Tenmeter Range Layout

The standard, basic 10-meter range can accommodate a unit of 200 to 250 soldiers at a time; however, concurrent training may be required. This range (Figure C-2) can be used to zero the M249, M60, and M2 machine guns, and to fire the 10-meter portion of qualification. It is also used to familiarize soldiers with the characteristics, noise, and recoil of the weapon. This is the range used to practice target observation and adjustment of fire, to practice MG traversing and searching, to develop speed during operation, and to obtain an accurate burst.

a. Characteristics. The following data applies to the standard 10-meter range.

Number of firing positions 20 lanes.

Firing lane width 60 meters (3 meters per lane).

Target area width 60 meters at the farthest targets

Firing point configuration Numbered markers on slightly elevated and sodded ground; brass deflectors between lanes.

Target configuration Standard 10-meter machine gun target stretched over a wooden frame, one on each lane.

Associated facilities Standard facilities, public address system, and bleachers.

Water Trap For Shooting Range

Figure C-2. Ten-meter range layout.

b. Setup of Range. The 10-meter range should meet the following requirements:

(1) The firing line should be long enough to emplace 20 MGs, allowing 3 meters between positions. For control, each position should be numbered.

(2) The target line should be 10 meters in front of the firing line. The MG marksmanship target is a paper target pasted onto target cloth that is stretched over a wooden frame. One target is set up for each position and is numbered to correspond with the numbered position.

(3) The instruction site for this range is the bleachers, which should be to the rear of the firing line.

(4) The control tower is located to the immediate rear and center of the firing line. .

c. Personnel Required. Each range must be staffed with the following personnel:

Z One safety officer.

Z One principal instructor.

• One assistant instructor for every 10 students.

• Medical personnel.

d. Equipment Required. Although more equipment may be required by local range regulations, safety regulations, or unit SOPs, the minimum equipment required to operate the range is as follows:

• One public address system.

• One MG for each firing lane and one extra gun for every five lanes as a backup.

• One cleaning rod per assistant instructor.

Z One scorecard per soldier.

Z One asbestos glove for every two weapons.

Z One M3 tripod for each lane.

• One caliber .50 pintle for each lane.

Z One caliber .50 T&E mechanism for each lane.

• Medical evacuation capability.

• Communication equipment (wire or radio as required to operate the range).

* C-2. TEN-METER FIRING EXERCISES

The purpose of 10-meter firing is to develop skills in the delivery of initial bursts on target. When conducted properly, it will train gunners in the basic skills of zeroing, controlling the burst, traversing, and traversing and searching techniques. This paragraph discusses firing the 10-meter exercise on the multipurpose transition range; however, it is conducted the same on a basic 10-meter range except that the groups will be broken down to fit the firing lanes. The course is designed to fire the tripod-mounted M2. The basic MG target is used for all 10-meter firing and it allows four gunners to use it for practice or two gunners for practice and qualification. Those units wanting to fire qualification right after practice should use section A for practice and B for qualification for the first gunner, and sections C and D for the second gunner. Ten-meter firing will be conducted IAW Firing Table I (Figure C-3).

TASK

CONDITIONS TARGET/SITUATION

AMMO

STANDARD

1. Zero the M2 machine gun at 10 meters.

Instruct the gunner to engage scoring paster 1 in his assigned section with 6 single rounds in two 3-round shot groups and then paster 2 with the remaining rounds.

12 single rounds of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact 4 of 6 rounds of the 3-round shot groups within paster 2 of his assigned section.

2. Engage a 10-meter target using controlled-burst techniques.

Instruct the gunner to engage paster 3 in his assigned section using controlled bursts, then engage paster 4 in the same manner. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

two 7-round belts of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact one controlled burst on pasters 3 and 4 in his assigned section. (No score required.)_

3. Engage scoring pasters 5 through 6 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 5 through 6 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

35-round belt of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact one round on each scoring paster of 5 through 6 in his assigned section.

(No score required.)_

4. Engage scoring pasters 7 through 8 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 7 through 8 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

56-round belt of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact one round on each scoring paster of 7 through 8 in his assigned section .

(No score required.)_

5. Engage linear target at 10 meters using traverse fire technique.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 1 through 4 in his assigned section using traverse fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

28-round belt of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact at least four rounds on each scoring paster 1 through 4 in his assigned section .

6. Engage scoring pasters 7 through 8 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 7 through 8 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

56-round belt of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact at least four rounds on each scoring paster 7 through 8 in his assigned section .

7. Engage scoring pasters 5 through 6 using the traverse and search technique of fire.

Instruct the gunner to engage pasters 5 through 6 using traverse and search technique of fire. Gunner will use 5- to 7-round bursts for this engagement.

35-round belt of 12.7-mm

Gunner must impact at least four rounds on each scoring paster 5 through 6 in his assigned section .

* Figure C-3. Ten-meter firing table (Firing Table I).

a. Objective. In order for the M2 gunner to become proficient with the machine gun, the following objectives must be considered:

' Obtain an accurate initial burst.

' Master the technique of controlled burst firing.

' Traverse and search the machine gun effectively.

' Observe and adjust fire.

' Operate with speed.

b. Organization. The unit is organized into groups of 10. Each group is assigned a firing order number. One order becomes gunners and the other assistant gunners. The gunners and assistant gunners are assigned lanes and required to set up their guns and perform pre-fire checks.

(1) Ten-meter practice fire (Tasks 1 through 4).

(a) The gunner is required to set his rear sight at 500 yards. On command, the first order zeros using scoring pasters 1 and 2 of their assigned section.

(b) At the completion of zeroing, the gunners are required to engage the next two aiming pasters (scoring pasters 3 and 4 of the same section), using controlled bursts, and then area targets 5 through 6 and 7 through 8, using traverse and search techniques. Time is allowed between bursts to permit gunners to observe and adjust their fire.

(c) After the first order has fired, the second order fires the course in the same manner using the next assigned section. After both orders have fired, the guns are cleared.

(2) Ten-meter qualification (Tasks 5 through 7).

(a) The gunner is then required to set his rear sight at 550 yards. On command, the first order fires at scoring pasters 1 through 4 of their assigned section.

(b) At the completion of their linear engagement, commands are given to require the gunners to engage area targets 5 through 6 and then 7 through 8, using traverse and search techniques. Time is allowed between bursts to permit gunners to observe and adjust their fire.

(c) After the first order has fired qualification, the second order fires the course in the same manner using the next assigned section. After both orders have fired, the guns are cleared.

(2) Ten-meter qualification (Tasks 5 through 7).

(a) The gunner is then required to set his rear sight at 550 yards. On command, the first order fires at scoring pasters 1 through 4 of their assigned section.

(b) At the completion of their linear engagement, commands are given to require the gunners to engage area targets 5 through 6 and then 7 through 8, using traverse and search techniques. Time is allowed between bursts to permit gunners to observe and adjust their fire.

(c) After the first order has fired qualification, the second order fires the course in the same manner using the next assigned section. After both orders have fired, the guns are cleared.

c. Target Analysis. The exercises use the basic machine gun target (FSN 6920-078-5128) (Figure C-4). The following explanation of the target, including the size of the aiming pasters and scoring spaces, will aid in zeroing the M2 and will facilitate control during firing exercises.

M249 Paper Target Sheet

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