Vintage Pennsylvania Percussion Rifle Made By Abraham Gibbs Lancaster P A

Eicholtz, Robert L.—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. Shop at Lime Street, near Vine, 1848-57.

Eicholtz, H♦ C.—Riflemaker, 58 N. Queen St., Lancaster, Pa., 1866-75.

Elizabeth Furnace—Near Brickersville on Middle Creek, Lancaster County, Pa. Built about t750 by John Huber, a German. Became the property of Robert Coleman and supplied cannon and shot during the Revolution. Abandoned 1856. (Pg. 180, Swank.)

Eilicott—Swordsmith of Baltimore, Md. Produced ten swords per week for Maryland, 1781-82.

Elliott ArmsCo^—404 Broadway, New York. Advertised in 1863 "Elliot's New Repeaters." Production doubtful.

Ellis, Reuben T.—Riflemaker of Albany, N. Y. Produced 500 Hall's breech-loaders for the government in 1829. Made sporting rifles also.

Ells, Josiah—Pittsburgh, Pa. Inventor of Ells double-action percussion revolvers. Patent April 25, 1854, and August 1, 1854.

Ely, A. F.—Gunmaker of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 1848-60.

Ely, Martin—Committee of Safety musket maker, Springfield, Mass., active 1770-76.

Emerson & Silver—Trenton, New Jersey. Swordsmiths, active 1862-65.

Emery, N.—Riflemaker of Chat field, Film ore County, Minn. Active 1859-65.

Eshevrich, A.—Gunmaker, 477 West Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md. 1856-60.

Etna Arm» Co.—New York City. Successor to American Standard Tool Co. Produced revolvers in .22, .32 and .38 calibers, about 1868-72.

Evans, Brooke—Gunsmith of Philadelphia and Valley Forge. Came to America from Sheffield, England. In the spring of 1821, he leased the mill and forge of John Rogers near the mouth of Valley Creek, Chester County. Produced 20,000 model 1822 muskets.

Evans & Co., George—Swordsmiths of 132 N. 5th St., Philadelphia, Pa. Active 1887-91, before and after.

Evans, O. & E.—Owen and Edward Evans, gunsmiths of Philadelphia. Secured a government contract in 1808 for "muskets for arming the militia." A report dated October 7, 1812, indicates 1,960 arms had been delivered. A second contract was sccurcd August 14, 1815, for 25 stand of arms at $14.25.

Evans Rifle Mfg. Co., Evans Repeating Rifle Co.—Mechanic Falls, Maine. Produced Warren R. Evans' patent of December 8, 1868, and September 19, 1871 rifles, muskets and carbines. 1870-78.

Evans, Stephen—Established at Mount Joy Forge, Valley Forge, in 1742. He was allotted a portion of the work provided for by Act of March 8, 1797, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. This Act authorized the purchase of "20.000 stands of musquets, of the fashion and pattern of the French Charleville Musquet."

Evans, W. L.—Contract pistol maker to the government, Valley Forge, Pa. Produced Model 1827 pistols for the Navy which are met with dated 1830-31.

Fairbanks, A. B.—Pistol maker of Boston, Mass. Produced deringers and overcoat pistols. Active 1827 or before. Died 1841.

Fales, James Jr.—Gunmaker of New Bedford, Mass. Active 1859-68.

Falley, Richard—Gunsmith of Westfield, Mass. Born George's River, Maine, January 31, 1740. He was captured by the Indians at the fall of Fprt Edward on the Hudson and sent, with other captives, to Montreal. Here the Indians claimed him and adopted him into the tribe. Later Falley came to the attention of a lady who pur chased him from the Indians for 16 gallons of rum and sent him to Westfield, Mass. On December 24, 1761, Falley married Margaret Hitchcock of that place. An ardent patriot, Falley served as a company commander at Bunker Hill, where his eldest son Frederick acted as his drummer through the entire action.

With the return of peace, Falley returned 10 gunsmithing, acting as armourer to the State of Massachusetts Bay and later as Superintendent of Springfield Armory. Died at Westfield, September 3, 1808.

Farnot, Frederick—Gunsmith of Lancaster Borough, Lancaster Pa. Active 1779-82.

Farnot, Frank—Gunsmith of Lancaster, Pa., 1779.

Farrington, D. W. C.—Lowell. Promoter for, and probably manufacturer of, the Lowell Battery Gun, 1875-76.

Farrington, Wm. B.—Rifiemaker of Concord and Lebanon, N. H. Produced a number of heavy 40 rod guns and light sporting rifles. Active 1855-64, before and after.

Farrow, Wm. M., Farrow Arms Co.—William Milton Farrow was born at Belfast, Maine, 1848. Active at Holyoke, Mass., 1878-85. The Farrow Arms Company active 1885 to 1917 or later at Mason, Tenn., and Washington, D. C. Farrow died in 1934.

Farver, Wm.—Rifiemaker of Brown county, Ohio. Active 1848-54, before and after.

Faust, Joseph H.—Gunmaker of Alsace township, Berks county, Pa. Established 1844 and active until 18S8.

Fayetteville Arsenal—Confederate armory at Fayetteville, N. C. 1861-65.

Federal Cartridge Corp.—Foshay Tower, Minneapolis, Minn. Cartridge manufacturers, 1832-34.

Federal Laboratories—185 41st St., Chicago, III. Manufacturers of police, riot and gas guns, etc. 1933 to date.

Fensel, Peter—Gunsmith. Born in Union county, Ohio, December 10, 1842, son of Martin Fensel, a native of Germany. Served his apprenticeship at Kenton and later established at Marysville in 1887. He was still active in 1930.

Ferree, Isaac—Son of Jacob and his second wife Alice. Born on Peters Creek, Allegheny County, Pa., January 9, 1786. Served as armourer to the First Pennsylvania Regiment and active at Baton Rouge 1818 until his death in 1822.

Ferree, J.—Gunsmith of Lancaster, Pa. A flintlock Kentucky is known to the writer which is marked "J. Ferree, 1729."

Ferree, Jacob—Father of Joel and Isaac. Riflemaker at Lancaster, Pa., from 1774 until he migrated to Peters Creek, Allegheny County in 1784.

Ferree, Joel—Son of Philip of Leah Ferree. Born 1731, worked in Leacock township near Lancaster, Pa. On July 22, 1775 the Council of Safety ordered a messenger sent to Ferree "requesting him immediately to complete the Guns wrote for as patterns and to know how many he can furnish and at what price." On August 7th following Ferree wrote Benjamin Poultney to the cffect he was enlarging his works and instead of "from 15 or 20 firelocks per week, he would be able to supply 30 to 40." (Pg. 583, Vol. II, 2nd series, Pennsylvania Archives, Papers of the War of the Revolution. Pg. 290, Vol. XI, "Minutes of Provincial Council of Pennsylvania." Harrisburg, 1852.)

Ferree, Joel—Son of Jacob and his first wife Rachel. Worked with his father on Peters Creek.

Ferre, Joel—Riflemaker of Cumberland, Guernsey county, Ohio. 1853 to 1885.

Ferree, J. & J.—Operated a powfdermill on Peters crcek, 1830-37.

Ferre, Joel Thornton—Son of Isaac. Gunsmith of Allegheny county, 1840.

Ferree, George Spencer—Son of Isaac. Worked with his brother Joel Thornton Ferree in Allegheny County, Pa.

Ferris, Geo. H.—Utica, N. Y. Active 1850-75. Exhibited the Ferris Gun at Paris in 1867.

Fe&ig, Conrad—Riflemaker of Reading, Berks county, Pa., 1779-90.

Figthorn, Andrew—Riflemaker of Reading, Berks county Pa., 1779-92.

Finch, Joseph—Gunmaker of New York City. Died 1825.

Firth Sterling Steel Co.—McKeesport, Pa. The Sterling Steel Co. organized in 1889. In 1897 reorganized as the Firth-Sterling Steel Co., Chas. Yandes Wheeler, president (born T843). Wheeler developed the Wheeler-Sterling armor piercing projectile and reached an agreement with Thos. Firth & Sons of Sheffield, England, a famous British ordnance manufactury and Sir W. G. Armstrong, Whit worth & Co., another British munition manufactury. According to the terms agreed upon these firms produced W-S projectiles for the foreign market. The holding company was incorporated as the Wheeler-Sterling Projectile Co., Wheeler, Pres. He died in N. Y. September 15, 1899. (p. 11, Vol II, Nat'l Cyclopaedia of American Biography, White, N. Y. 1916.)

In 1906 the projectile business assumed such proportions that a branch was established in District of Columbia, which was incorporated in 1911 as Washington Steel & Ordnance Co., and continued through the World War.

Fischer, Gustav—Gunmaker of New York City, i860.

Fish—Riflemaker of New York City, 1845-48.

Fishburn, Philip—Gunmaker, Dauphin Co., Pa. Born May 7, 1722, died February 22, 1795. Contract muskct-makcr to Provincial Congress.

Fisher, F. G.—Gunmaker of Greeley, Colorado, 1876-80.

Fisher, Homer—Gunmaker of New York City, 1859-75.

Fitch, John—Inventor of the Fitch steamboat. Born 1743. Located at Trenton, N. J., 1771-75. Acted as gunmaker to the Province of New Jersey during the Revolution. Died 1798.

Flagg, ;B. & Co.—Gun-lock makers of Millbury, Mass., 1849.

Fleeger, J.—Riilemaker of Allegheny, Pa. Shop at 51 W. Diamond Street. Active from 1837 until 1875. Some of Fleeger's rifles are marked "J. Fleeger, Allegheny Works."

Flohr & Wendell—Shotgun makers of San Francisco, Calif. Active 1858-60. A Flohr, E. Wendell.

Fogerty Repeating Rifle Co.—Boston, Mass. Manufacturers of V. Fogerty patent 1866 rifles, 1S67 until taken over by Winchester in 1869.

Fogg, Gilman B.—Riflcmakcr of Manchester, N. H. Active 1859-75.

Folger, William H.—Riflemaker of Barnesville, Belmont county, 0. Active 1846-54.

Folk's Gun Works—Bryan, Ohio. William Folk, active 1865-91. Produced shotguns.

Folsom, Henry Folsom & Co.—Active as gunmaker, St. Louis, 1849 to 1875 or later. Associated with H. Dimick & Folsom, 1849-53, then H. Folsom & Co. thereafter.

Folsom, Charles—Gunmaker, 53 Chambers, New York City, 1869-75, before and after. Dealer at 33 Maiden Lane, 1862-70.

Folsom Arms Co., H. & D.—Established i860 active to date, 314 Broadway, New York. Manufacturers of "New Field," "New Victor," "Club Hammerless." In 1905 advertised as manufacturers of the American Gun Co. Line. Owners of the Baker Gun Co.

Folsom Bros.—9 Decatur St., New Orleans, La. Produced shotguns, 1870-75.

Foncannon, M. B.—Riflcmakcr, Columbus, Ohio, 1848-49, New Lexington, 1850-54.

Fondersmith, John—Located in Strasburg, Lancaster county, Penna., in 1749. Assisted by a son, he produced arms for the colonials,

Fondersmith, J*—Riflemaker of Mason, Warren county, Ohio. Active I&47-54.

Fondersmith, Samuel—Riflemaker of Gratiot. Muskingum county, 1847-54.

Forbes, Gilbert—A skilled gunsmith located opposite Hull's Tavern, 18 Broadway, New York, 1767. He was employed by Governor Tryon to make a number of rifles and muskets.

Forbes, who was described as a "short, thick man with a white coat/' became involved in a plot to murder the American general officers, or at best to kill or capture General Washington. Gov. Tryon, from his secure place aboard the armed ship "Dutchess of Gordon," spent the king's money freely to advance the plot.

Two members of the General's bodyguard were seduccd but a third exposed the plot to his superiors. About fifteen conspirators, including Forbes, Mayor Matthews of the City of New York, and Thomas Hickey, a member of the General's guard, were taken. Hickey was convicted by a court-martial and publicly hanged in

New York, June 27, 1776. Forbes turned state's evidence but was forced to flee the scene.

(cf. pp. 64, 65, "New York City during the Revolution." Original Documents, Mercantile Library Association, New York, 1861. Vol. II, "Field Book of the Revolution," I-ossing.)

Fordney, Jacob—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. Active 1837-57.

Fordney, Melchoir—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. Active 1823 or earlier to 1831 or later. Henry E. Lehman entered the Fordney shop to serve his apprenticeship in 1828.

Forehand & Wadsworth—Sons-in-law and successors to Ethan Allen. Allen died in 1871 and the firm name was changed from Ethan Allen & Co., to Forehand & Wadsworth the following year. About 1880 the name was changed to Forehand Arms Company and continued until 1902.

Produced an army revolver like the Smith & Wesson except with solid frame. A number of these arms were tried by the government at the tests of 1875 but were not adopted. Patents of October 22, 1861; June 27; 1871; October 28, 1873. Produced rifles, shotguns and revolvers.

Fore River Ship & Engine Co.—Quincy, Mass. Naval ordnancc, 1900-05.

Forker, I or J.—Riflemaker of Ravenna, Portage county, 0. Active 1859-66, before and after.

Forker, W. H.—Riflemaker of Meadville, Pa., 1859-75, before and after.

Fort Pitt Cannon Co.—Pittsburg,"Pa. In 1803 a foundry was established here which later became one of the most famous sources of ordnance supply to the nation.

It appears that the first cannon were produced in 1813 for arming the fleet of Commodore Hazard Perry. The need for haste and the difficulties of transporting artillery from eastern sources caused the government to draw upon the McClurg Foundry for the neccssary cannon which were constructed and delivered.

On February 21, 1814, a contract was sccured by Joseph McClurg for 20 42-pounder carronades; 40 32-pounders; 20 24-pound-ers and 28 18-pounders complete with beds. Soon thereafter the plant was named the Fort Pitt Cannon Company.

Various government contracts followed which continued through the Mexican and Civil Wars and until the last gun was delivered the government in 1874.

In 1849 Lt. Thomas Jefferson Rodman devised and applied a process for casting large cannon in hollow form instead of in solid blocks to be bored subsequently. Based upon this system the first 20-inch gun constructed in the nation was competed in February, 1864, and more than two thousand pieces of heavy artillery were delivered to the federal government from 1861 to 1865.

Although ordnance was discontinued in 1874 the firm continues to date as the Mackintosh-Hemphitt Company.

(ci. p. 145, "History of Pittsburgh," S. Kiliikelly, Pittsburg, 1906. p. 62, "Arms Fabricators.," Gardner, Columbus, 1934. pp. 16-17, "History of Manufacturers in the United States," Clark, New York, 1929.)

Fottrell, Patrick—Gunsmith, Shown on the roll of Capt. John Marshall's Company, Colonel John Bull's Regiment of Pennsylvania Foot, March 1, 1777, to May Tst, following. Except for this sixty-day interruption he was employed at the State Gun Factory. May or may not have produced complete arms.

Foulkes, Adam—Gunsmith of Easton, Allentown and Philadelphia. In partnership with John Young supplied the Council of Safety with 130 rifles, April, 1776. Active 1773-94.

Four Lakes Ordnance Co.—Madison, Wisconsin. Wartime setup producing naval guns 1917-19.

Fox Gun Co., A. H.—Shotgun manufacturers of Philadelphia. Formerly the Philadelphia Arms Company and now a subsidiary of Savage Arms Co. During the World War produced 4193 25111111 Very pistols for the government.

Frankford Arsenal—Philadelphia. Established 18/5. Small arms ammunition of all types, fire-control and range-finding instruments and gauges for these components are produced here.

This establishment embraces 92 acres and about 150 buildings and represents a capital investment of $25,000,000.

Frazer & CoMby—Gunmakers of St. Peter, Nichollet county, Minn., 1864-65. A short-lived partnership, C. D. Colby continued alone after 1865.

Fredericksburg Gun Factory—Established by Colonel Fielding Lewis and Major Charles Dick in 1775 for the State of Virginia. Remained in operation until March, 1781, or later.

French, Blake & Kinsley—Gunmakers of Canton, Mass. Received a government contract October 20, 1808, 4,000 flintlock muskets at $10.75. % September 30, 1810, had delivered 500. For the year ending Sq)tember 30, 1811, delivered 1,050. The report for October 7, 1812, indicated they had delivered 625 additional or a total of 2,175 with a balance due of 1,825.

In a bill submitted to the Committee of Claims, March 14, 1818, it appears that the total contracted for had been delivered. The exacting demands of the government inspector at Boston had forced the contractors to producc a musket which caused this contract to be unprofitable to the makers. Kinsley and French accordingly petitioned for remuneration for the added expense. Blake is not mentioned.

The Committee of Claims reported a bill which stales in part: "It is satisfactorily proved to the Committee, that the inspectors on behalf of the United States did require and receive of the petitioners, arms of a superior quality to those they were bound by contract to deliver/' A voucher was accordingly issued for the difference between the contract price of $10.75 anc^ $14 00 a stand.

Thomas French was born 1778, died 1862. Kinsley's given name was Adam.

A number of the muskets delivered are marked "T. French, Canton, 1810."

Freund, C.—"Wyoming Armory" Chevenne, Wyoming Territory, 1873-82.

Froher, Ludwig—A Committee of Safety musket maker of Pennsylvania, I775-76.

Frisbee, J.—Riflemaker of Cork, Ashtabula county, Ohio. Active 1848-54.

Frost, Gideon—A Committee of Safety musket maker of Mass. On July 12, 1775, Benjamin Guillen was appointed master armourer to the Frost Works by Provincial Congress. At that time the shop employed eight hands.

Fry, Francis—Riflemaker of Doniphan county, Kansas, 1855.

Fuller, E. F.—Riflemaker of St. Clair, Michigan, 1858-67.

Furby, George—Gunmaker of Water ford, Vermont, from before the Civil War until 1868 or later.

Gander, Peter—Gunsmith of Lancaster Borough, Lancaster county, Pa., 1779-82. Doubtful as to production.

Garand, John C.—Noted arms designer. After the Wrorld War, Gar-and was employed by the government at Springfield Armory. Here he developed the semi-automatic rifle which bears his name. The first model was designed to use the .30 cartridge but a later model was devel<yed to receive the 7mm. and this ami is now-known as the U. S. Model T3 Garand.

Gardner Gun Co.—Cleveland, Ohio. Shotgun manufacturers from 1887 or before until 1895. John Tod, Pres., W. B. Huntington, Secy-Treas.

Gardner, John—Rifles and shotguns, Columbus, Ohio, 1866-88. Died 1892.

Gardner, William—Of Toledo, Ohio and Hartford, Conn. Inventor of the Gardner machine gun, patent of 1s71, improvements 1879. The gun produced by Pratt & Whitney, Hartford, Conn., and adopted by the British Army, contemporary with the Martini.

Submitted a single-shot breech-loader to the government experimental trials of 1872. Exhibited breech-loading cannon, ina-chane guns and magazine shoulder arms at Philadelphia, all of which were produced by Pratt & Whitney. Patented a breechloader October 18, 1887, No. 371,836. Gardner was active 1870-87, before and after.

Gatling Gun Co.—Promotional set-up for the sale of the Gatling which was controlled by Colt. In 1866 Colt took over the production of the Gatling which had previously been made by the Cooper Fire Arms Co., Philadelphia. The Gatling Gun Company continued until t909.

Gatling, Richard Jordan«—Inventor of the Gatling gun. Born September 12, 1818, in Hertford County, N. C. Died February 26, t903. The gun was patented November 4, 1862, atid six were made the same year by Greenwood & Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. Before delivery was made a fire destroyed the plant, guns and patterns. Soon thereafter another firm in the same city produced twelve more which were fired as frequently as interested parties could be secured to witness the demonstration. •

During the year 1865 and 1866 an improved gun was manufactured by the Cooper Firearms Mfg. Co., Philadelphia, Pa. The improvements, patented May 9, 1865, consisted of an improved lock and rear cam. Since 1866 the Gatling has been manufactured by Colt, and in Europe at Vienna, Austria, and Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Gaunt & Monet—Philadelphia, Pa. Secured a government contract September 24, 1813, for three repeating swivels. These were probably on Joseph G. Chambers' system.

Gautec, Peter—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. 1780.

Gaylord Mfg. Co.—Sword cutlers of Chicopee, Mass. Active 1873 or before, to date.

Gelbke, F. L.—Gunmakcr at 14 Dauphin St., Mobile, Ala., 1859-75.

Gemmer, John P.—Gunsmith of St. Louis, Mo. At one time an employee of Samuel T. Hawkcn, he established for himself in 1861 and active until 1915. Died 1919.

Gerhart, Daniel—Gunsmith of Reading, Pa. Learned his craft of Nelson Delaney with whom he worked until 1873. Made a few breech-loading guns and active as a repairman until 1898.

General Ordnance Co.—Derby, Conn. Manufacturers of aeroplane guns, 1920-26.

Getz—Riflemaker of Philadelphia, 1807-11.

Getz, John—Riflemaker of Lancaster Borough, Lancaster county, Pa., 1779-82.

Ghriskey, Lewis—Philadelphia, Pa., 1812-16. Secured government contract January 13, 1815, for 100 rifles at $17.00, deliveries within one year.

Gibbs, Abraham—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa., 1847-57.

Gibbs Arms Co.—New York City. Lucius H. Gibbs. Active 1857-59.

Gibbs, Abraham—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa., 1847-57.

Gibbs, Henry—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa., 1824-57.

Gibbs, John—Riflemaker of Honedale, Pa., 1824.

Gibbs, Tiffany & Co.—Pistol and rifle makers of Sturbridge, Mass. Underhammer arms, about 1820-50.

Gilbert, Daniel—Brookfield, Mass. Born 1749, died 1824. Secured government contract in 1808 a report dated Oct. 8, 1812, indicates 875 muskets had been delivered.

Gillen, William—Riflemaker of Jackson, Ohio. Born 1798. Established at Jackson about 1842 moving to the west in the early fifties. A fine workman.

Gitman, Daniel—Gunsmith of May Town, Lancaster County, Pa., 1782. May, or may not, have been a maker.

Gingerich, Henry—A Committee of Safety musket maker of Lancaster, Pa., 1775.

Glass, Daniel—Built two gunshops in Berks County, Pa., 1848. Sold out to Gougler & Haberling in 1859, they continued until 1862.

Glassick & Co.—Memphis, Tcnn. Produced back-action percussion deringers prior to the Civil War. Active about 1840 later becoming Schneider & Glassick which firm was subsidized by the Confederate government. Continued production until the Federals took Memphis.

Glaze & Co., Wm.—Established 1852 at Columbia, S. C. Served the Confederal government 1861-65 and marked their arms "Palmetto Armory".

Gmehlin, Chas. H.—Gunmaker of Bloomington, Til., 1866-75, before and after.

Godfrey, Chas. J.—Pistol maker of 7 Warren St., New York Citv, 1889-91.

Godshall, Nicholas—Gunlock smith of Reading, Berks County, Pa., 1767-68.

Goetz & Westphall—Gunsmiths of Philadelphia, Pa. Secured a government contract in 1808 for "muskets for arming the militia". A report dated October 7, 1812, states 1019 arms delivered to date.

Golcher, Thomas L.—Gunsmith, Philadelphia, 1868-75.

Golcher, James—Gunsmith of Pennsylvania, died 1805.

Golcher, James—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, 1833, before and after.

Golcher, Manuel—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, 1824.

Golcher, William—Gunsmith of Saint Paul, Minn. Made all manner of muzzle and breech-loading shotguns and rifles. During the years 1854 andi '58 Golcher was a member of a partnership, Golcher & Simpson. From 1858 to 1870 he operated alone.

Goldmark, Joseph—Cartridge manufacturer of New York City, 1872-77, before and after.

Gonter, Peter—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa., 1770-78.

Gonter, Peter, Jr.—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa. Active 1790 or before, died 1818.

Gosling, Richard—Cutler of Philadelphia, producing belt axes and knives, 1714-17.

Goth, F.—Riflemaker of Portland, Maine, 1859-68,

Goubil, Benjamin—Gunmaker of 12 Dauphin St., Mobile, Ala., 1863-75.

Gouger—Musket and gunloc.k maker to the Committee of Safety, Pennsylvania, 1775-76. Commissioned to make 35 muskets in 1775.

Goulcher, John—Gunsmith of Easton and Philadelphia. Employed at the public gun works at Philadelphia in boring and grinding barrels. On February 22, 1777 the Committee of Safety agreed to allow him "28 shillings per piece for 300 Gun Barrels he has now finished and that he be allowed 30 shillings per piece hereafter while Iron continues at 6o£ per ton". He returned to Easton after the closing of the arms factory at Philadelphia. Active 1775-81, before and after. (Pg. 522, Vol. I, 2nd Series, Penna. Archives.)

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