Spec Ops Shooting

Ultimate Firearms Training Guide

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The scaled silhouette target provides the same visual perception at 25 meters as the firer would see when firing targets at actual range. The use of this target at 25 meters allows the firer to practice aiming at various range targets and to see precisely where his bullets hit, whether they are target hits or misses. Scaled silhouette targets fit well into a marksmanship training program between zeroing and field fire training, but they provide for excellent training whenever a 25-meter range and ammunition are available. They are also appropriate targets for use during dry-fire training and for teaching adjusted aiming points, for making allowances for wind and range estimation, and when authorized to conduct record for qualification. Two scaled silhouette targets are appropriate for use during unit sustainment:

Slow-Fire Target. The slow-fire target shown in Figure E-1 may be used immediately following the zeroing period of instruction. This target is used to provide a smooth transition from firing at 25 meters to the engagement of KD feedback targets or pop-up targets on the field fire range. This target provides the same visual perception as the three targets the soldier will be required to engage on the field fire range. It allows the soldier to practice aiming at various range targets while seeing precisely where his bullets hit or miss the targets.

Figure E-1. The 25-meter scaled slow-fire target.

Fired with L aperture on standard sights, ft

300 M 75 M

Meter Zero Target Silhouette
176M 175 M

300 M

The soldier learns that a 75-meter target can be hit easily but that a good steady position, precise aiming, and smooth trigger squeeze are necessary to consistently hit the 300-meter target. The 4-cm Circle is drawn at the center of each scaled silhouette so the soldier can relate his performance from the zeroing period to his performance on the scaled silhouettes. (All scaled targets in this manual have been reduced in size. The actual target sheet is about 18 by 23 inches.) During training, 18 rounds are fired on the slow-fire target. From the supported fighting position, the soldier fires three rounds at each of the three targets on the left side of the target sheet. He then moves downrange to inspect his target and to discuss his performance with his sergeant or instructor/trainer. Training the instructor/trainer may find that the soldier does not understand how to aim at target center of mass, that he aims too low at the 300-meter target, that his rifle does not have a good zero, or that he is not applying good firing fundamentals.

7E m

Moving back to the firing line, the soldier fires three rounds at each of the three targets on the right side of the target sheet from the prone unsupported position. The second inspection of the target allows the soldier to compare his firing ability in an unsupported position to that in a supported position. His sergeant or instructor/trainer has another opportunity to observe and critique the soldier's performance. For example, the soldier who fired the target in Figure E-2 is not doing a good job of applying the four firing fundamentals. Some soldiers will begin to lose precision after they complete zeroing. This soldier needs to work on the supported position, but particularly on the unsupported position. Target number 3 indicates he may have aimed too low on the 300-meter target. The 300-meter target is so small that when the rifle is aimed at center of mass, there is little black visible above the front sight. Target Number 6 indicates he may have overcompensated for this error with at least two shots.

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