Loading And Shooting Cva Caplock Muzzleloaders

Sidelock Muzzleloader Breech

1. Put on shatterproof shooting glasses and insert ear plugs, as both percussion and flintlock guns may shower sparks or bits of caps/flints when fired.

2. Verify the gun is unloaded.

a. Place a ramrod down barrel to breech plug and mark ramrod at muzzle.

b. Remove ramrod and lay along outside of barrel, lining up mark at muzzle.

c. The other end of the ramrod should be at the bolster (or touch hole for flintlock models). This practice shows the gun is unloaded and should be disarmed before proceeding.

3. Set hammer at half-cock and check that firearm cannot Figure 10-1 be fired (that is, that the hammer cannot be moved) when the trigger is pulled. "Half-cock" refers to the notch which allows the hammer to rest above the nipple thus preventing the firearm from firing when trigger is pulled. (Figure 10-1)

4. Clean all oil and grease from bore and breech area. (See Cleaning and Maintenance.)

5. WITH THE GUN POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION, place a percussion cap on the nipple. CVA percussion muzzleloaders use a #11 sized cap.

CAUTION: Use a capper to place cap on the nipple as percussion caps are sensitive to pressure and can explode under extreme finger pressure.

6. Fully cock the hammer and fire to dry out base of bore and nipple. Repeat this procedure three times.

Pour BLACKPOWDER into powder measure. Figure 11-1

Pour measured powder charge into barrel. Figure 11-2

Pour BLACKPOWDER into powder measure. Figure 11-1

Pour measured powder charge into barrel. Figure 11-2

7. With muzzle pointed "up" and with no part of your body extended over the gun, pour a measured charge (Figure 11-1) down the barrel (Figure 11-2). (See Suitable Charges, Table 1).

CAUTION: Do not pour a charge directly from horn or flask. If a smoldering ember is present, it could ignite the powder in the container, as well as the powder charge, as it is poured into the barrel. This excessive amount of powder could cause a dangerous explosion. Therefore, be safety minded; use a powder measure or other small measured charging device.

8. Tap the butt of the rifle lightly on the ground to ensure that all powder drops into the breech area of the gun.

9. Holding the rifle parallel to the ground with the lock side down, slap side of barrel in front of lock. This will help to insure that powder will fully enter the bolster and nipple area, greatly improving ignition of the powder charge.

10. For Patched Round Ball:

a. Center a well lubricated patch over bore. (Figure 12-1)

b. Press round ball with sprue (or flat portion) facing upward. (Figure 12-1)

c. Using the short stud of a ball starter, firmly press patched ball just into muzzle. (Figure 12-2).

11. For Lubricated Conical Bullet:

a. Do not use a cloth patch.

b. Start the lubricated bullet into the bore with your fingers making sure it is centered.

c. Using the short stud of a ball starter, frimly press the bullet just into the muzzle.

12. Use longer end of ball starter to move patched ball or lubricated bullet about six inches down the bore. (Figure 12-3)

13. With ramrod, push ball or bullet down on top of powder firmly, but without crushing the powder. (Figure 12-4)

Center lubed patch and ball (with sprue "up") over bore. Figure 12-1

"Start" patched ball into muzzle. Figure 12-2

Center lubed patch and ball (with sprue "up") over bore. Figure 12-1

"Start" patched ball into muzzle. Figure 12-2

CAUTION: When using the ramrod, never grab it more than 8 inches above the muzzle. To do so could cause a side stress; break the ramrod; and possibly puncture your hand.

"Drive" patched ball down Into barrel. Figure 12-3

"Ram" patched ball firmly on powder. Figure 12-4

"Drive" patched ball down Into barrel. Figure 12-3

"Ram" patched ball firmly on powder. Figure 12-4

IMPORTANT: Be sure ball or bullet is seated firmly against powder. No air space should exist between ball and powder.

DANGER: Firing a muzzleloader or "short starting" with the ball or bullet off the powder or part way up the barrel may cause serious damage to the firearm and possible injury to the shooter.

HELPFUL HINT: A good method to determine proper load depth is to insert ramrod when firearm is fully loaded and mark ramrod at the point where it protrudes from the muzzle. This mark should serve as a reference point each time you load. If the mark is above muzzle, you know ball is not against powder and charge must be removed.

14. WITH GUN POINTED IN SAFE DIRECTION and hammer at half-cock, place a percussion cap on nipple. THE GUN IS NOW LOADED.

15. Pull hammer back to full-cock position and YOU ARE READY TO FIRE.

16. Take aim at the target and pull trigger to fire.

17. After firing, wait one minute to reload. This allows all remaining sparks in barrel to burn out prior to reloading.

18. If a misfire or failure to fire occurs, wait at least one minute with gun pointed at the target.

a. Using the ramrod, reseat the ball or bullet on the powder.

b. Remove the nipple, place a small charge of fresh powder in bolster through nipple hole. Replace the nipple.

c. Install a new percussion cap on the nipple. Be certain of the target and fire.

CAUTION: Wait at least one minute with gun pointed at target if misfire or failure to fire d. Never attempt to shoot out a projectile which is not firmly seated against powder charge. The ball and powder charge should be removed using a ball puller. (See instructions in Section O on Pulling A Charge).

e. Go back to Step 1 and repeat, being sure bore and nipple are free of obstructions and clean.

NOTE: DO NOT TRY TO REMOVE, ALTER OR CHANGE POSITION OF THE PERCUSSION BOLSTER OR BREECH MECHANISM. TO DO SO IS DANGEROUS AND WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.

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    How to load muzzleloading tradition sidelock?
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