Figure C Basic machine gun target

(1) The target consists of four sections lettered A, B, C, and D. Each section has four point targets numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4; and two sets of area targets numbered 5 through 6 and 7 through 8. Each space is 4 centimeters wide and 5 centimeters high. The black aiming pasters within some numbered scoring spaces are 1-centimeter squares. Firing at targets 1 through 4 allows the gunner to use the traverse-fire technique targets 5 through 6 and 7 through 8 give them practice in traverse and search techniques.

(a) Point targets. Point targets on the basic machine gun target are considered to be pasters 1 through 4 of section A, B, C, and D. Firing at point targets exposes the gunner to zeroing techniques and controlled-burst fire techniques. Targets 1 through 4 will also be used as a linear target for qualification.

(b) Area targets. Area targets on the basic machine gun target are considered to be pasters 5 through 6 and 7 through 8 of section A, B, C, and D. Target group 5 through 6 exposes the gunner to T&E manipulation when using the tripod mount and body position changes to engage targets in depth (elbow position changes). This causes him to use a series of aiming points to disburse fire across the target when using the tripod. Target group 7 through 8 exposes the gunner to position changes to engage linear targets with depth. It causes him to control the burst length from the weapon, use a series of aiming points, and disburse fire across the target.

(2) Targets are analyzed and scored to determine the gunner's proficiency and to see if more training is needed in any of the fundamentals of M2 gunnery. During firing with a properly zeroed weapon, a target is best analyzed by considering the common errors of M2 gunnery (Figure C-5).

INCORRECT SIGHT PICTURE

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE

INCORRECT SIGHT PICTURE

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT

INCORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE

IMPROPER TRIGGER CONTROL

Figure C-5. Common errors found on the basic MG target.

NOTE: Large shot groups are usually caused by incorrect position and grip; small shot groups outside of the scoring space are usually caused by incorrect sight alignment, sight picture, or zero.

d. The 10-Meter Zero. Ten-meter zeroing is accomplished by adjusting the rear sight until the strike of the projectile coincides with the point of aim at a given range. On the 10-meter range, the elevation scale must be set at 500 yards so that it can impact on the desired aiming point. Before zeroing the weapon, the gunner must first center the rear sight for windage by aligning the index with the center of the windage scale.

e. Controlled Burst Firing. This firing exercise reinforces the dry-fire experience and allows the gunner practice in firing of controlled bursts and in providing the most accurate and tightest shot groups obtainable with the M2.

f. Ammunition Issue. The ammunition for the firing of this exercise will be broken down at the ammunition point and issued to each assistant gunner as he is assigned a firing point. The total ammunition for this exercise is 236 rounds (117 for practice and 119 for qualification). Issue will consist of the following rounds or belts:

Z Task 2, two 7-round belts.

g. Firing Sequence. Firing of Table I will be conducted in the following manner. These procedures pertain to firing with a single gunner using sections A and B; if there is a second gunner, he will use C and D.

(a) The gunner will fire 3 rounds, single shot, at paster A1.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe the shot group and triangulate it. No adjustments to the weapon will be made at this time.

(c) The gunner will then fire another 3 single rounds at A1.

(d) The gunner then goes down range to observe the shot group, triangulate it, and make necessary adjustments to his weapon.

(e) The gunner repeats steps (c) and (d), but shoots at paster A2.

NOTE: If the gunner is able to zero his weapon using 9 rounds, have him use the remaining 3 to confirm his zero. If the gunner is unable to zero within 12 rounds, remove him from the firing line and give him remedial training.

(2) Task 2, Controlled Burst Firing.

(a) The gunner will fire the first burst of 5 to 7 rounds at paster 3.

(b) The gunner then goes down range to observe, marks the projectile holes, and analyzes his burst.

(c) The gunner repeats steps (a) and (b), but fires at paster 4 of same section.

NOTE: The primary purpose of this task is to get the gunner to fire 5- to 7-round bursts. Impact on the target is desired, but not necessary to complete this task. The gunner will fire a 5- to 7-round burst at each paster.

(3) Task 3, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 5 through 6, section A, firing a

5- to 7-round burst for each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

NOTE: These tasks are fired from the tripod firing position. If the gunner shows difficulty in manipulating the weapon, remove him from the firing line and give him remedial training.

(4) Task 4, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 7 through 8, section A, firing a

5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 1 through 4, section B, firing a 5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

(6) Task 6, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 7 through 8, section B, firing a

5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

(7) Task 7, Traverse and Search Fire.

(a) The gunner will engage pasters 5 through 6, section B, firing a

5- to 7-round burst at each paster, using the traverse and search technique.

(b) The gunner will then move down range to observe and analyze his targets.

DANGER

Before any gunner goes down range, the lane NCO must ensure that the weapon has been properly cleared. Anyone observing any unsafe acts should immediately call a cease fire and notify range personnel.

h. Scoring Procedures. When scoring the 10-meter target, all scoring spaces are scored ( 1 through 4, 5 through 6, and 7 through 8). One point is given for each round impacting within each space. Rounds touching the boundary of a scoring space are considered hits, but they can be counted in only one scoring space. When firing at 1 through 4 with 28 rounds, the maximum score is 28 points. In group 5 through 6, five scoring spaces are engaged with 35 rounds with a possible score of 35 points. When firing groups 7 through 8, eight scoring spaces are engaged with 56 rounds with a possible score of 56 points.

(1) The total possible score of both groups is 119 points. A minimum of 84 points is required to pass the 10-meter course of fire.

(2) Soldiers failing to achieve minimum standards must be retrained and retested in a dry-fire mode until proficiency is demonstrated. They may not move on to transition firing. Soldiers should then re-fire the 10-meter portion with close supervision and coaching to ensure that the fundamentals are applied properly during live fire.

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