Figure E Firing the Dragon from an M APC

(1) Adjust the commander's chair in the APC so that, when you assume the firing position, both feet are flat on the commander's chair and your knees and body are straight. (2) Keep your feet apart at a comfortable angle. (3) Ensure that your left arm and hand exert maximum rearward pressure on the elevation damper. This action pulls the cradle down against your shoulder (Figure E-2). (4) Position your right hand on the M175 mount firing mechanism the same as you would on the sight's firing...

Cables

Headset, mouse, and cables. The DGT comes with two power cables (Figure B-5) one for use with 110VAC power (cable W2) and the other for use with 220VAC power (cable W1). Each is 8 feet long. B-5. INSTRUCTOR STATION SHIPPING CONTAINER Instructor station shipping containers (Figure B-6, page B-5) are made from olive drab-colored polyethylene. Soldiers can stack these containers four deep. Each has specially shaped inserts to prevent damage to the components. The shipping container...

Trucks

External size cues are needed to establish the size of a truck. To estimate the size of a cue, the gunner compares a nearby tree or other background feature to the size of the red spot. He can also use the reticle to gage size. This is most accurate at low to medium settings. Side-View Identification. Truck characteristics visible from both sides include A prominent square, also visible from the front, that indicates a front engine. The entire hood and radiator usually appear hot, and the front...

Unit Training

This chapter guides the unit leader in developing a successful unit A training strategy is the overall concept for integrating resources to train the skills individual and collective needed to perform a unit's wartime mission. Commanders at TRADOC institutions as well as in the units themselves implement the Dragon training strategy, whose four parts include initial training, sustainment and advanced training, collective training, and leader training. Commanders make sure that they include...

A hangfire occurs when a round jams in a hot weapon

Hangfire Procedures (Combat Only). In a typical tactical situation, a moving armored vehicle closes on the position and moves to within 1,000 meters. (1) Remove the sight from the round and place it on the ground away from the firing site. Keep the round pointed toward the enemy advise nearby soldiers of the round's failure to fire. (2) Obtain a new round and mount the sight to it. (3) Acquire the previous target and continue with the mission. b. Hangfire Procedures (Training Only). (1) The...

Fm Fm August

By Order of the Secretary of the Army ERIC K. SHINSEKI General, United States Army Chief of Staff JOEL B. HUDSON Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army 0122203 Active Army, Army National Guard, and U.S. Army Reserve To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number 111338, requirements for FM 3-23.24. For use of this form see FM 3-23 24 (FM 23-24). the proponent agency is TRADOC DATA REQUIRED BY PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 AUTHORITY 10 USC purposes only MANDATORY OR...

Preparation For Firing

Improper or careless handling of the round can damage its components and cause the missile to malfunction when launched. If there is any reason to believe the missile has been damaged, the round must be returned to the responsible ammunition personnel for inspection and disposition. Before using the nightsight, the gunner must conduct a preoperational check IAW TM 9-1425-484-10. a. Releasing the Bipod. Unsnap the bipod-retaining strap (A, Figure 2-2, page 2-3). Push the bipod forward until you...

Dragon Field Tactical Trainer

The DFTT outdoor trainer realistically simulates the appearance, feel, launch, flight, and effects of the Dragon guided missile system. (Appendix C describes the DFTT and its components.) Training with the DFTT can occur on designated ranges, general outdoor areas, or representative tactical environments. The DFTT uses the Dragon daysight or nightsight and trainers can use it instead of the inert practice round. The DFTT is bipod-mounted, just like an actual Dragon. a. Role. Trainers use the...

Precision Gunnery Training System

The Dragon PGTS includes one indoor training system and one outdoor training system. The Dragon gunnery trainer (DGT) is the indoor training system. It provides a means for precision gunnery training, practice, and qualification with the Dragon. The Dragon field tactical trainer (DFTT), the outdoor training system, provides a means for familiarization with the Dragon. (Appendix B and Appendix C discuss the DGT and DFTT, respectively.) a. The realistic training offered by the Dragon PGTS allows...

Acronyms And Abbreviations

ARTEP Army Training and Evaluation Program ASI additional skill identifier ATWESS antitank weapon effect signature simulator BMP a fighting vehicle manufactured by the former Soviet Union BRDM a scout car manufactured by the former Soviet Union BTR a personnel carrier manufactured by the former Soviet Union CVI combat vehicle identification DFTT Dragon field tactical trainer DLIC detachment left in contact EOD explosive ordnance disposal FASCAM family of scatterable mines An earphone held over...

Temperature And Thermal Images

An object the same temperature as its background does not show through a nightsight. However, most objects radiate some heat, and even a difference of less than one degree renders an object visible to the gunner using such a sight. Since temperatures generally drop at night, thermal targets show up better through the nightsight then. a. Some targets, such as tanks and APCs, radiate heat in patterns recognizable to a trained, experienced Dragon gunner. b. A soldier looking through a nightsight...

Performance MeasuresGo Nogo Nogo Nogo

Pushed legs out. b. Leaned forward and placed round on the meaty portion of shoulder, keeping the upper body straight. c. Properly grasped the sight with both hands. d. Rotated head and aligned right eye in the eye guard. Pushed head forward. e. Pulled elbows in and backward, and tried to touch them together on the chest. Removed slack from the bipod. a. Stood with legs spread comfortably apart and straight, but not locked. b. Leaned forward. Rested the abdomen...

Vulnerable Points Of Armored Vehicles

After the gunner decides that he can engage a target, he should try to hit it at its weakest points. Leaders can help by positioning Dragons where the gunners can take advantage of those weak points. a. To do so, the gunners must know the weak points of each type of enemy armored vehicle. An enemy armored vehicle usually has the most armor protection on its front glacis slope . It has less on its flanks, and still less on its top, back, and belly. Any armored vehicle's weakest areas include its...

Alignedrange marks

M47 Dragon Nightsite

Daysight reticle and stadia lines. 1 The passive, 4-power AN TAS-5 nightsight has a 3.4-degree by 6.8-degree FOV. The nightsight is larger and heavier than the daysight. The nightsight converts heat emissions infrared energy from a target area into electrical signals, then to visible light Figure 1-6, page 1-4 . This enables the nightsight to display a real-time scene. Objects warmer than the ambient surrounding temperature appear in shades of red cooler objects appear black. Like...

Support Equipment Mequipped Units Only

M47 Dragon

Units equipped with the Ml 13 APC are authorized the following Dragon support equipment Ml 75 guided missile launcher mounts, M3 or M122 machine gun tripods, and vehicle storage kits. a. M175 Mounting Assembly. The guided missile launcher mount Figure E-6, page E-4 provides a stable platform for firing the Dragon missile from the M113 APC. The unit track mechanic installs the M175 mounting assembly on the APC. Before turning in the APC for overhaul or repair, the unit track mechanic must remove...

Target Identification

Army Tas Pic

The activities, locations, or signatures visual or otherwise of potential targets identify them as enemy. Dragon gunners must receive sufficient training to recognize the sizes, shapes, and thermal images of all types of targets. Turrets and main guns offer the most recognizable identifiers. a. Friendly foreign units may operate with or near US forces. This complicates the task of identifying friendly vehicles. To reduce the chance of engaging an allied vehicle, the commander can establish...

Dgt Qualification Firing Tables

The qualification firing tables for the DGT include Firing Tables 7 and 8. a. Firing Table 7. Soldier practices firing the DGT. This table is for practice qualification only. It evaluates the gunner's ability to engage stationary and moving targets using both the daysight and nightsight. Some targets are more difficult to hit than others. TASK Engage stationary, moving, and multiple targets. CONDITIONS Given a DGT, DGT disk number 14, LCE, a protective mask, and helmet. STANDARD Kill 16 out of...

M Armored Personnel Carrier

Main characteristics of the front-engine M113 APC include An oval-shaped track and road wheel pattern. A box-shaped hull with no turret. Side-View Identification. From the right, even at long ranges, you can see the M113 APC's characteristic front hot corner. From the left, you can see a cool box shape. Characteristics visible from both sides include A track skirt, which gives the track a low profile. Five evenly spaced road wheels. Front-View Identification. The M113 APC's...

Figure Fire patterns

The leader can use fire commands to control the gunner's rate of fire, time of fire, and point of fire. However, when distance dictates radio delivery of fire commands, the gunner will have to divide his concentration between listening to the radio and firing the Dragon. His assistant, if he has one, can listen to the radio and relay the radio commands Table 8-2 . Warns the gunner s of a fire mission. Enemy in sector, prepare to fire. Briefly describes the target location...

Safety Precautions

After removing the Dragon's front shock absorber and desiccant package, all soldiers must strictly observe additional safety precautions to prevent personnel from tampering with the encased missile. a. Before they may fire the Dragon, leaders and soldiers must know and follow these guidelines 1 Avoid looking at the sun, flares, lasers, or searchlights while looking through the sight. Doing so magnifies their effect and could severely burn your eyes. 2 The warhead will not arm within 65 meters,...

Dragon Gunnery Trainer

This appendix provides technical data for the Dragon gunnery trainer DGT and discusses its components and limitations. The DGT and related accessories are shipped and stored in two shipping containers, one for the instructor station and one for the student station Figure B-1 . The instructor station consists of a console, a headset with microphone, a mouse, two power cables, and a shipping container Figure B-2 . Figure B-2. Components of instructor station.

Table Officer or NCOIC duties

For qualification, the gunner must fire the DGT. c. Verification Training. A gunner must verify quarterly to meet qualification standards. d. Sustainment Training. For monthly sustainment training, see Table 5-4 page 5-7 . The commander can select any target speed and monitor DFTT operation for gunner proficiency. e. Coach and DFTT Operator. During instructional firing, a coach or DFTT operator is at each DFTT to instruct and assist the gunner. The coach or DFTT...

Section I Agents

Decontamination means removal or neutralization of a hazardous level of NBC contamination from personnel and materials. Decide whether or not to decontaminate a Dragon contaminated by NBC agents. Remove nuclear contamination fallout as soon as possible. However, as long as you wear the required protective equipment, you can carry and fire a Dragon contaminated with chemical or biological agents. After doing so, however, swap your MOPP gear out IAW unit SOP. Chemical and biological contaminants...

Dftt Basic Instructional Firing Tables

The basic instructional firing tables for the DFTT include Firing Tables 5 and 6. a. Firing Table 5. The gunner will engage multiple targets using both the daysight and nightsight under varying obscuration settings. Students will be allowed to rest for three to five minutes between events. CONDITIONS Given a DFTT, flak vest, LCE, protective mask, helmet, and hearing protection. STANDARD Fire for familiarization only. b. Firing Table 6. Students will be allowed to rest for three to five minutes...

Preparation Of Fighting Positions

Constructing Hasty Fighting Positions

The enemy must not learn the true location of the Dragon. Clearing away loose debris behind the launcher, wetting down the backblast area, and covering the ground with shelter halves reduces the Dragon's launch signature backblast . To prevent detection, soldiers move only in and around the position. As long it can see the target clearly, the unit can use indirect fires HE, smoke, and WP and small-arms weapons to distract the enemy. Other deception measures include preparing partly visible...

Major Components

M47 Dragon Optic

The Dragon weapon system consists of a daysight, a nightsight, and a round of ammunition. a. Daysight. The daysight is an electro-optical sight that determines the position of the missile relative to the gunner's line of sight LOS . 1 The daysight generates signals that travel by wire to the missile control system. The missile control system fires the appropriate rocket thrusters to keep the missile heading along the gunner's LOS Figure 1-1 . 2 The daysight attaches to and removes quickly from...

Table Steps in developing a unit training program Gunner Training

Dragon gunners should be trained consistently and as repetitively as resources allow. All training includes gunnery and night fire. a. Training Methods. Two main methods are used to train the Dragon gunner 1 Centralized Gunnery Training. Centralized gunnery training requires the unit to train all Dragon gunners at once. Training type depends on the training resources available equipment, facilities, personnel, and time and the tasks to be taught. a Equipment and Facilities. Limited distribution...

Adverse Weather Conditions

If the gunner can see the target, the Dragon can operate in all weather conditions. The Dragon and round stay the same temperature. For example, if the gunner removes a Dragon from a vehicle whose inside temperature is 45 degrees Fahrenheit, both the Dragon and the round will measure 45 degrees Fahrenheit, even if the outside temperature measures 32 degrees Fahrenheit. a. Cold Weather. Before deployment, check all optical surfaces and all mechanical devices for proper operation. Ensure there is...

Sources Used

These are the sources quoted or paraphrased in this publication Regulations for Firing Guided Missiles and Heavy Rockets for Training, Target Practice and Combat. 5 January 1977 with Change 1, 1 Jun 1983. Policies and Procedures for Firing Ammunition for Training, Target Practice, and Combat. 15 October 1983. Enlisted Assignments and Utilization Management. 20 November 2000. The Mechanized Infantry Platoon and Squad APC . The Mechanized Infantry Platoon and Squad Bradley . 7 May 1993. Infantry...

Target Acquisition And Evaluation

After assuming a firing position, the gunner looks through the sight and acquires the target Figure 2-7 . The gunner must evaluate the target to determine whether or not it is within range and engageable. By moving the launcher, the gunner adjusts his sight picture, placing the target within the stadia lines Chapter 6 . a. Acquire and track the target. b. To fire the weapon, push the safety plunger in with the thumb of the right hand, depress and hold the trigger, and maintain the sight picture...