A skilled instructor/trainer should supervise soldiers on dry-fire training. Once an explanation and demonstration are provided, soldiers should be allowed to work at their own pace, receiving assistance as needed. The peer coach-and-pupil technique can be effectively used during dry-fire training with the coach observing performance and offering suggestions. Several training aids are available to correctly conduct initial dry-fire training of the four fundamentals (Appendix C).
A supported firing position should be used to begin dry-fire training. Sandbags and chest-high support are used to effectively teach this position. While any targets at any range can be used, the primary aim point should be a standard silhouette zeroing target placed at a distance of 25 meters from the firing position. The other scaled-silhouette targets - slow fire and timed fire - are also excellent for advanced dry-fire training.
After the soldier understands and has practiced the four fundamentals, he proceeds to integrated dry-fire exercises. The objective of integrated dry fire is to master the four fundamentals of Marksmanship in a complete firing environment. With proper dry-fire training, a soldier can assume a good, comfortable, steady firing position when he moves to the firing line. He must understand the aiming process, breath control is second nature, and correct trigger squeeze has been practiced many times. Also, by adding dummy ammunition to the soldier's magazine, other skills can be integrated into the dry-fire exercise to include practicing loading and unloading, reinforcing immediate-action drills, and using the dime (washer) exercise.
When correctly integrated, dry fire is an effective procedure to use before firing live bullets for grouping and zeroing, scaled silhouettes, field firing, or practice record fire. It can be used for remedial training or opportunity training, or as a primary training technique to maintain marksmanship proficiency.
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