Suggested Tools Equipment

We recommend following the tool manufacturer's recommendations on the use of these tools. Drill Press (Not necessary but useful) Bandsaw (Not necessary but useful) Sabre Saw (Not necessary but useful) Wood Lathe w Ample Bed & Turning Tools (Or, purchase a wooden cylinder blank from us. Limited availability ) Combination Of Hole Saws Or Adjustable Width Auger Bits Bottoming File or Bulls Foot


Antique Rifling Machine

Cut out the notch for the bed on the tail stock guide. (Dimensions A, B, & C above) 5. Mark out the board to locate the hole locations for the wooden stringers to be mounted to the tail stock guide. Measure up from the bottom of the guide 4-7 16 and draw a line the length of the board. See Figure 50 6. Then draw two lines straight up from the short vertical walls of the notch. Measure 1-1 8 to the left of the left vertical line and then do the same in the opposite direction for the righthand...

Antique Rifling Machine

Antique Rifling Machine

Cut a piece of 2 X 8 to 7-3 4 long. 2. Draw a center line down the length of the board. See Figure 44 3. Place a mark 4-3 8 up from one end. This will be the hole for the worm to pass through the head stock. See Figure 44 4. Lay-out the three holes for the lag screws to mount the head stock to the riser See Figure 44 1. Cut one 2' X 8 board to 7' 10-1 2, to make both ends of the bench flush when completed. 2. Draw center lines on the ends of the Bed board. 3. Study Figure 47 before continuing...

How To Build The Antique Rifling Machine

Rifling Machine

Lay a piece of tape diagonally with the sticky side up so the tape intersects the two points laid out on the floor at the 48 and the 8-1 2. See Figure 26 Measure out 8-1 2 Our circumference distance along the short leg of the 90 degree angle on the floor and mark the line. Then along the long leg place a mark at 48 Our desired rate of twist . See Figure 25 6. Lay a piece of tape diagonally with the sticky side up so the tape intersects the two points laid out on the floor at the 48 and the...

Cutting Out The Rifling Grooves

Note Grooves need to be as accurate as you can get them, but read the following carefully I have discovered these facts through personal experiences, trials and tribulations. Use sandbags, piles of towels or shop rags to hold the cylinder and prevent it from rotating whilst chiseling. Groove Width With the groove lines marked at 5 16 wide, use a 1 chiselto cut along the lines you drew onto the rifling cylinder. Use 1 4 chisel if you find that the wood tears and chips easily or you encounter...


Draw center lines on the ends of the table or bench. 2. Cut one 2 X 6 board to 8'. Draw center lines on the ends of the riser board. 3. Align the center line marks and secure the riser on top of the table or bench. 2. Screw Placement Put two 3 Deck screws every 15-1 4 along the length of the riser. Note all screw heads must be flush. See Figure 42

Rifling Machine

Rifling Machine

We chose oak as our hardwood. The tooth will be 5 16 thick and measure 1-1 2 X 1-7 16. See Figure 71 8. Insert wooden guide tooth into the slot in the head stock. The tooth should fit tight in the slot. If not, you can either drive a screw between the tooth and the slot or put a screw with a washer overlapping the edge of the tooth to keep it in place. Or you may try shimming it into position. See Figure 72 9. Remount the head stock guide to the rifling...

Shimming The Cutter

Cut a thin paper shim that is a bit smaller than the width and length of the cutter bit cavity. We used cigarette paper, which is 0.001 thick. See Figure 20B, 21B amp 22B 2. Use the bit remover to seat it flat on the bottom of the cutter bit mortise. See Figure 23B Lubrication at beginning of operation.- gt Let the rifling rod draw the lard into the bore on the cutting stroke of the rifler. Careful The Cutter Bit Doesn't Grab Your Finger

Homemade Rifling

Cutter Head For Rifling Machine

Rifler cutter fully drawn from the barrel, once you completed your total number of passes. Record the number of passes on your record sheet under the specific rifle groove. Position the worm so groove number 2 is at the groove tooth. NOTE Very important to keep the same number of passes for each groove of the barrel. Also, to prevent work hardening of the grooves, quit cutting the groove when you can no longer feel the cutter bit bite into the steel. 7. Repeat steps 4 amp 5 making the same...


Softning the brass by heating it red hot and quenching it in cold water. Wooden devices used to hold the barrel in a secure position to be rifled. Wedges hold barrel in clamps. The base platform that holds the moving parts of the machine and barrel clamps. Brass bushing used on smaller diameter rifling rods to fit a larger diameter hole in the tail stock. Normally sweated on the to the rod and drilled to accept the rifling rod retaining pin or nail Brass coupler that connects the cutting head...


Rifling Bench

Axle Holes Too Large If the axle holes in either euide or the handle have excessive play or slop From wear or you made the hole a bit too large of diameter, use a brass shim to reduce the gap. The thickness of the shim will be dictated by overall gap. Brass bands can be epoxied, nailed or screwed onto the axles. Mortise Hole Too Large Epoxy thin wooden shims onto the mortise sides taking care not to cause the clamp or the motised hole to become off-center from the center line. Wood Splits If...

Rifling Cutter Head

Rifling Cutter Head

Awl - Use a sharp pointed awl or a carpet needle to pick out bits of metal embeded in tne teeth of the cutter. 5. Punch - Make a 3 32 push tool to remove the cutter from the cutter head for shimming operations. See Figures 16B amp 17B 3. Tooth Brush - Use an old tooth brush to clean swarf from the cutter teeth during the rifling process. Do not use this brush on your teeth after the rifling is finished See Figure 15B


Yourself Rifling The Barrel

NOTE Breech end of barrel must protrude 5-1 2 from the wooden clamp. See page 31, Figure 84. Do not use wedges at this time to allow for barrel adjustments. 1. WEAR SAFETY GLASSES. Break a new 6 -8 flat bastard file into pieces. You can place in a vise and hit it with a hammer to shatter it. Better yet, if you have moto-tool and a little cut-off disc, cut a piece off the file that measures 1 4 tall to 1 2 - 5 8 long. We will use only the untapered edge portions of the file that have teeth on...

Rifling Operation

Rifling Cutter Guide

Please understand that once you start this operation, the barrel Must Never Move. This method is slow, but reliable. Never force the cutter and always be alert for jamming the bit. If you must force the head to cut, something is wrong. Investigate and remedy the situation. We can't cover all situations for you so your own common sense must prevail. Take your time and with the help of the man upstairs you will get the job done to satisfaction. May the Force Be With You 1. Position the worm so...

Completing The Rifling Process

Rifling Bench

In use, if the rifler doesn't glide along easily, first check for excessive wood requiring removal at the axles, grooves, tailstock guide or headstock areas. 2. Watch for guide tooth working loose. You may need to add a screw and washer to hold it in position. Place the screw and washer on the side of the headstock the guide tooth is working toward. 3. Use plenty of lard. Reuse the lard if it is cooled enough to stay on the cutter bit. Keep the bit cutting smoothly. 4. Don't use too thick of...

Buy Antique Rifling Machine

Wooden Iowa Rifling Bench

In years gone by, I was fortunate to know an obliging fellow who owned a lathe used to turn porch posts. This he allowed me to use to turn my worm blanks on. As I mulled this over in my mind, I came to realize that I needed my own lathe. For a while, all I could see was dollar signs in my head and this was not a good omen. A solution finally popped in my head one morning and has proved to be a winner. I purchased an inexpensive 140 - 170 price tag range lathe made in China. These are offered by...


This method of building and use of a wooden rifling bench was fathered out of the desire to preserve one or the many lost arts concerning the arts amp mysteries of traditional gun building a process whereby anyone with a knowledge of normal tools found in the home workshop and a smattering of the wood worker s craft can make a rifling bench and rifle a barrel at home. This is not to be considered an extension of the few treatises of building or operating a rifling bench already available, but...

The Worm

Antique Rifling Machine

And turn the wood blank down to a circumference of 2-3 4 inches. See Figure 2 1. Place the 60 inch 4 X 4 fir post into the wood lathe MAKE CERTAIN BOTH ENDS ARE SQUARE. 1. With a ruler and pencil, measure 5-1 8 from the end of the cylinder and place a mark around the circumference of the cylinder. See Figure 3 1. With a ruler and pencil, measure 5-1 8 from the end of the cylinder and place a mark around the circumference of the cylinder. See Figure 3 2. Initially, the tail stock area will need...

Process Rifling Machine

Depth Grove Rifling

Groove Depth Do not try to go too deep anc keep the chisel perpendicular to the cylinder. Cut along both sides of the channel groove approximately 4-5 at a time. See step 9 - Depth Gauge See Figure 34 4. Using a 1 4 chisel, now hollow out the wood between the two cuts. Note, fir wood spits very easily, do not try to go to go too deep at one time. See Figure 35a 5. Work slow, making sure you follow the lines as close as possible. 9. DEPTH GAUGE Continue wood removal for the entire length of the...