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Brong, Peter—Riflcmakcr of Lancaster, Penna. Shown on the census, "Heads of Families, Penna." 1790, and active until 1800 or later.

Brooke, I. L & N.—Penna. Secured government contract in 1808 for muskets "for arming the Militia". A report dated Octobcr 7, 1812, indicates 1257 arms had been delivered.

Brooks, William F,—New York, N. Y. Produced Gibb's carbines. The government purchased 1052 of these arms at an average cost of $24.00, period 1861-65.

Brooklyn Arms Co.—Brooklyn, N. Y. Produced F. P. Slocum's patent April 14, 1863, No. 38204, revolvers.

Brooks Arms & Tool Co*—Portland, Maine. Produced rifles, shotguns and hunting knives, 1892-93. C. C. Brooks.

Brooks, Francis—Riflemaker of Philadelphia, Penna., 1788-94.

Brown Mfg. Co.—Newbury port, Mass., 1867-71. J. H. Brown. Produced Brown rifles, Ballard arms and Brown-Merrill alteration, patent October, 1871.

Brown, Andrew—Son of John. Gunmakcr at Fremont, New Hampshire, 1866-72.

Brown, John; Brtown & Sons—Gunmakcr. Active Poplin, N. II. Poplin became Fremont. Active from about 1840 until 1865 as John Brown. Became J. Brown & Sons in 1865 and continued to about 1872.

Brown, F. Eben—611 Dartmouth St., S. Dartmouth, Mass. Produced whaling guns. Firm is active to date but have discontinued gun manufacture.

Brown & Sons, James—136-T38 Wood St., Pittsburgh, Penna. Produced shotguns 1874 or earlier to 1890 and after.

Brown, J. F.—Riflemaker 01* Haverhill, Mass., 1860-68, before and after.

Brown & Francis—John Brown and John Francis, Hope Furnace, Rhode Island. Cannon founders of the United States. Secured contract August 8, 1794, for 94 cannon at $106.66 per ton.

Brown, Ira—Gunsmith of Cincinnati, Ohio. A fine workman active 1863-65, before and after.

Brown, John Hamilton—Born in Liberty, Waldo County, Maine, July 28, 1837.^ At eighteen he entered upon an apprenticeship to a gunsmith in his native town. Remained in this connection after his apprenticeship was completed and worked principally upon target rifles.

A profound student of arms design and construction, he designed the rifles employed by the American Team at Wimbledon, England, in 1883. Brown was a member and high scorcr of this team which bested the British team. He was also a director of the American Rifle Association and captain of the New York Rifle Club.

About 1857 he began experimenting with artillery design and about 1886 designed a "segmental tube, wire-bound" which was adapted to both army and navy service in 1891.

The peculiar advantages of the Brown system of gun making are—the subdividing of a core for the purpose of obtaining special elasticity thereby making it possible to set up a high degree of initial compression, that even under the highest pressure, the compression of the surface of the bore will not be reduced to zero. (Several references, National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, White, N. Y., 1920.)

Brown & Co., R. H.—New Haven, Conn. Established about 1883 at Westville, thence to New Haven about 1884. Made yacht cannon and shotguns until 1891 or later. Still active as tool manufacturers.

Browning- Arms Co.; Browning, John Moses—Browning was born January 21, 1855, died November 26, 1926. Native of Ogden, Utah, son of Jonathan, a Mormon gunsmith, and Elizabeth Caroline Browning.

At the age of 13 he made his first gun from odd parts left in his father's shop. Secured his first patent in 1879 on a breech-loading single-shot rifle. With his brother Mathew he made about 600 of these rifles. One of these arms came to the attention of Oliver Winchester with the result that an agreement was entered into and which has remained in effect to date.

He designed many types of sporting firearms such as the well-known Remington Auto-Loading Shotgun, Winchester single-shot rifles, repeating rifles and shotguns, Stevens rifles and the Colt automatic pistols.

Browning patented his repeating rifle in 1884, the box-magazine in 1895. In 1890 a machine gun of Browning design (though of Colt manufacture and known as the Colt) was adopted by the U. S. Army. It was used effectively during the Spanish-American War and became known as the "Peacemaker". Produced the Colt automatic pistol in 1896. It was later improved and adopted by the government, the present model being known as "Pistol, Automatic, Caliber .45, M191T."

The Browning Machine Gun, M1917; the Browning Automatic rifle, M1918; Browning Aircraft Machine Gun, M1918MI and M1919; Pistol Automatic, M1911, have been supplied the government in great numbers. The aircraft machine gun (the heavy-type modified for use in aircraft) has a rate of fire of 1150-1250 shots per minute with a synchronizer to fire through the propeller blades.

Browning, the foremost figure in the history of. small arms, never produced a failure nor has any arm of his design been discontinued. The Browning Arms Co., St. Louis, Mo., was formed in 1870 by John M. and M. S. Browning to promote the sale of Browning's arms produced by the Fabrique National, Liege, Belgium, with which John had been associated for many years. He held more than 1100 arms patents. Died at Herstals. near Liege, November 26, 1926.

Browning, Jonathan—Father of John M. Browning. Born 1805. Established a gunshop in what is now Council Bluffs, Iowa. Here he developed a repeating rifle in 1831. In 1851 he captained a wagon train of Mormons across the plains and located permanently in Ogden, Utah. Died 1879. ("Great Guns 11" Browning Arms Co., St. Louis, 1935.)

Brownop, James—Gunmaker of Philadelphia, Penna., 1779-80.

Bryant, Silas—Riflemaker. Active at Cincinnati, Ohio, 1818-21.

Buck & Co., Henry A.—Manufacturers of Buck's rifles and shotguns at West Stafford, Conn. Active but a short time, about 1881-83.

Buckley, Anton—Riflemaker of Cincinnati, Ohio, 1854-64.

Buckwalter, David B.—Born McConnellstown, Pa., August, 1850. Served an apprenticeship with a gunsmith by the name of Johnson. Established for himself at Antes Fort (Jersey Shore), Lycoming County, where he was active until 1885, thence to Houtsdalc until

He was an exceptional craftsman of his period, in that he produced his own locks, trigger guards, escutcheons, ornamental finishings and stocks. He possessed two rifling machines and produced rifles, shotguns and pistols. Died Bcllwood, Pa., October, 1928.

Buddenhagen, John—Sandusky, Ohio. Made or assembled a few percussion rifles. Active 1866-86.

Buell, Colonel Elisha—A fine -workman in iron and steel, he is known to have been active following the Revolution as a repairman. Entered into production in 1797 and the following year he contracted for model T795 muskets. The business prospered and in 1810 he established the principal gun factory of the vicinity "on Turnpike Road near the Methodist Church", Marlborough, Conn.

Commissioned a Colonel in the Militia and sccurcd a number of government contracts during the War of 1812. Employed many hands and continued until between the years 1825-1830 when he was succeeded by his son General Enos Buell.

Buell, General Enos—Son and successor to the above. Succeeded to the control of the gun factory between the years 1825 and 1830 and active until 1850. Commissioned a Brigadier General in the State Militia following the War of 1812.

Bui lard Engineering Works—Bridgeport, Conn. During the World War produced 4 155-mm. "G. P. F." gun forgings per day. Active to date but discontinued ordnance.

Bullard Repeating Arms Co.—Springfield, Mass. Produced Bullard's patent t886 rifles. Discontinued 1888-89.

Bunsen, George W.—Revolver maker of Belleville, 111. Produced "My Friend" revolvers, patent of December 26, 1865.

Bulow, Charles—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Penna., 1797.

Burgess Gun Co.—Buffalo, X. Y. Shotgun manufacturers active

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