R

4.500 M

-V" MOVING PERSONNEL TARGET ^ DEFILADE POSITION

H HARDENED EMPLACEMENT (FOR AVIATION GUNNERY)

Carrier 2 will upload and wait at the ammunition point. When the course is clear, carrier 2 will move to the initial fire point followed by carrier 4 and proceed as stated. Carrier 3 should now be at the ammunition point for uploading.

(1) Task 1, Conduct Prefire Inspection.

(a) The crew will move forward to the initial firing position. Once the carrier is in position, the crew will perform a prefire inspection by setting the headspace and timing, and load a 7-round belt of ammunition.

(b) The gunner will then fire the 7-round belt at a 450-meter target to ensure the machine gun is operational.

NOTE: If the machine gun fails to fire or fires sluggishly, recheck the headspace and timing and attempt to fire again. If the situation continues, clear the weapon and have the carrier move off the firing course and report to the armorer to have the problem corrected.

(c) Upon completion of Task 1, the gunner will clear the weapon and await further instructions.

NOTE: To accomplish Task 2 and Task 3, the gunner will load one 28-round belt of ammunition.

(2) Task 2, Engage Stationary Target From a Mounted Stationary Firing Position.

(a) The gunner will engage a 450-meter stationary personnel target from the initial firing location.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the target.

(d) Upon completion of Task 2, the gunner will await further instructions.

(3) Task 3, Engage Stationary Target From a Stationary Firing Position.

(a) From the initial firing location, the gunner will engage an 850-meter stationary vehicle target.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the target.

(d) Upon completion of Task 3, the gunner will await further instructions.

NOTE: On command from the grader, the crew will move the carrier to the next predetermined firing location, load one 28-round belt, and conduct Task 4.

(4) Task 4, Engage Moving and Stationary Targets From a Mounted Stationary Firing Position.

(a) From the second predetermined firing location, the gunner will engage one moving vehicle target at a range of 800 meters and one stationary vehicle target at a range of 1,000 meters.

(b) The gunner will use a 5-to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the targets.

(d) Upon completion of firing Task 4, the gunner will await further instructions.

NOTE: When conducting Task 5, the gunner will load one 28-round belt and engage targets from a moving carrier along a predetermined route.

(5) Task 5, Engage Stationary Targets While Firing From a Moving Carrier.

(a) The carrier will be moving along the predetermined firing route, at which time the gunner will engage stationary vehicle targets at ranges of 300 and 500 meters.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the targets.

(d) Upon completion of Task 5, the gunner will await further instructions.

NOTE: On command from the grader, the crew will move the carrier to the third predetermined firing location, load one 28-round belt, and conduct Task 6.

(6) Task 6, Engage a Stationary and a Moving Target From a Mounted Stationary Firing Position.

(a) From the third predetermined firing location, the gunner will engage one 600-meter personnel target and one 800-meter moving vehicle target from a stationary firing position.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the targets.

(d) Upon completion of Task 6, the gunner will await further instructions.

NOTE: From the same firing location as Task 6, the crew will be placed in a chemical environment and be required to go to MOPP4.

(7) Task 7, React in Chemical Environment.

(a) Upon command, the crew will be required to react to a chemical agent.

(b) Upon completion of Task 7, the gunner will await further instructions.

NOTE: To accomplish Task 8 through Task 10, the gunner will load one 84-round belt of ammunition.

(8) Task 8, Engage Stationary Target From a Mounted Stationary Firing Position While in MOPP4.

(a) From the same firing location as Task 6, the gunner will engage a stationary target at a range of 500 meters from a mounted stationary firing position while in MOPP4.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the target.

(d) Upon completion of Task 8, the gunner will await further instructions.

(9) Task 9, Engage Moving and Stationary Targets From a Mounted Stationary Firing Position While in MOPP4.

(a) From the same firing location, the gunner will engage one 800-meter moving vehicle target and personnel targets at 1,000 meters.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the targets.

(d) Upon completion of Task 9, the gunner will await further instructions.

(10) Task 10, Engage Multiple Stationary Targets in a Mounted Stationary Firing Position While in MOPP4.

(a) From the same firing location, the gunner will engage one 300-meter personnel target and two stationary vehicle targets at ranges of 500 and 700 meters.

(b) The gunner will use a 5- to 7-round burst for this engagement.

(c) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make necessary adjustments to hit the target.

(d) Upon completion of firing Task 10, the gunner will clear his machine gun, have it inspected by the safety officer, move from the firing line, and turn in any excess ammunition. Then the crew will be critiqued.

1, Conduct oreflre inspection.

At a stationary position given a 450-meter stationary target, headspace and timing gauge, unit's organic vehicle, and M2 machine gun.

7-round belt of 12.7-mm.

PAnHuM nraflra

WVIIUMWt V

inspection and fire 7 rounds to confirm nnaraflnn aI maAhlna nun v|<vibiivii wi iihivmiiic yuii

1, Conduct oreflre inspection.

At a stationary position given a 450-meter stationary target, headspace and timing gauge, unit's organic vehicle, and M2 machine gun.

7-round belt of 12.7-mm.

PAnHuM nraflra

WVIIUMWt V

inspection and fire 7 rounds to confirm nnaraflnn aI maAhlna nun v|<vibiivii wi iihivmiiic yuii

2. Engage stationary target from a stationary firing position.

Gunner is in a stationary mounted firing position and engages a 450-meter stationary personnel target. Gunner must use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

14 rounds of

Gunner must impact on target.

3. Engage stationary target from a stationary firing position.

Gunner is in a stationary mounted firing position and engages a 850-meter stationary vehicle. Gunner must use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

14 rounds of

Gunner must impact on target.

4. Engage moving and stationary targets from another stationary firing position.

Gunner is in a stationary mounted firing position and engages a moving vehicle at 800 meters and stationary vehicle at 1,000 meters. Gunner must use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28-round belt of 12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact on each target.

S.Engage stationary targets while firing from a moving vehicle.

While the gunner's vehicle is moving, the gunner engages stationary vehicles at 300 and 500 meters, gunner must use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28-round belt of 12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact on each target.

6. Engages a stationary and moving target from a stationary firing position.

Gunner is in a stationary firing position and engages a 600-meter personnel and 800-meter moving vehicle targets, gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28-round belt of 12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact on each target.

7. React to chemical agent.

While in a stationary position, given protective mask and protective clothing, crew must react to chemical agent.

In accordance with FM 3-3.

8. Engage stationary target from a stationary firing nneillnn uihlla in an pvgmvii nunc in an upgraded NBC posture.

Gunner is in a stationary firing position and engages a 500-meter vehicle target, gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

14 rounds of

Gunner must impact on target.

Figure C-12. Mounted Firing Exercise Table VI.

Figure C-12. Mounted Firing Exercise Table VI, continued.

e. Scoring Procedures. The mounted firing exercise is graded on a Go/No Go basis. Commanders may increase the difficulty of any or all tasks to align the exercise with the unit's mission.

C-9. PREDETERMINED FIRING EXERCISE

The predetermined firing exercise is for the gun crew that has demonstrated proficiency during the basic phase of gunnery. Emphasis will be on developing range cards and confirming range-card data during day and night firing.

a. Objectives. The objective of this training is to reinforce what was developed in the fundamental gunnery phases. It is designed to increase the effectiveness of the M2 MG crew by building their confidence to quickly and accurately deliver a large volume of fire on a prescribed target.

b. Organization. The unit is assembled in the bleachers, given instructions, and briefed on training that will be conducted while they are on the range. After briefing, they will be organized into gun crews and moved to firing lanes. Lanes will be used IAW local range policies.

c. Ammunition. This exercise requires 168 rounds of 12.7-mm linked ammunition. The gunner is allotted two bursts per target during the day phase and one burst per target during the night phase. Each gunner will be issued two belts of ammunition; one 112-round belt for the day phase and one 56-round belt for the night phase.

d Firing Sequence. The sequence of firing will be conducted IAW Firing Table VII (Figure C-13, page 33). The suggested sequence of firing is as follows:

(a) Task 1, Prepare a Range Card. Once the gunner is assigned his firing point, he must prepare a range card for that position. Range cards must be prepared IAW paragraph E-2.

(b) Task 2, Obtain Direction and Elevation Readings for the Final Protective Line. During this task, the gunner is allotted 28 rounds to obtain and record the direction and elevation reading of his FPL.

(c) Task 3, Obtain Direction and Elevation Readings for Point Targets. The gunner will be required to obtain and record direction and elevation readings for point targets located at 400, 600, 800, and 1,000 meters. He is allotted 56 rounds for this task.

(d) Task 4, Obtain Direction and Elevation Readings for Linear Targets. The gunner will be required to obtain and record direction and elevation readings for linear targets located at 600 and 800 meters. He is allotted 28 rounds for this task.

NOTE: Each crew is scored as a group in the night phase. (The day phase is not scored.) The crew applies the data obtained during the day and engages their targets. Each crew receives 10 points for each target engagement. A minimum of 40 out of a possible 70 is required. This exercise is not a requirement for qualification; however, commanders can use this training to test their gun crews' proficiency.

(a) Task 5, Engage Point Targets Using Range-Card Data. The gunner must engage point targets located at 400, 600, 800, and 1,000 meters using range-card data. He is allotted 28 rounds for this task. The grader will announce the sequence of engagements.

(b) Task 6, Engage Area Targets Using Range-Card Data. The gunner must engage linear targets located at 600 and 800 meters using range-card data. He is allotted 14 rounds for this task. The grader will announce the sequence of engagements.

(c) Task 7, Fire Final Protective Line. The gunner will fire his FPL to obtain grazing fire. He is allotted 14 rounds for this task.

e. Conduct of Firing. The gunner, assistant, and leader will prepare a range card for that position. Once complete, each crew will be given 168 rounds as prescribed in a predetermined firing table.

(1) Each gunner initially lays on his target by using the dry-fire technique. Each crew is issued 168 rounds of ammunition, and the gunner is ordered to load by the group NCO. When all the gunners of a group are ready, the NCO announces, "Up," to the officer in charge.

(2) When all groups are ready to fire, the OIC announces, "Give me an 'Up' when you have engaged all targets and have obtained the correct data to all targets. You are clear to fire."

(3) When the gunner has correctly engaged his target (FPL), the leader records the information from the T&E mechanism and traversing bar onto a range card. Then, the assistant gunner becomes the gunner, the gunner becomes the leader, and the leader becomes the assistant gunner.

(4) As each member of the crew becomes the gunner, he fires at a different preselected target (order number 2, a linear target; order number 3, a point target).

(5) After each crew member has been a gunner, assistant gunner, and leader and all data on the three targets have been obtained, the group NCO clears and checks the machine guns of his group and announces to the OIC, "Group cleared and checked."

3. Determine and record direction and elevation for point targets.

The gunner is allotted 12.7-mm linked ammo, four E-type silhouettes located at 400, 600, 800, and 1,000 meters.

56 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on each target.

4. Determine and record direction and elevation for area targets.

The gunner is allotted 12.7-mm linked ammo, two E-type silhouettes located at 600 and 800 meters.

28 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on each target.

5. Engage point targets using range card data.

The gunner is allotted 12.7-mm linked ammo, the same firing position, and his prepared range card.

28 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on each target.

Figure C-13. Predetermined Firing Table VII.

TASK

CONDITIONS TARGET/SITUATION

AMMO

STANDARD

6. Engage area targets using range card data.

The gunner is allotted 12.7-mm linked ammo, and his prepared range card.

14 rounds of

12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact one burst on each target.

7. Fire final protective line.

The gunner is allotted 12.7-mm linked ammo, and his prepared range card.

14 rounds of

12.7-mm.

Gunner must obtain grazing fire when firing his FPL

Figure C-13. Predetermined Firing Table Vll, continued.

APPENDIX D

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