Target Engagement During Limited Visibility

Gunners have problems detecting and identifying targets during limited visibility. The leader's ability to control the fires of his weapons is also reduced, therefore, he may instruct the gunners to fire without command when targets present themselves. a. Gunners should engage targets only when they can identify the targets, unless ordered to do otherwise. For example, if one gunner detects a target and engages it, the other gunner observes the area fired upon and adds his fire only if he can...

Do not get CLP in the gas cylinder when cleaning the barrel Turn the barrel upside down so that the gas cylinder is

The gas cylinder components are removed and cleaned only when inspection shows that the piston will not move within the cylinder when the barrel is tilted end-for-end. Unit maintenance personnel must supervise disassembly of the gas system. The receiver brush and swab-holding section of the cleaning rod may be used to clean the interior of the gas cylinder. When CLP is used, the gas cylinder and gas piston must be wiped dry before assembly. After assembly, the piston is checked for free...

Remedial Action

Remedial action is any action taken to determine the cause of a stoppage and to restore the weapon to an operational condition. This action is taken only after immediate action does not remedy the problem. a. Cold Weapon Procedures. When a stoppage occurs with a cold weapon, and if immediate action has failed, use the following procedures (1) While the weapon is on your shoulder, grasp the cocking handle with the right hand, palm up pull the cocking handle to the rear, locking the bolt. While...

Figure G Mounting the ANPVS

Mounting the AN PVS-4 on the M240B. Before zeroing and qualifying with the AN PVS-4, the gunner must mount the sight onto his weapon. The M240B machine gun has a rail mount already attached to the cover assembly (Figure G-59). The gunner installs the sight on the M240B rail mount by loosen the mounting knob located on the left side. Positioning it in a slot on the rail mount. Any slot may be used as long as the mount does not hang over the edge of the rail. By placing the bar of the mount in...

Range Procedures

The range can be a dangerous place, especially if safety procedures are not followed. Everyone must stay alert and adhere to the following precautions a. Before Firing. (1) Close all prescribed roadblocks and barriers, and post necessary guards. (2) Check all weapons to ensure that they are clear of ammunition and obstructions, and that the cover-feed mechanism assemblies are up to show they are cleared. (3) Brief all personnel on the firing limits of the range and firing lanes. (4) Obtain...

Be careful not to damage the internal ribs when installing the forearm assembly

Replacing Receiver Assembly and Forearm Assembly. To replace the forearm assembly, the gunner slides it onto the receiver. He presses in on the bottom of forearm assembly to latch. He shakes the forearm assembly up and down to ensure it is seated. b. Replacing the Trigger Mechanism Grip Assembly. To replace the trigger mechanism grip assembly, the gunner positions it on the bottom of the receiver, aligns it with the T-slot, and installs the front pin from the left side. He slides the slotted...

Immediate Action

Immediate action is action taken to reduce a stoppage without looking for the cause. Immediate action should be taken in the event of either a misfire or a cookoff. A misfire is the failure of a chambered round to fire. Such failure can be due to an ammunition defect or faulty firing mechanism. A cookoff is the firing of a round caused by the heat of a hot barrel and not by the firing mechanism. A cookoff can be avoided by applying immediate action within 10 seconds after a failure to fire. If...

Machine Gun Te Manipulation Drills

The purpose of these exercises is to teach and instill confidence in the gunner in properly using his T& E. These exercises are conducted on a 25-meter line. a. Equipment Needed One Machine gun. One 4-foot X 8-foot sheet of plywood. Paint the plywood white with black ruled lines of 1 8-inch width horizontally and vertically. The horizontal lines are 2 inches apart, starting 1 inch from the top and the bottom. The vertical lines are 3 inches apart, with 1 inch on either side. (1) Label the...

Target Engagement

The gunner engages targets throughout his sector. He must know how to effectively engage all types of targets either by himself or in conjunction with another gunner. a. Single Gunner. (1) Point Target. When engaging a point target, the gunner uses fixed fire (Figure 5-10). If the target moves after the initial burst, the gunner adjusts fire onto the target by following its movement. Figure 5-10. Engagement of point target. Figure 5-10. Engagement of point target. (2) Area Target. When engaging...

Vehicular Mount

The standard vehicular mount for the M60 machine gun is the M4 pedestal mount used on the HMMWV. One component of the pedestal mount, the M142 machine-gun mount, (which serves as a cradle for the weapon), is also adaptable to other vehicles (Figure 2-24). a. To mount the weapon, the gunner locks the platform in the horizontal position by inserting the travel-lock pin into the travel lock. He places the front mounting pin (in the forearm assembly) into the front mounting lug. He lowers the...

AEquipment Needed One Machine gun

One Basic machine gun target placed at a distance of 25 meters away with the reverse (blank) side showing. One Marking silhouette measures 1 inch X 1 2 inch X 22 inches long (wood). One F-type silhouette (reduced by half its size) measuring 7 1 2 inches long X 3 3 4 high (Chapter 4). b. Conduct. The instructor shows the target to the machine gun crews. He points out its parts and explains its use as follows (1) The gunner takes a normal position behind the machine gun. The gunner is required to...

Respect To The Ground

Fire with respect to the GROUND (Figure 5-3) includes grazing and plunging fires. a. Grazing Fire. Grazing fire occurs when the center of the cone of fire does not rise more than 1 meter above the ground. When firing on level or uniformly sloping terrain, the gunner can obtain a maximum of 600 meters of grazing fire. b. Plunging Fire. Plunging fire occurs when the danger space is confined to the beaten zone. Plunging fire also occurs when firing at long ranges, from high ground to low ground,...

Stoppages

A stoppage is any interruption in the cycle of functioning caused by faulty action of the weapon or faulty ammunition. a. Stoppages are classified by their relationship to the cycle of functioning. Table 1-5 shows types of interruptions or stoppages, their probable causes, and the corrective actions. Clean the gas regulator, piston, and cylinder. Reinstall link belt with the open end of the link facing down. Damaged, weak, or worn operating parts. Push safety to the left, exposing red ring....

Danger

IF NOTHING IS EJECTED AND THE WEAPON IS HOT (200 OR MORE ROUNDS FIRED IN LESS THAN 2 MINUTES), DO NOT OPEN THE COVER. PUSH THE SAFETY TO THE RIGHT (RED RING NOT VISIBLE), WHICH PLACES THE WEAPON ON SAFE. KEEP THE WEAPON POINTED DOWNRANGE FOR 15 MINUTES, THEN CLEAR THE WEAPON. BE CAREFUL CLEARING THE WEAPON WHEN THE BARREL IS HOT A ROUND MAY FIRE (COOK OFF) DUE TO THE BARREL'S HEAT INSTEAD OF THE FIRING MECHANISM. DURING TRAINING OR ON A FIRING RANGE, AFTER THE WEAPON HAS FIRED 200 ROUNDS, THE...

Section V Fire Control

Fire control includes all actions of the leader and soldiers in planning, preparing, and applying fire on a target. The leader selects and designates targets. He also designates the midpoint and flanks or ends of a target, unless they are obvious to the gunner. The gunner fires at the instant desired. He then adjusts fire, regulates the rate of fire, shifts from one target to another, and ceases fire. When firing, the gunner should continue to fire until the target is neutralized or until...

M Tripod

The M122 tripod provides a stable mount for the M249, and it permits a higher degree of accuracy and control. The tripod is recommended for all marksmanship training and defensive employment. a. Mounting the M122 Tripod. The tripod assembly provides a stable and relatively lightweight base that is far superior to the bipod. The tripod may be extended and collapsed without difficulty. It consists of a tripod head, one front leg and two rear legs, and traversing bar. The traversing bar connects...

Maintenance During Nuclear Biological Chemical Conditions

If the M240B is contaminated by chemical, biological, or radiological agents, the gunner takes appropriate action to reduce exposure and minimize penetration. a. Chemical. The gunner uses towelettes from the M258A1 kit to wipe off the weapon. If these are not available, he washes the weapon with soap and water. b. Biological. The gunner uses towelettes or soap and water as previously described. c. Radiological. The gunner wipes the weapon with warm soapy water if it is available. If not, he...

Formation Bipod Or Tripod

The leader commands FORM FOR CREW DRILL. The crew forms in a file with five steps between each crew member in this order gunner, assistant gunner, and ammunition bearer. The gunner is five steps from and facing the leader. When the crew members reach their positions, each assumes the prone position and is ready for the crew drill. (Figure 4-18, page 4-26.) Figure 4-18. Crew in ready position. Figure 4-18. Crew in ready position.

Dangers

IF NOTHING IS EJECTED AND THE WEAPON IS HOT (200 OR MORE ROUNDS FIRED IN LESS THAN 2 MINUTES), DO NOT OPEN THE COVER. MOVE THE SAFETY TO S, WHICH PLACES THE WEAPON ON S. KEEP THE WEAPON POINTED DOWNRANGE AND KEEP AWAY FROM THE WEAPON FOR 15 MINUTES, THEN CLEAR THE WEAPON. 2. BE CAREFUL IN CLEARING THE WEAPON WHEN THE BARREL IS HOT, A ROUND MAY FIRE (COOK OFF) DUE TO THE BARREL'S HEAT INSTEAD OF DUE TO THE FIRING MECHANISM. DURING TRAINING OR ON A FIRING RANGE, AFTER THE WEAPON HAS FIRED 200...

General Assembly

After cleaning, lubricating, and inspecting the weapon, the gunner assembles the weapon and performs a function check. a. Replacing the Barrel Assembly. Insert the gas regulator plug into the gas hole bushing so that it is on the number one setting. (number 1 gas setting on the regulator faces towards the barrel). Place the gas collar over the front end of the gas regulator plug, while pushing against the spring, rotate counterclockwise until it stops. Insert one of the metal tabs of the heat...

Figure G meter reticle aiming point

(2) Fire three-single rounds loaded individually without making any sight adjustments. (3) The three-round shot group should be within a 4-cm circle to establish the center of the shot group in relation to the center base of the aiming paster. (4) Measure the amount of movement that is required left or right (windage) and either up or down (elevation) to move the three-round shot group onto the center of the aiming paster. (5) Upon completion, return to the firing line to make corrections to...

Operation

The MWTS has three modes of operation STANDBY, ON, and EMERGENCY. Figure G-24, page G-26, shows controls and indicators. (1) STANDBY Mode. When the system is first turned on, the MWTS begins a cool-down period of about 2 minutes. After the cool-down period, the MWTS enters the STANDBY mode. During the STANDBY mode, power is not applied to the scanner or display to extend the life of the battery. (2) ON Mode. When the MWTS is in the STANDBY mode and pressure is applied to the eyecup, the MWTS...

Inspection

Inspection begins with the weapon disassembled in its major groups. Shiny surfaces do not mean the parts are unserviceable. The parts of the weapon and related equipment are inspected. Any broken or missing parts are repaired or replaced IAW TM 9-1005-201-10. The gunner performs preventive maintenance checks and services (PMCS) every 90 days. If the weapon has not been used in 90 days, PMCS is performed as stated in the operator's manual. If rust is seen on the weapon, perform PMCS immediately...

Table General data

rounds per minute. 6- to 9-round bursts. 4 to 5 seconds between bursts. Barrel changed every 10 minutes. rounds per minute. 10- to 13-round bursts. 2 to 3 seconds between bursts. Barrel changed every 2 minutes. rounds per minute. Fire continuous burst. Barrel changed every minute. for a three-man crew 600 to 900 rounds. Elevation, tripod controlled +200 mils Elevation, tripod free +445 mils Depression, tripod controlled -200 mils Depression, tripod free -445 mils Traverse, controlled by...

M Machine

The 7.62-mm M60 machine gun supports the rifleman in offense and defense. It provides the heavy volume of close and continuous fire the rifleman needs to accomplish his mission. The M60 is used to engage targets beyond the range of individual weapons, with controlled and accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective fires delivered by the M60 form an integral part of a unit's defensive fires. This chapter describes the weapon and the types of ammunition it uses in detail...

Cleaning Lubrication And Preventive Maintenance

The M60 machine gun should be cleaned immediately after firing. The gunner disassembles the M60 into its major groups for cleaning. All metal components and surfaces that have been exposed to powder fouling should be cleaned using CLP on a bore-cleaning patch. The CLP is used on the bristles of the receiver brush to clean the receiver. After the M60 is cleaned and wiped dry, a thin coat of CLP is rubbed on with a cloth. This lubricates and preserves the exposed metal parts during all normal...

Cycle Of Functioning

The gunners can recognize and correct stoppages when they know how the M249 machine gun functions. The weapon functions automatically as long as ammunition is fed into it, and the trigger is held to the rear. Each time a round is fired the parts of the weapon function in a cycle or sequence. Many of the actions occur at the same time. These actions are separated in this manual only for instructional purposes. a. The cycle is started by putting the first round of the belt in the tray groove or...

Bipod Operations

The bipod assembly is used to fire from the prone position. The buttstock in conjunction with the gunners nonfiring hand provides support for the weapon when firing in the bipod mode. The gas cylinder holds the bipod in place. a. To lower the bipod legs, the gunner depresses the bipod retaining latch, while holding the bipod legs together to disengage from slots in the receiver. Then rotate the bipod legs down and release them so they lock in the vertical position. The bipod legs of the M240B...

Description

The MWTS is capable of target acquisition under conditions of limited visibility such as darkness, smoke, fog, dust, and haze. The MWTS operates at night and during the daytime. Infrared light is received through the telescope, detected by an IR sensor, converted to digital data, processed, and then displayed for the user. The MWTS is composed of two functional groups the telescope and the basic sensor. a. Telescope. The telescope receives IR light emitting from an intended target and its...

Warning

The M240B is carried loaded with the bolt locked to the rear in tactical situations where noise discipline is critical to the success of the mission. Trained gun crews are the only personnel authorized to load the M240B and only when command directs the crew to do so. During normal training exercises, the M240B is loaded and carried with the bolt in the forward position. (7) The gunner loads one round, obtains the proper sight picture, and gives an UP to the assistant gunner. (8) The assistant...

Training Strategies

Training strategies are the same for all weapons that use the AN PAQ-4 except for the use of the illuminating beam. The illuminating beam allows soldiers to detect targets at ranges up to 2,000 meters (dependent upon terrain and weather constraints) in the highpower mode (tactical mode). Remember that the laser is not eye-safe in the tactical mode. In the low-power mode, targets can be engaged out to 600 meters during ideal limited visibility conditions (for example, 75 percent illumination, no...

Training For Combat Conditions

The trainer must realize that qualification is not an end but a step towards reaching combat requirements. To reach this goal, the gunner not only considers his position and the use of his weapon, but also some of the following combat conditions as well. a. Most engagements will be within 300 meters however, the gunner must still engage targets out to the maximum range of the machine gun. b. Enemy personnel are seldom visible except when assaulting. c. Most combat fire must be directed at an...

Respect To Target

Fire with respect to the TARGET includes frontal, flanking, oblique, and enfilade fires. a. Frontal Fire.Frontal fire is when the long axis of the beaten zone is at a right angle to the front of the target. An example is when firing at the front of a target (Figure 5-4). b. Flanking Fire. Flanking fire is firing at the side of a target (Figure 5-4). Figure 5-4. Frontal fire and flanking fire. Figure 5-4. Frontal fire and flanking fire. c. Oblique Fire. Oblique fire is when the long axis of the...

Left Five Meters Drop One Hundred Meters

Fire commands need not be complete to be effective. In combat, the leader gives only the elements necessary to place fire on a target quickly and without confusion. During training, however, he should use all of the elements to get gunners in the habit of thinking and reacting properly when a target is to be engaged. After the gunner's initial training in fire commands, he should be taught to react to abbreviated fire commands, using one of the following methods....

Figure F Sighting target

The instructor takes a normal position behind the machine gun, keeping his body and hands clear of the gun so that the eye is in the correct position for aiming. (1) The gunner takes a position near enough to observe the instructor. (2) The assistant gunner stands near the instructor to transmit signals to the ammunition bearer. (3) The ammunition bearer is provided with the 3-inch sighting target and is posted as the marker at the blank target, which is 25 meters away from the gun....

Perform General Disassembly And Assembly

Cleared the machine gun using the procedures prescribed. 2. Disassembled the machine gun as prescribed for that machine gun. a. Removed the buttstock and buffer assembly. b. Removed the driving spring rod assembly. c. Removed the bolt and operating rod assembly. (Bolt is not separated from operating rod) d. Removed the trigger housing assembly. g. Removed the barrel assembly hand heat shield. h. Removed the handguard from the receiver. 3. Assembled the machine gun as prescribed for that machine...

Contents

Description and 1-1. 1-2. 1-3. 1-4. Blank Firing Section II. 1-5. Clearing 1-6. General 1-7. 1-8. Cleaning, Lubrication, and Preventive Maintenance 1-18 1-9. General 1-10. Function 1-11. Maintenance 1-12. Maintenance During Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Section III. Operation and 1-13. 1-14. 1-15. 1-16. Cycle of 1-17. 1-18. M122 1-19. Dismounting from the M122 1-20. Bipod 1-21. Vehicular 1-22. Tripod DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION Approved for public release distribution is unlimited....

Mounting Procedures M Only

Refer to Figures G-42a and G-42b when mounting MWTS on M60 machine gun. a. Press on the end of the MWTS hinge pin latch (1) and remove the MWTS hinge pin latch and the MWTS hinge pin (2) from the M60 bracket (3). b. Install the MWTS hinge pin (2) and the MWTS hinge pin latch (1) on the M60 machine gun (4). c. Press on the right side end of the M60 hinge pin latch (5) with a pointed object and remove the M60 hinge pin latch. d. Release the feed tray cover latch (6) and fully raise the feed tray...

Mounting And Zeroing The Anpvs

Zeroing aligns the AN PVS-4 to the M249. The sight may be zeroed during daylight or darkness. (See TM 11-5855-213-10.) If done during daylight, the daylight cover must be used. To obtain a precise zero, it is best done at 300 meters and at night. Once an AN PVS-4 has been zeroed on an M249 machine gun, any soldier who knows how to use the reticle should fire the weapon effectively. However, there may be some changes in zero when the objective focus is adjusted to engage targets at various...

Reference Knockedout Tank Left Two Fingers Target Troops Three Hundred

This element includes manipulation and rate of fire. Manipulation prescribes the class of fire with respect to the weapon. It is announced as FIXED, TRAVERSE, SEARCH, or TRAVERSE AND SEARCH. Rate controls the volume of fire (sustained, rapid, and cyclic). Normally, the gunner uses the sustained rate of fire. The rate of fire is omitted from the fire command. The method of fire for the machine gun is usually 3- to 5-round bursts (M249) and 6- to 9-round bursts (M60 M240B).

A Bipod

When firing unassisted, changes in head position and stock weld are necessary especially when using weapon-target alignment techniques. Normally, the gunner positions his head so that he can align the weapon on the target and look over the sights. In some cases, the lower part of his jaw makes firm contact with his nonfiring hand on the stock, with his eyes an inch or so above the sights. The key is to use the natural pointing ability to align the machine gun on the target....

Figure G Mwts controls and indicators

Eyepiece Indicators (Figure G-25). Eyepiece indicators illuminate as follows (1) NOT COOL (11) when the detectors are not cool enough for proper operation. (2) WHT HOT BLK HOT (12) polarity. (3) EMER (13) during emergency mode operation. (4) LOW (14) when battery power has about 15 minutes of useful power left with go-to-war batteries. (5) RETICLE SELECT FOV (15) identifies which reticle is currently selected and indicates wide FOV or narrow FOV as selected by the FOV. (6) ELEVATION...

Destruction Procedures

Destruction of any military weapon is only authorized as a last resort to prevent enemy capture or use. This paragraph discusses the field-expedient means of this destruction it does not replace published policies. In combat situations, the commander has the authority to destroy weapons, but he must report this destruction through channels. a. Disassemble the weapon as completely as time permits. Use the barrel or tripod mount to destroy the bolt, buffer, and operating rod group, barrels, rear...

Section I Description And Components

M249 machine gun, bipod and tripod mounted. Figure 1-1. M249 machine gun, bipod and tripod mounted. ball and tracer (4 1 mix) ammunition is packaged in 200-round drums, each weighing 6.92 pounds other types of ammunition available are ball, tracer, blank, and dummy. Length of M249 40.87 inches Weight of M249 16.41 pounds Weight of tripod mount M122 with traversing and elevating mechanism and pintle 16 pounds Maximum range 3,600 meters Maximum effective range 1,000 meters with the...

Loading

The gunner makes sure the weapon is cleared as previously described. He places the safety lever on F. With his palm up, he pulls the cocking handle to the rear, then pushes it forward until it locks. With the bolt held to the rear, he places the safety lever on S and manually returns the cocking handle to the forward position. He turns the latch lever and opens the cover. He raises the cartridge feed tray and places the bandoleer on the bandoleer hanger. He places the first round of the belt in...

Zeroe Procedures

The following paragraphs explain the different ways to zero the M145 straight telescope on the M240B, M60, and M249 machine guns. a. Zeroing to Weapon. Zeroing the M145 straight telescope aligns the sight to the barrel of the machine gun so that the point of aim equals the point of impact. Adjustment of the M145 straight telescope is centered at the factory. (1) Open the front (1) and the rear (2) lens covers. (2) Turn each cover inside out to stow the lens covers while the sight is being used...

Figure F Sighting bar

(2) The front and rear sights on the sighting bar represent enlarged machine gun sights. (3) The gunner looks through the eyepiece in such a position that he sees the sights in exactly the same alignment as the instructor does. Although there is no eyepiece on the machine gun, the use of an eyepiece on the sighting bar assists the gunners in learning how to align the sights properly when using the machine gun. (4) The attachment of the removable target to the end of the sighting bar provides a...

Combat Techniques Of Fire

Technique of fire is the method of delivering and controlling effective fire. The machine gunners must be trained in the standard methods of applying fire. This chapter discusses combat techniques of fire, application of fire on the battlefield, and advanced gunnery. Before the machine gun can be employed to its full potential, the soldier must know and be trained on characteristics of fire, classes of fire, types of targets, and application of fire. Each gunner must know the effects of rounds...

Do not use the tip of the driving spring guide assembly as a tool because it could damage the weapon

Removal of the buffer, operating rod, and bolt assemblies. Figure 2-10. Removal of the buffer, operating rod, and bolt assemblies. c. Removing the Cover, Hanger and Cartridge Feed Tray Assemblies. The gunner uses a cleaning rod to unlatch the hook of the hinge pin latch. He removes the hinge pin latch and cover hinge pin. He removes the cover assembly, torsion spring, and hanger and cartridge feed tray assembly (Figure 2-11).

Bore Light

The bore light is an accurate means of zeroing weapons and the most aided vision equipment without the use of ammunition. Time and effort are applied to ensure a precise boresight, which in turn saves time and ammunition. Table G-1 outlines weapon aided vision device combinations that can be zeroed using the bore light with the M249 M60 M240B weapons. With optics, a 25-meter zero must follow boresighting. The precise boresighting of a laser allows the soldier to directly engage targets without...

Installtion

The M145 straight telescope mounts directly to the mounting rail on the M249, and M240B machine guns. It is necessary that you adjust the position of the M145 telescope either backwards or forward on the rail in order to achieve the correct eye relief (distance of the eye from the back of the telescope). If the same sight is installed in the same position slot on the rail on the same weapon, rezeroing is not required. a. Back off on the torque limiting knob just enough for the rail grabber to...

ADay

(1) Night Vision Goggles Training With Terrain Walk When Firing Aiming Lasers. Soldiers are given in-depth instruction on the proper use and fit of night vision goggles, to include characteristics and capabilities, maintenance, and mounting procedures. At night, soldiers conduct a terrain walk to become more familiar and build confidence using the night vision goggles. (2) Aiming Device Training. Soldiers receive familiarization training on the aiming device. This training covers operation and...

F MB Machine

Before zeroing and qualifying with the AN PAS-13, the gunner must mount the sight on the weapon. The M240B machine gun has a rail mount already attached to the cover assembly. (a) Install the sight on the M240B rail mount by loosening the mounting knob located on the left side. (b) Position the sight on the rail mount by placing the bar of the mount in a slot on the rail and hand tighten the knob on the mount until two clicks are heard. Any slot can be used as long as...

Maintenance Procedures

There are certain actions that must be taken before, during, and after firing to properly maintain the M249 machine gun. (2) Inspect the weapon as outlined in the operator's TM. (1) Inspect the weapon periodically to ensure that it remains lubricated. (2) When malfunctions or stoppages occur, follow the procedures in Section IV. (1) Immediately clear and clean the weapon. (2) Every 90 days during inactivity, clean and lubricate the weapon, unless inspection reveals more frequent servicing is...

Figure G Stowing the lens covers

B. 10-Meter Zeroing, Setting to Mechanical Zero. (1) Adjust the straight telescope so that the weapon's barrel and the optical sighting axis are in alignment. The sighting axis is about 2 to 3 inches above the machine gun barrel, and therefore the strike of the bullet at a 10-meter range is also about 2 to 3 inches low without further zeroing adjustment (Figure G-44). To bring the strike of the bullet up, lift the silver lock and rotate the elevation adjustment dial counterclockwise (to the...

Figure G Example of a start point halfturn point and reference point

Turn the bore light on and spin it until it is in the start point position. Get a zeroing mark and mark a dot on it. Place the zeroing mark about 10 meters from the end of the barrel so that the visible laser strikes the zeroing mark. e. Slowly rotate the bore light 360 degrees, while watching the visible laser made by the bore light. If the visible laser stops on the zeroing mark, the bore light is zeroed to the weapon. f. If the bore light does not stop on the zeroing mark, then elevation...

Figure G Adjuster alignment

The following procedures are used to boresight and zero the M249, M60, and M240B machine guns using the AN PAQ-4C aiming light. a. Boresight. Check the alignment of the bore light. (1) Place the appropriate mandrel with the bore light attached in the muzzle of the weapon. (2) Turn on the bore light so that the laser dot strikes the target (offset) 10 meters away. (3) Slowly rotate the bore light one-half turn (180 degrees) while watching the dot made by the laser on the target area. (4) If the...

Station Perform General Disassembly And Assembly

Each has one tripod-mounted machine gun with cover raised, bolt forward, and safety on the F position. This is placed on a mat to keep the parts free of dirt. a. The following statement should be read at this station DURING THIS PERIOD, YOU WILL BE ORGANIZED INTO THREE GROUPS AND REQUIRED TO DISASSEMBLE AND ASSEMBLE THE MACHINE GUN. THERE WILL BE ONE MACHINE GUN AND ONE GRADER FOR EVERY TWO GUNNERS. EACH GROUP WILL BE ALLOWED EIGHT MINUTES TO COMPLETE...

Do Not Interchange The Barrel Assembly Or The Bolt Assembly From One Weapon To Another If You Do So It May Result In

M240B machine gun, bipod and tripod mounted. Figure 3-1. M240B machine gun, bipod and tripod mounted. ball, tracer, armor-piercing, blank, dummy. Armor-piercing round is not authorized for training. Length of the M240B 49 inches tripod with flex-mount, complete 20 pounds Maximum effective range 1,100 meters with tripod and T& E meters meters meters meters meters Maximum extent of grazing fire obtainable over level or uniformly tripod mount M122A1 17.5 inches rounds per minute...

Figure G Mounting the ANPAS to the MB

(a) Unscrew the mounting knob on the left side. (b) Lift up on the sight to remove it from the M240B machine gun. g. Boresighting Procedures. Follow the instructions to boresight the weapon as outlined in TC 23-AIMS S. Choose the correct reticle for the weapon by pressing the reticle select switch for 2 seconds. Then scroll through the reticles until the correct one is found. Follow the instructions for boresighting the MWTS on the boresight target offset. Adjust the aiming point until the red...

Safety Precautions

The following safety precautions must be observed during all marksmanship training a. Display a red flag (red light for night firing) at the entrance to the range or in some other prominent location on the range during firing. b. Always assume that weapons are loaded until they have been thoroughly examined and found to contain no ammunition and barrel is clear. c. Mark firing limits with red-and-white-striped poles that are visible to all firers. d. Never place obstructions in the muzzles of...

Marksmanship Fundamentals

The four fundamentals for firing are the same for all machine guns, they are steady position, aim, breath control, and trigger control. a. Steady Position. In automatic fire, position is the most important aspect of marksmanship. If the gunner has a good zero, correctly aims his weapon, and properly applies a steady hold in firing a burst of automatic fire, the first round of that burst hits the target at the point of aim. However, this procedure is not necessarily true of the second and third...

Reference Crossroads Right Four Fingers

The target description creates a picture of the target in the minds of the gunners. To properly apply their fire, the soldiers must know the type of target they are to engage. The leader should describe it briefly. If the target is obvious, no description is necessary. (4) Range. The leader always announces the estimated range to the target. The range is given, so the gunner knows how far to look for the target and what range setting to put on the rear sight. Range is announced...

B Conduct

(1) The gunner is given the command to aim at vertical line B and horizontal line 4. The next command is RIGHT 150 mils ADD 50 mils. The instructor then asks the gunner where he is aiming. (2) Lay on the horizontal line 15 and vertical line O. The next command is, LEFT 100 mils ADD 10 mils. The instructor then asks the gunner where he is aiming now. (3) The leader or instructor can have as many of these types of questions set up, until he feels the gunner is proficient at this task.

Transition Fire Limited Visibility

Night or limited visibility firing requires the soldier to apply the fundamentals of gunner marksmanship while using nightsights. This training instills confidence in the machine gunner. Each soldier learns how to engage targets using nightsight. He learns to mount the sight, boresight the weapon at 10-meters, and zero the aided vision devices (IAW Appendix G for that device) at 10-meters using a 10-meter (M16A2) zero target. Finally, he learns to detect and engage a series of undetermined...

Removal From Action Tripod

At the command OUT OF ACTION, the gunner ensures that the bolt is to the rear, places the safety on S, and raises the cover. The assistant gunner removes the ammunition from the tray, returns it to the bandoleer, and closes the bandoleer. The gunner inspects the chamber to ensure that it is clear closes the cover pulls the cocking handle to the rear puts the safety on F pulls the trigger, easing the bolt forward. The gunner unlocks the rear of the machine gun from the tripod. a. The assistant...

Figure G Reticle aiming point target aiming point and shot group

After a boresight has been established, the gunner moves back to a 25-meter firing position. He affixes another 25-meter zero target to the back of a 10-meter machine gun target and fires three rounds. (1) Locate and triangulate the center of the shot group. From the center of the shot group, adjust the reticle to move the center of the shot group to a point 8 cm below and 2 cm right of the target aiming point (Figure G-57). This location on the 25-meter zero target is 9...

Program Phases

Since firing is a learning process, certain prerequisites must be satisfied before a trainer passes from one phase of marksmanship to another. The trainer must qualify with the machine gun (the trainer must pass all tasks and qualify on the 10-meter and transition fire) that he will be teaching to the machine gunners in his unit. To obtain maximum results on the battlefield, the machine gunners are trained in the fundamentals before they engage a combat target. The phases of the...

Figure G Mounting the Anpeqa to the M machine gun

(1) Mount the AN PEQ-2A 1 on the top cover rail (see arrow) using the AN PEQ-2A bracket adapter and a standard rail grabber. The unit armorer preassembles the rail grabber and the bracket adapter. (2) Mount the bracket adapter to the AN PEQ-2A using the thumbscrew on the AN PEQ-2A. (3) Loosen the clamping knob until the rail grabber has sufficient space to fit over the top cover rail. Tighten the clamping knob until two clicks are heard. (4) Place the AN PEQ-2A at a position on the rail that is...

Do not try to force the cocking handle to the rear with your foot or a heavy object This could damage the weapon

(2) If the weapon is hot enough to cause a cook off, moves all Soldiers a safe distance from the weapon and keeps them away for 15 minutes. (3) After the gun has cooled, opens the cover and disassembles the gun. Ensures rearward pressure is kept on the cocking handle until the buffer is removed. (The assistant gunner helps the gunner do this.) (4) Removes the round or fired cartridge. Uses cleaning rod or ruptured cartridge extractor if necessary. (a) In a training situation, after completing...

Sights

This paragraph provides information on how to make corrections if the initial setting is not accurate. At a 10-meter target, each paster is 1 cm. Therefore, ten clicks on the adjusting screw (windage) of the front sight assembly in either direction moves the strike of the round left or right 1 cm. One complete turn on the front sight blade moves the strike of the round up or down 1 cm. a. Elevation Correction. If the shot group is above or below the point of aim, the front sight posts must be...

Preface

This manual provides technical information, training techniques, and guidance on the crew-served machine guns, 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm (M249 M60 M240B). The purpose of this manual is, to provide a one-source document for all three weapons. This prohibits having several sources to rely on. Unit leaders, trainers, and the designated gunners will find this information invaluable in their efforts to successfully integrate these automatic weapons into their combat operations. Trainers must ensure that...

Mb Machine

The M240B machine gun supports the rifleman in both offensive and defensive operations. The M240B provides the heavy volume of close and continuous fire needed to accomplish the mission. The M240B is used to engage targets beyond the range of individual weapons, with controlled and accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective fires delivered by the M240B form an integral part of a unit's defensive fires. This chapter describes the weapon and the types of ammunition in...

Station Checklist Perform Immediate Action

Pulled the cocking handle to the rear. 2. Observed a round, cartridge or linked being extracted from the machine gun. 3. Returned cocking handle to the forward position. 4. Attempted to fire the machine gun. 5. If the machine gun did not fire, pulled the cocking handle to the rear, locking the bolt assembly to the rear. 6. Place the safety on S and returned cocking handle to the forward position. 7. If machine gun was hot, kept it pointed downrange and waited 15 minutes, then performed remedial...

Removal From Action Bipod

To take the machine gun out of action, the leader commands and signals OUT OF ACTION. The gunner and assistant gunner repeat the command. a. At the command OUT OF ACTION, the ammunition bearer moves to the position, slinging his rifle. He picks up and slings the bandoleers that he previously left there. He gets the tripod and moves 15 steps to the rear of the machine gun. He lies prone, facing the position with the tripod in front of him. b. The assistant gunner places spare barrel and the heat...

Barrels must not be interchanged with those from other Ms unless the headspace has been certified for that weapon by

(1) To remove the barrel from the receiver, close the cover and feed mechanism assembly. Depress the barrel locking lever with your left hand, then lift the carrying handle using your right hand and push the barrel forward. To remove the heat shield, place the barrel with the muzzle end on a hard, flat surface, with the heat shield facing away from your body. Place the index fingers of each hand inside the chamber. Use your thumbs to push up on the top clip. (3) To remove the gas regulator and...

Dryfire Proficiency Examination

The examination is a practical nonfiling exercise given during the last period of instruction on the machine gun before range firing. It may be held indoors if there are available facilities. The soldier must demonstrate techniques for the following tasks General disassembly and assembly. Placement of direction and elevation readings on the T& E mechanism. Engagement of a linear and a deep target. B-2. CONDUCT OF THE EXAMINATION Leaders can use the following schedule or modify it to fit...

Caution

Before installing the battery cap, inspect the threads on battery housing and battery cap to ensure that they are free of moisture and dirt. Ensure the O-ring in the battery cap is present. Failure to do so could result in loss of electrical power and shorten battery life. Tighten the battery cap by hand. Using tools to tighten the battery cap could damage the equipment. c. Reinstall the battery cap (1) by holding the rotary reticle illumination switch (3) stationary turning clockwise until...

BNight Time Equipment

(1) Leader (designated) AN PVS-7B with 3XMAG, compass. (2) Gunner machine gun, compass, AN PVS-4 or AN PAS-13, two bandoleers (with dummy ammunition). (3) Assistant Gunner AN PVS-14 with 3XMAG, spare barrel case (spare barrel and accessories), traversing and elevating mechanism, pintle assembly, and three bandoleers (with dummy ammunition). (4) Ammunition bearer AN PVS-7B with 3XMAG, compass, tripod and four bandoleers (with dummy ammunition).

Controls

The following is a brief description of the operation controls and its indicators. a. Elevation Adjustment Dial. The elevation adjustment dial is used for zeroing the telescope to the weapon. The dial can only be rotated when the silver lock (1) is moved to the UP position. Turning the elevation adjustment dial (2) counterclockwise in the direction of the arrows one click moves the point of impact up 2.5 mm at 10 meters. Turning the elevation adjustment dial (2) clockwise (opposite direction to...

When buttstock is off do not pull the cocking handle to the rear without first removing the drive spring assembly

Remove the Trigger Housing Assembly. Depress spring pin and remove. You may need to use the back of the back plate of the buttstock to tap on the spring pin, then remove pin with fingers. All pins go from right to left (Figure 3-15, page 3-14). Rotate the rear of the trigger-housing group assembly down, disengage the holding notch at the front of the assembly from its recess on the bottom of the receiver, and remove the assembly from the receiver (Figure 3-16, page 3-14). Figure 3-16....

Placement Into Action Bipod

To place the machine gun into action, the leader commands and signals MACHINE GUN TO BE MOUNTED HERE (pointing to the position where the machine gun is to be mounted), FRONT (pointing in the direction of fire), ACTION (raising fist to shoulder level and thrusting it several times in the direction of the selected position). a. At the command ACTION, the gunner stands, grasps the carrying handle with his left hand, grasps the top of the stock with his right hand, raises the machine gun to a...

Assistant Trainers And Cadre Coaches

Assisting the trainer and coaching a soldier to fire the machine gun are highly technical jobs that must be done well. The most valuable soldiers in the program are those who not only have obtained a high standard, but those who can effectively teach this knowledge to others. Once the individual is consistent in this train-the-trainer program, he can then develop into a competent assistant trainer. It is worth the effort to train these individuals to become a successful assistant trainer,...

Section Vii Advanced Gunnery

Once the gunner masters the four fundamentals of marksmanship in the prone position and fighting position, he needs practice in engaging targets that will most likely replicate the battlefield. The advanced gunnery field firing exercise for the gunner exposes him to different types of targets at various ranges to simulate combat conditions. The objectives of this training are to reinforce the fundamentals and increase the effectiveness of the gunner by building his confidence (not for...

BControls and Switches

(1) The CONTRAST CONTROL (1) adjusts the contrast of the thermal scene. When turned fully clockwise to AUTO, contrast is automatically set. (2) The EMERGENCY CONTROL (2) overrides the eyecup switch and turns entire system on, which places the MWTS in the EMERGENCY mode. (3) The BRIGHTNESS CONTROL (3) is a nine-position rotary switch with an off detent position (turned fully counterclockwise). The purpose is to turn the system on or off and adjust the brightness of the eyepiece display. (4) The...

Section I Zero Procedures

An established day night advanced marksmanship program equipped with training strategies and proposed qualification standards has been developed. Before beginning a night marksmanship program, soldiers must qualify on their assigned weapons during daylight conditions as outlined in the previous chapters of this manual and TMs. However, this appendix implements the new night qualification standards to compliment current Army training strategies. Commanders should follow these training strategies...

Anpvs Zero

Refer to Appendix G and the appropriate TM for this piece of equipment. When mounting the AN PVS-4 to the mounting bracket, make sure the hole for the screw in the AN PVS-4 is aligned and flush against the bracket screw. If not, it will strip the threads on the screw, and the AN PVS-4 cannot be used with the M249 machine gun. Fixed, 5- to 7- rd bursts (M249) or 7- to 9-rd bursts (M60 M240B) Fixed, 5- to 7- rd bursts (M249) or 7- to 9-rd bursts (M60 M240B) Fixed, 5- to 7- rd bursts (M249) or 7-...

Figure G Illuminated reticle

(1) To make reticle illumination adjustments, turn the rotary switch (1) clockwise. The intensity of the illumination increases the further the switch is turned (Figure G-52). Figure G-52. Illuminated reticle adjustments. (2) Turn the rotary switch to the OFF position when the telescope is being used during normal daylight or when illumination is not required (Figure G-53). Ensure the reticle illumination switch is turned to the OFF position when not required.

Alternate Firing Positions

All gunners must master the bipod-supported prone firing fighting position, and tripod-supported prone firing position to be effective. But it is also equally important that they know other positions. Each gunner must be trained to assume different positions quickly during various combat conditions. The situation determines the appropriate position. The gunner must establish his position so that he can effectively observe and engage the target yet minimize his exposure to enemy fire. a....

Distribution Concentration And Rate Of Fire

The size and nature of the target determine how the gunner applies his fire. He must manipulate the machine gun to move the beaten zone throughout the target area. The rate of fire must be controlled to adequately cover the target but not waste ammunition or destroy the barrel. a. Distributed fire is delivered in width and depth such as at an enemy formation. b. Concentrated fire is delivered at a point target such as an automatic weapon or an enemy fighting position. c. The rates of fire that...

Machine Gun In The Attack

The potential increase of air and ground attacks on the unit demands every possible precaution for maximum security while on the move. Where this situation exists, the machine gun crew must be thoroughly trained in the hasty delivery of antiaircraft fire and of counterfires against enemy ground forces. The distribution of the machine guns in the formation is critical. The machine gun crew is constantly on the alert, particularly at halts, ready to deliver fire as soon as possible. If the leader...

Table G Weaponaided vision device combinations

Align the bore of the weapon to the optic, laser, or iron sight being fired to reduce or eliminate the time and ammunition it currently requires to live fire zero. b. Special Instructions. Here are some special instructions the gunner should follow Use only approved 10-meter offsets from Picatinny Arsenal (noted on offset). Ensure the proper 10-meter offset is used for the weapon configuration. Ensure boresighting is conducted 10 meters from the end of the barrel. Ensure weapon and...

Grooves of the gas cylinder

(c) Clean the three grooves of the piston using a 360-degree circular motion (Figure 1-23). Remove all carbon dust from the piston, inside and out. Figure 1-23. Cleaning of the grooves of the piston. Figure 1-23. Cleaning of the grooves of the piston. (d) Clean the hole in the front of the piston by inserting and turning the flat side of the scraper in a 360-degree circular motion (Figure 1-24). Figure 1-24. Cleaning of the hole in the front of the piston. Figure 1-24. Cleaning of the hole in...

Overhead Fire

Fire delivered over the heads of friendly soldiers is called overhead fire. It is used during training ONLY AFTER SOLDIER SAFETY IS CHECKED AND VERIFIED. The terrain and visibility dictate when overhead fire can be delivered safely. (See AR 385-63 for a complete summary of training safety requirements.) Overhead fire is delivered with any machine gun mounted on a tripod because the machine guns provide greater stability and accuracy, and because vertical mil angles can be measured by using the...

Engagement Of Moving Targets

The fundamentals used to hit moving targets are the same as those needed to hit stationary targets. However, the procedures to engage moving targets vary as the angle, speed, and range of the target varies. Targets moving directly at the gunner are engaged the same as a stationary target there is no change in the application of the fundamentals. But fast-moving targets at varying ranges and angles do require changes in the application of steady position and aiming. (For aerial targets...

Figure G Anpeqa with accessories

(1) TPIAL assembly with safety block. (5) Cable switch, 12-inch, membrane. (9) Cable Switch, 20-inch, button. (11) Training extender (Army only). (12) M4 M16A2 bracket assembly. This paragraph describes how to operate the AN PEQ-2A, to include battery installation, safety block installation, the button switch, the cable switch, the mode switch, and boresight adjusters. a. Battery Installation (Figure G-11). Unscrew the battery caps and install two AA batteries. Orient the batteries as indicated...

Prone Position

Machine gun crew drill, as it is described in the preceding paragraphs, is an excellent training vehicle for the machine gun crew. A continuation or second phase of the crew drill is outlined in this paragraph. It should be used only as a technique for adding realism to training. a. Inspecting Equipment Before Firing. The inspection of equipment for crew drill from the prone position is the same as that for bipod training and tripod training. b. Placing the Machine Gun Into Action. The leader...

Lateral Distance Measurement

In addition to estimating range accurately, the gunner needs a quick method of measuring lateral distance (right or left) from a reference point to a target. When the machine gun is tripod-mounted, width can be measured by aiming on a point, manipulating the traversing handwheel, and counting the clicks from one point of aim to another point of aim. Each click equals 1 mil and is equivalent to 1 meter at 1,000 meters, or half a meter at 500 meters. When the machine gun is bipod-mounted, the...

Field Zero

A gunner must know how to zero the machine gun at distance. He should select a known distance target between 300 and 700 meters. As the range increases, it becomes more difficult to determine where the center of the beaten zone is in relation to the target. Therefore, the 500-meter target on the transition range is recommended because of the ease of determining adjustments. a. Setting of the Sights. The gunner uses the same procedures as for 10-meter zeroing except that he places the rear sight...

Engagement Skills Trainer

The engagement skills trainer (EST) 2000 (Figure F-4, page F-6) is a home station, indoor, multipurpose, multilane, small arms simulator. The EST augments and substitutes individual, crew, and static-squad collective training. Using projected imagery and laserlight technologies, the EST 2000 provides weaponry that simulates the same physical, functional, operational characteristics, and capabilities of service weapons. Weaponry for the EST 2000 includes the M16A2 rifle, M4 carbine, M9 pistol,...