Cleaning Inspection And Lubrication

To ensure proper care of the MG, it is necessary to have a system of maintenance or an SOP for the frequency of cleaning. Each gun should be cleaned as soon after firing as possible and each time it is exposed to field conditions. Under combat conditions, the gun should be cleaned and oiled daily. Under extreme climatic and combat conditions, it maybe necessary to clean and lubricate more frequently. Under ideal conditions, where the gun is not used, and is stored in a clean, dry place, it may only be necessary to inspect, clean, and lubricate every 5 days. The gun should be disassembled, cleaned, and oiled in a clean, dry location. If possible, keep the gun covered with a gun cover, canvas, tarpaulin, or poncho when not in use.

a. Routine Care and Cleaning. Before firing (when the situation permits), take the following steps to ensure efficient functioning of the machine gun:

• Disassemble the gun into its major groups or assemblies.

• Clean the bore and chamber, and lightly oil them.

• Clean all metal parts thoroughly with CLP. See paragraph 2-3f for lubrication procedures.

b. Care and Cleaning Under Unusual Conditions. Extreme cold, hot, dry, and tropical climates affect the gun and its functioning. Care should be taken under these climatic conditions to ensure that the gun is cleaned daily with the prescribed lubricants and protected from the elements by some sort of cover if possible. Further information on care and cleaning of the gun under unusual climatic conditions can be found in TM 9-1005-213-10.

c. Care and Cleaning of M3 Mount and Accessories. The mount and accessories, such as the ammunition chest and spare parts, should also be kept clean and lubricated. Painted surfaces should be spot painted when necessary. Moving surfaces should be inspected and oiled with the prescribed lubricant. All external surfaces of the mount should be kept clean and lightly oiled. Be particularly careful that the pintle bushing is clean and lightly oiled, and that the pintle lock release cam is well-lubricated and free from grit. The sleeve lock indexing levers and telescopic legs should be clean and lubricated enough for ease in use. The mount should be cleaned and oiled with the same regularity and in the same manner as the gun.

d. Maintenance and Inspection. Units must establish guidelines and conduct regular maintenance and inspection to keep the machine gun and its mounts in operational conditions.

(1) Gun maintenance. The importance of a thorough knowledge of care, cleaning, and maintenance of the machine gun cannot be overemphasized because these actions determine whether or not the gun will function properly when needed. The bore and chamber must be properly maintained to preserve accuracy. Because of the close fit of working surfaces and the high speed at which the gun operates, the receiver and moving parts must be kept clean, correctly lubricated, and free from burrs, rust, dirt, or grease to ensure proper, efficient functioning.

(2) Mount maintenance. The care, cleaning, lubrication, and adjustment of the mounts used with the gun are no less important. The functioning of the gun and mount together determine overall effectiveness. All accessories and equipment used with the gun and mount, including ammunition, must also be properly maintained.

(3) Inspection. When inspected, the machine gun should be completely disassembled. Inspecting personnel should look for dirt, cracks, burrs, and rust.

e. Inspection Checklist. Table 2-1 is an inspection checklist to be used as a guide for crewmembers or inspecting personnel to ensure that the gun and equipment are properly maintained.

d. Rear sight and windage knob.

Ensure that the sight is in good condition, clean, free of grease or dirt, and lightly oiled. Elevation should be set at 1,000, windage zero, and the sight should be down.

d. Rear sight and windage knob.

Ensure that the sight is in good condition, clean, free of grease or dirt, and lightly oiled. Elevation should be set at 1,000, windage zero, and the sight should be down.

See that it is clean, lightly lubricated, and that all clamps are securely tightened. It should function properly and be complete.

3. SPARE PARTS AND TOOLS.

Inspect to see that they are clean and lightly oiled. See that spare parts kits are complete and in good condition. Replacement parts should be requisitioned and newly drawn parts examined.

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5. AMMUNITION.

See that ammunition is properly stored, and that boxes and ammunition are in good condition and not oiled.

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