The first phase of qualification consists of firing tasks 2 through 8 of Firing Table I for practice, and tasks 9 and 10 of Firing Table I for record. Before firing, all soldiers must be familiar with the tasks, the time allowed, the ammunition allowances, the procedures to follow in the event of a stoppage, and the penalties imposed.
a. Time and Ammunition. Each gunner completes zeroing before record firing. Individual fire commands are given for each task. Task 9 is fired in 30 seconds, and task 10 is fired in 45 seconds.
b. Stoppages. If a stoppage occurs, the gunner must apply immediate action. If the stoppage is reduced, he continues to fire the course.
(1) If a stoppage occurs that cannot be reduced by immediate action, the gunner raises his hand and awaits assistance.
(2) Once the stoppage is reduced, the gunner completes firing beginning with the next task.
(3) If a stoppage is caused by an error on the part of the gunner, additional time is not permitted. The gunner receives the score he earned before the stoppage occurred.
(4) If it is necessary to replace the machine gun, the gunner must zero the new weapon. The gunner can fire the exercise again.
(5) Gunners who cannot fire a task or cannot complete firing in the time allowed (because of malfunctions) can finish the exercise in an alibi run after all other gunners complete firing. They fire only those tasks they failed to engage because of the malfunction.
c. Penalties. Five points are deducted from the score of any gunner who fails to stop firing at the command or signal to cease fire. If a gunner fires at the wrong target or exercise, he loses the points for those rounds. A gunner whose target was fired upon by another gunner is permitted to refire the exercise.
d. Scoring. When scoring the 10-meter target, the trainer scores all scoring pasters (C5 through C6 and C7 through C8). One point is given for each round impacting within the scoring space. The maximum point value is 7 points (M249) or 9 points (M60/M240B) for each paster. Rounds touching the line on the paster are considered a HIT. When firing C5 though C6, the gunner engages 5 scoring pasters with 35 rounds. (M249) or 45 rounds (M60/M240B) The maximum possible is 35 points (M249) or 45 points (M60/M240B). When firing pasters C7 through C8, the gunner engages 8 scoring pasters with 56 rounds (M249) or 72 rounds (M60/M240B). The maximum possible is 56 points (M249) or 72 points (M60/M240B). Gunners do not score their own targets when firing for qualification. During qualification firing, at least 63 points (M249) or 81 points
(M60/M240B) must be achieved on Firing Table I. DA Form 85-R is used to record scores (Figure 4-23). (See paragraph 4-42).
e. Position. Based on his METL, the commander selects either the bipod-supported prone or fighting position for table A only. For qualification the position will be either tripod-supported prone or tripod-supported fighting position table B for practice and table C for qualification.
Transition firing provides the gunner the experience necessary to progress from 10-meter firing to field firing at various types of targets at longer ranges. The gunner experiences and learns the characteristics of fire, field zeroing, and range determination, and engaging targets in a timed scenario. He uses the adjusted aiming-point method of fire adjustment. Transition firing is conducted on a machine gun transition range or the MPRC. These exercises are fired with the bipod prone or fighting position. Transition firing is fired and scored for practice and qualification to provide feedback to the gunner. Firing Table II consists of eight tasks (Table 4-3, page 4-47).
a. Range Facilities. The transition range should consist of several firing lanes. Each lane should be 10 meters wide at the firing line and 100 meters wide at a range of 800 meters. Ideally, each lane has a fighting position with an adjacent prone firing position.
b. Targets (Card board: NSN 6920-00-795-1806 and plastic: 6920-00-071-4780). The E-type silhouette targets are used—single and double are needed for qualification. The double represents an enemy automatic weapon, which for the gunner is a priority target (Figure 4-22). The targets are at various ranges that a gunner might engage. All targets should be plainly seen from the firing positions. Electrical targets are desirable.
c. Stoppage. The same procedures used in Firing Table I qualification firing are used (page 4-42).
d. Penalties. The same procedures used in Firing Table I qualification firing are used (page 4-42).
e. Scoring. Ten points are given for each target hit, whether hit on the first or second burst. The total possible points are 110. The gunner must hit at least 7 (70 points) targets out of 11 exposures to qualify. DA Form 85-R is used to record scores Figure 4-23 (see paragraph 4-42).
f. Position. Based on his METL, the commander selects either the bipod-supported prone or bipod-supported fighting position for qualification.
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