Contents

Spec Ops Shooting

Ultimate Firearms Training Guide

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PREFACE iv

* CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION

1-1. Training Strategy 1-1

1-2. Description 1-5

1-3. Components 1-8

1-4. Ground Mounts 1-9

1-5. Accessories for Ground Mounts 1-12

1-6. Vehicular Mounts 1-14

1-7. Ammunition 1-17

* CHAPTER 2. MAINTENANCE

2-2. General Disassembly 2-2

2-3. Cleaning, Inspection, and Lubrication 2-9

2-4. Maintenance Procedures 2-12

2-5. Maintenance Under NBC Conditions 2-12

2-6. General Assembly 2-12

2-7. Function Check 2-17

* CHAPTER 3. OPERATION AND FUNCTIONING

3-1. Operation 3-1

3-2. Loading Procedures 3-1

3-3. Unloading Procedures 3-3

3-4. Cycle of Functioning 3-4

3-5. Left-hand Feed 3-11

3-6. Headspace and Timing 3-12

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 23-65, 19 May 1972, and TC 23-65-1 19 September 1984.

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CHAPTER 4. PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS AND DESTRUCTION

4-1. Malfunctions 4-1

4-2. Stoppages 4-1

4-3. Immediate Action 4-2

4-4. Remedial Action 4-3

4-5. Destruction Procedures 4-5

CHAPTER 5. MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING

Section I. Planning 5-1

5-1. Objectives 5-1

5-2. Commander's Responsibilities 5-1

5-3. Phases of Training 5-2

5-4. Sustainment Training 5-2

5-5. Remedial Training 5-2

Section II. Fundamentals 5-3

5-6. Firing Positions 5-3

5-7. Dry Fire Training 5-6

5-8. Range Determination 5-12

5-9. Observation and Adjustment of Fire 5-16

5-10. Fire Commands 5-18

5-11. Crew Exercises 5-22

5-12. Machine Gun Fundamental Skills Test 5-36

Section III. Basic Marksmanship 5-36

5-13. Concept of Zeroing/Targeting 5-36

5-14. 10-Meter Firing Exercise 5-41

5-15. Transition Day Firing Exercise 5-41

5-16. NBC Firing 5-41

5-17. Night Fire Exercise 5-41

Section IV. Advanced Gunnery 5-41

5-18. Objectives 5-42

5-19. Tracking and Leading Exercises 5-42

5-20. Mounted Firing Exercise 5-45

5-21. Mounted NBC Firing Exercise 5-45

5-22. Predetermined Firing Exercise 5-45

CHAPTER 6. COMBAT TECHNIQUES OF FIRE

Section I. Fundamentals 6-1

6-1. Characteristics of Fire 6-1

6-2. Classes of Fire 6-3

Section II. Fire Control 6-7

6-3. Methods of Fire Control 6-8

6-4. Targets and Their Engagement 6-8

6-5. Overhead Fire 6-14

6-6. Defilade Positions 6-18

6-7. Methods of Laying the Gun for

Defilade Firing 6-20

6-8. Final Protective Fires 6-21

6-9. Application of Fire 6-22

6-10. Fire Adjustment 6-23

6-11. Antiaircraft Gunnery 6-25

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Section III. Limited Visibility Conditions 6-26

6-12. Difficulties 6-26

6-13. Terminology 6-26

6-14. Target Engagement 6-27

6-15. Fire Control 6-28

6-16. Preplanned Fires 6-28

6-17. NBC Considerations 6-29

CHAPTER 7. TRAIN THE TRAINER PROGRAM

7-2. Trainer Certification Program 7-2

7-3. Responsibilities and Duties of the Trainer 7-3

APPENDIX A. SAFETY A-1

APPENDIX B. TRAINING AIDS AND DEVICES B-1

* APPENDIX C. RANGES AND TRAINING EXERCISES C-1

APPENDIX D. FIGHTING POSITIONS D-1

APPENDIX E. RANGE CARDS E-1

* APPENDIX F. AERIAL DEFENSE F-1

* APPENDIX G NIGHT OPTICS G-1

* GLOSSARY Glossary-1

* REFERENCES References-1

* INDEX Index-1

* DA Forms

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