Ames Forge—Situated half a mile above Falls Village Station, Housa-tonic Railroad, west side of Housatonic River and owned by Ames Iron Co. (Horatio Ames), P'. O. Salisbury, Litchfield County, Conn. Known also as Salisbury Furnace. Active 1832 and until after the Civil War. Cannon Foundry. See Horatio Ames. (Pg. 150, Iron Manufactures Guide. J. P. Lesley, New
Ames, David—Son of John, elder brother of Oliver. Born 1761. Worked as a gunsmith in his father's shop and commissioned superintendent of Springfield Armory by General Washington in 1795-Succeeded by Joseph Morgan in 1802 and returned to the Ames interests. Died in August of 1847.
Ames, Horatio—Of Salisbury and Falls Village, Conn. Invented wrought iron cannon in 1854, which were formed by a series of wrought iron disks to form the solid portion of the breech and rings to form that portion containing the bore. The trunnions were screwed in for a depth of three inches. In 1863 the Navy tested a 30-pounder, 50-pounder and 8o-pounder. After severe tests the engineers reported simply, "none have yet bursted." These cannon were produced by the Ames Forge, Falls Village, Conn. (Pgs. 94-95, "Engineer and Artillery Operations against the Defences of Charleston Harbor," Gillmore, 1863; pg. 605, "Great Industries of the United States," Burr & Hyde, 1876; pg. T50, "Iron Manufacturers Guide," J. P. Lesley, 1859.)
Ames, James Tyler—Younger brother and successor to Nathan P. Ames. Born May 13, 1810, died February 16, 1883. Associated with N. P. Ames Mfg. Co. (or Sword Co.), from its establishment in 1828, he became the head of the firm upon his brother's death in 1847. In 1854 secured large contract from British government for gun making equipment. During the Civil War this was one of the largest munition factories in the North. Produced sabres, Springfield muskets and more than one thousand cannon. Also executed large sabre contracts for Turkey, during the Russo-Turkish War and for France during the Franco-Prussian War.
Ames, John—Bridge water, County of Plymouth, Mass. Born 1738, Revolutionary captain and major. He established a manufactory of shovels and muskets at West Bridge water in 1776. Married Susanna Howard and became the father of David and Oliver, the latter succeeding him upon his death in 1803.
"Gun-Locks—One thousand gun-locks, chcap for cash or approved credit, for sale. Also Wanted 5 to 600 Gun-Barrels. By John Ames, Bridgewater." Ad in Columbian Centinel, Boston, June 2, 1798.
Ames, Nathan Peabody—Born at Chelmsford, Massachusetts, September 1, 1803, son of N. P. Ames, senior, and his wife, Phoebe Tyler Ames.
Nathan succccdcd his father upon his retirement ¡11 1829 because of ill health. The same year the business was moved to Chicopee Falls near Springfield, Mass. Here Ames, with his younger brother James Tyler Ames, occupied a portion of the mill of Edmund Dwight.
The Ames Mfg. Co. was organized in 1834, with a capital of $30,000. In 1836 an additional factory for cannon making was constructed a mile below on the Chicopee River at the "lower "privilege." The new community which sprung up at this place became Cabotsville.
In 1840 the government commissioned Ames to tour the leading Europeon Arsenals and to report upon their methods and products. Ames returned the following year and fell ill, a condition from which he never completely recovered. He died on April 23rd, 1847, and was succeeded by James Tyler Ames.
During the period 1829-65 the Ames interests were known as the Ames Mfg. Co., Ames Arms Co., N. P. Ames Co., and the Ames Sword Co.
Contracted with the government, June 6, 1836, for 2,500 dragoon sabers at $8.00 each, deliveries by December 31st of the same year. Produced Model 1843 Navy pistols, .54 caliber, the first percussion arms issued as they came out before Model 1842. Made also Navy pistols. Model 1844, .54 caliber; swivel ramrod; box-lock percussion. Pistols by Ames are met with dated from 1843 to 1846 inclusive. Produced William Jenk's patent of May 25, 1838 carbines and rifles, Mexican and Civil War. One such carbine has come to the attention of the writer which bears the legend "N. P. Ames, American Arms Co., Springfield, Mass."
Produced also Dahlgren bayonets for use with .the Plymouth
Navy rifle and the so-called "Roman Swords'' for issue to the artillery.
The Ames Sword Company remained in continuous operation until about 1930 when a merger was effected with the M. C. Lilley Company of Columbus, Ohio. Considerable of the Ames equipment has been moved to the latter city where actual sword production continues to date. The present style of the firm name is the Lilley-Ames Company.
Cannon production, which began in 1836, continued through the Civil War, the company supplying hundreds of brass and bronze picccs. ' During the World War the company manufac-turned "Protector" revolvers and continued their production until 1924 or later.
Ames, Oakes—Born January 10, 1804, died at North Easton, Mass., May 8, 1873, succeeded by his sons Oliver and Oakes Angier Ames. Produced Dahlgren bayonets for the Plymouth rifle and the so-called "Roman Swords."
Ames, Oliver—Born in West Bridgewater, son of John and younger brother to David. Succeeded his father upon the elder's death in 1803. He had worked for a time as a gunsmith under David at Springfield Armory. In 1806 the plant was moved to North Easton, Mass.
Ameftboon—Riflemaker of Canton, 111., about 1850.
Amsden, B. W.—Riflemaker of Saratoga Springs, N. Y., 1850.
Amsden, J.—Riflemaker of Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 1870-73.
Anderson, James—Gunsmith to the committee of safety of Virginia. Active 1775-77. Extremely doubtful as to complete arms.
Andrews, Edward W.—Born in Whitestown, N. Y., in 1809. Joined his elder brother Phillip in Cleveland in 1825, and continued the business of gun-making after Phillip departed for Detroit. Operated at 26 Bank St. until 1855 and thence to Obcrlin, Ohio, until i860. A fine workman, specialty rifles. (Pg. 251, "The Pioneer Families of Cleveland, " Van Rensselaer, Cleveland, 1914. O. B. D. 1853-54-55.)
Andrews, Phillip B.—Born Whitestown, N. Y., in 1796. Established a gun manufactory in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1820. Departed the vicinity for Detroit in the early 30^, the business being continued by his younger -brother Edward at 28 Bank St. Phillip died in Three Oaks, Michigan, the date of his death being unknown. (Pg. 251, "The Pioneer Families of Cleveland," Van Rensselaer, Cleveland, 19T4.)
Angusli, Jas.—Gunsmith of Earl Township. Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1771, and before.
Annely, Edward—Armourer to the New Jersey Colony. Active 1770-77, perhaps before and after.
Annely, John—Gunsmith of New York City. Produced half-stock, percussion, sporting rifles.
Annely, Thomas—Armourer to the New Jersey Colony. Active 1776-77, before and after.
Ansthutz, E.—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, t86o.
Anson, Com&tock—Gunmaker of Danbury, Connecticut, 1869-75.
Anstadt, Jacob—Gun maker of Kutztown, Berks County, Penn., t875-t 7.
Antes, William—Gunmaker of Mahoning Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1781-82.
Applebay, Alexander—Gunmaker. Born March 4, 1832, died March 4, 1906. Worked at Wellsburg, West Virginia, Steubenville and later at Lowell, Washington County, Ohio. A fine craftsman.
Applebay, Harden D.—Gunmaker. Son of Alexander, born April 6, 1865. With his brother Wiley he operated at Sistersville, West Virginia, Lakulpa, 111., and Lowell, Ohio. He still occupies the shop of his father at Lowell, acting as a repairman (1932).
Applebay, Wiley R.—Gunmaker, son of Alexander and brother and associate of Harden. Operated at Sistersville, West Virginia; Lakulpa, Illinois, and Lowell, Ohio. Born March 13, 1863; died August 8, 1927.
Amsby & Harrington—Worcester, Mass. Made Cyrus B. Holden's patent rifles, circa, 1864.
Armstrong, John—Gunmaker of Gettysburg, Penn. Died 1827.
Armstrong, John Jr.—Gunmaker of Gettysburg, Penn. Son of the above. Active 1855 or later.
Armstrong, S. F,—Gunmaker of Adamsville, Michigan.
Arrowsmith Mfg. Co.—Niagara Falls, N, Y. Manufacturers of ammunition, 1920-21.
Assonet Gun Factory—Assonet, Mass. Shotgun manufacturers, 1893.
Astol, J. & W.—Gunmakers of New Orleans, La. 1805-12.
Aston, Henry—Middletown, Conn. Born in London, England, in 1803. Arrived in the United States with his father on July 14, 1819, and soon thereafter found employment with Simeon North. On Feb. 25th, 1845, received a government contract for model 1842 pistols at $6.50. Active until 1852 or later.
Atlas Gun Co.—Ilion, N. Y. Manufacturers of 22 rifles, 1893.
Augustine, Samuel—Athens County, Ohio. Gunmakcr 1853-54.
Austin, Cornelius—Captain of Arms and Armourer to New Jersey, active 1776-78.
Austin, Thomas—Charlestown, Mass. Gunmaker to the Committee of Safety. Appointed armourer to the colony by Act of May 15, 1775. Doubtful as to complete arms.
Auto-Ordnance Corp.—56 Pine St., New York City. Distributors of Thompson Sub-Machine Guns, which are produced by Colt. The "Tommy" gun is the invention of Col. John T. Thompson, Assistant * Chief of Ordnance during the World War and who was born at Newport, Ky., December 30, i860.
Babbitt, L. W.—Gunmaker and cutler, 14 Bank St., Cleveland, Ohio. Active 1832-38, perhaps before and after.
Babcock, Moses—Gunmaker of Charlestown, Mass., 1777-81. Died at Milton, Mass., May 16, 1789.
Bachner Bros.—Gunmakers, 72 Hennepin Ave., Minneapolis, Minn., 1869, thence to 36 S. Washington Ave., 1870-80.
Backhouse, Richard—Owner and operator of the Durham Iron Works, Easton, Penna. The furnacc was first put into blast in 1727 and Backhouse remained in charge until 1774. During the Revolution musket barrels and other ordnance was produced here. Active until 1781 or later.
Bacon & Co.; Baoon Mfg. Co.; Bacon Arms Co.—Norwich, Conn. Established 1858 by Thomas K. Bacon, capital $20,000. Produced the Bacon pepperbox pistol and G. W. Iiopkin's patent 1862 revolvers. In 1888 employed 20 hands and produced 2400 arms per annum. Active until 1890 or later.
Baker & Main—Box 7384, North Kansas City, Mo. Recent custom rifle makers. (Clyde Baker.)
Badger & Co., George A,—Gunmakers of Concord, N. H. 1865-68.
Bailey, J.—Swordsmith of New York City and Fredericksburg, N. Y. The sword of Major Nathan Goodale is preserved in the Ohio State Museum. Acquired by the Major in 1778 it bears the legend, "J. Bailey, fecit, Fredericksburg1'. • Active 1755-61, before and after.
Bailtey, Nathan—Gunsmith of New London, Conn., 1776-77. Employed by the state producing flintlock muskets. These arms were ordered marked with Bailey's name or initials and the stamp S. C. for the State of Connecticut.
Baker, John—Committee of Safety gunsmith of Providence Township, Penna., 1775. Active 1768-75, before and after.
Baker Gun & Forging Co., Baker Gun Co.—Originally the Baker Gun & Forging Co., Batavia, New York. Active 1900 to date. Produced "Paragon", "Batavia Leader", "Batavia", "Black Diana" shotguns. Since 1924 the address has been 253 Church St., New York City, and the firm is now the property of the Folsom Arms Co. 9
Baker, W. H.; Baker & Co.—Marathon, N. Y. Shotgun manufacturers, 1870-80. Produced a number of three-barrel guns.
Ballard Arms Co.—Civil War manufacturers of the Ballard arms at Fall River, Mass. Active 1863-68.
Ballard & Co.—Manufacturers of Charles Ballard's patent November 5, t86i breech-loaders. Located on Jackson St., Worcester, Mass. During the Civil War the government, purchased 1509 Ballard carbines at a cost of $35,140. Active until 1872 or later.
Ballweg, A.—Gunmaker, 129 West Washington St., Indianapolis, Ind., 1868-72.
Baltimore Arm» Co.—Baltimore, • Md. Established about 1895. Among the first to manufacture hammcrlcss shotguns. Failed 1902.
Bandle Arms Co.; Bandle, J, C.—Cincinnati, Ohio. Established 1865 and specialized in target rifles. Produced a number of John Krider's patent gallery guns. Quit about 1902.
Bannon, William—Gunmaker of Fredericksburg, Va., 1875.
Barger, Frederic N.—Son of Adam Barger, born February 27, 1813, in Rockbridge County, Virginia. Migrated to Ohio and established in Concord Township, Champaign County in 1836. On record as having made "145 new rifles and repairing a thousand and some during the first ten years of practice". Continued as a repairman until 1881 or later, (pg. 789, Beer's "History of Champaign County, Ohio/' Chicago, 1881.)
Barent, Covert—Gunsmith of New Amsterdam, 1646. lie is listed as a matter of record and* not as a maker.
Barker, F. A.—Fayettesville, North Carolina. Produced rifles and muskets for the Confederacy.
Barlow, J.—Gunmaker of Moscow, Indiana, 1836-40.
Barnes, Thomas N.—Gunmaker 01 North Rrookfield, Mass. Born in 1764 and known to have been active in 1791. Died in Bakersfield, Vermont.
Barnhart, George—Riflemaker. Brother to the elder William and father of William the younger. Born in Pennsylvania in 1798, died in Greene Township, Ross County, Ohio, February 17, 1844.
The Barnharts were descendant from two Hessian soldiers brought to America by the British during the Revolution. Following the war they settled in Berks County, Penna., their children later migrating to Ohio. According to family tradition the Barn-harts were of an inventive mind, some worked in wood, others in metal and one was a clocksmith.
The two brothers, William the elder and George, learned their craft from an old gunsmith then practicing at Jackson, Ohio. The story goes that the two young men desired a rifle and lacked the necessary funds with which to purchase. They accordingly journeyed to Jackson to learn how to make the desired weapon. Upon their arrival they timidly watched the smith at his work through the open door. Noting their eager-eyed interest in his efforts he invited them to enter and the resulting friendship culminated in his instruction in his craft. Later the boys returned home bearing with them some knowledge of the craft and a keg of soft iron but lacking somewhat in skill. They then produced their first rifle which although serviceable lacked the beauty and effectiveness of their subsequent products.
The brothers made their rifles entirely by hand, barrels and all, and turned out many beautiful specimens. A number of these weapons are preserved in the Ohio State Museum one of which was used for many years by Hewitt the Hermit, a legendary figure in early Ohio history.
One of the Barnhart shops is still standing near Union Chapel Church, Ross County. Here one may still see the burnt imprints of the hot barrel blanks in the logs of which it was constructed.
Barnh&rt, Nehemiah—Son of the elder William. Born 1831, died 1888. Believing that the west presented possibilities for the gunsmith he journeyed to Columbus, Nebraska, only to find another smith firmly established at that place. He returned to Ohio and opened a shop at Hallsville, Ross County, where he was active until his death.
Barnhart, William—The elder of that name, brother to George and father of Nehemiah. Born in Pennsylvania, August 12, 1802, died in Ross County, Ohio, October 6, 1807. Worked in Greene Township and was a fine workman.
Bamhart, William—Son of George. Born in September, 1825, died February 3, 189t. Worked in Greene Township, Ross County, Ohio. The two younger cratsmen, George and Nehemiah, bought their barrels in blank from such barrel makers as E. Remington & Son and J. A. Reynolds.
Barnum-Richardson—Lime Rock, Conn. Established 1864 and produced gun forgings and ordnance material until 1912 or later. (Pg. Ill Blue Book, Iron and Steel Association, 1912.)
Barrett, Lockhart—Gunmaker of Brattleboro, Vermont, 1858-68, before and after.
Barrett, J.—Confederate gunsmith at Wytheville, Virginia, who produced a few arms. Active 1857-63, before and after.
Barrett, Samuel "Deacon"—A Committee of Safety gunsmith of Concord, Mass. Born 1726, died March 10, 1800. "We hear from Concord that a fine laboratory for gun making is set up there by Deacon Barrett, where every branch of the business is carried on. As the laboratory has the advantage of a stream, the boring, grinding and polishing is performed by water/' New England Chronicle, Cambridge, December 14, 1775.
Barstow, L & C. C.—Gunmakers of Exeter, New Hampshire. Secured a government contract in 1808 for muskets "for arming the militia." A report dated October 7, 1812, states 875 arms had been delivered.
Bartlett, A. & P.—Gunsmiths of Massachusetts. Secured government contract for muskets "for arming the militia" in 1808. A report dated October 7, 1812, states 1500 arms had been delivered.
Bartlett Bros.; Bartlett & Bro., A.—About 1800 a gunmaker settled at Chenango Point (now Binghamton), New York, coming from Lancaster, Penna. He appears to have been the father of the brothers who succeeded him about 1825 and continued until 1847.
Easier, A. L.—Gunmaker of Cincinnati, Ohio, 1857-59.
Bauer, George—Gunsmith of Lancaster, Penna., 1770-81. Worked on public arms but doubtful as to producing complete arms.
Bay City Forge Co.—1820 Cranberry St., Erie, Penna. Light and heavy, ordnance, 1920 or before, to date.
Bay State Arms Co.—Uxbridge and Worcester, Mass. Produced the
"Bay State" line of shotguns. Short lived, about 1873-74.
Bayer, John—New York, N. Y. Produced breech-loading lever action airguns.
Beadle—Riflemaker of Indian Trail, Ohio, 1840-90. (F. I. A. H. Sawyer.)
Beebe, Richard—Gun and riflemaker of Springfield, Ohio, 1853-70. Shop at 160 Main Street.
Bechtler, Christopher and A.—Christopher Bechtler, a native of Germany, migrated to America and settled in Rutherford, North Carolina, about 1829. With his son A. he engaged in gunsmithing, a report of a visit to his shop which was published in 1847 states, "as gunsmiths they are preeminent for their ingenuity". One of their best known pieces is a two shot percussion pistol with two hammers and triggers. The. two barrels form a 135° V shape. One barrel is grasped as a grip while the other is fired.
Beck, Christian—Gunmaker of Indianapolis, Indiana, 1867-74.
Beck, Gideon—Gunsmith of Lancaster, Penna., 1780-88.
Beck, John—Gunsmith to the Committee of Safety of Lancaster County, Penna. Active 1772-77. Worked on public arms.
Beck, John Philip—Gunsmith of Dauphin County, Penna. Active r785-89. Worked 011 Public arms.
Beck, Isaac—Gunsmith of Mifflinbcrg, Penna., 1835. Produced rifles.
Beck, Samuel—Gunsmith of Indianapolis, Indiana, 1867-74. Produced shotguns, doubtful as to rifles.
Beckley, Elias—Gunmaker of Beckley Quarter near Berlin, Connecticut. Active 1807 or before, died 1816.
Beckley, Elias Jr.—Son and successor to the above. Active 1815 or before until his death in 1828.
Beisheim, Harry—145 North Water St., Rochester, N. Y. Associated with him were H. and Jacob Bcishcim. Produced air-guns and active 1873-75.
Bern an—Committee of Safety Musket-maker of Massachusetts,
Bemis, Edmund—Gunmaker. ' Born 1720. Commissioned a Lieutenant and present at the reduction of Louisburg in 1745, he returned to Boston and his practice the same year. Active through the Revolution and until about 1785. Died 1810.
Benfer, Amos and Arnig—Riflemakers of the flintlock period, Bea-verstown, Snyder County, Penna.
Bennett, Daniel K.—Riflemaker of Montpelier, Vermont, 1856-68, before and after.
Bennett, L.—46 Dorrance St., Providence, R. I. Produced a number of single-shot pistols and perhaps shoulder arms, 1859-68, before and after.
Berg, A.—Riflemaker of Akron, Ohio, 1857-66, before and after.
Berlin, Abraham—Rifle and musket maker of Easton, Penna. Active 1773 and before. Entered the service as Ensign in Captain Henry Alshouse's 5th (Easton) Company, Northampton County Militia. In 1782 he is mentioned as lieutenant. Active until 1786 or later.
Berlin, Isaac—Riflemaker and sword cutler of Easton, Penna. Born 1755. Enrolled in Captain Henry Alshouse's 5th Company, Northampton County Militia in 1776. Served as private, sergeant and adjutant, being discharged November 10, 1781.
The swords produced by Berlin were pronounced fine by contemporary military officers. Active until 1817. Died in Crawford County, June 16, 1831, age 76 years.
Berry, W.—Riflemaker of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 1834, thence to Albany until 1840 or later.
Berstro, J. H.—Riflemaker of Buffalo, N. Y., 1835.
Berstrow, H.—Riflemaker of Buffalo, N. Y., 1835. Perhaps same as the above.
Bertonnet—Pistol & revolver maker of Buenos Aires, 1867-70.
american arms and arms makers
Bethlehem Steel Company—South Bethlehem, Penna. Established i860. Began the production of ordnance in 1887 and today one of the most important sources of supply of ordnance in all calibers, 1-pounders to 18-inch naval and coast defense, (pg. 78, "Gun Making in the United States", R. Birmic, Jr., Washington, 1887. pg. 163, Swank.)
Bidwell, Oliver—Hartford, Conn. Received government contract 1808 for muskets "for arming the Militia". A report dated October 7, 1812, indicates that 750 arms had been delivered.
Billinghurst, William—Famous riflemaker of Rochester, N. Y. Born Monroe County, N. Y., 1807, established prior to 1843 at 9 Stillson Street, died t88o. Produced many fine rifles including a number of heavy "40 rod" guns with false muzzle which are now of considerable value.
Billings & Spencer—Hartford, Conn. Charles Ethan Billings and Christopher M. Spencer.
Billings was born at Wetherficld, Vt., December 6, t835. in early manhood he served six years with Colt as toolmakcr. In 1862 he joined E. Remington & Son in the same capacity.
He returned to Hartford in 1865 and in 1868 became president of the Roper Arms Company. Amherst. The company was disbanded and reorganized at Hartford as the Billings and Spencer Company, 1869. Spencer withdrew from active participation in the affairs of the company in 1872 but retained his stock.
Produced all manner of firearms among which were the Ballard, Bullard, Marlin, Roper and Prussian needle-guns. Active to date producing gun forgings.
(National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, White, N. Y., 1929, many references.)
Bigelow, Benj.—Produced revolving pill-lock rifles at Marysville, Calif.
Bird, A. N.—Riflemaker of Kenton, Hardin County, Ohio. Active from before 1853 to 1865 when his name last appears in the directories. Fine workman.
Bird, C.—Locksmith of Philadelphia, Penna, circa 1790-1816. Some locks stamped "Bird & Co."
Bird, John—Gunsmith of Oskaloosa, Iowa. Born 1832 and active from 1858 to 1898. Died t918.
Bird, Mark—Cannon founder of Beris County. Penna., 1776-79.
Bisbee, D. H.—Gunmaker of Norway, Maine, 1835-60.
Bishop, Henry H.—Riflemaker of Boston, Mass. At 8 Change Ave., 1847 to 1856 thence to 20 Fan. Hall Sq., 1857.
.Bishop, William—Riflemaker of Boston, Mass., 1818 to about 1850.
Bitterlich, Franz J.—Pistol and gunmaker of Nashville, Tenn., 1867-75, before and after.
Blackwood, Marmaduke—Committee of Safety locksmith, Phila., Pa. Secured contract December 5, 1775, for 200 gunlocks according to pattern at 22s.6p. each, deliveries within three months. (No. 495, American Archives, 4th Series, Vol. VI, 1776.)
Blaetterlein, John—Pistol maker, 553 Court St., Brooklyn, N. Y., from before 1868 to 1875.
Blaisdel, Jonathan—Committee of Safety musket maker at Ames-bury* Mass. Appointed Armourer to the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, May 15, 1775.
Blake, R & E. W. or P. & E. W.—Contract musket makers to" the government at New Haven, Conn., 1826-27, before and after.
Blanchard, Thomas—Born Sutton, Mass., June 24, 1788. Worked at Middlebury where he invented a cam-movement for the lathe which made possible the turning out of gun barrels of irregular shape. Followed with a like invention for turning gunstocks. Eight or ten of these machines were purchased by the British government for $40,000. Entered Springfield Armory to take charge of arms stocking and soon thereafter, invented a machine for mortising into the stock the various metal parts, i. e., barrel, lockplate, butt-plate, etc. Died at Boston, Mass., April 16, 1864.
Blunt, Orison; Blunt & Syms—Pistol makers of New York City, 1837-65.
Bobb, Anthony—Riflemaker of Reading, Berks County, Penna., 1776-81.
Boardlear, Samuel—Gunsmith of Boston, 1796.
Bodenhimer, W.—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Ohio. Active 1852-54. Plain rifles of reputed accuracy.
Bolton, Robert—Armourer to Georgia Colony, T771-73, inclusive, at iio per annum.
Boothby, Edward K.—Gunmaker of Portland, Maine, 44 Federal St. Active through the Civil War and until 1868.
Boone, E.—Gunsmith of Oley Valley, Penna., 1818.
Boone, Samuel—Gunsmith of Berks County, Penna. Came from North Carolina to learn gunsmithing in 1768. Nephew of Daniel.
Boone, "Squire"—Brother of Daniel. Gunsmith and cutler producing belt knives. Harrodsburg, Ky.
Booth—Famous riflemaker of Ottawa, Canada, 1862-68, before and after.
Bourne, William—At Savannah, Georgia, he produced revolvers in imitation of the Colt and Remington for the Confederacy. Marked "W. B. C. S. A."
Bouron, P.—Rifle and pistol maker of New Orleans, T,a., 1866-75.
Bolkesiius, Albert—Riflemaker of Milwaukee, Wise. Active 1859-75.
Boyd, Robert—Gunsmith of New Windsor, Ulster County, N. Y. With Henry Watkeys he contracted with Congress tor one thousand muskets with steel ramrods and bayonets with scabbards at ¿3, I5sh, New York money each, June 13, 1775.
Bradt, W. H.—Riflemaker of Leadville, Colorado, 1877-80.
Brand, C. C.; Brand Arms Co.—Christopher C. Brand of Norwich, Conn., specialized in whaling guns but also produced other arms. Sccurcd the following patents:
May 19, 1857, whaling projcctilc, No. 17312. July 29, 1862, breech loading, No. 34989. Sept. 23, 1862, revolver, No. 36505. April 28, 1863, breech loading, No. 38279. April 28, 1863, breech loading, No. 38280. June 23, 1863, brcech loading, No. 38943. Active 1849 t0 i875-
Breidenhart, Christopher—Gunsmith repairman to the Penna. Committee of Safety 1775. (198, American Archives, 5th series, Vol.
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