Cartridge Millimeter Aperst M

Ammo Sheet

Type Classification:

Std MSR 09736030, dtd 1973.

Use:

This cartridge is designed for use against personnel in direct fire, muzzle action, and in a direct fire mission with a time setting other than muzzle action.

Description:

The projectile body is an assembly of four pieces: base with sintered iron rotating band and M13 Tracer, connector, forward body and fuze adapter. Inside the base of the projectile is a base charge. Forward of the base charge are assembled the tiers of flechettes, the centers of which form a flash tube. The fuze adapter is assembled forward of the first tier of flechettes, The fuze adapter contains an M87

detonator, M7 relay, four radially oriented M86 detonators and a pyrotechnic composition smoke marker pellet. The MT Fuze M563 series is assembled into the fuze adapter. The cartridge case contains a percussion primer assembly and two individually bagged propelling charge increments, one numbered Zone 6 and the second, Zone 7. The base of the cartridge case is drilled and the primer assembly is pressed into the base. The percussion primer assembly consists of a percussion ignition element and perforated flash tube containing benite. The two increment bags are tied together with acrylic cord. The 6th increment is assembled around the primer flash tube at the base end of the cartridge case. The 7th increment is assembled around the flash tube toward the mouth of the cartridge case. The fuze may be set for muzzle action, for functioning at a minimum of 1/2 second or in tenths of a second up to 100 seconds after firing.

Functioning:

Prior to loading, the propelling charge is adjusted by cutting the cord and removing Zone 7 if Zone 6 is to be fired. If Zone 7 is to be fired, the charge is not touched. Also, if other than muzzle action is desired, the fuze is set. The cartridge is then loaded into the chamber of the cannon. Impact of the weapon firing pin results in the initiation of the percussion primer which, in turn, ignites the black powder in the flash tube. The flash tube provides for uniform ignition of the propelling charge producing a rapid expansion of the propellant gas which propels the projectile out of the weapon tube and initiates the M13 Tracer. Engagement of the projectile rotating band with the rifling of the weapon tube imparts spin to the projectile providing inflight stability. When the fuze functions, it initiates the pyrotechnic composition smoke marker, the four radial M86 detonators, and M7 relay simultaneously. The four detonators break the forward body into four longitudinal pieces and projectile spin disperses the first four tiers of flechettes. Projectile forward velocity is imparted to the flechettes. The M7 relay initiates the M87 detonator which flashes through the flash tube formed by the tiers initiating the base charge. The base charge then propels the last five tiers of projectiles from the connector and spin disperses the flechettes. If the fuze is set for muzzle action, it will function within three meters of the cannon muzzle. If set for time, i.e., 1/2-100 seconds, the fuze will function 75 meters prior to set time for optimum palyload dispersal. The payload pattern of dispersal is shown in Figure AR 199740. The tracer provides visual tracking of projectile trajectory.

Tabulated Data:

Complete round:

Length---------------------------- 34.153 in. (max)

Cannon (weapon) used with M2A1, M2A2,

Projectile:

Steel

Color------------------------------Olive drab wlyellow band, white markings and a row of white diamonds

Filler and weight --------------8,000-8 gr flechettes. 9.145 lb

Components:

Increment loading assy------6.2 oz propel-

lant, M30A1 single perforation, type II, 0.019 Web. 27.4 oz propellant M30A1, multi perforation, type I, 0.039

Web. Charge, Propelling for Ctg. APERS M546

Percussion primer drawing - 7645339

1.7 grains igniter composition 5.5 grains tracer composition

Performance: Range and velocity data:

Charge

Muzzle Velocity

Charge

Muzzle Velocity

Charge 6

M101A1)

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