Ranges And Training Exercises

This appendix provides guidance for US Army machine gun exercises. It is designed to be a working guide for trainers and commanders by explaining range layouts, conduct of firing exercises, and qualification standards. The two basic firing ranges will be the multipurpose MG transition range and the multipurpose range complex

Section I. MULTIPURPOSE MACHINE GUN TRANSITION RANGE

All machine gun firing can be conducted on the multipurpose MG transition range. It allows for complete firing of the lo-meter course as well as transition, day, night, and NBC firing. The firing area has 10 lanes; its layout is shown in Figure C-1, page C-2. Details on the setup and target configuration are described in FM 25-7. The minimum personnel required to operate the range are as follows: OIC, NCOIC, safety officer, ammunition NCO, tower operator, lane NCOs, primary instructor, and concurrent training instructors. Local policy may require more personnel.

Range Layout

Figure C-1. Multipurpose MG transition range layout.

C-1. TEN-METER RANGE LAYOUT

The standard, basic 10-meter range can accommodate a unit of 200 to 250 soldiers at a time; however, concurrent training may be required. This range (Figure C-2) can be used to zero the M249, M60, and M2 machine guns, and to fire the 10-meter portion of qualification. It is also used to familiarize soldiers with the characteristics, noise, and recoil of the weapon. This is the range used to practice target observation and adjustment of fire, to practice MG traversing and searching, to develop speed during operation, and to obtain an accurate burst.

a. Characteristics. The following data applies to the standard 10-meter range.

Number of firing positions 20 lanes.

Firing lane width 60 meters (3 meters per lane).

Target area width 60 meters at the farthest targets

Firing point configuration Numbered markers on slightly elevated and sodded ground; brass deflectors between lanes.

Target configuration Standard 10-meter machine gun target stretched over a wooden frame, one on each lane.

Associated facilities Standard facilities, public address system, and bleachers.

Cal Range Layout

Figure C-2. Ten-meter range layout.

b. Setup of Range. The 10-meter range should meet the following requirements:

(1) The firing line should be long enough to emplace 20 MGs, allowing 3 meters between positions. For control, each position should be numbered.

(2) The target line should be 10 meters in front of the firing line. The MG marksmanship target is a paper target pasted onto target cloth that is stretched over a wooden frame. One target is set up for each position and is numbered to correspond with the numbered position.

(3) The instruction site for this range is the bleachers, which should be to the rear of the firing line.

(4) The control tower is located to the immediate rear and center of the firing line. .

c. Personnel Required. Each range must be staffed with the following personnel:

Z One safety officer.

Z One principal instructor.

• One assistant instructor for every 10 students.

• Medical personnel.

d. Equipment Required. Although more equipment may be required by local range regulations, safety regulations, or unit SOPs, the minimum equipment required to operate the range is as follows:

• One public address system.

• One MG for each firing lane and one extra gun for every five lanes as a backup.

• One cleaning rod per assistant instructor.

Z One scorecard per soldier.

Z One asbestos glove for every two weapons.

Z One M3 tripod for each lane.

• One caliber .50 pintle for each lane.

Z One caliber .50 T&E mechanism for each lane.

• Medical evacuation capability.

• Communication equipment (wire or radio as required to operate the range).

C-2. TEN-METER FIRING EXERCISES

The purpose of 10-meter firing is to develop skills in the delivery of initial bursts on target. When conducted properly, it will train gunners in the basic skills of zeroing, controlling the burst, traversing, and traversing and searching techniques. This paragraph discusses firing the 10-meter exercise on the multipurpose transition range; however, it is conducted the same on a basic 10-meter range except that the groups will be broken down to fit the firing lanes. The course is designed to fire the tripod-mounted M2. The basic MG target is used for all 10-meter firing and it allows four gunners to use it for practice or two gunners for practice and qualification. Those units wanting to fire qualification right after practice should use section A for practice and B for qualification for the first gunner, and sections C and D for the second gunner. Ten-meter firing will be conducted IAW Firing Table I (Figure C-3).

TASK

1. Zero the M2 machine gun at 10 meters.

2. Engage a 10-meter target using controlled-burst techniques.

3. Engage scoring pasters 5 through 6 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

4. Engage scoring pasters 7 through 8 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

CONDITIONS TARGET/SITUATION

Instruct the gunner to engage scoring paster 1 in his assigned section with 6 single rounds in two 3-round shot groups and then paster 2 with the remaining rounds.

AMMO

12 single rounds of 12.7-mm

Instruct the gunner to engage paster 3 in his assigned section using controlled bursts, then engage paster 4 in the same manner. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Two 7-round belts of 12.7-mm.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 5 through 6 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 7 through 8 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

35-round belt of 12.7-mm.

56-round belt of 12.7-mm.

STANDARD

Gunner must impact 4 of 6 rounds of the 3-round shot groups within paster 2 of his assigned section.

Gunner must impact one controlled burst on pasters 3 and 4 in his assigned section. (No score required.)

Gunner must impact one round on each scoring paster of 5 through 6 in his assigned section. (No score required.)

Gunner must impact one round on each scoring paster of 7 through 8 in his assigned section. (No score required.)

Figure C-3. Ten-meter Firing Table I.

TASK

CONDITIONS TARGET/SITUATION

AMMO

STANDARD

5. Engage target using controlled-burst fire.

6. Engage scoring pasters 7 through 8 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 1 through 4 in his assigned section using controlled-burst fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28-round belt of 12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact at least four rounds on each scoring paster 1 through 4 in his assigned section.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 7 through 8 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

56-round belt of 12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact at least four rounds on each scoring paster 5 through 6 in his assigned section.

7. Engage scoring pasters 5 through 6 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 5 through 6 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

35-round belt of 12.7-mm.

Gunner must impact at least four rounds on each scoring paster 7 through 8 in his assigned section.

Figure C-3. Ten-meter Firing Table I, continued.

a. Objective. In order for the M2 gunner to become proficient with the machine gun, the following objectives must be considered.

• Obtain an accurate initial burst.

• Master the technique of controlled burst firing.

• Traverse and search the machine gun effectively.

• Observe and adjust fire.

b. Organization. The unit is organized into groups of 10. Each group is assigned a firing order number. One order becomes gunners and the other assistant gunners. The gunners and assistant gunners are assigned lanes and required to setup their guns and perform pre-fire checks.

(1) Ten-meter practice fire (Tasks 1 through 4).

(a) The gunner is required to set his rear sight at 500 yards. On command, the first order zeros using scoring pasters 1 and 2 of their assigned section.

(b) At the completion of zeroing, the gunners are required to engage the next two aiming pasters (scoring pasters 3 and 4 of the same section), using controlled bursts, and then area targets 5 through 6 and 7 through 8, using traverse and search techniques. Time is allowed between bursts to permit gunners to observe and adjust their fire.

(c) After the first order has fired, the second order fires the course in the same manner using the next assigned section. After both orders have fired, the guns are cleared.

(2) Ten-meter qualification (Tasks 5 through 7).

(a) The gunner is then required to set his rear sight at 550 yards. On command, the first order fires at scoring pasters 1 through 4 of their assigned section.

(b) At the completion of their linear engagement, commands are given to require the gunners to engage area targets 5 through 6 and then 7 through 8, using traverse and search techniques. Time is allowed between bursts to permit gunners to observe and adjust their fire.

(c) After the first order has fired qualification, the second order fires the course in the same manner using the next assigned section. After both orders have fired, the guns are cleared.

c. Target Analysis. The exercises use the basic machine gun target (FSN 6920-078-5128) (Figure C-4). The following explanation of the target, including the size of the aiming pasters and scoring spaces, will aid in zeroing the M2 and will facilitate control during firing exercises.

Army Machine Gun Pasters

Figure C-4. Basic machine gun target.

(1) The target consists of four sections lettered A, B, C, and D. Each section has four point targets numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4; and two sets of area targets numbered 5 through 6 and 7 through 8. Each space is 4 centimeters wide and 5 centimeters high. The black aiming pasters within some numbered scoring spaces are 1-centimeter squares. Firing at targets 1 through 4 allows the gunner to use the traverse-fire technique targets 5 through 6 and 7 through 8 give them practice in traverse and search techniques.

(a) Point targets. Point targets on the basic machine gun target are considered to be pasters 1 through 4 of section A, B, C, and D. Firing at point targets exposes the gunner to zeroing techniques and controlled-burst fire techniques. Targets 1 through 4 will also be used as a linear target for qualification.

(b) Area targets. Area targets on the basic machine gun target are considered to be pasters 5 through 6 and 7 through 8 of section A, B, C, and D. Target group 5 through 6 exposes the gunner to T&E manipulation when using the tripod mount and body position changes to engage targets in depth (elbow position changes). This causes him to use a series of aiming points to disburse fire across the target when using the tripod. Target group 7 through 8 exposes the gunner to position changes to engage linear targets with depth. It causes him to control the burst length from the weapon, use a series of aiming points, and disburse fire across the target.

(2) Targets are analyzed and scored to determine the gunner's proficiency and to see if more training is needed in any of the fundamentals of M2 gunnery. During firing with a properly zeroed weapon, a target is best analyzed by considering the common errors of M2 gunnery (Figure C-5).

Improper Sight Alignment

INCORRECT SIGHT PICTURE

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE

INCORRECT SIGHT PICTURE

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE

IMPROPER TRIGGER CONTROL

Figure C-5. Common errors found on the basic MG target.

NOTE: Large shot groups are usually caused by incorrect position and grip; small shot groups outside of the scoring space are usually caused by incorrect sight alignment, sight picture, or zero.

d. The 10-Meter Zero. Ten-meter zeroing is accomplished by adjusting the rear sight until the strike of the projectile coincides with the point of aim at a given range. On the 10-meter range, the elevation scale must be set at 500 yards so that it can impact on the desired aiming point. Before zeroing the weapon, the gunner must first center the rear sight for windage by aligning the index with the center of the windage scale.

e. Controlled Burst Firing. This firing exercise reinforces the dry-fire experience and allows the gunner practice in firing of controlled bursts and in providing the most accurate and tightest shot groups obtainable with the M2.

f. Ammunition Issue. The ammunition for the firing of this exercise will be broken down at the ammunition point and issued to each assistant gunner as he is assigned a firing point. The total ammunition for this exercise is 236 rounds (117 for practice and 119 for qualification). Issue will consist of the following rounds or belts:

Z Task 2, two 7-round belts.

g. Firing Sequence. Firing of Table I will be conducted in the following manner. These procedures pertain to firing with a single gunner using sections A and B; if there is a second gunner, he will use C and D.

(a) The gunner will fire 3 rounds, single shot, at paster A1.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe the shot group and triangulate it. No adjustments to the weapon will be made at this time.

(c) The gunner will then fire another 3 single rounds at A1.

(d) The gunner then goes down range to observe the shot group, triangulate it, and make necessary adjustments to his weapon.

(e) The gunner repeats steps (c) and (d), but shoots at paster A2.

NOTE: If the gunner is able to zero his weapon using 9 rounds, have him use the remaining 3 to confirm his zero. If the gunner is unable to zero within 12 rounds, remove him from the firing line and give him remedial training.

(2) Task 2, Controlled Burst Firing.

(a) The gunner will fire the first burst of 5 to 7 rounds at paster 3.

(b) The gunner then goes down range to observe, marks the projectile holes, and analyzes his burst.

(c) The gunner repeats steps (a) and (b), but fires at paster 4 of same section.

NOTE: The primary purpose of this task is to get the gunner to fire 5- to 7-round bursts. Impact on the target is desired, but not necessary to complete this task. The gunner will fire a 5- to 7-round burst at each paster.

(3) Task 3, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 5 through 6, section A, firing a

5- to 7-round burst for each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

NOTE: These tasks are fired from the tripod firing position. If the gunner shows difficulty in manipulating the weapon, remove him from the firing line and give him remedial training.

(4) Task 4, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 7 through 8, section A, firing a

5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 1 through 4, section B, firing a 5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

(6) Task 6, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 7 through 8, section B, firing a

5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

(7) Task 7, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 5 through 6, section B, firing a

5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

DANGER

Before any gunner goes down range, the lane NCO must ensure that the weapon has been properly cleared. Anyone observing any unsafe acts should immediately call a cease fire and notify range personnel.

h. Scoring Procedures. When scoring the 10-meter target, all scoring spaces are scored ( 1 through 4, 5 through 6, and 7 through 8). One point is given for each round impacting within each space. Rounds touching the boundary of a scoring space are considered hits, but they can be counted in only one scoring space. When firing at 1 through 4 with 28 rounds, the maximum score is 28 points. In group 5 through 6, five scoring spaces are engaged with 35 rounds with a possible score of 35 points. When firing groups 7 through 8, eight scoring spaces are engaged with 56 rounds with a possible score of 56 points.

(1) The total possible score of both groups is 119 points. A minimum of 84 points is required to pass the 10-meter course of fire.

(2) Soldiers failing to achieve minimum standards must be retrained and retested in a dry-fire mode until proficiency is demonstrated. They may not move on to transition firing. Soldiers should then re-fire the 10-meter portion with close supervision and coaching to ensure that the fundamentals are applied properly during live fire.

C-3. TRANSITION FIRING EXERCISES

Transition firing of the M2 machine gun will teach the gunner some techniques of fire that he may encounter in combat situations. The gunner will field zero his weapon and also incorporate the techniques of fire during limited visibility and NBC environments. The gunner needs to be aware that during certain situations his capabilities will be degraded. He is expected to compensate for these situations by applying all available techniques. Within this training, the gunner will be required to apply all the fundamentals of gunnery learned in preparatory gunnery training and l0-meter firing. Instructors should encourage gunners to perform immediate action if a stoppage occurs during fire. This procedure may be modified if local policies require the gunners to notify the range personnel first.

a. Objectives. The objectives of transition fire are —

• To engage targets at long ranges with the tripod-mounted machine gun.

• To understand the characteristics of fire.

Z To field zero the M2 machine gun.

Z To use range estimation to determine the distance to targets.

Z To apply the method of adjusted point of aim.

b. Organization. Organization of a unit for transition firing is conducted the same as for 10-meter firing. Field zeroing is the first firing task of transition day-fire phase. The transition day-fire portion of the course must be fired to become a qualified M2 gunner.

c. Ammunition Issue. The ammunition for the firing of this exercise will be broken down at the ammunition point and issued to each assistant gunner as he is assigned a firing point. The total ammunition for this exercise is 182 rounds, and issue will consist of two belts; one 28-round belt and one 154-round belt.

d. Firing Sequence. Firing of Table II (Figure C-6) will be conducted in the following manner. These procedures pertain to firing with a single gunner using a tripod-mounted M2. If there is a second gunner, he will use the same procedures.

(a) The gunner must first center the rear sight in the same manner as sight setting for 10-meter firing. He selects the appropriate range mark with his elevation knob.

(b) The gunner will load one 28-round belt of ammunition and fire a burst of 5 to 7 rounds at the 550-meter, double E-type silhouette.

(c) If the impact of the rounds (beaten zone) is over the target, the gunner has probably fired with an incorrect sight picture (too high on the target). He needs to relay the gun on the original point of aim and then he relays back on the target and fires again. If the gunner again fails to zero with a proper sight picture, he should have the unit armorer inspect the weapon before continuing the zeroing procedure.

(d) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments to the sights so the round will impact on the target.

(e) After adjustments are made, the gunner will then relay on the center base of the target and fire another 5- to 7-round burst.

(f) The gunner will repeat steps c, d, and e with the remaining rounds.

NOTE: If the gunner is unable to zero within 28 rounds, he is removed from the firing line and given remedial training.

(2) Task 2 through Task 8, Single and Multiple Engagements.

(a) The gunner will load one 154-round belt of ammunition and fire bursts of 5 to 7 rounds at double E-type silhouettes at ranges of 800, 400, 700, and 1,000 meters at vehicular targets. He will also engage multiple double E-type silhouettes targets at 400 to 700; 550 and 800; and 400, 550, and 1,000 meters respectively.

(b) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the targets.

(c) After firing is completed, weapons will be cleared and the gunner critiqued. If there is a second gunner to fire, the entire procedure will be repeated.

NOTE: After both gunners have fired for practice, they will then be assigned new lanes and issued more ammunition for record firing. If possible, the gunner should keep the same weapon he used for practice fire. The only change in the above procedures will be in step (c); here, the gunner will be scored along with the critique. If the gunner is unable to meet standard, he is removed from the firing line, given remedial training, and re-fired.

weapon has been properly cleared. Anyone observing any unsafe acts should immediately call a cease fire and notify range personnel.

weapon has been properly cleared. Anyone observing any unsafe acts should immediately call a cease fire and notify range personnel.

TASK

1. Zero the M2 machine gun.

2. Engage a single, double E-type silhouette.

CONDITIONS TARGET/SITUATION

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages a 550-meter, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this

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Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages an 800-meter, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

AMMO

28-round belt of 12.7-mm.

14 rounds of

STANDARD

Gunner must impact one burst on the 550-meter target.

Gunner must impact one burst on the 800-meter target within 20 seconds.

Figure C-6. Practice/Qualification Table

3. Engage a single, double E-type

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4. Engage a single, double E-îype silhouette.

4. Engage a single, double E-îype silhouette.

14 rounds of

12.7-mm

Gunner must impact one burst on the 700-meter taraet within 25 seconds.

5. Engage a single, double E-typa silhouette.

14 rounds of

12.7-mm

Gunner must impact one burst on the 1,000-meter target within 25 seconds.

5. Engage a single, double E-typa silhouette.

6. Engage multiple double E-type silhouettes.

7. Engage multiple double E-type silhouettes.

8. Engage multiple double E-type silhouettes.

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Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages a 700-meier, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages a 1,000-meter, vehicle type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages 400-and 700-meter, double E-type silhouettes. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages 550-and 800-meter, double E-type silhouettes. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages 400-, 550-and 1,000 meter, double E-type and vehicle silhouettes. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

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12.7-mm

14 rounds of

12.7-mm

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28 rounds of

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Gunner must impact one burst on the 700-meter taraet within 25 seconds.

Gunner must impact one burst on the 1,000-meter target within 25 seconds.

Gunner must impact one burst on each target within 35 seconds.

Gunner must impact one burst on each target within 35 seconds.

Gunner must impact one burst on each target within 45 seconds.

Figure C-6. Practice/Qualification Table II, continued.

e. Scoring Procedures. One point is given for each target hit with an additional 2-point bonus if the target is hit on the first burst. The total possible points for day fire is 33. A minimum 7 points (7 out of 11 exposures) is required to meet standard on the day-fire course.

C-4. NBC FIRING

Since NBC plays an important part in our preparation for war on the modern battlefield, it is important that each soldier is prepared to accomplish the mission even if the area is contaminated and he must wear protective gear.

a. Objectives. The objectives of this training are:

* To teach the gunners to take appropriate action when notified of a contaminated area.

Z To identify targets while in a contaminated area.

Z To engage targets while in appropriate NBC gear.

b. Organization. The unit is organized the same as in paragraph C-2b, except both the gunner and assistant gunner must wear protective masks. Protective clothing is optional.

c. Ammunition Issue. The ammunition for the firing of this exercise will be broken down at the ammunition point and issued to each assistant gunner as he is assigned a firing point. The total ammunition for this exercise is 182 rounds, and issue will consist of two belts; one 28-round belt and one 154-round belt.

d. Firing Sequence. Firing of Table III (Figure C-7, pages C-16 and C-17) will be conducted in the following manner. These procedures pertain to firing with a single gunner using a tripod-mounted M2. If there is a second gunner, he will use the same procedures.

(a) The gunner must first center the rear sight in the same manner as setting the sights for 10-meter firing. He selects the appropriate range mark with his elevation knob.

(b) The gunner will load one 28-round belt of ammunition and fire a burst of 5 to 7 rounds at the 550-meter, double E-type silhouette.

(c) If the impact of the rounds (beaten zone) is over the target, the gunner has probably fired with an incorrect sight picture (too high on the target). He should re-fire concentrating on the proper point of aim and sight picture. If the impact is still off, have the unit armorer correct the calibration and the gunner repeat the zeroing procedure.

(d) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments to the sights so the round will impact on the target.

(e) After adjustments are made, the gunner will then relay on the center base of the target and fire another 5- to 7-round burst at the same target.

(f) The gunner will repeat steps c, d, and e with the remaining rounds.

NOTE: If the gunner is unable to zero within 28 rounds, he is removed from the firing line and given remedial training.

(2) Task 2 through Task 8, Single and Multiple Engagements.

(a) The gunner will load one 154-round belt of ammunition and fire bursts of 5 to 7 rounds at double E-type silhouettes at ranges of 800,400,

700, and a 1,000-meter vehicular target. He will also engage multiple, double E-type silhouettes targets at 400 and 700; 550 and 800; and 400, 500, and 1,000 meters, respectively.

(b) The gunner will observe the beaten zone and make adjustments as necessary to hit the targets.

(c) After firing is completed, weapons will be cleared and the gunner critiqued. If there is a second gunner to fire, the entire procedure will be repeated.

NOTE: After both gunners have fired for practice, they will then be assigned new lanes and issued more ammunition for record firing. If possible, the gunner should keep the same weapon he used for practice fire. The only change in the above procedures will be in the last step; here, the gunner will be scored along with the critique. If the gunner is unable to meet standard, he is removed from the firing line, given remedial training, and re-fired.

DANGER

Before any gunner changes lanes, the lane NCO must ensure that the weapon has been properly cleared. Anyone observing any unsafe acts should immediately call a cease fire and notify range personnel.

1. Zero the M2 machine gun.

e. Scoring Procedures. One point is given for each target hit with an additional 2-point bonus if the target is hit on the first burst. The total possible points for day fire is 33. A minimum of 7 points (7 out of 11 exposures) is required to meet standard on the NBC fire course.

2. Engage a single, double E-type silhouette at 800 meters while wearing a protective mask.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages a 550-meter, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages a 800-meter, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28-round belt of 12.7-mm.

rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on the scaled, 550-meter target.

Gunner must impact one burst on the 800-meter target within 20 seconds.

Figure C-7. NBC Qualification Table Ill.

TASK

CONDITIONS TARGET/SITUATION

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages a 400-meter, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

AMMO

STANDARD

3. Engage a single, double E-type silhouette at 400 meters while wearing a protective mask.

14 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on the 400-meter target within 20 seconds.

4. Engage a single, double E-type silhouette at 700 meters while wearing a protective mask.

Gunner is In stationary tripod firing position and engages a 700-meter, double E-type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

14 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on the 700-meter target within 20 seconds.

5. Engage a single, double E-type silhouette at 1,000 meters while wearing a protective mask.

Gunner is In stationary tripod firing position and engages a 1,000-meter, vehicle type silhouette. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

14 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on the 1,000 meter target within 25 seconds.

6. Engage multiple, double E-type silhouettes at 400 and 700 meters while wearing a protective mask.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages 400-and 700-meter, double E-type silhouettes. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on each target within 35 seconds.

7. Engage multiple, double E-type silhouettes at 550 and 800 meters while wearing the protective mask.

Gunner Is in stationary tripod firing position and engages 550-and 800-meter, double E-type silhouettes. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on each target within 35 seconds.

8. Engage multiple, double E-type silhouettes at 400, 500, and 1,000 meters while wearing the protective mask.

Gunner is in stationary tripod firing position and engages scaled 400-,500-, and 1,000-meter, double E-type and vehicle type silhouettes. Gunner will use 5-to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

42 rounds of

Gunner must impact one burst on each target within 45 seconds.

Figure C-7. NBC Qualification Table Ill, continued.

C-5. NIGHT-FIRE EXERCISE

The night-fire exercise gives the soldiers the practical application of engaging targets using the AN/TVS-5 at night or during limited visibility. a. Objectives. The objectives of this training are: Z TO teach the gunners to zero the AN/TVS-5 to the M2.

• To engage targets at different ranges using the AN/TVS-5.

• To detect targets using the AN/TVS-5.

b. Organization. Organization of a unit for night firing is conducted the same as day fire. AN/TVS-5 zeroing is the first firing task of the night-fire phase. The night-fire portion of the course is also a requirement to become a qualified M2 gunner.

c. Ammunition Issue. The ammunition for the firing of this exercise will be broken down at the ammunition point and issued to each assistant gunner as he is assigned a firing point. The total ammunition for this exercise is 180 rounds, and issue will consist of the following rounds or belts:

• Task 1, 12 single rounds and two 7-round belts Z Task 2 through Task 8, one 154-round belt.

d. Firing Sequence. Firing of Table IV (Figure C-8) will be conducted in the following manner; these procedures pertain to a single gunner using a tripod-mounted M2 with an AN/TVS-5 If there is a second gunner, he will use the same procedures.

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Attract Authentic Affection

Attract Authentic Affection

Plainly affection is an emotion, but it's likewise much more than that. Among the key choices you face in each encounter is the choice to draw close or avoid. You are able to attempt to connect with individuals, or you are able to retreat from them. You are able to absorb yourself in your day's work, or you are able to dillydally. You may approach any individual, place, or thing with the aim to connect, or you may stay distant.

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