The procedures and techniques for implementing the Army rifle marksmanship training program are based on the concept that all soldiers must understand common filing principles, be proficient marksmen, and be confident in applying their firing skills in combat. This depends on their understanding of the rifle and correct application of marksmanship fundamentals. Proficiency is accomplished through practice that is supervised by qualified instructors/trainers and through objective performance assessments by unit leaders. During preliminary training, instructors/trainers emphasize initial learning, reviewing, reinforcing, and practicing of the basics. Soldiers must master weapon maintenance, functions checks, and firing fundamentals before progressing to advanced skills and firing exercises under tactical conditions. The skills the soldier must learn are developed in the following four phases:
- PHASE I. PreliminaryRifle Instruction.
- PHASE II. Downrange Feedback Range Firing.
- PHASE III. Field Firing on Train-Fire Ranges.
- PHASE IV. Advanced and Collective Firing Exercises.
Each soldier progresses through these phases to meet the objective of rifle marksmanship training and sustainment. The accomplishment of these phases are basic and necessary in mastering the correct techniques of marksmanship and when functioning as a soldier in a combat area. (See Chapter 1 and Appendix A.)
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