J M Cooper 1850 Stamped Pittsburg Revolver

Cook son, John—Gunsmith of Boston, Mass., 1701-62. Enrolled in the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in 1701. From 1722 to 1726 he acted as company clerk for that organization.

In 1727 he was; employed in cleaning and repairing the arms belonging to the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

Under date of April 12 and April 26, 1756, the following advertisement appeared in the Boston Gazette:

"Made -by John Cookson, and to be sold at his house in Boston: a handy gun of 9 pound and a half weight; having a place convenient to hold nine bullets and a powder for nine charges and nine primings; the said gun will fire 9 times distinctly, as quick or -slow as you please, with one turn with the handle of the said gun, it doth charge the gun with powder and bullet: and doth both prime and shut the pan, and cock the gun. All of these motions are performed immediately at once, by one turn with the said handle. Note, there is nothing put into the muzzle of the gun as we charge other guns."

Cookson died in 1762. According to the terms of his will his gunsmith tools were left his grandson Samuel Cookson, his smith's shop to John, brother of Samuel. (From the research of Mr, Charles D. Cook, with permission.)

Cooper, Henry T.—Riflemaker of New York City, 1845.

Cooper, J. M., Cooper Firearms Mfg. Co.—Cooper was active at Pittsburgh, from 1848 or before to T859 thence (o Philadelphia where the Cooper Firearms Mfg. Co. was organized the same year. Cooper secured five patents, 1851-63, produced Gatling Guns 1865-66, and one of the very few American double-action revolvers in service during the Civil War. Active until 1866. (Pgs. 944-50, "Great Industries of the U. S." Burr & Hyde, 1873.)

Cooper, J. R.—Shotgun maker of New York City, 1849.

Cooper Iron Works—Near Cartersville, Bartowr County, Georgia. Cannon foundry to the Confederate government, 1862-65.

Copake Forge—Near Copake, Dutchess County, N. Y. Built 1851. Produced gun iron prior to the Civil War and cannon and gun barrels through that conflict. (Pg. T49, "Iron Manufacturers Guide", Lesley, New York, 1859.)

Cornwall Furnace—Furnace Creek, Lebanon County, Penna. Built 1742. Produced cannon and projectiles during the Revolution and War of 1812. Active until 1882. (Pgs. 182-183, Swank.)

Cosmopolitan Arms Co.—Hamilton, Ohio. Patent was granted Ed-win Gwyn and A. C. Campbell, October 21, 1862, upon a breech-loading arm which later became known as the Cosmopolitan. Production began immediately and later the Union and Gross were taken on also. The government purchased 9342 arms from this firm paying $199,838.29, period 1863-65.

Coster, Abraham—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, 1810-14. Worked for the Committee of Defense, War of 1812, on repairs. Doubtful as to complete arms.

Coutty, Samuel—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, 1783-91. Employed by the commonwealth as a repairman. Doubtful as to complete production.

Cowdrey, Machine Works, C. H.—21 Summer St., Fitchburg, Mass. Established 1875 to dale. From 1918 to date produce 37-mm. semi-automatics for infantry and tanks.

Cowell, Ebenezer—First noted as a Committee of Safety musket maker at Allentown, Pa., 1775. His name appears on the tax lists of Northampton County, 1777-78., then upon supply tax return of the city of Philadelphia, 1779-82, with property valued at $17,000.

Commissioned to establish a State Arms Factory at Allentown he proceeded with this undertaking in October of 1777. However he met with some difficulty in securing the coopération of Colonel

Dishler, Sub-Lieut, of the county, which seriously affected production. This condition was corrected by the Board of War in the Spring following and Co well continued in this connection until November, 1779.

The rccords of David Rittcnhouse, the Commonwealth Treasurer, indicate that Cowell received ¿10,788:18 for his services from June, 1778, to November, 1779, inclusive. (Pg. 159, 2nd Series, Vol. Ill, Penna. Archives, Papers Relating to the War of the Revolution.)

Cowell, Joseph—Gunsmith of Boston, Mass., 1745.

Cowles & Smith, Cowles & Son—Chicopee, Mass. First noted as pistol manufacturers. 1866-70. About 1871 Cowles & Smith were dissolved and Cowles & Son took over to continue until 1876 or later.

C. P.—Mark of ownership stamped upon arms of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. (Act of March 8, 1797, General Assembly.) Other arms, of earlier production, were ordered stamped "P" surmounted with Liberty Cap while still others (produced at Philadelphia) were ordered stamped with the initial "P". (Instructions issued Robert Towers, State Gun Factory, on October 27, 1775.)

C. R.—Mark of ownership of arms belonging to the Colony of Rhode Island.

"Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that, two thousand stand of good fire-arms, with bayonets, iron ramrods, and cartouche boxes, be purchased for the use of the Colony which shall be stamped with the Colony's Arms and the letters C. R." (Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation, at East Greenwich, on the last Monday in February, Anno. Dom. 1776.)

Craig, Robert—Produced gunlocks for the Committee of Safety at Philadelphia, 1775-76.

Cramps Ordnance Works—The William Cramps & Sons Ship & Engine Co., dates from 1830, when Cramps' Shipyard was established. It appears that the production of ordnance began in 1890 for that year the firm is listed as manufacturers of Driggs-Schroeder breech-loading rapid-fire cannon. (Seeger & Guernsey, Cyclopaedia of Manufacturers & Products of the U. S., New York, 1890.) Continued ordnance until 1894.

Prior to 1912 the firm had built 35 warcraft for the United States, including the "Wyoming" and "Arkansas," two for Japan, six for Russia, one for Turkey, and two for Cuba.

Crescent Fire Arms Co.—Norwich, Conn. Produced single and double shotguns from about 1892 to dare. About 1893 the H. & D. Fol-som Arms Company secured control which they exercised for about forty years. In 1930 a merger was effected with the Davis-Warner Arms Corp. to become the Crescent-Davis Arms Corp. The business was taken over by Stevens Arms Company in 1932.

Cuoneberger, A»—Riflemaker of Bucyrus, Ohio. Active 1848-54, before and after.

Cullimann, Charles—Gun, pistol and rifle maker of Columbus, Ohio. First mentioned as of the year 1850. In 1874 appointed superintendent of the Shooting Grounds on Nursery Lane. Active until 1894.

Cummings, Charles A.,. Cummings & Lane—Worcester, Mass. Cum-mings active 1866 or before, until 1869. Cummings & Lane, 1869-71.

Cummings, O. S.—Lowell, Mass. Produced 7-shot .22 revolvers like the Smith & Wesson.

Cunningham, W. A.—Riflemaker of Mt. Vernon, Ohio. Active 1852-60.

Cushing, A, B.—Riflemaker of Troy, N, Y., about 1840-70.

Cyphers, M. B.—Gunmaker of Skowhegan, Maine, 1859-68.

Dahlgreiiy John A.—Born November 13, 1809, native of Philadelphia. Entered the navy in 1826 and commissioned a captain in July of 1862. Appointed Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance the same year but promoted to Rear Admiral and assigned to duty with the fleet in 1863. Remained with the fleet until 1868 when he was again appointed Chief of Ordnance. Took charge of the Washington Navy Yard in 1869 and died in that city on July 12, 1870.

He was the inventor of the Dahlgren cannon and howitzer and the Dahlgren bayonet for navy rifles. One peculiarity of Dalil-gren ordnance consists in having relatively less metal in front of the trunions and more behind than had heretofore been customary.

Dalby, H. C—- Riflemaker of Berlin, Holmes County, Ohio, 1859-66.

Dallam, Richard—A Committee of Safety musket maker of Hartford County, Maryland.

Richard Dallam to Maryland Council of Safety, July 16, 1776.

Sir: In answer to yours of the 10th instant, which I received yesterday, I inform you that I have twenty-two muskets finished complete, and fifteen more ready for stocking, six of which will be finished this week. Harvest, and sickness of two of my best hands and the bursting of twelve or thirteen of my barrels, in my absence, have disappointed my expectations.

Twelve of the guns finished have been proved with two ounces of powder and one ball. The remainder with one ounce powder and ball.

Richard Dallam.

P. S. I have not the least doubt but that my arms will please and be found as good as any made in Maryland. R. D.

Dance Brother & Park—Columbia and Anderson, Texas. Produced revolvers for the Confederate government, 1863-64. These arms are close imitations of the Colt dragoon. Weight y/> lbs., 6 shot, length 14 inches with 8-inch round barrel ; brass back strap. Made about 500.

Danne, John W.—Gunmaker of Mobile. Ala., 1865-75.

Danner, Jacob—Born in York County, Penna., T795. His family moved into Center County, Pennsylvania, and thence to Canton, Ohio, in i8t6. After serving his apprenticeship he built a house and gunsmith shop at the comer of Wells and Tuscarawas Streets in 1821. Prospering in business, he purchased a piece of land outside the corporation limits of the village from BczalccI Wells, the proprietor of Canton. This he used as a proving and sight testing ground. His specialty was rifles and he produced a number of pistols also. Died in 1844. (Pg. 188, "Old Landmarks of Canton and Stark County," Danner, Indianapolis, 1904.)

Danseth, Andrew—Settled in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1800, the first gunsmith to locate here. Doubtful as to complete arms though the writer has encountered mention of a Muskingum hunter traveling down the Ohio below Cincinnati in 1805 being armed with a Danseth rifle. (Pg. 65, "History of Cincinnati and Hamilton County, Ohio," Nelson, 1890.)

Darling, Barton & Benj. M.—Pistol makers of Bellingham, Mass., and Woonsocket, R. I. Patented the Darling pepperbox pistol April 13, 1836. Darling pistols are found with the following marks:

2 barrel, marked H; AIS.

4 barrel, marked AIS; IEH.

6 barrel, marked AIS; IEH; JEXGh.

These were probably made by journeymen by arrangement with the Darlings.

Davenport, W. H., Davenport Arms Co.—Norwich, Conn. Produced rifles and shotguns, active 1855-1910.

Davis & Co-, N. R.—Established 1853. Combined about 1917 with the Warner Arms Corporation of Norwich, Connecticut, and became the Davis-Warner Arms Corporation. Davis established at As-sonett, Mass. Discontinued about 1920-22 but was revived about 1930 as part of the Crescent-Davis Arms Corporation, Norwich, which included the Crescent Firearms Company also. Did not remain in Norwich long, the present address of the Crescent-Davis Corporation is Box 282, Springfield, Mass.

Davis-Warner Arms Co.—Assonet, Mass. Incorporated in 1917 after the merger of N. R. Davis & Sons, Assonet, Mass., and Warner Arms Corp., Norwich, Conn. Moved to Norwich in 1919.

About 1930 the Da vis-Warner Arms Corp. merged with the Crescent Arms Co., Norwich, Conn., to form the Crescent-Davis Arms Corporation which was subsequently taken over by Stevens Arms in 1932.

Day, Silas—Riflemaker of New York City. Active 1831-37.

Deberiere, Henri—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, 1769-74.

De Haven, Hugh—A Committee of Safety musket maker of Philadelphia. Appointed assistant to Peter De Haven, Superintendent of the factory at French Creek, April 8, 1777. Active 1775-79« ("Minutes of the Board of War, March 14, 1777-August 7, 1777, Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd Series, Vol. III.)

De Haven, Peter—Gunsmith of Philadelphia, 1773-90. Appointed Superintendent of the State Gun-lock Factory, French Creek, in the fall of 1776. Though this factory is spoken of as a gun-lock manufactory complete arms were later produced here. Established by authority of the Council of Safety's resolution of March 6, 1776. The activities of the British forces occupying Philadelphia caused De Haven some apprehension. On September 10, 1777, he addressed a letter to George Bryan, president of the executive council, in which he stated "Wee have got sum information that there is Part of Mr. Hows (Howe) army within four miles of Downins Town & T believe they intend for our magazenc. and wee are. in a very poor Situation for defending it. 1 should be very glad if you would send a proper Guard for this place."

The factory was subsequently moved to Hummelstown for safety. The British forces evacuated Philadelphia on June 18, 1778 and 011 July I2th following, De Haven wrote for permission to return the factory to French Creek or Philadelphia. In the fall of 1778 Council considered closing the arms factory whereupon Peter De Haven, Hugh De Haven and Benjamin Rittenhouse offered to take over on a co-partnership. Their proposal was rejected and the assets ordered sold. This was accordingly accomplished in the spring of 1779. (Fg- 506, Vol. XI, Minutes of the Provincial Council, Penna., Harrisburg, 1852. Pg. 607, Vol. V, Colonial Records of Pennsylvania.)

DeHuff, Henry—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Penna., 1802.

Delany, Nelson—Rifle and gun maker of Reading, Berks County, Penna. Established along Wyomissing Creek about 1845 and active until 1872.

De Moulin Brothers & Co.—Swordsmiths of Greenville, 111., 1892 to date.

DeReiner, Michael1—A Committee of Safety musket maker at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Active 1773-76.

Derr, John—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Penna., 1810-28. Barrel maker until 1844.

Deringer, Henry Sr. and Jr.—The elder Deringer was active at Richmond, Virginia and later at Philadelphia. First mentioned as of the year 1785 and the length of his active participation in the business is not known. He was, however, active until 1814 as the government contract of that date was signed by him. The younger Deringer was born 1786, died 1868. During the 20's and 3o's the Deringer factory at Philadelphia was one of the most important in the country.

It might be well to note in passing a recent "tempest in a teapot" as to the proper spelling of the name Deringer. Some authorities hold that but two r's are correct, while others spell the name with three, thus—Derringer. The writer notes that the name is frequently spelled with the double-r on the earlier government contracts.

Some idea of the scope of the Deringer business can be gained from the following government contracts and purchases:

March 17, 1814,

April 3, 1821,

August 28, 1823,

March 17, 1814,

April 3, 1821,

August 28, 1823,








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