Johnston John H and James H Great Western Gun Works

Pittsburgh, Pa. Established 1865 and producing rifles, shotguns and combination guns. Shop at 621 Smithfield Street.

John H. Johnson was a gunsmith at Waynesboro, Pa., born 1811 and died in 1889. Tames H. was the son of John and the owner of the Great Western Gun Works. He was born in 1836 and died about 1916.

Jones, Amos—Gunsmith of Colchester, Conn., 1774-77. In 1776 he made for Connecticut forty-one guns and bayonets, also a number of gun-locks and barrels receiving £140:3:4 in payment.

Jones, Benjamin—Cutler of TredyfTrine, Chester County, Penna. Produced belt knives of the Bowie type 20 years before Bowie's birth. Active 1775-81.

Jones, Joseph—Riflemaker of Columbus, Ohio. Active 1841-48.

Jones, John—Riflemaker of Salineville, Columbiana County, Ohio. Active 1848-54.

Jones, Owen—Philadelphia, Pa. Exhibited automatic shell extracting revolvers at the Universal Exposition, Paris, 1878. In this arm the extractor removed only the discharged shells leaving the loaded shells in the cylinder.

Jones, William—Gunsmith of Bedford County, Pa. Worked on public arms, 1777-83. Doubtful as to complete arms.

Jordan, Louis— Chicago, 111., 1892-94. Shotguns.

Joslyn, Benjamin F.—Of Stonington and Worcester, Mass. Inventor of the Joslyn Breech-loadcr patent of August 28, 1855, and October 8, 1861. The government produced 3,000 at Springfield, both carbines and rifles.

His revolver, patent of May 4, 1858, was produced at Stonington, Conn. The government purchased 1,100 during the Civil War. They are becoming increasingly rare. There were two models of this arm, the first being made at Worcester, Mass., by W. C. Freeman who received a contract for 500 in August, 1861.

The total governernment purchase of Joslyn arms during this period numbered 11,261 arms. Joslyn was active from i8=;2 to 1878.

Joslyn Arms Co.—Worcester, Mass. Under contract during the Civil War for Joslyn arms.

Jost—A Committee of Safety musket maker of White Plains Township, Pa., 1775-76.

Joy, Daniel—Appointed by the Committee of Safety of Philadelphia to prove cannon made at Reading Furnace. This was under date of June 12, 1776. In April following he informs the Committee that he lias proved 8 18-pounders, 1 12-pounder and 1 9-pounder. (Several references, Pa. Archives, 2nd Series, Vol. I.)

Jughardt, Charles—Gunrnaker, Main & North Sts., Fostoria, Ohio, . T859-69.

Justice, J. Philip—A Civil War contractor at Philadelphia. . In 1863 he produced 400 experimental muskets, similar to the Enfield but this weapon proved a failure.

Justice, P. S.—Sword cutler at Philadelphia, 1862-69.

Kascheline, Peter—A Committee of Safety musket maker of Northhampton County, Pa., 1775-76.

Keely, Matthias—Contracted with Committee of Safety at Philadelphia for 100 muskets. Thirty-one of these arms had been delivered prior to March 2, 1776. These were ordered "proven with the weight of the powder equal to the weight of the ball and the muskets so proven to be stamped with the letters PP."

Keely was paid £189 for 42 new arms on November 8, 1776. On February 27, 1777, he delivered 36 additional. (American Archives, 4th Series, Vol. V, 1776, No. 718. 5th Series, Vol. I, No. 186.)

Keely, Sebastian—A Committee of Safety gunsmith of Pa., 1775. Contracted on November 9, 1775, to deliver six firelocks per week until 100 were delivered.

Keener, Sam—Baltimore, Maryland. Contract musket maker to Maryland Council of Safety. A report dated January 31, 1776, states thirty muskets had been delivered. On the 7th of. February following, a committee assigned to prove firearms made for the public service reported "32 of Keener \s muskets had been proven, 13 were good, 19 bad." (Archives of Maryland, Browne, Baltimore, 1893, Vols. XVI, XXI, several references.)

Keen, J. C.—Joliet, Til. Produced double, side by side rifles, percussion. Probably shotguns also, circa 1876-80.

Keesey & Applebay—Steubcnville, Ohio, 1874-75. See Alexander Applebay.

Keffer, Jacob—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Pa., 1802.

Keim, John—In 1811 a man by the name of Worley built two gun-shops on the Wyomissing, Reading, Pa. Keim, the foreman, succeeded Worley about 1821 and continued until T839 when Frank K. Schnader obtained possession.

Kelker & Bro.—Harrisburg, Penna. Produced over and under percussion rifles and shotguns, combination guns and pistols, about 1870-73.

Kellogg, Alfred A.; Kellogg Bros.—New Haven, Conn., 1857-80. Alfred A. Kellogg worked alone at 202 State Street, 1867-76. Henry Kellogg patented a breech-loader May 20, 1862. Produced rifles and shotguns.

Kellogg & Co.; Kellogg, E. C. C.—Riflemaker of Hartford, Conn., 1859-75. Became Kellogg & Co. about 1871.

Kemble, Gouverneur—See West Point Foundry.

Kendall, Nicanor—Born December 20, 1807. Served an apprenticeship with Asa Story and invented the underhammer rifle while serving in this capacity. Production of these arms began about 1835 by Kendall, Hubbard & Smith in shops of the Vermont State Prison. Convict labor was emploved. These arms were usually marked "N. Kendall, Windsor, Vt." or "Smith's Improved Patent Stud Lock" for Will. B. Smith. Smith later worked for David Hall Hilliard at Cornish, N. II.


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