Early Pennsylvania Gunsmiths Mathais

Miller, John—Gunsmith of Lancaster Borough, Lancaster County, Pa., 1771-82. During the Revolution he worked on public arms as repairman.

Miller, Mathias—Gun and locksmith of Easton, Pa. He was descendant of an ancient line of German armourers, his arms being "remarkable by reason of their exquisite firelocks." Found on tax lists from 1771 to 1788.

Miller, S. C.—Gunmaker of New Haven, Conn., about 1850-60.

Miller, William Deeds—Pittsfield, Mass., and New York City. Active 1861-77, before and after.

Mills—Riflemaker of Harrodsburg, Ky. Came from the rifle works at Charlottesville, N. C., to establish in Harrodsburg in 1790. Active until 1814 or later. Produced the rifles for Colonel Richard M. Johnston's Mounted Kentucky Rifles which saw action in the Battles of the Thames.

Minet, John—Gun and pistol maker of Brooklyn, N. Y., 1869-78.

Minneapolis Fire Arms Co.—Minneapolis, Minn. Produced the "Protector," 7-shot revolver, patent of March 6, 1883.

Mohn, Ben jam in—Riflemaker of Berks County, Pa. Active from before 1842 until his retirement in 1859. Succeeded by his foreman, Henry Worley, who continued until 1880.

Moll, John and William—William Moll appears to have been the founder of a family of gunsmiths which was active from 1740 until 1883. William was active 1740-48 and perhaps before and after. John Moll, the elder, gunsmith of Allcntown and son of William, is found on tax lists as a single man until 1772. On April 28th of the same year he married Lydia Rinker, the daughter of a gunsmith. During the Revolution he was employed by Ebenezer Cowell working on public arms.

Died in November of 1794, leaving a widow and two sons, John, junior, and Peter.

John Moll, junior, son and successor of the elder, assumed charge of his father's business on August 18, 1793. He was born May 13, 1773, married Elizabeth Newhard in 1795 and his son, John 3rd, was born the following year.

John Moll, the 3rd, son and succcssor to the above, was born in Allentown in 1796. Took over his father's shop about 1824 and continued until 1863. Died in Allentown, 1883.

William H. Moll, son and successor to the above, took over the business about 1863 and continued until 1883. He was the fifth generation of gunsmiths in the Moll family and the fourth to op-crate in the same shop established by John the elder. This shop, demolished in 1883, was a small, story and a half log house which stood 011 the east side of North Seventh Street.

Moll, N.—Gunsmith of Pennsylvania, 1840.

Moll, Peter—Gunsmith, Pennsylvania, 1840.

Montagney, Thomas—Noted gunsmith of Vermont, period of the War of 1812.

Montgomery Arms Co.—Montgomery, Ala. Made shotguns, 1893.

Moon, C. C.—Riflemaker of Martinsville, Clinton County, Ohio. Active 1846-54.

Moon, J. H.—Riflcmaker of Martinsville, Ohio, 1846-54. Though he was probably related to the above he worked in a separate shop.

Moon, William and Jesse—Riflemakers. The Moon family came from Philadelphia and from North Carolina. They migrated to Clark Township, Qinton County. Ohio, in 1809 to establish, what bccame to be known as the "Moon Colony." Included in the original party were two skilled gunmakers, William and Jesse Moon, who were active until 1826 or later. Many of their rifles were in use in the old pioneer families of Ohio and

• Indiana. (P. 965. "History of Clinton County, Ohio," Beers, Chicago, 1882.)

Moore, Abraham—Gunsmith of Coventry Towrnship, Chester County, Pa. Served the Committee of Safety and active 1770-76.

Moore, Daniel, Moore's Patent Fire Arms Co.—Brooklyn, N. Y. Moore received the following patents: April 3, 1855, side swing revolver; September 18, i860, revolver improvements; January 7, 1862, seven-shot, rim-fire revolver (pressure upon a stud to the right of the hammer allows the barrel and cylinder to swing to the right on a pivot at lower end of the frame) ; February 24, 1863. pistol, the barrel swings to the left to load. Moore's patents were infringements on Smith & Wesson and were taken over by that firm.

Produced D. Williamson's patent teat-fire revolver, patent of January 5, 1864. Active 1853-67.

Moore, J. P.—Gunsmith of Union, N. Y. Active 1844-46, before and after. Produced muskets for the government.

Moore, R. R.—Of Cincinnatus and Cortland, N. Y. Produced double shotguns and double rifles, about 1851-62.

Morgan, Joseph—Gunsmith of Morristown, N. J., T779. Doubtful as to arms production.

Morgan, Lucius; Morgan & Clapp—New Haven, Conn. Pistol makers, 1864-70.

Morgan, James—Riflemaker of Utica, N. Y. Active 1838-48, before and after.

Morrett, L.—Riflemaker of Columbus, Ohio, 1847-51.

Morse, George W.—East Baton Rouge, La. Secured patent of breechloader and cartridge, October 28, 1856. At Worcester, Mass., he received a government contract, March 16, 1858, for 100 arms at $4.00. On September 13, 1858, contracted to alter 2.000 muskets to breech-loading at $10.00. He was employed at Harpers Ferry when the Civil War broke. I-eft the vicinity to establish in Augusta, Ga., and Columbia, S. C, where he produced a few arms for the Confederacy.

Morse, Thomas—Gunsmith of Lancaster, N. H., about 1866-90.

Mortimer & Kirkwood— Boston, Mass. Active 1878, before and after. David Kirkwood.

Moster, George—or Morter. Gunsmith of Earl Township, Lancaster County, Pa., active 1771-79. No record of arms production.

MoSs, Ebenezer—Gunsmith of Maryland, 1723. Doubtful as to production.

Mossberg & Sons, Inc., O. F.—213 Green St., New Haven, Conn. Rifles and sights.

Mount Union Furnace—Built 1772 about four miles northwest of Rockaway, New York, by John Jacob Faesch. Produced cannon and shot in considerable quantities during the Revolution. Active until about 1825. (Pp. 151-152, "Iron in All Ages/' Swank, Philadelphia, 1894.)

Mount Joy Forge and Valley Forge—Mount Joy forge, at the mouth of East Valley Creek and Schuylkill River, on the Chester County side of the creek, was active prior to 1751. Stephen Evans was active here as early as 1742. Mount Joy Forge was destroyed by the British in 1777. After the Revolution, Isaac and David Potts, brothers, erected another forge on the Montgomery County side of Valley Creek about one-half mile below the site of the old forge. The new forge was called Valley Forge. Active as early as 1783, it was in ruins in 1816. (P. 176, Swank.) Potts & Ruttcr probably cast cannon at Mount Joy Forge before its destruction.

Mowery, James D.—Contract musket maker at Norwich, Conn., 1863-65. Produced 22,000 muskets.

Mullins, John—Gunsmith of New York, 1846-50. Rifles.

Mullins, Patrick—Gunsmith of New York, 1858-75. Rifles.

Munson, Theophilus—New Haven, Conn. Born September 1, 1675, died November 28, 1747.

On March 6, 1697, when but 22 years of age, he purchased the residence and gunshop on the southeast corner of Elm and High Streets. Two gunsmiths had preceded him there successively.

A list of the Colony debts for August, 1711, includes an item "for his work upon guns and marking arms." lie is mentioned as one of "the select men to set the Great Gunns upon Carriages" in a memorandum dated December 8, 1728.

He became a prosperous and influential citizen. After serving as sergeant and ensign, he was appointed "Captain of the Second Company or Trainband." He produced pikes for the Colony in 171 r.

Munz, Jacob—Riflemaker of 133 Griswold St., Detroit, Michigan. Active 1858-67.

Morris & Brown—Received patent on six-shot Conical Repeater, January 24, i860. W. H. Morris and C. L. Brown.

Murray, J. P.—Confederate gunsmith of Columbus, Georgia, 1856-63.

Murrow, Abraham—or Morrow. Gunsmith active at Philadelphia 1776-83 and before. Employed upon public arms in 1788 and found on the first census of 1790. Delivered 22 new guns to the Committee of Safety at Philadelphia, February 27, 1777.

Muzzy, N. M.; Muzzy & Trumbull—Gunmakers. The partnership was in effect at 45 South Canal Street, Chicago, in 1882-84, then Muzzy continued alone until 1889.

McAllister, B.—Gunmaker of Lawrence, Mass., 1859-68.

McCavery—Committee of Safety gunsmith of New York, 1776-77. Doubtful as to arms production.

McCartney, Robert—Gunmaker of Boston, Mass., 1805-18.

McClure, J. M.—Riflemaker of Bucyrus, Ohio, 1848-54.

McClurg, Alexander and Joseph—The early government contracts for cannon produced at Pittsburgh were granted to Joseph McClurg (1814), McClurg & McKnight (1821), and Alexander McClurg (1827 and 1831.)

McComas, Alexander—Gunsmith of Baltimore, Md. Located at 51 Calvert Street and active 1860-75.

McCormick, Robert—Globe Mills, Philadelphia, Pa. Just when Mc-Cormick, a native of Ireland, arrived in America is not known. He leased Globe Mills about 1798 and on August 12 of the following year submitted an offer to manufacture muskets for the State of Virginia at $1340 each. This offer was accepted by the state on November 5 and McCormick embarked upon a short and stormy career as a gunmaker. •

After making deliveries of several hundred arms McCormick failed and was imprisoned for debt in the fall of 1800. His contract was continued by his foreman, James Haslett. All of the muskets delivered by McCormick are marked with his name and the date 1800. He appears to have delivered 600 muskets.

McCoy, Alexander—Gunsmith of Dock Ward, Philadelphia, 1779.

McCoy, Kester—Gunsmith of Upper Paxton Township, Lancaster County, Pa., 1770-71.

McCullough, George—Gunsmith of Dromore Township, Lancaster County, Pa., 1771-73. Doubtful as to arms production.

McElwaine, W. S.—Confederate gunsmith of Holly Springs, Missouri. Active through the wTar and until his death in 1882.

McGillvery, Daniel—Riflemaker of Symmes Corner, Butler County, Ohio, from before 1854 until i860.

McGirr, A. C.—Gun and riflemaker of Marietta, Ohio. Active 1856-85.

McKenny & Bean—Gunmakers, 166 Main St., Biddleford, Maine.

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