Respect To Target

Fire with respect to the TARGET includes frontal, flanking, oblique, and enfilade fires.

a. Frontal Fire.Frontal fire is when the long axis of the beaten zone is at a right angle to the front of the target. An example is when firing at the front of a target (Figure 5-4).

b. Flanking Fire. Flanking fire is firing at the side of a target (Figure 5-4).

Crew Served Maachine Guns
Figure 5-4. Frontal fire and flanking fire.

c. Oblique Fire. Oblique fire is when the long axis of the beaten zone is at an angle other than a right angle to the front of the target (Figure 5-5).

d. Enfilade Fire. Enfilade fire is when the long axis of the beaten zone coincides or nearly coincides with the long axis of the target. This type of fire is either frontal or flanking. It is the most desirable type of fire with respect to a target, because it makes maximum use of the beaten zone (Figure 5-5, page 5-4).

Figure 5-5. Oblique fire and enfilade fire.

5-8. RESPECT TO MACHINE GUN

Fire with respect to the machine gun (Figure 5-6) includes fixed, traversing, searching, and traversing and searching, and free-gun fires.

a. Fixed Fire. Fixed fire is fire delivered against a point target when the depth and width of the beaten zone covers the target. Fixed fire also means only one aiming point is necessary to provide coverage of the target.

b. Traversing Fire. Traversing fire is fire distributed in width by successive changes in direction. The gunner selects successive aiming points throughout the width of the target. These aiming points must be close enough to ensure adequate coverage but not so close as to waste ammunition.

c. Searching Fire. Searching fire is fire distributed in depth by successive changes in elevation. The gunner selects successive aiming points in depth. The changes made in each aiming point will depend on the range and slope of the ground.

d. Traversing and Searching Fire. Traversing and searching fire is fire distributed in width and depth by successive changes in direction and elevation. Combining traversing and searching provides good coverage of the target. Adjustments are made in the same manner as described for traversing and searching fire.

e. Free-Gun Fire. Free-gun fire is fire delivered against targets requiring rapid major changes in direction and elevation that cannot be applied with the T&E mechanism. To deliver this type of fire, the gunner removes the T&E mechanism from the traversing bar on the tripod, allowing the weapon to be moved freely in any direction.

Figure 5-6. Classes of fire with respect to the machine gun.

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