The Cheapest Grade

The cheapest double hammerless gun that I have been able to discover in the catalogs is sold at 13.85. Such arms are not made for hard usage, but for the farmer, for the man who wishes to have some kind of a firearm in the house because he might need it some time. Mechanically these guns are at least fairly good, embodying as they do features that were thoroughly tried out by the makers of standard arms. Necessarily such pieces are made heavy and clumsy, since in order to work up the steel at a...

Flinching

However, the shock of recoil doesn't interfere with the work of a gunner so much as its anticipation, an anticipation that causes flinching and dodging before the shot is fired. Flinching after the recoil takes place would not merit much consideration, in fact would not be flinching. Flinching interferes so greatly with the delivery of both the first and second barrels, especially the latter, that we must analyze and give it full consideration. The commonly accepted conclusion is that in...

Concentration

Concentration is not a quality of an untrained mind. The expert shot may not know Latin, Greek or mathematics, but his mind has been trained to concentrate more absolutely than would be needful in solving algebraic problems. Whatever his knowledge of gunnery, a man cannot be considered reliable with either rifle or smoothbore without the ability to fix his mind upon one thing to the utter exclusion of everything else in the world. A rifleman who shoots upon the range with his fellows must so...

The Effect of Recoil

It might be argued that it doesn't require the fourth of a second for the mind to realize a miss which the eye can see instantly. So it would not except for the effect of shock upon the human brain, the shock of recoil. Furthermore, when the mind has just concluded a strenuous piece of work, like aiming and firing a gun, it pauses an instant before tackling a fresh problem. Combining this cessation of brain recording with the shock of recoil which causes the brain to cease acting entirely for a...

Chapter Viii

Pictures Shotgun Houses Modified

WHAT I have said heretofore relates entirely to double hammcrlcss guns, but there is another type of shotgun which being a weapon of absolute merit and a strictly American production must not be overlooked. I refer to the repeating shotgun either handfunctioned or autoloading. 1 shall consider them both as one type of arm, for undoubtedly the pump repeater is merely a halfway house on the march to an automatic. Pump guns and auto-loaders may never replace the double gun in the affections of...

The American Shotgun

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON ARMS PAST AND PRESENT IT has been the custom of writers when treating of shotguns to begin at the beginning, tracing the evolution of the weapon down from the crossbow to the invention of gunpowder, through the successive stages of firclock, wheel-lock, arquebus, flintlock, percussion lock, the French Lefeu-cheux breech loader, with locking lever under the fore-end, the English under grip with lever under the guard, the top lever hammer gun with a bolt through lugs under...

Carver Method of Gun Pointing

While this style of shotgun aiming is of modern origin, in fast originated with Doctor Carver, yet it is the oldest of all systems of directing a missile. It was used by the rock slingers, the spear throwers, the dart casters, and was brought to the greatest perfection by the long-bowmen. Shooting in this fashion an Indian will drive a penny from between a split stick with half his shots at fifty feet, or strike a running deer at three hundred, and doubtless the Anglo-Saxon bowmen were much...

The Twenty Dollar Field Grade

At twenty dollars some of our more reliable manufacturers will turn out a hammerless gun. 1 SMITH KNOCKABOUT EJECTOR. WILL LAST A LIFETIME SMITH KNOCKABOUT EJECTOR. WILL LAST A LIFETIME have known men worth a half million to shoot them with the settled conviction that no better weapon could be desired either in action or appearance. Such arms are made on exactly the same system as higher priced guns which guarantees mechanical exccllence. Necessarily these arms are turned out with extreme...

Second Barrel Shooting The Effects of Recoil Flinching Concentration Self Confidence

PERHAPS the greatest weakness of the average field shot lies in his use of the second barrel. From my observation only the odd man can place his second charge with prompt accuracy, this being particularly true of clay bird performers who from habit fire but one barrel. The observation applies with equal force to the ordinary-sportsman, not one in ten of whom has a deadly second barrel. Having faithfully endeavored to ascertain the reasons for this, I will briefly set forth rny conclusions. The...

Measuring a Gun Stock

A glance at the accompanying drawing will tell more of the method of measuring gun stocks than any written text. The system shown is more elaborate than that in use by any gunbuilder in this country, yet there is warrant for taking all the various dimensions. As a rule on orders, the manufacturers ask for the length of stock from front trigger to center of butt, and the drop at comb and heel, the remainder of the stock being machined out according to a fixed form. If a man is going to the...

Cast Off

The English are firm believers in cast-off, that is in a stock which deviates either to the right or left from a straight line behind the rib. They argue that the butt being placed to the shoulder, well to one side of the head, the eye will naturally be looking across the barrels in place of with them unless there is a cast-off-to bring the tubes in line. This would be simple truth if the man's neck were encased in an iron collar so that he could not bend it to get in line. Moreover the Briton...

American and Foreign Shotguns Compared

Prejudice and local pride are likely to make any American, other than an Anglo-maniac, a biased judge when it comes to comparing our arms with those made in Europe. I make no denial of having a preference for home built weapons, yet I shall attempt to treat all as fairly as I may. In the first place it is not to be expected that there will be any wonderful difference in the output of the various countries. The same barrels are in common use, the systems of boring arc alike in practical results,...

Y y k J

Three ten-shot target mnrlc with a 22 rifle at 20 yards with a blinder over the rear sight, showing the effect ui binocular gun pointing. In some measure every man must be a law unto himself in his work with a gun. While 1 use the pointing system of aiming for all game, yet some of my shooting acquaintances tell me that whereas they can point very accurately at anything flying near the ground, at birds passing overhead they have a feeling of uncertainty as to where they are holding that leads...

Contents

General Observations on Arms Past and Present . . . . iy II. Construction of Shotgun . .25 V. Triggers and Trigger Pull, and the Single Trigger . . . .61 VI. The Matter of Engraving . . 73 VII. Grades and Prices 84 VIII. Repeating and Automatic Shotguns 105 IX. Fitting the Gun to the Man . 14 X. Gauges and Charges . . . .130 XI. Chokes Patterns and .Velocities 154 XII. The Care of the Gun . . .179 Drawings Showing1 Bolting Mechanisms . . 20 Drawings of Quintuple Fastening and of Rotary...