Demonstrators for target detection training wear combat field equipment. This increases their value as target men simulating the movements and appearance of "enemy" soldiers. Target detection is taught in three phases: first, how to locate a target; second, how to mark the location of the target; and third, how to determine the range to the target.
Trial sheets and trial cards contain the following information:
Master Trial Sheets. The master trial sheet (Figure B-6) shows the number Of target men needed for an exercise, the actions to be performed by the target men, the duration of the actions, and the panel or stake locations where the actions occur. A master trial sheet is made for each period of instruction.
Target Trial Cards. A target trial card (Figure B-8) is issued to each man who acts as an enemy "target" in the area of observation. These men, called target men, use the target trial cards as a basis for their location and actions throughout an exercise. All actions performed by a target man, which lead to his eventual disclosure, are termed trials.
Before a trial is conducted, soldiers face away from the range area so that target men can assume their positions unobserved. When target men are in position, soldiers are told to face downrange. There are four types of trials conducted during target detection training: stationary trials, moving trials, stationary sound trials, and multiple moving and sound target trials. Certain factors can affect the appearance of objects and should be known by the firer (Table B-1).
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