James Reid Gunmaker

Hudson, William L,—Rifle and pistol maker, 1852-64, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Hughes & Phillips—Gunsmiths of Newark, New Jersey, 1860-63, before and after.

Hughes, Samuel and Daniel—Operated a cannon foundry at Antietam, Cecil County, Maryland. On January 30th, 1776 the Council of Safety appointed George Mathews as cannon founder and sent him to the Hughes Works. On March 20th following, the Committee of Safety of Baltimore wrote the Council of Safety that "we are sorry to inform you that 4 out of 5 cannon at Mr. Hughes burst and killed poor Mathews".

This disaster did not halt production and after .some experimenting the difficulties of construction were overcome and cannon were supplied the Continental forces. After the Revolution a lull in ordnance followed which was interrupted by receipt of a government contract dated June 28, 1794. This contract covered 50 iron cannon to carry 32 pound ball; 50 cannon to carry 24 pound ball and 90 iron cannon to carry 24 pound ball, suitable for frigates or ships of war. Deliveries were to be made by first of May, 1795, at $106.66 per ton for the guns.

A second contract dated October 25, 1796 followed. This covered 40 iron cannon to carry 12 pound shot, deliveries on or before May 1, 1797 and the price $133.25 per ton. During the War of 1812 Hughes received, on December 16, 1813 a contract for 40 24-pounder iron cannon at $133.50 per ton and 60 24-pounder carronades including their beds at $139.00 per ton. Deliveries were completed by August of the following year.

cf. Archives of Maryland, Browne, Baltimore, 1893, Vols. XVI, XX, XXI many references.

American State Papers, Military Affairs, Vol. 6.

U. S. Public Documents, 1814, many references.

Hughsted or Hughstea<l, A.—Riflemaker of Ripley, Brown County, Ohio. A fine workman, active 1848-54, perhaps before and after.

Humason & Bro., S. H.—Riflemakers of Rochester, Minn., 1868-70, before and after.

Humberger» Peter Sr.—Gunsmith of Pennsylvania where he was active 1774 or earlier. Migrated to Perry County, Ohio in 1791 and was deeded a farm in 1803. Father of a family of ten children, these being in order of birth, Peter, Adam, Susan, Peggy, Hannah, Jacob, Benjamin, Henry and Polly. Active until 1811 or later.

Humberger, Peter Jr.—Born in Pennsylvania, December 13, 1775, coming to Ohio with his father in 1791. Learned of his father and established a gunshop in Hopewell Township, Perry County, Ohio about 1806. Active until his death April 19, 1S52.

Humberger, Peter 3rd—Born on a farm in Hopewell Township near Glenford, Ohio, Octobcr 8, 1826. Learned his craft from his father and active until his death, February 11, 1899.

Humberger, Adam—Son of Peter Jr. Born on a farm in Thorn Township, Perry County, Ohio, December 1, 1806. Studied with his father and established for himself at Somerset, Ohio about 1833. Active until his death in May, 1865.

Humberger, Henry—Son of Peter the elder and Mary. Born August 29, t8ii in Thorn Township. Peter Jr., Adam and Henry were brothers, Ilenry being the most skillful of the three. He followed the gold rush to California returning to Ohio in 1851. Later he purchased a farm in Whitcly County, Indiana and continued as a gunsmith until the last day of his life.

The existing rifles made by the Humbcrgers which the writer has heen privileged to examine all show careful workmanship. They are all sturdy, serviceable arms of generous lines. On some of the earlier weapons the name is given as Humbarger.

The following interesting extract is taken from the Thurnville News of Thursday, October 1, 1903.

"Peter No. 2, his brother Adam who died at Somerset and Henry were gunsmiths. Peter 3rd, his son who died in recent years, gave me an interesting history of the revolving pistol. He told me he well remembered when he was a young man that Adam, Henry and his father met in his father's shop on the Peter Humberger Farm in Hopewell to hold a consultation about making a double action trigger. He distinctly remembered that Adam and Peter appointed Ilenry for the task, as he, in their estimation was the finest workman of the three. This conference was held in the spring of 1832. Henry completed the double action and made a great many of the so-called pepperbox revolvers the same year.

"Mike King told me the same thing, that Henry made the revolver, and the first time he ever heard one discharged was at a log raising on the old Mike King farm. After the raising was completed they hoisted Henry and while they had him up he raised both hands, with a revolver in each, and fired them oft* alternately, now one and then the other. He sold many of these pepperbox revolvers. His friends urged him to apply for a patent for it. His reply was that it amounted to nothing except to shoot off New Years.

"When he worked on a gun anyone could visit his shop and watch the progress he was making. Colt of New York heard of the revolver Henry Humberger had made and sent one of the workmen out of his shop to Somerset, who bought of William Brown one of the original pepperboxes for Colt. He also visited the shop and watched the progress of the work, then almost completed. When this workman, who was very shrewd and a fine workman, returned to Colt it did not take them very long to finish a gun on Henry's model and apply for a patent.

"Then the manufacture of the Colt revolver went on * * * until some difficulty arose between Colt arid his agent. The agent claimed one-half of the proceeds on the sale of these guns and Colt refused. The agent then quit Colt's shop and went to work for another gunsmith by the name of Allen. After he had told Allen how Colt had obtained his patent, Allen and he went to work manufacturing the same gun. This brought on a lawsuit between Colt and Allen for infringement. At this lawsuit Henry and Adam were both witnesses. The result was, as Colt had first applied for a patent, it belonged to him although it was proven and Henry was honored as the true inventor."

Hunt, David S.—Shotgun maker of Cincinnati, Ohio, 1858-60.

Hunter, David—Gunsmith. With Peter Light of Berkley County, Virginia, he contracted to make 200 stand of arms for the State at £6, Virginia currency each. This was on September 28, 1776.

Hunter, James—Stafford County, Virginia. Supplied swords and small arms? to the state, 1780-81. Reported 1,000 swords on hand, November 22, 1781. (Pg. 531, Vol. II, Calandar of Virginia State Paper, Flourney, 1893.)

Hunter's Rappahannock Forge—Falmouth, Virginia. Active during the Revolution supplying the Continentals in Virginia with muskets.

Hunter Arms Co*, Inc.—67 Hubbard St., Fulton, N. Y. Produce the "L. C. Smith," "Smith" and "Fulton" shotguns. Active 1920 or before, incorporated 1921 and active to date.

Hurd, Jacob—Gunsmith of Boston, Mass., 1816-25. Doubtful as to complete arms.

Hutz—Riflemaker of Lancaster, Penna., 1803, before and after.

Hyde & Goodrich—Confederate gunsmiths at New Orleans, La., 1862-65.

Inland Ordnance Co.—Subsidiary of McMyler Interstate Corp. Navy guns during the World War.

IngaD, Brown—Gunsmith of Portland, Bucksport, Andover and Blue Hill, Maine, percussion arms.

Inhoff, Benedict—Gunsmith of Heidelberg Township, Berks County, . Pa., active 1781-83 only.

Irving Co., W.—Cliff Street, New York City. Revolver maker including a few of James Reid's patent of April 28, 1863. Active 1866.

Isch, Christian—Gunsmith of Lancaster, Pa. He agreed "beginning Monday, November 20, 1775, to made muskets and bayonets for this county, (part of ihe number required by the Honorable House of Assembly) at the Philadelphia prices; and that he will confine himself to that work entirely from that time to the first clay of March next and make as many as he can possibly complete in the time." Active 1774-82.

Ithaca Gun Co.—123 Lake Street, Ithaca, N. Y. Active from 1889 or earlier, incorporated 1904 and active to dale. Absorbed the LeFever Arms Co., Union Firearms Co., Syracuse Arms Co. and the Wilkes-Barre Gun Co.

Jacob, Joseph—Noted gunsmith of Philadelphia who is often called the "Purdy of America." Active 1869-76, before and after. Made single and double guns, double rifles, etc. Surname is given as fakob also.

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