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Targeting (thrw ¿»round burns) 6- to 9-rouad burmti-finjl« gun to 9-round bunti-funa employed in p»ire.

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Llnwr, dMp, or linemr with depth.

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Fxçwe 19i. Table of ammtnritûm for day deftnrive field firing.

Fxçwe 19i. Table of ammtnritûm for day deftnrive field firing.

pair. To insure that firing Is conducted in a safe and orderly manner, it wiJl be conducted according to the safety instructions in paragraph 143. A recommended method of conducting firing is as follows:

а. The lane NCO designates two gunners and two assistant gunners. The crews move to the guns and load a 20-round belt

б. The lane NCO instructs the gunners to prepare to target their weapons. When the gunners indicate they are reedy to target the lane NCO announces UP to the OIC.

c. When all lanes are reedy to fire, the OIC announces GIVE MS AN UP WHEN YOU HAVE TARGETED AND ARE READY TO ENGAGE THE FIRST TARGET, YOU ARE CLEAR TO FIRE.

d. When the gunners have zeroed their weapons, the lane NCO directs them to load e60-roynd belt of ammunition. He also selects another Individual to act as squad leader, e. The squad leader takes a position to His rear of the two gun crews, He Issues a fire command requiring one of the crews to engage either a linear, deep, or linear target with depth. The firs command is issued only up to the «mtmaad to fire. The lane NCO then signals the OIC thtfhis lane is ready to fire by announcing UP,

announces GIVE ME AN UP WHEN YOU ARE READY TO ENGAGE YOUR NEXT TARGET. YOU ARE CLEAR TO FIRE.

0. The squad leader announces FIRE, observes the fire, and issues subsequent fire commands if they are needed to place effective fire on the target.

h. When the gun crew has fired 60 rounds, the lane NCO conducts a critique. Special attention should be given to initial fire commands, accuracy of the initial bursts, direction and extent of manipulation, rats of firs, and the squad leader's control of fire. At the end of the critique» the squad leader issues a second fire command, and the second crew engages a target as described in e, f, and g above.

f. When the second gunner has fired 60 rounds, the lane NCO conducts a critique and instructs each gunner to load a 60-round belt j. The squad leader issues s third fire command requiring both gunners to engage a vehicle-type target. The gunners Are as a pair.

k. After they have.engaged the target and have been critiqued, the gunners and squsd leader return to their seats.

L The procedure In a through i above is repeated until all gunners have fired. The assistant gunners are always the not men to act as gunners.

Section IM. MtCDFTfRMINO POINO COUftSI

151. General

After firing on the day defensive range whicft included concurrent training In preparation of range cards, the unit Is moved to the predetermined fire Add flrinf range. The Instruction presented on this range is conducted In two ph*««», one during good visibility and tht other during limited visibility.

a. The daylight pbas# consists of a review on the preparation fnd use of range cards, which was cowed concirrently during previous training* Following this review they receive practical work in the preparation of a rang« card by obtaining data to assigned targets.

b. The night phase is presented after darkness on the same day that the daylight phase is con-

200 meters (so firing points)

firing line approx 600 meters from firing line

«ARBEfl FOLEtíUCrr AND HIOHT LIMIT«!

440 meters approx 10 miters wide

300 meters from firing une

250 meters from firing une

200 meters from firing uni firing line

200 meters (so firing points)

safety limit

■lcachpfle tower

Pr+4*Urmin*¿ fir* finid ducted. In the night phase the fundamentals reviewed during the daylight phase are applied. The gunners reapply the data they obtained to their assigned targets» then engage those targets.

152. Training Facilities a. General Characteristics. Figure 165 shows a schematic diagram and the dimensions of a predetermined fire field firing range.

(1) A tower or elevated platform from which the OIC can observe firing is desirable.

(2) Seating facilities must be available to seat the entire unit for a conference and demonstration

<3) The range should be constructed on a flat, open piece of terrain which allows one man to control the firing of all weapons.

(4) A firing line consisting of 50 points is desirable, allowing at least 4 meters per point.

b. Target Area, In figure 186, everything in front of the firing line out to the range limits is considered target area.

(1) The target area should be at least 700 meters deep and 440 meters wide at the 500 meter range. It should contain at least three targets which will permit engagement from either flank of the firing line and cuwe gunners to record data to the left and right of the zero graduation on the traversing bar. The center target should be a linear target that requires about 20 mils of traverse (approximately 10 meters wide).

(2) Hard objects such u salvage vehicles or dirt-filled gasoline drums may be positioned to represent targets. Earth mounds may also represent targets. The construction of targets in this manner assists the gunner in determining the effectiveness of his Are by enabling him to see his tracers or hear his projectilee hit the target.

(8) The lateral firing limits of the target area must be marked with safety fan poles. Red lights must be attached for night firing.

c. AUoivable Difference. In lieu of a range designed specifically for predetermined fire instruction. the day defensive range may be used if the terrain between the firing line and targets at 500 meters is such that final protective lines and sectors of graze can be obtained.

153. Organization far Training a. The entire unit is seated in the bleachers and presented a review and demonstration on the preparation and use of a range card in predetermined fire and an orientation on the range procedures b. Upon completion of the instruction, the unit is organized into five equal groups. Ideally, a group NCO and a minimum of three assistant instructors are assigned to each group to assist and supervise.

c. The group NCO organizes his group into gunners and assistant gunners, and a crew is assigned to each gun.

154. Conduct of Firing

Each gun crew fires 200 rounds as indicated by figure 166. Safety procedures as outlined in paragraph 142 must be followed. The firing is conducted in two separate exercises as follows:

a. Day Firing.

(1) Each crew is issued 80 rounds of ammunition (four 20-round belts) and instructed by the group NCO to load a 20-round belt for targeting.

(2) When all the gunnerB of a group indicate that they are ready to target their weapons, the group NCO announces UP to the OIC.

(S) When all groups are ready to fire, the OIC announces GIVE ME A CLEAR AND CHECK WHEN YOU HAVE OBTAINED DATA TO ALL TARGETS. YOU ARE CLEAR TO FIRE.

(4) When the gunners have targeted, the group NCO instructs them to obtain data to the final protective lines by firing 20 rounds.

(5) After data to the final protective line has been obtained and recorded, the assistant gunner becomes the gunner and obtains data to a point and a linear target by firing 20 rounds at each target.

(6) The group NCO then instructs the crews to obtain data to a point target by using the dry fire method.

(7) After all data to targets have been obtained and recorded, the group NCO clears and checks the weapons of his group and announces

GROUP _ CLEARED AND CHECKED, to the OIC.

b. Night Firing. Each crew is issued 120 rounds of ammuition (two 20- and two 40-round belts). They then reapply data obtained during the day and engage their targets. If at any time during firing it becomes obvious that a large error in data has been made by the gunner, he should be stopped and directed to check his data and gun settings. A recommended method of conducting firing is as follows:

(1) The group NCO instructs each gunner to load a 20-round belt and apply the data that was obtained by dry firing on a point target.

(2) When all the gunners under the control of a group NCO indicate that they are ready to fire, the group NCO announces UP to the OIC.

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