Plushel, F.—Gunmaker of Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1866-69.
Pomeroy, Elty or Eltwed, Eltweed, Eltwud or Eltwood—Came to America from Devonshire arriving in Boston in 1630. He is found at Dorchester 1633-37 and later at Hartford and Windsor, Conn. Moved to Northampton 1670/71 to be cared for by his son, Deacon
Pomeroy, "Deacon" Medad—Born about T637, son of Elty. At Northampton, Conn., 1659 until his death, December 30, 1716, age 79 years.
Pomeroy, Eldad—Son of Klty. Locatcd in Boston, then to Hampshire and Northampton. Active from 1630 until his death, May 22, 1662.
Pomeroy, Lemuel—Born 1778, died August 25, 1849. Locatcd at Northampton and later at Pittsfield, Mass. Received the following government contracts: v June 20, 1816, 5,000 muskets.
May 17, 1823, 10,000 stands of arms, complete at $12.25. February 26, T840, 6,000 muskets, complete, M-1831, $12.75. March 18, 1842, 1,000 muskets, Model 1840, $14.50.
Produced arms for New York, also.
Pomeroy, Ebenezer—Son of Medad, born May 30, 1669, died January 27, 1754- Worked at Northampton, Mass.
Pomeroy, General Seth—Son of Ebenezer. Born May 20, 1706, died in the army at Peekskill, N. Y. February 19, 1777.
Pond, Lucius—Worcester, Mass. Patented a revolver July 10, i860, which he subsequently produced. These were infringements upon Smith & Wesson and were taken over by that firm. Pond was active as an arms manufacturer from i860 to 1870 returning to tool making the following year.
Pope, Harry—Famous barrel maker. Born in Walpole, N. H., 186r. Graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1881 with a degree 111 engineering. Made his first rifle barrel in 1884 and on June 12th, 1888 secured a patent on a breech-loading mcchanism. Active until 1936 or later.
Ports, J. A.—Riflemakcr of Sunbury, Ohio, 1870-82.
Poole Engineering & Machine Co.—Baltimore, Md. Designed and produced the 3-inch naval guns for sub-chasers, 1918, Active to date.
Porter, Patrick W.—Of Memphis, Tcnn. Patented a revolving breech-loading arm July 8, 1851, #8,210. These he made, or caused to be made, in New York City. The inventor lost his life at a demonstration given before Col. Colt and parly, by the failure of one of his arms. Nine shot, percussion employing paper cartridges.
Potts & Rutter—Samuel Potts and Thomas Rutter, cannon founders to the Committee of Safety at Philadelphia in 1776 and to the Board of Wrar until 1780.
Potts, William—Riflemaker of Columbus, Ohio, 1880-83.
Pounds, I.—Produced rifles, pistols and shotguns at Columbus, Ohio, from 1843 t0 55 when he retired to go into the hotel business.
Poultney, Trimble & Co.—Baltimore, Md. Produced J. Smith's patent April 1864 breech-loading carbines. Submitted the Smith and the Poultney carbines to the U. S. trials of 1816. Active 1863-75, before and after. Produced C. Edward Sneider's patent March 20, 1860 breech-loaders also.
Powell, Palemon—Native of Cincinnati and first mentioned as a rifle-maker as of the year 1839. From 1856 to 1858 he was a member of the partnership of Powell & Brown. Listed as P. Powell 1860-1870 then Powell & Son until 1890. Became Powell & Clement in 1891 and continued to 1908 or later.
Prahl, Lewis—Gunsmith and sword cutler of the Northern Liberties, Philadelphia. Served the Committee of Safety in 1775 as musket-maker. Had delivered muskets prior to Nov. 9, 1775 as one was delivered to Sebastian Keely to be used as pattern. Jan. 16, 1776 delivered 8 new arms. In 1776 he contracted with that body for 1,000 horseman's swords, deliveries at least two dozen per week. In 1777 he employed 16 hands and is found on the census of 1790 listed as a gunsmith. (Several references, Penna. Archives, Papers of the War of the Revolution, 2nd Series, Vol. II.)
Pratt, Alvan—Riflemaker of Concord, Mass., 1835-68.
Pratt, Elisha—Riflemaker of Marietta, Ohio. Active 1847 or before to 1854. A fine craftsman.
Pratt, Henry—Riflemaker of Roxbury, Mass., from about 1832 until 1861 thence to 116 Dudley Street, Boston, Mass., until 1875. Died 1880.
Pratt & Whitney—Established i860 at Hartford, Conn. Produced all manner of firearms including William Gardner's machine guns, Hotchkiss revolving cannon, etc.
About 1872 began the production of the Gardner machine gun which they exhibited at Philadelphia in 1876 and at Paris in 1878. During the period of the depression of 1873 they had sufficient work to employ their shop for two years ahead. Made a very large amount of gun-making machinery for the Prussian government which was placed in the arms factory at Spandau for the manufacture of the Mauser rifle.
In 1888 began the production of the Hotchkiss revolving cannon, 3-pounder and 6-pounder rapid fire for the U. S. Navy. The contract had been given to the Hotchkiss Ordnance Co., a promotional set-up.
cf. Pg. 576, Report of the Secretary of War, 1877, Vol. III.
Pg- 312, "History of Manufacturers in the United States," Clark, N. Y., 1929.
Prescott, E. A.—Patentee and manufacturer of so-called Prescott "Navy" revolver. Patent of October 2, i860, 6 shot; .36 caliber, rim fire and one of the earliest metallic cartridge revolvers to be used in the service. There is no record of government purchase.
Pringle, John—Committee of Safety gunlock maker of Penna. Active 1775-79.
Prissey, Elias—Riflemaker of Hooversville, Penna. Born October 25, 1835. Active 1874, before and after.
Providence Tool Co.—Providence, R. I. Established about 1850. Produced Peabody's Breech-Loader, Peabody-Martini and Martini-Henry.
The Peabody, patent of H. O. Peabody, June, 1862, was used experimentally by the Navy about 1880. During the period i873"79> this firm executed what was said to be the largest contract for small arms ever given to a private armory, producing 650,000 Martini-Henry breech-loaders for the Turkish government. Continued the manufacture of ordnance until 1917.
During the Civil War the Providence Tool Company secured two government contracts. The first dated November 26, 1861 for 25,000 Springfield muskets and the second dated May 1, 1864 for 32,000 additional. They delivered 70,000 for which they received $670,725.10. (Pg. 312, Vol. II, "History of the Manufacturers in the United States," Clark, N. Y., 1929.)
Putnam, Enoch—Gunsmith to the committee of safety at Granby, Massachusetts and recommended for appointment as armourer to the colony, July 13, 1775.
Quackenbush, H. M.—Gunsmith of Deferit and Herkimer, N. Y. Established 1872 and produced .22 caliber rifles and air guns which were patented April 18, 1871 ; May 21, 1873 and renewed September 20, 1882.
Quinby, Dennis—Gunmakcr of Northfield, Vermont, 1864-68. before and after
Radcliffe, T. W.—Confederate gunsmith of Columbia, S. C. Active 1858-64, before and after.
Radcliffe, Wm.—Gunmakcr of Middlctown, Conn., 1865-75, before and after.
R&der, Wesley—Riflemaker of Londonderry, about twelve miles from Chillicothe, Ohio, 1855 to about 1880.
Raff snyder, John or Reiffsnyder—Gunsmith of Reading, Berks County, Penna., 1779-85.
Raible—Born in Germany April 12, 1827. Migrated to the United States and worked in various parts of the country from 1858 until the early nineties. Located in Warren, Ohio, where he died in 1905. Produced rifles, revolvers and double guns, including a number of heavy forty-rod rifles. Made all of his parts and was an excellent craftsman. Signed his early barrels "Raible" and his later "Ripley."
Ramage & Carrier—Gunmakers of Trinidad, Colo., 1877-81.
Ramsdell, G. V. & J. W.—Riflemakers of Bucksport and Bangor, Maine. G. V. was active from 1859 or before until about 1864 then G. V. & J. W. continued until 1872. Became Ramsdell & Neal, 1872 and active until 1877 or later.
Ransom, James—With Joseph J. Williams and Christopher Dudley established at Public Gun Factory at Halifax, N. C. in 1776. Produced muskets for the Committee of Safety until 1778 or later.
Rappahannock Forge—Established near Fredericksburg, Virginia, by Act of June, 1775, Assembly of the Colony of Virginia. Colonel Fielding Lewis and Charles Dick were appointed to "Form, Establish and Conduct" a manufactory for small arms which they accordingly proceeded to do, production beginning the following year. Dick was active in this connection until February, 1781 or later.
Rathfong, Frederick—Riflemaker of Conestogoe (Conestoga) twp., Lancaster County, Penna., 1770-72.
Rathfong, George—Lancaster County, Penna. Born 1750. Established his own gunshop in 1774 but on August 24th, 1776, he was mustered into the service under command of Captain Nathaniel Page of Colonel Mathias Slough's Battalion, Lancaster County Militia.
Early in 1777 he was detailed "to make guns for the Army in the factory of William Henry, Esq., at Lancaster." How long he remained in this connection is not known.
Following the Revolution he returned to his private practice which he continued until shortly before his death in 1819.
(Pg. 465, Biographical History of Lancaster County," Alex. Harris, Lancaster, Pa., 1872.)
Rathfong, Jacob—Gunsmith. Established in Marietta, Lancaster County, Penna., 1810. Active until his death in 1839. (Pg. 465, Harris. See above.)
Rawson, R. L.—Gunmaker of Brooklyn, N. Y. Active from before 1867 until he quit in 1875.
Raymond, William—Riflemaker of Winona, Minnesota, 1858-65, before and after.
Raymond & Whitlock—Sword cutlers of New York, 1870.
Razolini, Onorio—Armourer to the Colony of Maryland, 1740-41.
Read, William—A Committee of Safety gunsmith at Chesterton, Maryland, 1775.
Read, William, Read & Sons—William established in Boston in 1826. About . 1852 became Wm. Read & Sons at 107 Washington Street and continued until 1870 or later. Not found in 1875.
Reasor, David—Gunsmith of Lancaster, Penna., 1749-80. Perhaps more than one generation.
Rector & Robinson—J. H. Rector and L. H. Robinson, gunsmiths of Syracuse, N. Y. about 1855. Produced "plains" rifles.
Reddick—Bait imore, Md. Contract musket maker to Maryland Council of Safety who had delivered 70 muskets prior to January 31, 1776. (Vol. XVI, Archives of Maryland, Browne, Baltimore,
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