ring dries out, however, it assumes the more familiar appearance. Figure 4.16 A The bullet indents the skin, punching a hole through it and abrading the margins of the entrance wound in the...

How To Make A Shotgun Barrel Dent Raiser

Shotgun Barrel Dent Raising Tool

Various methods which may be necessary in fitting a loose forearm. A shows tightening the forearm by straightening out the curve of the spring in the vise jaws. B shows curved spring type forearm being peened out to lengthen it. C shows a sliding-type forearm catch being lengthened by peening the end with a ball pien hammer. a little too long to fit, then reharden the spring and draw it to the proper temper, then file the end until it is the proper length to fit. The sliding-type fore-end catch...

Difference Between Models

The M249 has been designated as two separate models, the Automatic Rifle AR and Light Machine Gun LMG . The basic M249 is the same for both versions. However during handoff, the LMG version is fielded with additional equipment as identified below. AR ROLE STD LIN M09009 - The AR role is to replace selected M16 rifles. The magazine cartridge NSN 1005-01-334-1507 100 round assault pack is included for the M249 AR model. LMG ROLE STD LIN M39263 - The LMG role is to replace selected M60 machine...

Accu Accusteel Choke Tubes

Mossberg 9200

BEFORE REMOVING OR INSTALLING ANY CHOKE TUBE a Move safety button fully rearward to the ON SAFE position as described in this Owner's Manual Fig. 2 b Open the action, check chamber, elevator and magazine tube to be certain firearm is unloaded. Do not use bent or deformed tubes as these may result in tube or barrel damage upon firing. Inspect tubes periodically to insure they are properly installed and in good condition. Never fire the gun without a choke tube properly installed. Failure to do...

Parker Double Barrel Shotgun

Meriden Firearms Parts

In 1832 Charles Parker of Meriden, Conn., organized the Parker Co. to make coffee mills and subsequently bench vises. In 1860 the firm was reorganized to become Parker, Snow, Brooks amp Co. On Sept. 28. 1863. the firm signed a contract with the government to make 15.000 Model 1861 rifled muskets at 19 each. This contract was fulfilled. Upon termination of the Civil War. Charles Parker became president of the Meriden Mfg. Co which position he held until 1868 when the firm of Parker Brothers was...

Browning Superposed Shotgun

Main Spring Hammer Percussion Lock

The Superposed was the last product of the world-famous small-arms designer John M. Browning, and its manufacture was just beginning at the time of Browning's death in 1926. It has proved to be one of the most successful guns of its kind. Unique, original design features of the Superposed are the single under-bolt, the fore-end which remains attached to the barrels when the gun is taken down, and the trigger. The gun was originally made with the conventional 2 triggers. These were replaced by a...

Cold Barrel vs Warm Barrel

Recognizing that consistency equals accuracy and vice versa, a sniper constantly looks for ways to increase his shooting consistency and diagnoses any causes of inconsistency. Variations in rifle barrel temperature lead to variations in where a bullet impacts because a hot or even warm barrel will warp at least slightly. How much it warps, how quickly it warps, how differently it warps according to different kinds of ammo these add more variation and lead to still more inconsistency. The...

Hasty Ground Fighting Position

Army Hasty Fighting Position

3All depths are approximate and will need adjustment for surrounding terrain and fields of fire. Production rate of 100 bank cubic yards per 0.75 hour. Divide construction time by 0.85 for rocky or hard soil, night conditions, or closed hatch operations M9 . Use of natural terrain features will reduce construction time. 1 Hasty fighting positions. Hasty fighting positions for combat vehicles and mortar carriers take advantage of natural terrain features or are prepared with a minimum of...

Loading And Unloading

CAUTION WHEN LOADING AND UNLOADING ALWAYS PREPARE THE RIFLE BY HAVING THE SAFETY ON AND THE RIFLE POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION. 1. Load the magazine by inserting the cartridges one at a time into the magazine see figure 3 . Place the rifle on safety and point it in a safe direction. 2. Insert the magazine into the magazine well with the rear of the magazine slightly lower than the front. When the front of the magazine is fully inserted, firmly rock the magazine up and to the rear until it locks...

Methods of measuring barrel pressure

Homemade Guns And Homemade Ammo

Assuming that the weapon is in good condition and that the correct type of ammunition is being used, it is the pressure produced in the barrel which ultimately decides whether the bullet will either reach the muzzle, exit from the barrel at an acceptable velocity or destroy the weapon completely. Often weapons are received with reloaded or home- made ammunition and for safety sake, it is often necessary to determine whether the ammunition is in fact safe to fire. At other times, it is necessary...

How To Drill Out A Blank Gun Barrel

Barrel Lead Taper Burnishing

A is plan and detail views of oil tubing used on barrel drills. B is plan and end view of barrel drill while C is underside view of same. into the tool post slot in the rest. This tongue is just thick enough to extend a short distance down in the tool post slot and the block is held down by two cap-screws passing down through it and into a bar of steel in the wide groove at the bottom of the slot. This block is drilled and reamed, out beyond the tool post slot, on the...

Wildlife Observation with Night Vision Devices

Night vision is the ability to see dark or low light conditions. Human has poor night vision biologically compared to nocturnal animals. At night, animals can move easily but humans can't see at naked eyes. Night vision devices will allow you seeing them in dark. Also, you can use these devices for observing wildlife and nature, military, hunting, search and rescue, surveillance, security, entertainment, and much more. Night vision devices are shortly called NVDs. When you have a night vision...

Interchangeable Backstraps P Pistol

Pistola Taurus

Extra Large, Large, Medium standard , amp Small Backstraps Extra Large, Large, Medium standard , amp Small Backstraps Backstrap removal for all P Series pistols - Ensure the pistol is CLEAR and decocked see page 3 and the magazine is removed. Dry firing the pistol will relieve any tension on the hammer spring prior to removal of the grip panel. With an appropriate metal punch, carefully tap out the lanyard loop roll pin Figure 7 . Extract the pin once it is protruding from the frame. When the...

Ricochet Analysis Introduction

Projectile Ricochet

When a bullet strikes any surface, there is a critical angle at which the bullet will bounce off or ricochet from the surface rather than penetrate. After ricocheting from the surface, the missile will lose a considerable amount of its velocity anything up to 35 in test firings and, invariably, lose its stability. This is contrary to the popular belief that a ricocheting bullet will carry further than one fired at the elevation for maximum range. The actual degree at which a bullet will...

Drop change instructions see table page

Using Benelli Shims

The shotgun comes with the original drop given at the factory for the various markets. If the desired level of comfort for handling and aiming is not obtained and the drop requires adjustment, use the special kit provided. The kit, which permits two additional drops to suit all markets, consists of metal stock locking plate set plus plastic drop change shim see fig. 13 . Each unit is marked with the corresponding letter. Before attempting any work on your Be-nelli make sure that the chamber and...

Ithaca Shotgun Disassembly

Homemade Shotguns Disassembly

A number of these improvements met with little favor despite their virtues, and a few led to litigation ancl considerable controversy. Perhaps the most widely acccptcd of Manton's designs was the elevated rib for sighting double-barrel arms, and second was his patent brccch complete with drain hole, which made it possible for double-barrel guns to be constructed in a more streamlined form. Less popular were his V-shapcd priming pan and his gravitational safety...

Headstamp Markings on Ammunition Introduction

Union Metallic Headstamp

A cartridge headstamp is a mark, or series of marks impressed, or sometimes embossed, on the head of the cartridge case during its manufacture. The mark can consist of numbers, letters, trademarks, figures or any combination of these. Systems of headstamp markings are used worldwide. They can be in any language, numbering system or can relate to any calendar. From these impressions, one can, depending on the type of ammunition and its origin, determine the manufacturer, calibre, type, date of...

Engagement Skills Trainer

Army Weaponeer Trainer

Unlike Weaponeer or MACS, the Engagement Skills Trainer EST can accommodate the simultaneous firing of up to 12 soldiers. Thus, it can provide both individual rifle marksmanship training and some squad-level collective training. The EST uses a combination of analog and digital video, synchronized image projection, laser hit detection, and microcomputer technology to display a variety of target arrays and courses of fire on an 8 ft high x 30 ft wide screen.38 Like the Weaponeer, the EST is...

Firearms And Fingerprints In The Crime

Firearms Transfer Thumbprint Card

The roles of firearms and fingerprint examiners in the crime laboratory are numerous and varied. Firearms examiners are frequently called upon to do many things that do not fall under the traditional heading of firearms identification. Examples include serial number restoration with chemical etchants, gunshot residue analysis for barium nitrate, and shooting incident reconstruction. Similarly, fingerprint examiners must be proficient in specialized methods of photography, the application of...

M4 Lower Receiver Assembly

M16a1 Rifle Rear Sight

Upper Receiver and Barrel Assembly M16A2 9349050, and M4 and M4A1 12972680. TM9-1005-319-23LP 3 4 5 DESCRIPTION AND USABLE ON CODE UOC GROUP 03 UPPER RECEIVER AND BARREL ASSEMBLY M16A2 9349050, M4 AND M4A1 12972680 FIG. C-6. UPPER RECEIVER AND BARREL ASSEMBLY RECEIVER ASSEMBLY RECEIVER ASSY M4 AND HANDGUARD ASSEMBLY GUARD,HAND,GUN M4 AND TUBE,BENT,METALLIC TUBE,BENT,METALLIC M4 AND M4A1 BARREL ASSEMBLY BARREL AND FRONT SI SIGHT ASSEMBLY, REPLACEMENT M4 AND SHIM PIN,SPRING ,GAS...

Cal .22 Mechanism Rifle

Mossberg 46b Firing Pin

.22 long rifle, smallbore target rifle was introduced in 1954 by O. F. Moss-berg amp Sons, Inc. Weighing only 8 lbs., it is for those who prefer a medium-weight, moderate price target rifle. The turnbolt action of this rifle is basically similar to that of the Mossberg Model 44-US which was a training rifle used by the Army in World War II. Cocking occurs as the bolt is rotated open when the action is cocked, an indicator projects from the rear of the bolt. Dual extractors are provided, and the...

Recovery methods for fired bullets

If a weapon has been recovered, it will be necessary to compare fired ammunition from this weapon with fired ammunition recovered from the scene. Obtaining a series of test cartridge cases from a self-loading pistol presents little difficulty as they merely have to be picked up. Obtaining fired bullets in a near pristine condition is, however, a little more difficult. In the past, cotton waste or wadding has been used, but this material can be quite abrasive to soft-lead bullets especially...

Cleaning From The Breech

Black Diamond Breech Plug

When you are finished shooting for the day or for the season and plan to store the in-line muzzleloader away, it is recommended that you clean the firearm thoroughly. This includes removal of the breech plug and cleaning the corresponding threads in the barrel. Follow these instructions for thorough cleaning 1. Disassemble your in-line muzzleloader as detailed on pages 10 and 11 of this manual. 2. When using the in-line muzzleloader breech plug wrench, remove the breech plug by turning it...

Measurement of bore and groove diameters

In a barrel having an even number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the distance between the tops of opposite lands. In a barrel having an odd number of lands and grooves the bore diameter is the diameter of a circle which would touch the tops of all of the lands. The groove diameter for a barrel having an even number of grooves is the distance from the bottom of a groove to the bottom of the opposite groove. The groove diameter for a barrel having an odd number of grooves may be...

Assembly Disassembly Of The System

Hastings Muzzle Loader Barrel Brech Plug

This System 1 has three 3 basic parts groups This System 1 has three 3 basic parts groups 1. The Barrel Assembly - This assembly includes the barrel, breech plug with nipple, ramrod, thimbles and sights. It is held to the receiver by a takedown bolt which anchors the barrel lug to the receiver lug. 3. The Receiver Striker Trigger Assembly - This assembly is held in the stock by two screws one located at the rear of the trigger guard and the other is the front trigger guard screw on those models...

Figure MK target board

Machine Gun Symbols

Sight Setting and Laying Exercises. This first exercise teaches the soldier how to set the rear sight quickly and correctly Figure 4-10 . The second builds accuracy and speed in laying the gun on an aiming point, and allows extra practice in sight setting. Explain and show each exercise before beginning instruction. 1 Sight Setting Exercise. Explain that, by training the elevating screw knob, the soldier can make minor adjustments in elevation. All major adjustments are made by using the...

Lever Action Rifle Diagram

Bolt Assembly M249

To disassemble rifle, remove magazine 42 and open action, checking chamber to be sure it is unloaded. Hold gun inverted with lever upward and remove forearm screw 47 . Lift barrel and action out of stock, pivoting rear of receiver against recoil block 53 . Recoil block may be removed from stock by removing butt-plate 51 and unscrewing recoil block screw 54 through hole in butt. Action is removed intact from receiver as shown in Fig. 2. Remove front ends of rear links from pins in ears of guard....

Winchester Model Model

CAPACITY 10 ROUNDS DETACHABLE BOX TYPE OF FIRE SELECTIVE SEMI AND FULL AUTOMATIC FIRING FROM CLOSED BOLT SYSTEM REMARKS LOADING, UNLOADING, AND FIRING THE WEAPON ARE ACCOMPLISHED IN THE SAME WA YAS WITH THE ORIGINAL COMMERCIAL SEMI AUTOMATIC RIFLE. THE SAFETY SELECTOR LEVER AND ITS FUNCTION The safety selector lever has three position settings and is conveniently located where the thumb can manipulate it freely. The first setting is SAFE, the second is SEMI AUTO, and the third is FULL...

He Says Hes Number

Ppks 380 Accuracy

He advertises himself as the foremost manufacturer of suppressed firearms today . . . the standard of quality and performance the others try to match. He could be telling the truth. Whether Jonathan Arthur Ciener really is number one isn't the point. The only people who count in judging that are the military and intelligence technocrats who evaluate his designs with standard issue adoption in mind, and they're not talking. So, only history will really determine if Jonathan Arthur Ciener was the...

The Ruger Selective Fire Conversion System

Ruger Exotic Weapons System

At the beginning of this project, the designer began by experimenting with possible selective-fire conversion systems starting from the original factory trigger components. Although the open-bolt conversion system, which is very simply done and requires no modification to the receiver or trigger housing, has proven to be the ideal selective-fire conversion for the 1022, coming to that conclusion was not so easy. The first several conversion attempts proved very unsatisfactory. These conversions...

Boobs Tubes and Dollars Wallow in Politics

Dover Devil Machine Gun

In the early 1970s, an apparently feckless-seeming group of planners in the Pentagon started marching out of cadence with the normal lockstep of ordnance procurement. The accepted method was still the old boy network of cronyism, featuring active duty officers, recently retired officers just hired by ordnance sellers, plus the other dol-hred trappings of what Col. Isaac Lewis once termed The Ordnance Ring. The planners1 new idea was to consolidate, coordinate, and cut cost. In 1977, this new...

Llama Pistol Identification

Gun Cross Section

Automatic pistols made by Gabilondo from 1914 to 1933 were based on Browning F.N. models of 1903, 1906, 1910, and 1922. In 1931 it was decided to modernize their line by undertaking the manufacture of the external hammer, recoil-operated system originally designed by Browning and used by Colt and the Fabrique Nationale. Work on a new design began in 1931 and culminated in 1932 with a Spanish patent issued on April 12th of that year. The first pistol produced was an exact copy of the Colt Mod....

Disassembly Procedure

Shotgun Chokes Explained

The Winchester Model 25 hammer-less slide-action solid-frame shotgun was introduced in 1950. It was made in 12-ga. only, for the 23 4 shell, and was essentially a moderately priced version of the Winchester Model 12 takedown shotgun. The Model 25 was offered in either 26 or 28 barrel lengths with an option of full or modified choke in the 28 length, or improved cylinder boring in the 26 length. Magazine capacity is 4 shells and a wood plug was furnished to reduce the capacity to 2 shells....

Intermediate Range Wounds

Angle Contact Wounds

An intermediate-range gunshot wound is one in which the muzzle of the weapon is held away from the body at the time of discharge yet is sufficiently close so that powder grains expelled from the muzzle along with the bullet produce powder tattooing of the skin Figure 4.7 . These markings are the sine qua non of intermediate-range gunshot wounds. Just as there is a gradual transition from loose-contact to near-contact wounds, there is also a gradual transition from near-contact to intermediate...

Remington Model A Rifle

Extractor Bolt Action Disassembly

Offered as a simple reliable arm at low cost, the Remington Model 514 .22 rimfirc single-shot rifle was introduced in 1948. This turnbolt takedown rifle fires .22 short. long, and long rifle regular and high speed cartridges interchangeably and without adjustment. It was initially offered in a 514A version with open rear sight and a 514P version with an aperture rear sight on the receiver. Both have a 24 round barrel and a one-piece walnut stock. Several...

Scope Mounts For The Fm Vault Lock Rifle

Shortest Lever Action Rifle

The FM VAULT LOCK rifle is not well adapted for use with open sights. However, if you wish to use the rifle with open sights we suggest the use of the Williams Guide rear sight and a front sight mounted on a Williams ramp base. To use open sights the stock will require a lower comb line than we have shown in the drawings. Any target scope can be mounted on the FM VAULT LOCK rifle using appropriate target scope bases to match the contour of the barrel. The target mount bases made for the Model...

Falling Block Rifle Plans

For many years a dream of mine was to design and build a non-bolt action single shot rifle I could call all my own. That dream was slow in being fulfilled and 1 kept telling myself I had good reasons for putting it off. Anyway, my dream action had to be different from all others and it had to be of simple design and construction, but most of all it had to be one I could make in my modestly equipped home workshop. It was the late John Amber, who edited my book Single Shot Rifles and Actions, who...

Remington Model Rifle

The Sportmaster Model 512 Exploded View

1 Before starting to disassemble rifle, unload it. Lift bolt handle 3 , push safety lever 25 forward, pull trigger, and withdraw bolt assembly from rifle. When replacing bolt assembly, firing mechanism must be cocked. This is indicated by red band on safety indicator 24 protruding from rear of bolt sleeve 4 . If mechanism is uncocked, cock it by pushing bolt into receiver 20 as far as possible, and lifting bolt handle. With safety lever forward, hold trigger rearward, and slide bolt assembly...

Remington 721 Trigger Assembly

Remington 721

5 Drive out bolt stop pin 5 , and remove bolt stop and bolt stop spring 7 . Drive out sear pin 40 , and remove trigger housing assembly unit, sear safety cam 39 , and sear spring 41 . Weight of trigger pull is adjustable by turning trigger adjusting screw 46 clockwise for a heavier pull, and counterclockwise for a lighter one. Overtravel can be reduced by turning trigger stop screw 53 clockwise until firing pin will not release when trigger is pulled. While keeping pressure on trigger, trigger...

To Uncock Decock The Revolver

Revolver Eject Cartridges

If your revolver is cocked, and you wish to let the hammer down to its forward position against the frame , proceed as follows USE EXTREME CARE WHEN ATTEMPTING TO DECOCK THE REVOLVER, AS THE THUMB SLIPPING DURING THIS PROCESS CAN RESULT IN AN ACCIDENTAL DISCHARGE IF THE TRIGGER IS HELD TO THE REAR. 1. Make certain that the revolver is pointing in a safe direction See Rule 2, Page 39 . 2. Make certain both hands are dry and not impeded in any way - gloves, bandages, cold, etc. 3. Grasp the...

U S Model Rifle Enfield

Enfield Model 1917 Bolt Release

Rifle, Cal. .30, Model of 1917, is of basic Mauser turn-bolt type with dual front locking lugs, one-piece bolt, and staggered column box magazine. Developed during World War I, it was a modification of the British Pattern 1914 Service Rifle. In 1913 British Ordnance developed an experimental Mauser-type bolt-action rifle chambered for a cal. .276 rimless cartridge loaded with a 165-gr. pointed bullet at 2800 feet per second f.p.s. . The intent of these experiments was to develop a...

Cycles Of Functioning

Rotary Bolt With Locking Lugs

The soldier must understand the rifle components and the mechanical sequence of events during the firing cycle. The eight cycles of functioning feeding, chambering, locking, firing, unlocking, extracting, ejecting, and cocking begin after the loaded magazine has been inserted in the weapon. a. Feeding Figure 4-3, page 4-4 . As the bolt carrier group moves rearward, it engages the buffer assembly and compresses the action spring into the lower receiver extension. When the bolt carrier group...

In vector Plus Choke Systems

Choke Patterns Chart

Pre 1983 BPS models and current 12 ga. BPS Buck Specials are conventionally choked. Most current BPS shotguns have barrels that are threaded to accept the Browning Invector Interchangeable Choke Tube System. You may confirm this by glancing on the right side of your barrel where the specifications are inscribed. The degree of choke is indicated on the side of the tube, and with a notch code on the top rim of the tube. Pre 1993 BPS models, excluding the 12 ga. 3 1 21' magnum, are threaded to...

Location And Discription Of Major Components

240b Machine Gun Parts

A BARREL ASSEMBLY - Houses cartridge for firing and directs projectile. B BUFFER ASSEMBLY - Absorbs recoil of bolt and operating rod assembly at the end of recoil movement. C DRIVING SPRING ROD ASSEMBLY - Provides energy for returning bolt and operating rod assembly to firing position. D BOLT AND OPERATING ROD ASSEMBLY - Provides feeding, stripping, chambering, firing, extraction, and ejection of cartridges using the projectile propelling gas for power. E TRIGGER HOUSING ASSEMBLY - Controls the...

303 Enfield Rifle How Safety Catch Works

Lee-Enfield rifles introduced in 1888 were in use throughout the British Empire from then until 1951, when they were gradually phased out. By 1957, Great Britain had switched to the .308 or NATO caliber. In the constantly changing world of military arms, 63 years is a very long lime for one rifle to remain the number one battle rifle. As a comparison, the ubiquitous Mauser 98 was introduced in 1888, but did not come on the scene as the 98 until 1898. The secret of the Lee- nfiet lt fs staying...

Rapid Incapacitation Shot Placement

As the illustration on page 165 well shows, a center-chest shot will impact into a target-rich environment that induces at least rapid incapacitation. Overlapping layers of vulnerable targets are clustered around the torso center, to include the heart with its major arteries, the spine just behind the heart, and the liver found just at the bottom of the rib cage. Please note that the heart is not located center-chest but slightly to the subject's left side. A hit to the heart obviously will...

Bsa Trigger Assembly Mk 111

M16 Rifle Hammer Mechanism

Factory assembled to insure precision accuracy. Do not disassemble. JOne each functions as axis for breechblock, cocking lever, and ejector. The BSA Martini-International Mk III match rifle was first made available for general sale in May 1960. Chambered for the cal. .22 long rifle cartridge, the Mk III rifle is the latest of a long series of Martini-action precision target rifles made by the English firm of BSA Guns Ltd. The Mk III rifle replaced the BSA Mk II model introduced after World War...

Reloading For Old Guns Calibers

History is always popular with a large segment of people, and for those who are both firearms and history oriented it is only natural to try to understand the capabilities and limitations of the guns related to any given era. In fact, my own opinion is that in the modern firearms scene one of the areas of greatest growth is in actually using the older cartridge guns and replicas thereof in their many obsolete chamberings. One of the causes of this was the introduction and fantastic growth of...

How To Check Smokeless Powder For Deterioration

Although modern smokeless powders contain stabilizers and are basically free from deterioration under proper storage conditions, safe practices require a recognition of the signs of deterioration and its possible effects. Deteriorating smokeless powders produce and acidic odor and may produce a reddish brown fume. Don't confuse this with common solvent odors such as alcohol, ether and acetone. Powder deterioration can be checked by opening the cap on the container and smelling the contents....

Historical Background

Firearm sound moderators and suppressors, commonly known as silencers to most people, have a certain mystique about them that can't be described, only felt. To the person who has a rabid hatred of guns, the silencer's mystique is similar to that of a coiled viper fascinating in a deadly, evil sort of way. To the average shooter who knows what they arc but has never used one, they conjure up visions of a toggy night on the waterfront in Istanbul, with a Soviet spy meeting his end as a CIA...

Savage Ml Ii Accurate Loads

For more information, please visit our web site at www.savagearms.com WARNING THE USE OF SMOKELESS POWDER IN A MUZZLE LOADER NOT SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR SMOKELESS POWDER MAY CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY TO THE SHOOTER, BYSTANDERS, AND OR DAMAGE TO THE FIREARM. The loads specified are for average hunting applications seasons. For best accuracy during hot days or if the barrel is getting warmer, reduce the powder charge in V2 grain increments. In extremely warm conditions, a reduction of 10 or more may...

Bernardelli Model Pistol

Indicator Assembly

Illustrations By DENNIS RIORDAN Text By LUDWIG OLSON Produced by the well-known firm of Vincenzo Bernardelli in Gardone V.T., Italy, the Bernardelli Model 60 semi-automatic pistol is designed for informal target shooting and self defense. This modern blowback-operated arm was introduced in 1959. It is made in .22 long rifle and .32 ACP calibers and was also formerly offered in cal. .380 ACP. The Model 60 is handsome and of simple construction. It has a V i barrel attached rigidly to a...

Figure E Slow fire silhouette target

M16 Paper Qual Target

Nine rounds from a supported fighting position and nine rounds from a prone unsupported position. Placement of all 18 bullets also indicates that the firer's rifle zero may be too far to the right. With a better firing performance, sight adjustments can be made while using this target. The analysis procedures used on the zeroing target may be applied to shot groups on these silhouette targets. The shot-group center on each target indicates aiming techniques. The comparison between the targets...

Calculating Target Movement and Leads

Sniper Training Targets

All the data published here re- 1 2 fleets a target moving 90 degrees to the path of your bullet, that is, moving directly right or left, which is full value. Look at the illustration at right. Should the target move oblique right or left, whether toward or away from you, use one-half the value, since in rela- Target movement will dictate full value, half value, or no compensation. dve terms he's crossing your front at half the speed. When he's heading directly toward you or away from you,...

Mondial Gaspar Arizaga Eibar 6.35

Beretta A300 Disassembly

Mondial Gaspar Arizaga Eibar, Spain No. 3204 No. 182 6.35 mm. Mondial Gaspar Arizaga Eibar, Spain No. 3204 111 j i, 11111111111 m n 111' u 111i i rrjjii in 1 gt 111 g lt t i i.n m i i 'J' i11 i111 i' I' i y gt i' h i ' i' i' ry' n i IIIH Ml lit ruf 111 r 11 m Im uuImTin rtfuMltnrlmTlittilriTiTn ' Im hm i mlf ir i 'f'Tlii liiTTiin'hitlliiiiiimliiiilMiTlfii No. 183 6.35 mm. Monobloc J. Jacquemart Herstal, Belgium No. 4141 No. 183 6.35 mm. Monobloc J. Jacquemart Herstal, Belgium...

Blackpowder Paper Cartridge

Charlie Hahn Sharps Cartridge Tubes

Principle owner of either company and severed his relationship with the Sharps management within two years after the initial company was formed in 1851. Richard Lawrence of the firm Robbins amp Lawrence then became the chief engineer of the Sharps action, refining it for mass production and making many mechanical improvements in the ensuing years. If you enjoy history, the Sharps story is a fascinating read. Christian Sharps first appears as an apprentice at the Federal Arsenal at Harper's...

Savage Model Combination

Shotgun Locking Barrel Pin

The Stevens .22-.410 over-under combination rifle and shotgun was first offered in 1939 by the J. Stevens Arms Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Savage Arms Corp. This gun was chambered for the .22 long rifle cartridge and the 3 length of the .410 shotshell. Guns produced initially had walnut stocks and fore-ends, but stock assemblies of Tenite plastic were later made standard. During World War II the U. S. Air Force purchased 10,000 of these combination guns with Tenite stocks for issue to...

Alkartasuna Alkar pistols

Alkartasuna Fabrica de Armas was one of the Spanish pistol manufacturers of lesser importance, but they did play a part in World War I and many specimens of their product are to be found in this country, having been brought back by returning soldiers. This firm was organized during World War I, in 1917, to manufacture under license the Ruby automatic pistol originated by Gabilondo y Urresti in 1914. Information supplied by Gabilondo y Cia. states that the Alkartasuna firm was founded by...

Short Long and Long Rifle Cartridges

Remington Headstamp Identification

The .22 Short, Long, and Long Rifle cartridges can be fired in both handguns and rifles. The term Long Rifle as it is applied to the most powerful of these three cartridges does not indicate that the cartridge is intended exclusively for rifles. Rifles and handguns chambered for the .22 Long Rifle cartridge will fire the Short and Long cartridges as well. In the case of semi-automatic weapons, however, the weak recoil generated by the Short and Long cartridges is generally insufficient to work...

Firearms And The Evidence They Provide

Forensic Guns

A firearm is a weapon that is capable of firing a projectile and using an explosive charge as a propellant. The broadest category of firearms includes two types handguns and long guns. Handguns are designed to Semiautomatic pistol Courtesy of the author Semiautomatic pistol Courtesy of the author be fired while held in the hand, and long guns are designed to be fired from the shoulder. Handguns include revolvers and pistols, examples of which appear in the accompanying photographs. Pistols are...

Relining Rifle Barrel

Rifle Barrel Relining Tool

A shows steps in boring oat old barrel, the relining tube and the assembly of same. B is gas burners and barrel rest necessary for soldering liner in barrel. C is the two types of tinning tools for coating inside of old barrel and D is spring clamp After the liner is cut off flush with each end of the barrel and fitted to the action, the extractor cut is made, the liner is then chambered for the cartridge and the muzzle end is finished with a countersink...

Operating And Cleaning Instructions

Aperture Sight Alignment

The CRICKETT Rifle is chambered for .22 caliber short, long or long riile cartridges. It is a single shot bolt action rifle. Before attempting to operate, disassemble or clean your rifle, read the following instructions. Removing the Bolt - Lift the bolt handle up and pull to the rear. This will open the action. Pull the trigger to the rear and at the same time slide the bolt to the rear, removing it from the receiver. Replacing the Bolt - Place the bolt into the receiver, at the same time...

M240n Machine Gun Condition

M240 Muzzle And Breech Bore Wear Gage

Both barrels and bolt assembly must accompany receiver when weapon is turned in. Both barrels must pass headspace test. CHAPTER 5 DIRECT SUPPORT MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES DIRECT SUPPOT MAINTENANCE OF M240 SERIES MACHINE GUN M240, NSN 1005-01-025-8095, PN 11826290 M240B, NSN 1005-01-412-3129, PN 12976814 M240C, NSN 1005-01-085-4758, PN11826175 M240D, NSN 1005-01-418-6995, PN 12977099 M240E1, NSN 1005-01-252-4288, PN 12597033 M240G, NSN 1005-01-359-2714, PN 12999566 M240N, NSN 1005-01-493-1666, PN...

Invectorplus Choke Tube System

Chokes Invector Plus

New model BT-99 shotguns feature a barrel fitted with the Invector-Plus choke tube system. Older BT-99s may also have the Standard Invector tube system or a conventionally choked barrel. The Invector-Plus system is a screw in choke tube system with interchangeable tubes. You can confirm this by reading the inscription on the right side of the barrel. Skeet A Invector Plus choke tube B Standard Invector choke tube Invector-Plus Back-Bored Choke Tube System Available 12 Gauge Invector-Plus tubes...

Here Are Practical Methods Of Restoring Junk Guns To Collector Value

Curtiss Wright Advertisement

This virutally destroyed relic appears to be beyond help, but in the hands of a good craftsman, much can be done to restore it to some semblance of its original form. The author outlines some of the do's and don'ts of restoring. IN MANY an attic and basement, there reposes one or more aged arms. Contrary to the supposition by many collectors of antique arms that the so-called sleeper is a thing of the past, almost every week some new discovery is made in the way of a highly valued antique...

Pistol Automatic Cal 6.35 Spain

Cal Automatic Pistol Spain

Ill tjiiulllllll 1 l7f IK t iii M If i Itlll iTlllllillMlttfifilri No. 72 6.35 mm. Astra Mod. 1924 Esperanza y Unceta Guernica, Spain No. 270689 No. 72 6.35 mm. Astra Mod. 1924 Esperanza y Unceta Guernica, Spain No. 270689 m j n 111 i lt 111 i n lt i i. t gt m n i n m m ' n 11 n 111 i ij i .i 'j' 111' n ' m i ij 11' i' i' 111 gt i' n 11 n i 1., , 1,, m 1. nT T.TTUThm 1 n,. I f Unceta y Cia. Name changed in 1926 . Guernica, Spain No. 65280 r r tft 1111 h i tfl n I 111 fTJ 11 ii m i i i I i i iTH...

Ruger Mini 14 Full Auto Conversion

Ruger Mini Full Auto Conversion Kit

Screw-Pivot, Tripping Lever - Drawing 4A This screw will act as a pivot point for the tripping lever. It is designed with a shoulder that will bottom out against the receiver when installed. This will prevent binding between the tripping lever and the receiver. The top of this lever will contact a portion of the slide each time the gun cycles. By means of a pivot in the center of the lever, the forward movement at the top of the lever causes the bottom of the tripping lever to move rearwards....

Cement Log Bunker Army

Overhead Protection For Soldier Shelters

Two or more individuals armed with rifles or machine guns design the following two positions for use. Although these are beyond the construction capabilities of nonengineer troops, certain construction phases can be accomplished with little or no engineer assistance. For example, while engineer assistance may be necessary to build steel frames and cut timbers for the roof of a structure, the excavation, assembly, and installation are all within the capabilities of most...

Lower Receiver And Extension Subassembly

Applicable Configuration All M16 M16A1 rif I es. The lower receivers have serial numbers and model numbers and will not be replaced by Direct or General Support Maintenance. Field Maintenance Basic Less Power Small Arms Shop Set SC 4933-95-CL-A11 19204 Small Arms Repairman Tool Kit SC 5180-95-CL-A07 19204 M16 Series and M231 Firing Port Weapon Direct Support and General Support Maintenance for 5.56-mm Rifle Tool and Gage Set 8426685 19204 Set D Field Maintenance Post, Camp, and Station Small...

M240 Gas Regulator Collar

Disassembly M240

Barrel and barrel adapter have left-hand threads. M240B M240D M240G M240N Place catch spring 34 into barrel catch 33 . Install barrel catch 33 into carrying handle assembly 27 . Hold carrying handle assembly vertically, place firmly against front shoulder of barrel 12 . DIRECT SUPPORT MAINTENANCE OF BARREL ASSEMBLY M240 M240C, NSN 1005-01-044-1026, PN 11825985 M240B, NSN N A, PN 12976817 M240D M240G M240N, NSN 1005-01-408-5897, PN 12976818 M240E1, NSN 1005-01-251-9701, PN 12597035 cont _ Screw...

Lands And Grooves Ballistics

M16 Barrel Rifling Pictures

And those portions of the bore which are situated between the grooves are known as lands. Gauge or Calibre- Both types of firearms are classified by the Gauge, or Calibre, of their bores that is by the internal dimension of the barrel A different system of measuring, however, exists for large smooth-bores and rifled arms. Large smooth-bores are measured by the number of Pig. x. Cross-section of a rifled barrel showing the grooves and lands. Pig. x. Cross-section of a rifled barrel showing the...

The Forensic Aspects of Ballistics

Barrel Rifling

Rifles and handguns have rifled barrels, that is, spiral grooves have been cut the length of the interior or bore of the barrel Figure 2.1 . Rifling consists of these grooves and the metal left between the grooves the lands see Figure 1.13 . The purpose of rifling is to impart a rotational spin to the bullet along its longitudinal axis. This gyroscopic effect stabilizes the bullet's flight through the air, preventing it from tumbling end over end. This spin does not, however, stabilize the...

Browning Bar High Power Rifle

Mossberg 935 Gas Cylinder Assembly

The Browning semi-automatic centcrfire rifle was a spin-off of Fabrique National's FN development of military weapons. It has a gas-operated mechanism with a rotating bolt head which engages shoulders in the rear of the barrel. Its box magazine can. but need not. be detached from the hinged floorplate for loading. M. Ernest Vervier was its principal designer. When introduced in 1967. the rifle was availabe in Grades 1 no engraving and 11 light engraving chambered only for the .30-06 cartridge....

Cartridge Case And Bullet Dies

202 Bullet Cases

As special cartridge cases are usually made by necking-down an existing case of larger caliber, a full-length die to neck the case down is required. This can be made in two different ways, the first of which is to turn up a reamer blank in the lathe to the form desired for the special cartridge. This reamer blank, instead of being fluted as a regular chambering reamer is made, is usually cut away between the pilot and the shank, to one-half its diameter. This is done either in the milling...

The plastic cartridge case

Cased Telescoped Cartridges

Cartridge case design has so far changed much less than projectiles. Despite the practical advantages of the cartridge case it has always been regarded as something of a nuisance by weapon designers. It adds greatly to the weight of ammunition and complicates weapon design because of the need for mechanisms to extract and eject the fired case from the gun. Other types of cartridge case have occasionally been tried, many of them making use of modern plastics. Attempts to produce entirely plastic...

Longrecoil mechanisms

M249 Ejecting The Cycle Operation

The need for the entire barrel bolt unit to recoil a considerable distance, followed by a delay in commencing reloading while the barrel returns into the firing position, gives long-recoil mechanisms a relatively low rate of fire. As a result, weapons using this system are much less common than the short-recoil type. However, the long and relatively soft recoil push puts less strain on the mechanism and makes accuracy easier to achieve while avoiding the need for the whole gun to recoil in its...

Troubleshooting Causes And Remedies

Disassembler 452

If your firearm is properly used and maintained, malfunctions will rarely occur. However, if such a situation does occur please observe the following instructions. CAUTION - if a malfunction occurs, the possibility of an unintentional discharge is substantially increased. For this reason, when clearing malfunctions, observe the Safety Instructions already mentioned above. Keep the rifle pointed in a safe direction, do not turn the rifle against your body or anyone else's. Do not place your...

Firearms Examination Equipment

Bullet Tool Marks Forensic Science

The specialized equipment used by firearms examiners includes microscopes, measuring tools, testing tools, and balances. These tools enable the examiner to carry out the various aspects of firearms examination and comparison. The need for proficiency with microscopes emphasizes the importance of examiners having an academic background in science. Other equipment, such as measuring and weighing devices, are also familiar items to anyone who has a science background. The firearms or tool marks...

Characteristics Of Fire

Trajectory is the path of the bullet in flight. An understanding of the SAW's trajectory, or curved flight path, is required in order to apply effective fire throughout the full effective range of the weapon. The path of the bullet is almost flat at ranges of300 meters or less. At ranges beyond 300 meters, the trajectory is curved, and the curve becomes greater as the range increases. a. MAXIMUM ORDINATE. This is the highest point the trajectory reaches between the muzzle of the weapon and the...

Exploded View Drozd Magazine

NOTICE Whon ordering parts, must specify caliber. 41. Ring 42 Valve sm 43. Follower 55 Magazine Hsuvng 56. Clamping Sw w 58 Axis Pin 59. Magazine Hau og 60 Lever 63. Lifting Block Base 64 Wedge Pin that prevents rotation of block pari 61 Pin that prevents rotation of block pari 61

Ammunition Specifications For Glock Pistol

Disassembly Firing Pin Astra 200

GIOCK pistols are designed to be fired with NATO specification ammunition. Therefore the following guidelines and specifications are provided so that proper ammunition will be selected for use in GLOCK pistols to assure proper functioning. Any deviation from these specifications may lead to improper functioning and possibly void the warranty on GLOCK pistols. GLOCK pistols will function properly with the new generation of 9x19mm ammunition including all p and 147 grain sub-sonic ammunition...

Identifying the Use of a Sound Suppressor

Inertia Bullet Puller

Sometimes the backyard gunsmith does not fully accomplish his goal of converting a semiautomatic weapon to fully automatic, resulting in a weapon that will occasionally fire in the fully automatic mode. Actual test-firing is often the only way to confirm this. The firearms examiner can load two or three rounds initially and attempt to get the weapon to fire multiple rounds with one pull of the trigger. If this is unsuccessful, a full magazine may be used. By examining the internal workings of...

Phase I Reflexive Fire Training

Reflexive Fire Target

Reflexive fire training provides the fundamental skills required to conduct short-range marksmanship. It involves the practical application of all four of the fundamentals of SRM. All soldiers must receive a go on the task Conduct Reflexive Firing, before proceeding with training. Reflexive firing should be conducted as refresher training as often as possible to insure that soldier's skills are always at the highest possible level. This is a perishable skill that must be constantly reinforced....

Chapter Advanced Rifle Marksmanship Phase Iv of Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Alternate Prone Firing 7-2. Kneeling Supported Firing 7-3. Kneeling Unsupported Firing 7-4. Standing Firing 7-5. Modified Supported Firing 7-6. Urban Operations Firing 7-7. Modified Automatic and Burst Fire Section II. Combat Fire 7-8. Rapid Semiautomatic 7-9. Automatic or Burst 7-10. Suppressive 7-11. Quick Section III. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical 7-12. MOPP Equipment Fire 7-13. NBC Dry-Fire and Live-Fire Section IV. Night Fire 7-14. Unassisted Night Fire...

Sniper Mission Insertion Equipment

Sniper Gear And Equipment

H HARNESS AND QUICK RELEASES SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, SIDE VIEW SNIPER EQUIPMENT FULLY DONNED, SIDE VIEW SNIPER OBSERVER WITH HAHO EQUIPMENT DONNED, FRONT VIEW SNIPER OBSERVER WITH HAHO EQUIPMENT DONNED, FRONT VIEW EQUIPMENT TO BE PREPPED FOR WATERBORNE INSERTION. NOTE THAT THE SCOPE HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM THE RIFLE AND WATERPROOFED TORQUE WRENCH REQUIRED TO REMOUNT IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN ZERO. SCOUT...

Vault Lock Rifle Action

On closing the No. 2 VAULT LOCK action, the hammer is left cocked and on SAFE as shown here and to fire the rifle the safety must first be pulled back. One of the author's FM No. 2 VAULT LOCK rifles. It has a stock and forearm made of myrtlewood, a Bushnell scope in Buehler mounts and an engraved receiver, engraving done by Neil Hartliep. Close-up of the engraved action on the rifle shown in Fig. 3-H. It is shown here opened. Wfr ' gt - Amateur gunsmith Ronald Van't Hof made this fine FM No. 2...

Supermatic Trophy Pistol

Standard Magazine Spring Replacement

IN late summer of 1958 High Standard Manufacturing Corp. of Hamden, Conn., introduced 4 ten-shot detachable-clip cal. .22 semi-automatic pistols featuring detachable barrels and an improved lockwork to provide crisp and uniform sear disengagement. These guns were designated Supermatic Trophy, Supermatic Citation, Olympic Citation, and Supermatic Tournament. The first 3 guns are regularly available with 10, 8, and 6barrels. The fully-adjustable rear sight is mounted on the slide of the 63A...

Colt Automatic Pistol

Colt Automatic Calibre Disassembly

Text by LUDWIG OLSON Colt's of Hartford. Conn., is among the world's leading suppliers of .25 ACP pocket automatic pistols. Their first pistol of this type was developed by John M. Browning, the famous U.S. arms designer, and introduced in 1908. Approximately 500,000 of this excellent blowback-operated arm were produced. This pistol was discontinued in 1946. and Colt's did not re-enter the .25 ACP pocket pistol field until 1958 when they introduced the Junior...

The Japanese miscellany

Japanese aircraft armament was characterised by a wide variety of different types most of which used their own unique ammunition. This is partly explained by the fact that the air forces were divided between the army and navy, although a similar situation did not prevent a high degree of commonality in US aircraft guns. Certainly the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy IJA and UN respectively followed wilfully different procurement policies and seemed unconcerned about the benefits of...

Stippling Powder Tattooing and Pseudo Powder Tattooing

Powder Stippling Skin Gunshot

Stippling consists of multiple punctate abrasions of the skin due to the impact of small fragments of foreign material. If this material is gunpowder, the author calls this form of stippling powder tattooing. If the material is not powder, but the punctate abrasions produced appear identical to those due to powder, the phenomena is referred to as pseudo-powder tattooing. Most stippling of a non-gunpowder origin does not resemble powder tattooing and can easily be differentiated from it. The...

Mauser Rifle Argentine Model

Mauser 1891 Magazine Follower

The Argentine Model 1891 Mauser military rifle was adopted in that year, and the initial production contract calling for 180,000 rifles and 30,000 carbines was granted to Ludwig Loewe amp Co. of Berlin. Additional arms of this pattern were made later for Argentina by Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken DWM in Berlin. DWM had taken control of Loewe in 1896. 7.65 mm. Mauser cartridge loaded originally with 212-gr. round-nose bullet to a muzzle velocity of approximately 2060 feet per second....