Grove Carlos

Grove & Co.—Gunmakers, 21 Edmond St., Denver, Colo., 1847-77.

Graeff, William—Riflemaker of Reading, Penna., 1751-84.

Graeff, John—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa,, 1798.

Graham, Edmund H.—Patented a magazine arm October 4, 1853.

Grant & Co.—Hedenberg Works, Plane St. at Morris Canal, Newark, N. J. Henry L. Grant and Joseph Sherwood. On November 9, 1869 secured patent on peculiar muzzle-loading target gun. These were first offered for sale in 1872 and exhibited at Philadelphia in 1876.

Grant-Hammond Mfg. Corp.—New Haven, Conn. Produced the Grant-Hammond automatic pistol the distinguishing feature of which was the ejection of the magazine with the firing of the last (10th) shot. This arm was submitted to the army in the early months of the World War but was not adopted.

Grant, W. N.—Riflemaker of Greenfield, Mass. Active 1854-68.

Grave, John—Riflemaker of Lancaster Borough, Lancaster County, Pa., 1769-73.

Gray, J, B.—Riflemaker of Fredericksburg, Va., 1829-36. Patented a gunlock October 7, 1834.

Great Western Gun Works—-Pittsburgh, Pa. Established 1865 by J. H. Johnston and active until 1921 01* later. Shop at 621 Smithfield St. Produced rifles, shotguns and combination guns.

Green, Charles; Green & Ailing—Shotgun manufacturers of 3 West Main St., Rochester, N. Y. The partnership was effective from 1871 to 1876, Green continued alone thereafter and until 1879 or later.

Greene Rifle Works—Milbury, Conn. Produced Lieut Col. J. Dureli Greene's bolt action, breech-loader, patent of June 27, 1854. This arm was the first bolt action used by the government as a few were purchased during the Civil War.

Greene Rifle Works—Worcester, Mass. Produced James Warner's patent February 23, 1864 breech-loader. Active 1865-67.

Gregory, James Jr.—106 Cannon St., New York City. Manufacturer of yacht cannon, 1888-90.

Griffen & Howe—234-240 East 39th St., New York City. Rifle makers, big game guns a specialty.

Griffith, J.—Gunlock maker of Louisville, Ky., 1869-70.

Griffiths, John—Cincinnati, Ohio.. Active 1839 to or later. Produced many beautifully finished shotguns and rifles. In 1845 secured a government contract for 5000 rifles but being unable to make deliveries this contract was taken over by Remington. From 1852 to fall of 1854 Griffiths was associated with Henry L. Sieherl as Griffiths & Siebert.

Griswold, Jesse—Riflemaker of Chambers county, Alabama. Active 1837-44, before and after. Secured a patent on "a method of combining barrels of guns and firearms" February 1, 1842.

Griswold, S.—Sword cutler to the Confederacy at New Orleans.

Griswold & Grier—Griswoldville, Georgia. Produced revolvers for the Confederacy, 1862-64.

Groot, Henry—Gunsmith of Pittsfield, Mass., 1866-68, Minneapolis, Minn., 1869-71.

Gross, Henry Jr. and C. B. Gross Arms Co.—Henry Gross Jr., was born July 21, 1813. He established a gunshop in Tiffin, Ohio in 1841. About 1852 he was joined in, business by Charles B. Gross and thereafter the firm was listed as the Gross Arms Co,, or H. & C. B. Gross.

Henry secured eight arms patents during the period 1855-64. His patent of August 25th, 1863 was adopted by Gwynn & Camp bell of Hamilton, Ohio and the Gross carbine was produced by that firm. After the Civil War the Gross Arms Company continued until about 1875 then Charles B. Gross continued until 1886. (Pg. 403, "History of Seneca County, Ohio,".Lang, Springfield, O., 1889.)

Gross, Samuel—Rifle and pistol maker of Tiffin, Ohio. Born in Onion County, Pennsylvania, January 6th, t8io. Established at Tiffin in July of 1831. He retired about 1876 and was still living in 1886. (Pg. 738, "History of Seneca County, Ohio," Warner-Beers, Chicago, 1886.)

Grover & Loveil—Boston, Mass., 1841-44. A short lived partnership. John P. Lovell.

Grudchos & Eggers—Julius Grudchos and Selmar Eggers. Makers of whaling guns at New Bedford, Mass. Patented a bomb-lance May 26th, 1857, No. 17370. The partnership was short lived being dissolved in i860.

Guillam, Benjamin—A Committee of Safety musket-maker of Massachusetts, 1775-76.

Gump, Jonathan—Rifle and shotgun maker. Born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, November 28th, 1823. After serving an apprenticeship at Plymouth, Ohio, he established in Upper Sandusky, Wyandotte County, Ohio, in 1849. Active until 1884. A fine workman. (Pg. 594, "History of Wyandotte County Ohio", Lcggctt, Conway & Co., Chicago, 1884.)

Gutnpf, Mathias—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa., 1847-58 before and after. Shop at Walnut and Mulberry Sts.

Gumpf, Christopher—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. Born 1761. According to Reigart (History of Robert Fulton, 1856) he was apprenticed to Jacob Messersmith in 1779 at 18 years of age. Established for himself about 1791 and active until 1798 and after.

Gumph, James—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. Active before and after 1848, died 1887.

Gymn & Campbell Cosmopolitan Arms Co.—Hamilton. Ohio. Patent was granted Edwin Gwyn and A. C. Campbell on breech-loading mechanism, October 21, 1862. This arm became the Cosmopolitan and in addition the Union and Gross were likewise made here.» During the Civil War the government purchased 9342 paying $199,-838.29.

H.—Two Barrel Darling pistols are met with marked with "H". See Darling.

Haag, Christ—Riflemaker of Pomerov, Meigs County, Ohio. Active 1849-67, before and after.

Hackney, William W.—Gunsmith and worker in precious metals. Active 1859 to 1880 as gunsmith. Make rifles, shotguns and pistols. Pie was twice associated with M. Schneider as Hackney and Schneider this partnership being in effect 1858-60 and again in 1870-80. Dayton, Ohio.

Hadden, James—Riflemaker of Philadelphia, 1769.

Haga, Jesse—Riflemaker of Clinton County, Ohio, 1848-54, before and after. (Pg. 148, "History of Clinton County, Ohio", Hunter, Chicago, 1871.)

Haga, Wolfgang—Gunmaker of Reading, Berks County, Pa. Active 1767-90, before and after.

Hagy, John—Riflemaker of Bay City, Midi., 1859-67.

Hahn, W.—Riflemaker of New York City, 1858.

Haiman, Louis—Born Colmar, Prussia about 1830. His family migrated to America and settled in Columbus, Georgia while Louis was still a youngster.

"In 1861 he opened a sword factory to supply the Confederacy, a weapon that the South at the time, had poor facilities for making. Such was Haiman's success that in a year's time his factory covered a block. The first sword made was presented to Col. Peyton H. Colquitt. Inlaid with gold it was one of the handsomest in all the Southern Army."

"Haiman's first order was secured from Captain Wagner, in charge of the arsenal at Montgomery. Later on, to supply the needs of the* troops in southern Georgia and Alabama he added a manufacture of firearms and accoutrements."

Remained in operation until the factory was razed by the Federal force of occupation. After-the war Haiman established a plow factor}'.

(Pg. 227, "1683-1920", F. F. Schrader, New York, 1920.)

Halburn, Caspar—A Committee of Safety gunsmith of Lancaster, Penna. Active 1775-76, doubtful as to production.

Hallv Alexander—Riflemaker of New York City, 1845-56.

Hall, Charles—Rifle and gunmaker of Lancaster, Penna., 1873-80.

Hall, H.—Riflemaker of Green Bay, Wise., 1862-75.

Hall, Captain. John H.—Granted a patent on his breech-loading musket in 1811. His arm being brought to the attention of the government in 1813 it was subsequently arranged for Hall to assume charge of production at Harpers Ferry. In 1816 he left Yarmouth, Maine for Harpers Ferry remaining in that place until 1840. Hall received $20,220 from the government in royalties. Died in Missouri in 1841.

Hall, Perry—Riflemaker of Ashtabula, Ohio, 1848-54.

Hall, S.—Rifle and shotgun maker of New York, 1846-51, before and after.

Hamilton & Son, C. J.—Rifleinakers of Plymouth, Michigan. 1932 to date.

Hapgood, J.—Riflemaker, 30 Washington St., Boston, Mass. Active 1848-58, before and after.

Hapgood, Joel—According lo Sawyer he was born about 1805, died 1890. Active at Shrewsbury, Mass.

Harder & Son; Harder^ Jacob E.—Lock Haven and Clearfield, Pa Makers of rifles and shotguns, single, double, triple barrel. Patented an over and under combination rifle and shotgun, June 9, 1885. Active 1873-87, before and after.

Harder, F.—Riflemaker of Green Bay, Wisconsin, 1868-75.

Hardesty, Chartes—Gunmaker of West Las Animas, Colo., 1870-76.

Hardwicke & Schenkle—Arms makers, 57 Elm St., Boston, Mass, 1857 and after.

Harmon, Jonas—Riflemaker of Sulphur Springs, Ohio, 1847-54.

Harpers Ferry Armory—Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Authorized by Congress in 1793 it was not until 1796 that production was begun. Active until its destruction by Federal forces April 18, 1861, the early muskets produced here are becoming increasingly valuable to collectors.

Harrington, Henry—Pistol maker of Southbridge, Mass. Patented a three-barrel percussion pistol July 29, 1837. This arm possessed but one hammer and nipple, the three barrels being discharged at once. Harrington was active from 1834 until 1841 or later. (Patent Office Report 1851, pg. 144.)

Harrington, Thomas—Maker of gun locks and mountings at Philadelphia, t853-60, before and after.

Harrington & Richardson Arms Co.—Worcester, Mass. Successors to Wesson & Harrington. Established 1871, incorporated 1888 and active to date. Gilbert "H. Harrington and W. A. Richardson.

Harrington, Luke—Gunmaker of Sutton, Mass., 1832, before and after.

Harris, C. C—Gunmaker of Georgtown, D. C., before and after 1880.

Harris, Edwin S.—Gunmaker of New York City, 1867-76., before and after.

Harris, Henry—Riflemaker of Mjddletown in Paxton, Lancaster County, Penna., 1779-83.

Harris, Isaac—-A Committee of Safety musket maker of Maryland. Active 1772-76 and after.

Hart, B. F.—Riflemaker of New York, 1855-65. Produced a number of heavy "40 rod" guns.

Hart & Bro., B. J.—New York. Produced percussion sporting rifles and single-shot bar-hammer pistols like the Allen. Active 1847-59, before and after.

Hartford Arms & Equipment Co.—618 Capitol Ave., Hartford, Conn. Makers of .22 caliber single-shot rifles and automatic pistols, 1929-30.

Hartig, J.—Rifle and shotgun maker of Dubuque, Iowa, 1862-68, before and after.

Hartley & Graham—17-19 Maiden Lane, New York. Originally Schuyler, Hartley & Graham this firm was active from 1874 or earlier. In the 8o's became Hartley & Graham, makers of rifles and shotguns. Continued until 1902 when a merger was effected between Remington Arms Co. and Union Metallic Cartridge Co. Hartley & Graham had secured control of Remington after the latter s failure in 1886. Being also interested in the U. M. C. Co., they merged the two firms as the Remington U. M. C. Co. in 1902.

Harvey, Thomas F.—Born 1795 died 1854. In 1849 Harvey patented a rotating tumbler gun-lock.

Harwood, Nathaniel H.—Riflemaker of Brookfield, Mass. Active 1825-40.

Has dell, T. R.—Shotguns to order, 70 E. Madison St., Chicago, 111. Active 1882-85 he had quit prior to 1889.

Haskell, George Richards—Born Geneva, New York, Sept, 17, 1825. In 1854 he completed a steel breech-loading rifled cannon the first made in the country. Twenty-five were purchased by the government of Mexico in 1855. The same year with Azel S. Lyman he conceived increasing the velocity of projectiles by applying successive charges of propellant. They experimented over a long period of years at a cost of $300,000 but it was not until April 1891 that the War Department was interested. An appropriation of $55,000 was made for the construction of a "Haskel Multi-Charge Gun" which was accordingly made at Reading, Penna., of hydraulic forged steel.

This gun, an 8-inch rifle, was fired with three charges to a single firing, one charge of slow burning powder and two successive step-up charges of fast burning. These successive charges were located in chambers located beneath the gun and connecting with the bore, exploded their charges as the projectile passed down the barrel after having been started by a small initial charge. The gun was rejected.

In 1862 Haskell, with Rafel, produced a rapid-fire machine gun which though it passed government tests was not adopted.

In recognition of his efforts the government reimbursed Haskell in the amount of $100,000. He died August 15, 1897.

(Many references, National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, White, New York, 1929. pg'231, "The Gun Book," T. H. McKee.)

Haslett, James—Haslett, a native of Ireland, was brought to America by Robert McCormick to assume charge of the latter's arms factory. This was probably in 1799. After the failure of McCormick, Haslett offered his services to the State of Virginia at $15.00 per week and rations found. In 1806 he was employed making muskets (600) for that state while working in McCormick's old shop in Philadelphia.

On December 29, 1810, Haslett addressed a letter to the Governor of Virginia which states in part, "having served a regular apprenticeship to the Gun-making in all its various branches, both Military and Birding guns, and having manufactured Arms for the Commonwealth of Virginia on my own account and superintended the making of the whole of the arms delivered by McCormick, I hope it will not be supposed that I am not competent."

Haslett was given commission as major during the War of 1812 when he appears to have been operating at Baltimore. Just when he located in that city is not known but he was activc until 1817 or later.

A number of pistols, 01 fine workmanship, have been preserved. According to the inscriptions found thereon these arms were made by Haslett in Baltimore. Mr. Calvin Hetrick possesses a small flintlock pocket-pistol length 5^ inches; side hammer; beaded front sight; "U" rear sight. The trigger guard moves forward to act as a safety. The vent is gold lined as is the entire flash pan. Some years ago a pair of very fine flintlock pistols were offered by Clapp & Graham Company. These possessed superb gold inlay and were finely chased.

(Many references, Calandcr of Virginia State Papers, Flour-ney, Richmond, 1893.)

Hatch, Warren—Riflcmakcr of Plattsburg, New York, before and after 1850.

Hatfield—Riflemaker. Born in Campbell county, east Tennessee, June 13, 1813. Located a gun.shop in Indiana about two miles from the town of Owensburg, 1845. Produced muzzle-loading rifles exclusively. Bought his barrels in blank form but fashioned his own locks and mountings. He remained active until three days prior to his death on May 31, 18184.

Hattersly, Henry—Established in Cleveland, Ohio in T849. Produced sporting rifles and a number of heavy match rifles. Continued until

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