Application Of Fire

must be distributed over the entire target area. Improper distribution of fire results in gaps which allow the enemy to escape or use weapons against friendly positions without effective opposition. The method of applying fire to a target is generally the same for either a single gun or a pair of guns.

б. Engaging Ground Targets. There are five main factors that govern employment against ground targets.

(1) Greater accuracy when fired single-shot.

(2) Long beaten zone.

(8) Low rate of sustained flre.

(4) Any number of guns may be operating together at any given time, as opposed to fixed organization.

(5) Best used at long ranges or against targets where penetration of cover is a consideration.

c. Distribution and Concentration of Fires.

(1) Fire is delivered in width, depth, or in a

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combination of the two. To distribute fire properly, the gunners must know where to aim, how to adjust their fire, and the direction to manipulate the gun.

(o) Point of initial lay and adjustment. The gunner must aim, fire, and adjust on a certain point of the target. It is extremely important that fire be adjusted boldly, rapidly, and continuously. Binoculars may be used by the leader to facilitate Are adjustment. The gunner insures, throughout his firing, that tt^fenter of the beaten zone is maintained at the center base of the target for maximum effect from each burst of fire. When this is done, projectiles in the upper half of the cone of fire will pass through the target if it has height, and the projectiles in the lower half of the beaten zone may ricochet into the target (fig 134).

(b) Direction of manipulation of the gun after adjusting fire onto the point of initial aim. The gunner must move his beaten zone in a cer-

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Figure 134. Lint of own and plaoement of oentwr of beaten On tarffit

Figure 134. Lint of own and plaoement of oentwr of beaten On tarffit

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