A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation. The firer can apply immediate or remedial action to clear the stoppage. Some stoppages that cannot be cleared by immediate or remedial action could require weapon repair to correct the problem. A complete understanding of how the weapon functions is an integral part of applying immediate-action procedures.
Immediate Action. This involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage based on initial observation or indicators but without determining the actual cause. To apply immediate action, the soldier would perform these steps: Gently slap upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed. Pull the charging handle fully to the rear and check the chamber (observe for the ejection of a live or expended cartridge). Release the charging handle (do not ride it forward). Strike the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure. Try to fire the rifle.
Apply immediate action only one time for a given stoppage. Do not apply immediate action a second time. If the rifle still fails to fire, inspect it to determine the cause of the stoppage or malfunction and take appropriate remedial action.
Remedial Action. Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
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