The Colt Single Action Army (SAA) revolver, like the 1873 original, is built the Colt way. The New Frontier Single Action Army (NFSAA) and some Sheriff's Model revolvers are functionally identical to the Single Action Army except that the NFSAA has a ramp style front sight and adjustable rear sight, while the Sheriff's Model has no ejector rod and special issues have dual cylinders. Some other Sheriff's Models and the Storekeeper's Model have Blackpowder frames with no ejector rod and a screw instead of a spring loaded catch to retain the basepin. This instruction manual applies to these revolvers, commemorative issues of these revolvers and to the variations of them shown in the table below.
Single Action Army Revolver, 43A", 51/z" Colt Blue (color Fixed rear
45 Colt, 357 Magnum,
44 Special, 44-40,
45 ACP, 9mm or 38-40 New Frontier Single Action
Army Revolver, 45 Colt, 357 Magnum, 44 Special, or 44-40
Tk" case hardened or 12" frame) or Nickel. 4%*, 51/2" Royal Blue or Tk" (color case square notch. Fixed front blade.
Fully hardened frame) or Nickel.
Storekeeper's and Sheriff's Models, 44 Special or 44-40
3" Colt or Royal or 4" Blue (color case
Fixed rear square hardened frame) or Nickel with some Royal Blue parts notch. Fixed front blade.
If you have read the warning on page 1 and accept the loss of value and the risk of danger from loading this revolver then follow these safety instructions to reduce the risk of accidental discharge resulting in injury, death or damage to property. You may be an experienced safe shooter already familiar with the procedures in this instruction manual, or you may never have handled a gun before but if you decide to load live ammunition into this revolver we urge you to read this entire instruction manual carefully. You must follow the safety instructions for your safety and the safety of others.
A 1 GENERAL HANDLING CAUTIONS
1. ALWAYS HANDLE YOUR REVOLVER AS IF IT WERE LOADED so that you never fire it accidentally when you think it is unloaded.
2. NEVER POINT YOUR REVOLVER AT ANYTHING YOU DO NOT INTEND TO SHOOT so that if it fires accidentally, injury, death, or damage to property will be prevented.
3. NEVER TAKE ANYONE'S WORD THAT A GUN IS UNLOADED; check for yourself with fingers off the trigger and gun pointed in a safe direction, so that you never fire the gun accidentally when you think it is unloaded.
4. ALWAYS KEEP AND CARRY YOUR REVOLVER EMPTY, WITH THE HAMMER IN THE SAFETY POSITION, except when you intend to shoot, so that your revolver cannot be fired when you do not mean to fire it.
5. ALWAYS MAKE SURE YOUR REVOLVER IS NOT LOADED, THE HAMMER IS AT HALF COCK AND LOADING GATE IS OPEN BEFORE LAYING IT DOWN, OR HANDING IT TO ANOTHER PERSON, so that it cannot be fired when it is unsafe to do so.
6. NEVER LEAVE REVOLVER COCKED READY TO FIRE. This condition is extremely dangerous, and revolver could easily be accidentally discharged, causing injury, death, or damage to property.
7. NEVER LEAVE A LOADED REVOLVER UNATTENDED. Someone, especially a child, may fire it and cause injury, death, or damage to property.
8. ALWAYS INSTRUCT CHILDREN TO RESPECT FIREARMS. If you teach your children to shoot, teach them to treat and use the revolver properly, and always supervise them closely. Always stress safety so that your children will not fire the revolver when it is unsafe to do so.
AI RANGE CAUTIONS"
9. ALWAYS BE SURE YOUR BACKSTOP IS ADEQUATE to stop and contain bullets before beginning target practice so that you do not hit anything outside the range shooting area. THINK! What will you HIT if you MISS the target?
10. ALWAYS PUT A KNOWLEDGEABLE AND RESPONSIBLE PERSON IN CHARGE TO MAINTAIN SAFETY CONTROL WHEN A GROUP IS FIRING ON A RANGE. Obey his commands so that discipline is maintained to reduce the likelihood of accidents.
11. ALWAYS CARRY YOUR REVOLVER EMPTY WITH THE LOADING GATE OPEN WHILE ON A RANGE until preparing to fire. Keep it pointing towards the backstop when loading, firing and unloading, to eliminate the risk of injury, death, or damage to property.
Ai LOADING/UNLOADING CAUTIONS
12. ALWAYS BE SURE BARREL BORE AND CYLINDER CHAMBERS ARE CLEAR OF OBSTRUCTIONS. Clean a fouled revolver immediately so that it will function correctly and safely.
13. ALWAYS USE ONLY CLEAN, DRY, ORIGINAL HIGH QUALITY COMMERCIALLY MANUFACTURED AMMUNITION IN GOOD CONDITION WHICH IS APPROPRIATE TO THE CALIBER OF YOUR REVOLVER. (See page 4.) Gun and ammunition manufacturers design their products within exacting engineering safety limits. Handloads are sometimes outside those limits and can be so unsafe as to blow up the cylinder and frame and cause injury, death, or damage to property.
14. ALWAYS EXERCISE EXTREME CARE TO KEEP MUZZLE POINTING IN A SAFE DIRECTION, WELL CLEAR OF YOUR BODY, PARTICULARLY WHEN UNLOADING REVOLVERS THAT DO NOT HAVE EJECTOR RODS.
15. NEVER DRINK ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES OR TAKE DRUGS BEFORE OR DURING SHOOTING, as your vision and judgment could be seriously impaired making your gun handling unsafe.
16. ALWAYS SEEK A DOCTOR'S ADVICE IF YOU ARE TAK-© SAFETY DEPENDS ON YOU
ING MEDICATION, to be sure you are fit to shoot and handle your revolver safely.
17. ALWAYS WEAR AND ENCOURAGE OTHERS TO WEAR EAR PROTECTION WHEN SHOOTING, especially on a range. Without ear protection, the noise from your revolver and other guns close to you, could leave a "ringing" in the ears for some time after firing, while the cumulative long term effect could be permanent hearing loss.
18. ALWAYS WEAR AND ENCOURAGE OTHERS TO WEAR PROTECTIVE SHOOTING GLASSES. Flying particles could damage eyes and cause blindness; but protective shooting glasses should prevent such injury.
19. ALWAYS KEEP AN EMPTY CHAMBER IN FRONT OF HAMMER WITH HAMMER IN SAFETY POSITION WHEN REVOLVER IS LOADED UNTIL YOU ARE READY TO FIRE. This will minimize risk of an accidental discharge.
20. ALWAYS HOLD REVOLVER BY THE GRIP AND KEEP BOTH HANDS WELL CLEAR OF, AND BEHIND THE CYLINDER. Never hold it near the cylinder as very hot gas and lead particles may be sprayed out around the cylinder... these would injure your hands.
21. NEVER SQUEEZE THE TRIGGER OR PUT YOUR FINGER IN THE TRIGGER GUARD UNTIL YOU ARE AIMING AT A TARGET AND READY TO SHOOT. This will prevent you firing the revolver when it is pointing in an unsafe direction.
22. ALWAYS BE ABSOLUTELY SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND THE AREA BEHIND IT BEFORE YOU SQUEEZE THE TRIGGER. A bullet could travel through or past your target up to 11/2 miles ... if in doubt, don't shoot. THINK! What will you HIT ilyou MISS the target?
23. NEVER SHOOT AT A HARD SURFACE SUCH AS ROCK, OR A LIQUID SURFACE SUCH AS WATER. A bullet may ricochet and travel in any direction to strike you, another person or an object you cannot see, causing injury, death, or damage to property.
24. NEVER DISCHARGE A FIREARM NEAR FLAMMABLE MATERIAL. Flame and sparks erupt from the firearm when discharged. They could start a fire or cause flammable liquids and gases to explode.
25. NEVER FIRE YOUR REVOLVER NEAR AN ANIMAL unless it is trained to accept the noise; an animal's startled reaction could injure it or cause an accident.
26. NEVER INDULGE IN "HORSEPLAY" WHILE HOLDING YOUR REVOLVER as it may be accidentally discharged.
27. NEVER WALK, CLIMB OR FOLLOW A COMPANION WITH YOUR REVOLVER COCKED READY TO FIRE, out of its holster, or with the hammer in any position other than in "safety" with an empty chamber in front of the hammer to minimize risk of an accidental discharge. When hunting, hold your revolver so that you can always control the direction of the muzzle.
28. ALWAYS EXERCISE EXTREME CARE TO KEEP MUZZLE POINTING IN A SAFE DIRECTION, WELL CLEAR OF YOUR BODY, particularly when unloading revolvers that do not have ejector rods.
29. FAILURE TO FIRE: ALWAYS HOLD REVOLVER, KEEPING IT POINTED TOWARDS THE TARGET OR A SAFE OPEN AREA AND WAIT 30 SECONDS when revolver fails to fire. If a hangfire (slow ignition) has occurred, round will fire within 30 seconds. If round does not fire, eject round and examine primer in base of misfired round. If firing pin indent on primer is light, misaligned or non-existent, have revolver examined by a competent gunsmith. If firing pin indent on primer appears normal (in comparison with similar previously fired rounds) assume faulty ammunition; segregate misfired round from other live ammunition and empty cases, reload and carry on firing.
NOTE: Dispose of misfired rounds in accordance with ammunition manufacturer's instructions.
30. NEVER USE YOUR REVOLVER IF IT FAILS TO FUNCTION PROPERLY, AND NEVER FORCE A JAMMED ACTION, as a round may explode causing serious injury, possible death, or severe damage to your revolver.
Al MALFUNCTION CAUTIONS
31. ALWAYS MAKE SURE YOUR REVOLVER IS NOT LOADED BEFORE CLEANING, STORING, TRAVELING, LAYING IT DOWN, OR HANDING IT TO ANOTHER PERSON, so that it cannot be fired when it is unsafe to do so.
32. ALWAYS KEEP AND STORE YOUR REVOLVER AND AMMUNITION IN SEPARATE LOCKED RECEPTACLES OUT OF REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN AND UNTRAINED PEOPLE, to minimize the risk of revolver and ammunition being easily available for loading and firing.
33. NEVER "FAN" YOUR REVOLVER. YOU COULD BREAK THE FIRING MECHANISM AND MAKE REVOLVER UNSAFE. Your accuracy will be reduced and you may hit something other than target aimed at. Altering the single action mechanism for fanning would also make the revolver unsafe; do not make or attempt to make this alteration.
34. NEVER ABUSE YOUR REVOLVER by using it for any purpose other than collecting or shooting. IMPORTANT: Do not dry fire your Colt Single Action Revolver as repeated dry firing could damage the firing pin. (Dry firing is snapping the hammer on an empty chamber.)
NOTE: Please note that we have chosen to use the word "SQUEEZE" in this instruction manual instead of "PULL" or
"PRESS" when trigger movement is described; this is simply to remind you of the need for a gentle squeezing action to achieve accuracy.
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