Interrelated Aspects Of Position Shooting

Spec Ops Shooting

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There are certain common characteristics of the basic fundamentals that apply to all three international positions.

A. THE SPOTTING TELESCOPE. It should be explained to a new shooter that it is important to place his spotting telescope in a favorable location (Figure 18). This is true of all the shooting positions, but it is most critical when shooting the prone positions. The scope should be placed so that only a slight movement of the head is necessary to bring the eye to the lens. If the shooter must raise or move his body to see through the scope, he may change the established position for his next shot. This shifting can change the natural point of aim or the head position. Unless the change of position is redressed it can move the point of impact.

B. THE SLING. The proper use of the sling is a problem that constantly confronts the shooter. As recommended in the chapter on equipment, a Bling Bhould be made of leather. The sling is used to support the weight of the rifle. The left arm alone should not be used to support the rifle in any position.

1. The sling is fastened to the rifle at the under side of the stock. Some shooters use a large hand stop while others select a very small one. The determining factor in hand stop selection is the comfort of the left hand. The sling should pass flatly over the back of the wrist. Most shooters soon learn not to wear a wrist watch underneath the sling.

2. The sling is fastened to the upper left arm at one of two places; above the tricep or below the tricep (Figure 19). These locations are the best because they will conduct the minimum pulse beat. The sling is tight on the rear of the arm, yet does not form a tourniquet about the arms as that will restrict blood flow and result in a greater pulse beat. The sling provides a space along the front of the arm to allow for proper circulation of the blood (Figure 20).

3. If the sling is too loose, it will slide down the arm and lose its support value. The shooter should insure that the sling does not slip in this manner.

4. The final decision as to length of the sling and placement on the arm is made by the individual when he determines where he gets the best support, steadiness, and comfort.

C. REQUIREMENTS OF A POSITION, There are certain satisfactory results that we want from any shooting position that we build. First we decide what we want and then we work on how to achieve the goal.

1. The most important requirement of a position is that it must provide a good hold. We will define hold as the area of movement during the period which a shooter contemplates firing the shot. The shooter that most frequently holds in the 10-ring will be the one that most frequently hits the 10-ring. The center of gravity of the rifle-body structure must be located so that maximum use will be derived from all available support areas.

The shooter has two methods of appraising his hold. One of these methods is the movement (or lack of movement) he sees in his sight picture. The other is the movement (or lack of movement) he feels in his muscle systems. As closely related as they are, these two methods become clearly separated in the mind of a trained shooter.

Figure 1S. Spotting scope placement.

2. The second consideration is the amount of shooter comfort, thai is established. In the chapter on training we talk of concentration. A shooter that is experiencing pain from an ashamed position will not be able to concentrate his full effort on such important matters as delivering the shot and watching for changes in wind conditions.

3. The third consideration is to insure that the body is functioning properly. Make sure that blood is flowing to all parts of the body. Check to insure that breathing is not restricted because of constriction in the chest and/or stomach. The shooter must find a position that allows for efficient body function while he is firing,

4. The position must be legal as stipulated in ISU regulations.

D. COMMON BODY CHARACTERISTICS, As one thinks about the functioning of human body during international position shooting there are some striking questions that might come to mind. The majority of these queries will relate to the reasoning that i: the human body functions best in its normal configuration, why should one attempt to change from the normal manner of operation in order to ahoot a rifle?

1. An alert person normally stands, walks, sits with his back and head erect and his eyes looking straight forward out o£ the sockets. If the head is tilted, the organ of balance located in the inner ear, senses that part of the body is out of the balance or tone and automatically sends out signals to correct the tilt. Consequently, a slight body sway is stimulated involuntarily. You may check this resultant sway by standing for a period of time with your head tilted sharply to the side. Why then do many shooters fire from the standing or kneeling positions with their heads placed at a side tilt? Or why do some shooters lean their heads extremely far forward until their eyebrows touch the rear si^ht';

2. The head should be held level and upright as possible ir. all positions so as not to excessively disrupt the balance mechanism. Also, eye relief must be maintained.

2. The head should be held level and upright as possible ir. all positions so as not to excessively disrupt the balance mechanism. Also, eye relief must be maintained.

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