1-7. Packing and Marking
Ammunition is packed, and packing containers marked (fig. 1-3) in accordance with pertinent drawings and specifications. Containers are designed to withstand conditions normally encountered in handling, storage, and transportation, and to comply with Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations. Marking of containers Includes all information required for complete identification of contents and for compliance with DOT regulations (see also TM 9-1300-206).
1-8. Inspecting and Grading a. Ammunition is manufactured to rigorous specifications and is thoroughly inspected before acceptance. Ammunition in storage is periodically inspected and tested in accordance with specific instructions of the U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command (AMCCOM).
b. Each lot of small arms ammunition is graded primarily on qualities that make the lot especially suitable for use in a particular class of weapons, such as aircraft and antiaircraft machineguns, rifles, and ground machineguns.
c. Other than small arms ammunition is graded, as a result of surveillance tests, on the basis of serviceability and priority of issue. (See the appropriate ammunition serviceability list for grading of specific items.) Stocks of inappropriate grade on hand for immediate use in the field should be transferred from one station to another within the Army command.
1-10. Precautions a. Handle explosive ammunition carefully at all times-explosive elements, such as primers and fuses, are sensitive to shock and high temperature.
b. Store ammunition in original container in dry well ventilated place; protect from direct rays of sun and other sources of excessive heat. Keep sensitive initiators, such as blasting caps, igniters, primers, and fuzes, separate from other explosives.
c. Keep ammunition and its containers clean and dry; protect from damage.
d. Do not disassemble ammunition components, such as fuzes and primers, unless so authorized.
WARNING Any alteration of loaded ammunition, except by direction of the technical source concerned and under supervision of a commissioned officer of that service, is hazardous and must not be undertaken.
e. Do not open sealed containers or remove protective or safety devices, except as required for inspection, until just before use.
f. Return ammunition prepared for 5ring but not fired to its original packing and mark appropriately. Use such ammunition first in subsequent firings in order to keep stocks of opened packings to a minimum.
1-9. Priority of Issue a. Subject to special instructions from USAAMCCOM, ammunition of appropriate type and model will be used in the following order: limited standard, substitute standard, standard. Within this rule, ammunition with the longest or least favorable storage will be used first. Among lots of equal age, priority of issue will be given the smallest lot.
b. Proper distribution must be made of those items which, because of their scarcity, cost or highly technical or hazardous nature, are characterized as regulated items.
c. Priority of issue for given lots of ammunition is published in special instructions and in SB 700-1300-1.
WARNING Use of live ammunition for training purposes as a substitute for authorized drill ammunition is prohibited. Such substitution must be considered hazardous and is not permitted under any circumstances g. Mark unserviceable ammunition appropriately and return to issuing agency.
1-11. Firing Data
Firing data for ammunition covered in this manual are given in applicable firing tables indexed in DA Pam 2530.
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