Absol HN at Ref pp lBisbromotrinitronitranilinopropane

One isomer is known l,3-Bis-N-(5'-bromo-2,4',6' 'trinitro-ni Irani lino)'propane or 1,3-Bis V-fJ* -bromo-2' ,4' ,6'-trinitropbenyl)-nitramino -propane, Br(02N)3C6H.N(N02).CH2.CH2.CH2.N(N02) C6H(N02)3Br crysts, mp 117 sol in acet, benz toluene, glac AcOH & boiling ale sparingly sol in eth, petr eth, chlf & CC14. Was prepd by nitrating with absol HN03 at 0 . It is a powerful explosive (Ref 2,pp 1011 & 1014) Refs l)Beil- not found 2)W.L.C.Veer,Rec 57,...

Acetyl iminodichloroldiazoniumlbenzo

Quinone called l-Acetyl-3,5-dichloro-pphenylene -l-diazo-4-imide by Morgan & Cleage(Ref 2) and -(4) or N-Acetyl-2.6-dichlor-4-diazo-anilin in Ger (Ref 1) , CH3.CO.N C6H2(Cl )2 N2 mw 230.05, N 18.26 orn-yel cryst, very rapidly changes to chocolate in the light, mp 133 (dec) Form 1 and dk-gray ppt, darkens on exposure to light, mp expl 138 Form 2 . Form 1 was prepd by diazo-tizing (same as in dry acet, with nitrous anhydride, dissolved in acet, and pptg the product by adding dry eth. Form 2...

Azidonitrotrimethylammonium benzo

Quinone called by Meldol S( Hollely (Ref 2) and called 6-Nitro-2-azido-benzochinon -(1.4)-trimethylimid-(4) in Ger , CH C(NOz) (CH3 )3N C JC O mw 237.22, N XCH C(N3) 29.53 red ndls or red scaIes(from w), mp- becomes dk-brn at 100 and expl was prepd from 2,6-dinitro-4-trimethyl ammonium- 1-benzoquinone by reducing it with ammonium sulfide, converting the nitro-amino compd into a chloride, diazotiz-ing the product and treating it with Na azide. This compd is distinctly basic and its salts with...

B i sam i noethy ln itram i noeth ane

Bis( 2'-aminoetbyl)-etbanedinitramine N,N'-Di (fi-aminoethyl)-ethylenedinitramine or 1,7-D initro-1,4,7,10-tetrazadecane, NH2 mw 236.24, N 35-58 pale yel crysts(from w), mp 242-242.5 (dec) expl when heated in a capillary ignites when thrown on a red-hot plate was prepd by adding to an aq soln of N,N'-bis( S -nitraminoethyl)-ethylenediamine dihydrochloride the calcd quantity of std alkali required to form free amine(Ref 2,pp 21-2) Its dinitrate, C6H,6N604-2HN03, crysts, mp 210-11 expl on...

B i sethy I hexy I phthal ate

C6H4 COO.CH(C2Hs ).CH2.CH2.CH2.CH3I mw 390.54 col liq, d 0.984 at 21 , nQ 1.48691 at 25 , Ql 3298.2kcal mol and Q 252.6kcal mol miscible with ale, eth, acet and many other org solvents. It was suggested as a possible component of propellants Refs l)Beil- not found 2)P.Tavernier & M. Lamouroux.MP 37,203 & 206(1955) Bis(ethyl) hydrazine. Same as Diethylhydrazine

B i smethy I am i nodi n itrotol uene

CH3.C6H(N02)2(NH.CH3)2 mw 240.22, N 23.33 . Two isomers are described in the literature 2,4- Bis( me thy lamino)- 3,5-dinitrotoluene, exists in two forms, red Ifts, mp 168-170 , on crystn from acet converts to yel form, and yel ndls, mp 110 , changes to red form at 140 (Ref 1) and 3,5-Bis(methylamino)-2,4-dinitrotoluenq It red crysts, mp 140 (Ref 2). Other props and methods of prepn are given in the Refs Refs l)Beil 13,142 & (42) 2)Beil 13,165

B istr in itrophenylthiol ethyl benzene or Dipicrylthiollethylbenzene

called 2.4-Bis(2.4.6-trinitro-phenylmercapto) -1-athyl-benzol or 4-Athyl-dithioresorcin-di-pikrylather in Ger , C2Hs.C6H3 S.C6H2(N02)3 2 mw 592.48, N 14.19 dk yel ndls+1 mol C6H6(from benz), mp 197.5-199 , becomes benz free ca 100 readily sol in benz, AcOH & et acet diffc sol in alc was obtd by boiling an alc soln of 2,4 -dithio-l-ethylbenzene with picryl chloride. Its expl props were not detd Refs l)Beil 6,(441) 2)J.Pollak,Monatsh 39,187(1918) JCS 114 1,499(1918) & CA 13, 419(1919)...

Backflash or Backfire Breechflash or Flare

The flash produced at the breech of a gun when the breech is opened after firing a round. This is caused by the ignition (and expln) of CO and hydrogen of combustion gases at the moment of their contact with oxygen of the air. If the temp of the gases is not sufficiently high to produce self-ignition, the back-flash may be caused by a piece of smoldering or burning resi due of proplnt or bag left in the gun barrel after firing. The presence of CO and hydrogen is explained by the...

Barium Nitrate Mixtures Analysis See Vol lp

Same as Barium Diazide Barium Nitrominoguanidine. See Nitroaminoguani-dine(NAGu) Salts, under Aminoquanidine in Vol 1, p 212-L of this Encyclopedia Barium, Organic Salts of. See under individual organic compds Barium Perchlorate. See under Perchlorates Barium Permanganate. See under Permanganates Barium Peroxide. See under Peroxides. A white tracer compn contg BaOz is listed by H.Ellern, 'Modern Pyrotechnics', ChemPublgCo,NY(1961), 276 Barium Pi cram ate* See Vol I,p242-L...

Beating or Pulping Pilage in Fr of Nitrocellulose

See under Cellulose, Nitro, Manufacture Bebie, Joles( 1877-1956). A professor of Chem Engrg at Washington Univ, St Louis, Mo and author of the book Manual of Explosives, Military Pyrotechnics, Chemical Warfare Agents and of several papers on prepn of expis and NC. Born in Switzerland, he studied in Germany under G. Lunge. Collaborated with E.Berl & G.Lunge Ref 1)J.Bebie private communication 2)Anon, ChemEngrgNews 34,3364(1956) Becco Chemical Div, Food Machinery & CHemi* cal Corp, Buffalo...

Behavior Towards Heat Tests See Sensitivity to Heat Flame etc Vol p XXII

Beilstein, Friedrich K* (1838-1906), known for the monumental work Handbuch der Organischen Chemie, contg info on nearly all known organic compds. Publication was initiated in 1881 as one volume. Since that time, it has grown to nearly 100 books as a collective work. Beilstein was born in Russia of German parentage and became professor of chemistry in 1866(when he was only 28 years of age) at the St Petersburg Institute of Technology, succeeding D.I.Mendeleev. He retired after 30 years and went...

Belgian Ammonium Nitrate Gelatin Dynamites

Belgian Control Tests for Explosives Under the title Essai de Contr le des Explosifs, Dr. L. Deffet described in Chimie et Industrie*, Special Number (1950),pp 445-9, devoted to the 21st International Congress of Industrial Chemistry at Bruxelles(1948), the tests used in Belgium. These tests include the safety tests conducted by the Institut National des Mines for SGP (S curit -Grisou-Poussi re) explosives Following is a brief description of these tests Essai A. Puissance Povi t test). A 10g...

Benzaldehyde trinitrophenylhydrazone and Derivatives

(02N)3CsH2.NH.N CH.C6H5 mw 331.24, N 21.14 , is described in Beil 15,495 & 222 hydrazones, (02N)3C6H2.NH.N CH.C6H4.N02', mw 376.24, N 22.34 . Two isomers are described in Beil 15,495 hydrazone) or 2,6*DinitrobenzaldQhyde*picryW hydrazone, (02N)3C6H2.NH.N CH.C6H3(N02)2 mw 421.25, N 23.28 . Yel ndls(from acet+w), mp 219-20 (dec explosively) diffc sol in ale, acet & glac AcOH nearly insol in benz. Can be prepd from 2,6-dinitrobenzaldehyde and picryl-hydrazine. Its expl props were not...

Benzaldehyde Nitrophenylhydrazone and

Benzaldebyde-nitropbenylbydrazone, OzN.C6H4*r NH.N CH.C6H5. Three isomers are described in Beil 15,455,461,470,(127,129,132) & 178,182,187 02N.C6H4.NH.N CH.C6H4.N3 mw 282.26, N 29.78 . Orn-red ndls(from ale), mp 191-2 (dec) moderately sol in hot amyl ale, hot benz or hot ale diffc sol in ligroin. Can be prepd from 2 -azidobenzaldehyde and 4-nitrophenylhydrazone hydrochloride in ale soln. It is probably a mild expl Refs l)Beil 15,471 2)E.Bamberger & E.Demuth, Ber 34,1335(1901)...

Benzaldehydeoxime and Derivatives

Benzaldebydeoxime (called Benzaldoxim in Ger), C7H7N0, mw 121.13, N 11.56 . It exists in two configurations a-or benz-anti-aldoxime and jS- or benz-syn-aldoxime. Both forms are described in Beil 7,218,221,(121) & 167,169 Azidobenzaldehydeoxime, N3 .C6H4 .CH N.OH', mw 162.15, N 34.56 . Two isomers are described in the literature 2-Azidobenzaldehydeoxime, col ndls (from benz), mp 103-103.5 readily sol in hot benz or hot ligroin can be prepd in several ways(Refs 1 & 3) and...

Benzaldehydesemicarbazone and Derivatives

Benzaldehyde-semicarbazQne(ca eA Kohlensaure -amid-benzalhydrazid B enzalsemiearbazid Benzaldehyd-semicarbazone or 1-Benzyliden-semicarbazid in Ger), C6Hs.CH N.NH.CO.NH2 mw 163.18, N 25.75 is described in Beil 7, 229,(126) & 1731 Mononitrobenzaldehydesemicarbazones, OzN.- C6H4.CH N.NH.CO.NH2, mw 208.18, N 26.96 . Three isomers are described in Beil 7,250,255, 261,(138,140,143) & 190,196 & 202 Dinitrobenzaldehyde-semicarbazones, (OzN)2- C6H3.CH N.NH.C0.NH2 mw 253-18, N 27.66 . Two...

Benzamide and Derivatives

Benzamide Benzoylamide Benzene Carbon Amide or Benzoic Acid Amide(called Benzamid or Benzol-saure-amid in Ger), C6Hs.CO.NH2 row 121.13, N 11.56 is described in Beil 9,195,(96) & 163 mw 162.15, N 34.56 ndls(from w), mp 135.5-136 sol in ale, glac AcOH, chlf, hot w, or hot benz diffc sol in eth. Its prepn and other props are given in Refs Refs l)Beil9,418 2)E.Bamberger & E.Demuth, Ber 35,1889(1902)

Benzamidine and Derivatives

Benzamidine or Benzylamidine, C6H5.C( NH).NH2 mw 120.15, N 23.32 , crysts, mp ca 80 . Prepn and props in Refs Refs l)Beil 9,280,(129) & 199 2)R.P.Hullin et al, JCS 1947,395 Benzamidine Picrate, C7HBN2+C6H3N307 mw 349.26, N 20.05 yel ndls, mp 228-33 . Can be prepd by evaporating a chloroformic soin of an equimolecular mixt of benzamidine and picric acid Refs l)Beil 9,283 & 199 2)R.P.Hullin et al, JCS 1947,395 Nitrobenzamidines, (02N).C6H4.C( NH).NH2 mw 165.15, N 25.45 . Two isomers are...

Benzeneazonaphthalene and Derivatives

B enzeneazonapbthalene(called Phenyl- a-naphthyl -diimid 1-Benzolazo-naphthalin or Benzol-azo--naphthalin in Ger), C6HS,N N.C10H7 mw 232.27, N 12.06 , is described in Beil 16,78 Mononitrobenzeneazonaphthalene, 02N.C6H4.N -N.C10H7 mw 277.27, N 15.16 . The 3-Nitro-benzene - azo-a-napbthalene, isomer is described in Beil > 6,78 Dinitrobenzeneazonaphtbalene, (02N)2C6H3.N N.C,0H7 mw 322.27, N 17.39 . Two isomers are described in Beil 16,78 & 80 Tr i n i troa zonaph th a i ene, C,0H7.N...

Benzeneazonaphthol and Derivatives

Benzeneazonaphthol, C8H5.N N.C10H6.OH mw 248.27, N 11.28 . Three isomers are described in Beil 16,151,154,162 248,251,254) & 67.70 Mononitrobenzeneazonapbtbol, 02N.C6H4.N N.C,0H6.0H, mw 293-27, N 14.33 . Eight isomers are described in Beil 16,151,155 165,(248,251,255) & 67,68,70 Dinitrobenzene-azonaphtbol. (02N)2C6H3.N N.C,0H6.0H, mw 338.27. N 16.56 . Two isomers are described in Beil 16,(252,255) & 7l

Benzeneazonitronaphthol and Derivatives

Benzeneazonitronaphthol, C H5.N N.C1QHs(N02)r-OH mw 293.27, N 14.33 . Three isomers are described in Beil 16,153,161 & (267) tAononitrobenzeneazonitromaphthol, 02N.C6H4 .N N.C,0H5< N02).0H mw 338.27, N 16.56 . Four isomers are described in Beil 16,154,161,(268) & 67 Dinitrobenzeneazonitronaphthol, (02N)2C6H3.N -N.C10Hs(N02).0H mw 383.27, N 18.27 . Only the 2,4-Dinitrobenzene -< azo 1> - 4-nitro-(2) naphtbol , dk-red, greenish shiny lfts(from anis le), mp 205-250 sol in concd H2S04...

Benzenehexamethanol and Derivatives

HO.H2C.C C(CH2OH)- (CH2OH) HO.H2C.C C(CH2OH)-C(CH2OH). This compd, prepd by Backer(Ref 2) and called Hexahydroxy-methyl-benzene, is a parent compd of its hexa-nitrate Refs l)Beil- not found 2)H. J.Backer,Rec 54, 834(1935)& CA 30,1367(1936) Benzenehexamethanol Hexanitrate (called Hexa-nitrate de Hexa-hydroxymethyl-benzene by Backer), C12H12N6018 mw 528.14, N 15-91 , OB to C02 -36.3 . Col crysts(from acet), mp 176.4 with de-compn expl on further heating or on impact(Ref 3). Its Qc, Qe, power...

Benzeneozomethane and Derivatives

Benzeneazomethane(called Methyl-phenyl-diimid Methanazobenzol or Benzolazomethan in Ger), C6H5.N N.CH3 mw 120.15, N 23.32 yel oil, bp-distills at ca 150 very easily volat on a steam bath. Its prepn and other props are given in Beil 16,7 Benzeneazotrinitromethane or Phenylazotrinitro methane (Benzeneazonitroformate) called l',l', 1' Trinitrobenzeneazomethane in CA, Dec FI (1947-56),p 227F , C6H8.N N.C(N02)3 mw 215.15, N 27.45 yel powd, mp- expl when dry with great violence at 70-5 cannot be...

Benzenesulfinic Acid and Derivatives

Benzenesulfinic Acid (called Benzolsulfinsaure in Ger), CgHg.S02H mw 142.18, crysts, mp 83-4 , is described in Ref 1 Its mononitrocompounds (2-,3- and 4-isomers) arid their salts are described in Ref 2 Davies et al(Ref 3) claimed to have prepd 2 4 'dinitrobenzenesulfinic aczc ,(02N)2C6H3.S02H, wh tufts, mp 196 , by heating 2,4-dinitrobenzene-sulfonylhydrazide with aq hydrazine and dil HCl and pptg the product by addn of concd HCl. Bradbury & Smith(Ref 4) attempted the same method of prepn...

Benzenesulfonic Acid and Derivatives

Benzenesulfonic Acid (called Benzolsulfonsaure in Ger), C6H5.S03H mw 158.18 solid, when an-hyd, mp 55-6 . It forms numerous salts and other derivs, some of which are expl. The prepn and props are given in Beil 11,26-9,(18-20) & 9-11 -This compd can cause serious local toxicity to skin and mucous membranes, as reported by Sax (I957),p 347 Benzenesulfonyl Azide(called Benzolsulfonsaure-azid in Ger), C6H5.S02.N3 mw 183-19, N22.94 yel oil, mp expl on heating easily sol in ale, eth or chlf. Can...

Benzenesulfonic Acid Azoacetylhydrozidecalled

Benzolsulfosaure-azo-acet-hydrazid 1- 4-Sulfo -phenyl -4-acetyl-tetrazen-(l) or 4-Sulfo-benz-oldiazo - (3-acetyl-hydrazid in Ger),H03S.C6-H4.N N.NH.C0.CH3 mw 258.26, N 21.70 . Its Sodium salt, NaCBHgN404S+2H20, wh lustrous cryst, produced from diazobenzenesulfonic acid and acetylhydrazide, explodes when heated. In w, the Na benzenesulfonate salt gives hydrogen azide and Na sulfanilate NaOH and p-toluene-diazonium chloride convert it into hydrogen azide and Na p-toluenediazoaminobenzenesulfonate...

Benzenesulfonyl Sulfuric Acid Peroxidecalled

Benzol-sulfonylsulfomonopersaure in Ger), C6Hs.S02.0.0.S03H mw 254.25, O 44.1 . Its Potassium Salt, KC6Hg07S2, sq prisms(from w), dec on storage and expl mildly when heated Ref l)Beil 11,34 2)R.Willstatter & E.Hauen-stein.Ber 42,1848(1909) called or in Ger ,C6Hs.S02.N (CH3)C6H3 N2 or

Benzimidazole and Derivatives

Benzimidazole 1,3-Benzodiazole o-Phenylene formamidine or Benzoglyoxaline (called n,n' -Meth-enyl-o-phenylendiamin or Benzimidazol in Ger), c jj j H mw 118.13, N 23.72 . It fojrms numerous salts and other derivs and addn compds, some of which are expl. Other props & prepn are given in Refs 1 & 2. Its picrate, is described in Refs UBeil 23,131,(35) & 151 2)A.T.James & E.E.Turner,JCS 1950,1515 & CA 45,1116(1951) 3)L.Monti & G.Franchi.Gazz 81,772(1951) & CA 48,3976(1954)...

Benzin Benzine Petroleum Benzin or Gasoline

A mixt of hydrocarbons obtd from the second portion of the fractional distillates, betw 70-90 , of crude petroleum. It is a clear col liq of d 0.640 -0.675 insol in w but miscible with ale, eth, oils and carbon disulfide(Ref 1). This mixt is considered by Sax(Ref 3) to be si toxic but dangerous when exposed to heat or flame. This mixt should not be confused with benzene or benzene homologues. It can be used as an insecticide and as a solv for some expls. The Germans used it during WW II as one...

Benzocarbazole and Derivatives

Three isomers are described in Beil 20,494,495,(179) & 319 and five isomers are given in the CA Decennial Subject Index 41*50, 1652s(1947-1956) Nitrosobenzocarbazole, C1gH10N.NO. Two isomers are described in Beil 20,495 & 496 Mononitrobenzocarbazole, C)gH10N2O2- One isoer is described in Beil 20,(179) Dinitrobenzocarbazole, C)gH9N304. One isomer is described in Beil 20,(179) T-rinitrobenzocarbazole, C1gH8N4Og, not found in Beil or CA thru 1956...

Benzophenyltriazole and Derivatives

Benzophenyltriazole or Phenylbenzo triazole,2-H9N3 mw 195.22, N 21.23 . (Several isomers of either a-v(or l,2,3)-triazole or 3-v(or 2,3,1) -triazole are described in Beil 26,39 & 18,46 fAononitrobenzophenyltriazole, C12H8N402 mw 240.22, N 23.3 . Several isomers are described in the literature Refs l)Beil 26,39,44,(11) & 26 2)K.Fries et al,Ann 511,247(1934) & CA 28,5447(1934) Dinitrobenzophenyltriazole.C, 2H7Ns04 mw 285.22, N 24.56 . Several isomers are described in the literature(Refs...

Benzophenyltriazole Di hydro and Derivatives

Dihydroxybenzophenyltriazole (called Dioxy-phenylbenztriazol in Ger), C12HgN302, mw 227.22, N 18.49 . Several isomers are described in Beil 26,(34) 2H7N506 mw 317.22, N 22.08 . One isomer, 2-(3, is described in Beil 26, 19 Trinitro-, C12HgNg08 and Tetranitro-, CJ2H5N7-0 0,Derivatives of Dihydroxybenzophenyltriazole, were not found in Beil or in CA thru 1956 Pentanitrodihydroxybenzophenyltriazole f called Pentanitrodihydroxyphentriazole or in CA and called 5,7-Dinitro-4-oxy-2- 2.4.6-trinitro-3...

Benzophenyltriazole Hydroxyand Derivatives

Hydroxybenzophenyltriazole (called Oxyphenyl-benztriazol in Ger), C 12HgN30 mw 211.22, N 19.90 . Several isomers are described in Beil Mononitrohydroxybenzophenyltriazole, C, 2H8N4-03 mw 256.22, N 21.87 . One isomer 2-phenyl--nitro-5-hydroxy-benzotriazole is described in Beil 26,)30) Dinitrohydroxybenzophenyltriazole, C( 2H7NgOg mw 301.22, N 23.25 - not found in Beil, but its isomer It yel crysts, mp 195-6 , is listed in Beil 26,50 Trinitro hydroxy benzophenyltriazole, Cf 2H6Ng07 mw 346.22, N...

Benzoquinone And Derivatives

Benzoquinone Q iinane o-(or)p-Dioxybenzene Benzenone or Dihydrodiketobenzene , CgH402 mw 108.09, O 29.60 . This compd exists as the ortho and para isomers l,2(or o)-Benzoquinone called Benzochinon-(1.2) o-BenZochinon o -Chinon or Cyclohexadien-(1.3)-dion-(5.6) in Ger , CH CHX HC CrO bright red form, transparent, XCH-C( 0)' 4-sided octagonal tablets or prisms, mp dec on standing or beginning ca 60-70 col form, col prisms, mp expl occasionally, giving off grn-brn smoke in a little ethereal soln,...

Benzoquinone dioxime Oxidation Product[cal

Led p-Dinitrosobenzal by Nietzki & Kehrmann (Ref 2) and called p-Benzoquinonedioxime Peroxide by Forster & Barker(Ref 3) , .N CgH4 N.& , mw 136.11, N 20.58 golden-yel ppt, mp dec with mild expln when heated rapidly very si sol in common org solvs was prepd by the oxidn of benzoquinone-l,4-dioxime in alk soln with K ferri-cyanide(Ref 2) and by the action of hydrazine hydrate in boiling ale soln on p-phenylenediamine (Ref 3) Refs l)Beil 7,628 & (345) 2)R.Nietzki & F- , ,...

Benzoquinonedioxime and Derivatives

Benzoquinone- 1,4-dioxime called Benzochinon -(1.4)-dioxim or p-Chinondioxim in Ger , HO.N -C6H4 N.OH mw 138.12, N 20.28 It gray granular crysts(from boiling w) or It yel ndls(hydrate), mp 240 (dec) sol in concd NH40H si sol in w v si sol in dil aqNH40H was first prepd by Nietzki & Kehrmann(Ref 2) by various methods. Other props and methods of prepn are given in Ref 1. Benzoquinone-l,4-dioxime forms interesting derivs, some of which are expl(see below). Jerczak & Fettes(Ref 3) proposed...

Benzoquinoneimine and Derivatives

Benzoquinone-1,4-monoimine called Benzochinon -(1.4)-monoimid p-Chinon-monoimid or p-Chinon-imid in Ger , HN C6H4 0 mw 107.11, N 13.08 It sulfur-yel crysts, mp expl mildly on heating unstable in the dry state readily sol in eth or benz mod sol in CS2 other props & prepn are given in Refs Refs l)Beil 7,619 & 574 2)R.Willst tter & A. Pfannenstiel,Ber 37,4607(1904) 3)F.Kehrmann, Ber 56,2399(1923) Benzoquinone* lp4*monochloroimine called Benzo-chinon-( 1.4)-mono-chlorimid...

Benzyl Chloride and Derivatives

Benzyl Chloride oj- Chlorotoluene or l'-Chloro l-methyl-benzene, CgHg.CH_.Cl col liq with pungent odor, d 1.00 at 20 20 , fr p -39 , bp 179-4 misc with ale, eth or chlf insol in w. Other props and various methods of prepn are discussed in Ref 1 its toxicity, fire & expln hazards are given in Ref 2 Refs l)Beil 5,292,(151) & 227 2)Sax(1957), 353 Note F.Oehme.ChemTech 4,404(1952)& CJ 47, 1277(1953) (During distn of the tech product, HC1 was evolved and air was bubbled through the soln to...

Benzyl Cyanide and Derivatives

Benzyl Cyanide or Phenyl Acetcmitrile (called Benzylcyanid, Phenylacetonitril or Phenylessig-saure-nitril in Ger), C6Hs.CH2.OSI mw 117.14, N 11.96 oily liq with aromatic odor, fr p -23.8 , bp 233.5 , d 1.021 at 15 toxicity is discussed in Sax(Ref 2) other props & prepn are given in Beil(Ref 1) Refs l)Beil 9,441,(176) & 302 2)Sax(1957), 355 & 521 Mononitrobenzyl Cyanide, 02N.C6H4.CH2.CN mw 162.14, N 17.28 . Three isomers 2-,3- and 4-Nitrobenzyl Cyanides are described in Beil...

Benzylbenzoate and Derivatives

Benzylbenzoate(Benzyl Ester of Benzoic Acid) (called Benzoesaurebenzylester or Benzylbenz-oat in Ger), C6HsC02.CH2.C6Hs mw 212.24, O 15.08 , OB to C02 -241 liq at RT, ndls or Ifts on prolonged cooling, fr p 19.4-21 , bp 324 at 760mm, dec on heating for 2hrs at 340-50 , d 1.112 at 25 sol in acet, ale, AcOH, chlf, CS2, eth, benz, MeOH, petr eth or xylol insol in w or glycerin toxicity discussed by Sax(Ref 3) can be prepd by heating benzoic acid with benzyl alcohol at the bp or in the presence of...

Benzylmalonic Acid and Derivatives

Benzylmalonic Aci'fi called 1-Phenyl-athan-di-carbonsaure-(l.l) in Ger , CgHs .CH .CH(COOH) mw 194.18, crysts(from eth), mp 121 , dec cal8( Other props & prepn are given in Beil 9,868,(381) & 619 p*Nitrobenzylmalonazidic Acid (called p-Nitro-benzyl-malonazidsaure in Ger), 02N.C6H4.CH2-, CH(CO.N3).COOH mw 264.20, N 21.21 fine ndls(from eth), expl when heated on a metallic spatula in a flame was prepd by treating p-nitro-benzylmalonhydrazidic acid with aq Na nitrite as indicated in Ref 2....

Benzyloxaminyl AzideCgHchnhoccon

Mw 204.19, N 27.44 lfts, expl at 80-90 sol in acet or chlf diffc sol in eth or benz was prepd by treating benzyloxaminyl hydrazide in HC1 with Na nitrite as described in Ref 2 Refs l)Beil- not found 2)T.Curtius & K.Raschig, JPraktChem 125,484-5(1930) & CA 24,3231(1930) Mononitro-, C9H8N20g, Dinitro-, CgH7N307 and Trinitro- C9HgN4Og Derivatives were not found in Beil or in CA thru 1956 Benzylperacetateg See Acetylbenzylperoxide, Vol l,p A55-L Benzyl Perchlorate, C6H5.CH2.C104. Burton &...

Benzylphenyl Ether and Derivatives

Benzylphenyl Ether or Phenylbenzyl Ether(Called Phenylbenzylather in Ger),c6h5.ch2.O.cghj it is described in Beil 6,432,(220) & 411 Mononitrobenzylphenyl Ether, 02N.cgh4.ch2.0-c6hg mw 231.24 N 6.06 . Two isomers are deScribed in Beil 6,449,450,(223) & 425 Benzylmononitrophenyl Ether, cghg.ch2.0.cg-h4.N02 mw 231.24, M 6.06 . Three isomers are described in Beil 6,433,(220) & 412 Mononitrobenzyl-mononitrophenyl Ether, 02N.cg-h4.ch2.0.c6h4.N02 mw 274.23, N 10.22 . Three isomers are...

Benzylsuccinic Acid and Derivatives

Benzy succinic Acid(cailed Benzylbernstein-saure 3-Phenyl-propan-dicarbonsaure-(1.2) or y -Phenyl-brenzweins ure in Ger), CgHg.CH2.CH-(COOH).CH2.COOH mw 208.21 ndls or lfts (from w), mp 160-1 . Other props & prepn are given in Beil 9,877(384) & 628 Benzylsuccinyl Diazide(called Benzyl-bernstein-s ure-diazid in Ger), CgHg.CH2.CH(CO.N3).CH2 -CO.N3 mw 258.24, N 32-55 It yel oil(from eth), expl on heating in a flame was prepd from benzyl-succinyldihydrazide, Na nitrite and dil HCl as...

Benzyltoluidine and Derivatives

Benzyltoluidine (called Tolyl-benzylamin or Methyl -phenyl-benzylamin in Ger), CgHg.CH2.NH.CgH4 -CH3 mw 197.27, N 7.10 . Three isomers are listed in Beil 12,1033,(452) & 551,552 . Detailed description of their prepn is given in OrgSynth 21,108-9(1941) Nitro sob enzyltoluidin e, Cf4H,4N20 mw 210.27, N 13.33 . Four isomers are described in Beil 12, 1033,1034,1071 & 573 Mononitrobenzyltoluidine, C)4H14N202 mw 226.27, N 12.38 . Three isomers are described in Beil 12,1033,1078 & 577...

Benzyltriazole and Derivatives

Benzyltriazole, CgHgN3 mw 159-19, N 26.40 . This compd presumably exists as benzyl derivs of the isomeric, heterocyclic triazole, for example l-Benzyl-sym(or 1,2,4) l-Benzyl-vic(or 1,2,3) -triazole -triazole Only the 1-benzyl-vic-triazole, crysts(from eth at -20 ), mp 61 , appears to have been prepd and reported in the literature. Curtius & Raschig(Ref 2) prepd 1-benzyl-vic-triazole by the reaction of benzyl azide with the methyl ester of acetylene-dicarboxylic acid, followed by sapon and...

Bi saryltetrazol ylformi mi ne

Ar.C N-N-C N-N C.Ar class of compds N N NH N N was discussed by R.L.Scott et al in JACS 75, 5309-12(1953). Nitrated derivs of these compds might find use in expl compns or in proplnts Bis(azidobenzylidene)*azine and Derivatives Bis*(a*azidobenzylidene)*azine called Bis- a -azido-benzylidenl-hydrazin or Dibenzhydrazid-azid in Ger ,C6Hs.C(N3) N.N C(N3).C6H5, mw 290.28, N 38.60 , ndls(from CC14) having an odor of benzonitrile mp 139 (dec) expl on heating over a flame sol in chlf, CC14, ligroin or...

Bi snitrophenyl azo nitrolnaphthol

C22H13N707, mw 487.38, N 20.12 dk crysts (from benz or acet+w), mp 265 mod sol in benz or toluene si sol in anisole or acet diffc sol in ale insol in alkalies dissolves in in concd H2S04 giving a green color was prepd by treating 4-nitrobenzene< l-azo-4> -5 -nitro-l-naphthol in ale soln with 4-nitro-benzene-l-diazoniumchloride. Its expl props were not investigated Refs l)Beil 16,162 2)F.Kaufler & E.Braure, Ber 40,3272(1907) & JCS 9 2 I, 799(1907) Bis(phenylazoxy)*azoxybenzene. See...

Bifuryl and Derivatives

A,a-Bifury 1(2,2'-DiiuryI or-a,a'-Difuryl),C8H602-, is described in Beil 19, 26 12.50 . Yel-brn prisms with blue reflection(from benz), mp 213-4 insol in alkalies & dil acids. Was first prepd by Marquis in 1905(Ref 2)by treating furan with fuming nitric acid(d 1.51) in presence of acetic anhydride. The yield was poor. Rinkes (Ref 3) prepd it on heating 2-bromo-5-nitrofuran with the activated Cu powder of J.Piccard. The yield was poor but better than that of Marquis. Rinkes also proved the...

Biguanidine and Derivatives

Biguanidine(Hydrazobisformamidine or Hydrazodi-carbonamidine), H2N.C( NH).NH.NH.C( NH).NH2, mw 116.13, N 72.36 . Its dinitrate, C2H8N6.2HN03.H20, crysts, mp 132 (with evoln of gas) defl at 181 was prepd by Thiele, Many derivs of biguanidine, including the dinitro comp, are known but no description of biguanidine itself could be found Refs-. l)Beil3,120 2)J.Thiele,Ann 270,42(1892) & 273,140(1893)

Biological Oxidation See Biooxidation

Bio oxidation, Biological Oxidation or Biochemi* cal Oxidation is a method for disposal of organic process water-borne wastes by the action of living organisms. Techniques for bio-oxidation may be divided into two general categories. The oldest method is to pass the wastes through a stationary biological bed, or trickling filter. The second method (first proposed during the period of 1910-1920) is to pass the biological growths through the wastes. This process is called activated sludge. Both...

Bis a hydroxy trichloroethylperoxide

Or (called Dichloralperoxydhydrat in Ger), Cl3C.CH(OH).O.O.CH(OH).CCl3 mw 328.81, O 19.47 lfts or pltlts(from benz or chlf), ndls + 'l mol eth(from eth, dec on exposure to light, mp 122 (dec) readily sol in ale, eth or AcOH less sol in benz or chlf was obtd by treating chloral ether with an ethereal soln of H202 or with Caro's reagent(persulfuric acid, H0.S02.0.0H) (Refs 1,2 & 3) Minkoff(Ref 4) detd the infra-red absorption spectra of this compd and of a number of other org peroxides Refs...

Bis [phenylphenylaminoethylamino ethane and Derivatives

1,2-Bis ( phenyl )-(phenylamino)-e thy l -amino ethane, C30H3QN4. Although not found in the literature it may be considered as a parent compd of its nitro derivs 1,2-Bis-j (2 ', 4 '-Dinitroph enyl)- (2,4- di-ni tropheny lamino)-e thyll-aminol-e th ane, C30H26N,2O16, mw 810.59, N 20.74 brn -yel cryst powd, insol in the common solvs was obtd by treating triethylenetetramine with l-bromo-2,4-dinitrobenzene and Na acetate in ale soln(Ref 2,p 415) On nitration it gives the following explosive

Bisaminoethylaminoethane and Derivatives

1,2-Bis(2'-aminoethylaminohetbane N,N'-Bis(f3 aminoethyl) ethylenediamin e N, N'-Di(fi-amino-etbyl)-ethylenediamine 1,4,7 10'Tetrazadecane Triethylenetetramine or TETA, H2N.CH2.CH2.NH.CH2.CH2.NH.CH2.CH,.NH2 mw 146.24, N 38.32 liq freezing at -18 and remelting at +12 bp 157 at 20mm or 174 at 31mm d 0.9817 at 15 . Can be prepd by interaction of 1,2-dibromoethane with a large excess of ethane-l,2-diamine hydrate(Ref 4) or by other methods(Refs 1,2 & 3) Its Tetrapicrate, C6H,8N4.4C6H3N307, yel...

Bisaminoethylaminopropane and Derivatives

1,3-Bis( -aminoethylamino)'propane N,N'-Bis(f -aminoethyiypropanediamine or h2n.ch2.ch2.hn.ch2 .ch2 .ch2 .nh.chg.chg.nhg col liq, bp 286-7 at atm press was prepd from 1,3-dibromopropane and 1,2-diaminoethane in abs ale with acids it forms salts, such as Picrate, yel crysts, mp 223 (indefinite)(Ref 2) N, N'-Bis( fi-7iitraminoctbyl)-propane dinitramine or N, ch2.ch2.nh.n02 mw 340.26, n 32.94 . This compd, undoubtedly an expl, was probably prepd by someone on nitration of bis(aminoethylamino)...

Bisanilinoazobenzene and Derivatives

Bis( anilino)-azobenzene, C_ mw 364.43, N 15.38 . This compd, although not found in the literature, may be considered as the parent compd of its dinitro deriv described below not found 2)CA- not found 3,3'*B i s(2,4*di nitroan i I ino)*azoben zene called (2.4-Dinitro-diphenylamin)-< 3 azo-3> - (2'.4' -dinitro-diphenylamin) in Ger , (02N)2CgH3-NH.C6H4.N 2 mw 544.43, N 20.58 golden-yel ndls(from pyridine), mp in hot pyridine and in benzoic acid ethylester insol in other solvs was prepd by the...

Bisbenzeneazoazobenzene and Derivatives

Bis(benzeneazo)-azobenzene or Bis(phenylazo) -azobenzene called 4,4'-Bis-benzolazo-azobenzol or Bis-(4-benzolazo-phenyl)-diimid in Ger , C6H5.N N.C6H4.N 2 mw 390.43, N 21.53 red flakes(from benz or toluene), mp 229 on rapid heating becomes a dk-red liq at ca 235 oth er props and prepn are given in Beil 16,86,(232) & 30 or 4,4' Bis( 4-nitrophenylazo)-azobenzene, 02N.C6H4.N N.C6H4.N 2 mw 480.43, N 23.33 , orn-brn ndls(from solv naphtha) or garnet-red lfts (from xylol or MNB), mp 285-294 diffc...

Bisbenzeneazoazoxybenzene and Derivatives

4,4'-Bis(benzeneazo)-azoxybenzene or 4,4'-Bis-(phenylazo)-azoxybenzene (called 4.4'-Bis-benzol-azo-azoxybenzol in Ger), C6Hg.N N.C6H4. 2(N20) mw 406.43, N 20.68 orn-yel ndls(from glac AcOH) and yel crysts or red lfts(from benz), mp 215-218 other props and methods of prepn are given in Beil 16,658,(394) & 341 or 4,4' -Bis( 2 ni tropbeny I azo)-azoxy benzene, 02N.C6H4.N N.C6H4. 2(N20) mw 496.43, N 22.57 dk-yel ndls, mp darkens and dec ca 258 without melting insol in common org solvs other...

Bisbenzeneazoxyazoxybenzene and Derivatives

Bis( benzene azoxy)-azoxy benzene Bis(phenylazoxy) -azoxybenzene (called 4.4'-Bis-benzolazoxy-azoxy-benzol in Ger), C6H5(N20).C6H4. 2(N20) mw 438.43, N 19.17 . The 4,4'-Bis deriv exists in two forms higher melting form, golden-yel crysts (from benz or petr eth), mp ca 230 , becomes a thick, viscous liq dec at 265 and lower melting form, copper-red flakes(from benz), mp 223 . Other props and methods of prepn are given in Beil 16,(381) & 324 Note Bis(mononitrophenylazoxy)-,C24H ,6Ne07...

Bisbenzoylperoxydimethylhexane and Derivatives

2,5 Bi s( benzoyl peroxy) 2,5 dimethyUhexane(c ailed Peroxybenzoic Acid, 1,1,4,4-Tetramethyl-tetramethy ene Ester in CA Formula Index for mw 386.43, O 24.84 plates(from methanol), mp 117 expl in a flame was prepd by treating 2,5 with benzoyl chloride in abs pyridine(Ref 2,p 141)

Bisbiphenyltriazene and Derivatives IIIIBispbiphenyltriazene lDipbiphenyl

-triazene 4-Diazoaminobiphenyl or 4,4'-Diphenyl-diazoaminobenzene called 1.3-Bis-p-diphenylyl -triazen-(l) in Ger , C6H5.C6H4.N N.NH.C6H4.C6H5 mw 349-42, N 12.03 yel plates or ndls(from warm ale), mp 147 sol in benz, AcOH, ale & some other org solvs insol in w & dil acids can be prepd by diazotizing p-aminobiphenyl, CgH5.C6H4.NH2 (2 mols) in AcOH with Na nitrite(l mol) or by other methods(Ref 1) Some of its salts are expl, for example Perchlorate, (C6HS.C6H4)2N2.NH.C104 crysts, expl on...

Bisbiphenylylamine and Derivatives

Bis(p-biphenylyl)-amine (called 4.4'-Diphenyl -diphenylamin or Bis-p-diphenylyl-amin in Ger), C6Hs.C6H4- 2NH mw 321.40, N 4.36 lfts (from benz or xylol), mp 209 other props and methods of prepn are given in Beil 12,(546) & 755 or Bis 3.2'.-4'-trinitro-diphenylyl-(4)-amin in Ger(Ref 1) and by LeFevre et al(Ref 2) ,

Bisbromoanilinoethane and Derivatives

L,2-Bis(bromoanilino)-ethane or l,2-Bis(bromo ph enyl amino)-ethane, Br.C6H4.NH.CH2.CH2.NH.C6H4.Br. Two isomers are described in Ref 2,pp 550 & 557. They may be considered as parent compds of the nitro derivs, although not necessarily used for their prepn Three isomers are described in Ref 2,pp 551,558 & 864 C14H8Br2N80,2 mw 640.10, N 17.50 . Two isomers are known l,2-Bis-N-(2'-bromo-4' ,6' -dinitronitranilino)- ethane, col crysts, mp 240 was prepd by nitrating...

Bisbromoanilinopropane and Derivatives

1,3-Bis(bromo' phenylamino)'propane, Br.C6H4.NH.CH2.CH2.CH2.NH.C6H4.Br. One isomer is described in Ref 2,p 1009 1,3-Bis( bromo-nitroanilinohpropane, Br. One isomer is described in Ref 2,p 1009 l,3-Bis(bromo-dinitroanilino)'propane, Br. One isomer is described in Ref 2,p 1009 1,3-Bis( bromo-dinitro-nitranilino)-propane, C,5H10Br2N8O, 2 mw 654.13, N 17.12 . One isomer is known cream-col scales(from dil acet) mp 167 , expl at higher temp was prepd by nitrating l,3-bis(4'-bromoanilino)-propane or...

Bischloroanilinoethane and Derivatives

1,2-Bis( chloroanilino)-ethane or l,2-Bis _N-(cbloro-phenyl)- amino -ethane, C1.C6H4.NH.CH2.CH2.NH.C6H4.C1. Two isomers are described in Ref 2,pp 547 & 554 l,2-Bis(chloro-nitroanilino)-ethane or l,2-Bis N ( chloronitropbenyl)-amino - ethane, C1(02N).C6H3.NH.CH2.CH2.C6H3(N02)C1. Three isomers are described in Ref 2,pp 549,555 & 863 or 1,2 mw 551.18, N 20.33 . Two isomers are described in the literature l,2-Bis-N-(2' or 1,2 -ethane, fine col crysts, mp 238 was prepd by nitrating 1,2-bjs((...

Bischloroanilinopropane and Derivatives

One isomer is described in Ref 2,p 1008 l,3-Bis(chloro-nitroanilino)-propane, One isomer is described in Ref 2,p 1010 l,3*Bis(chloro*dinitroanilino)*propane, CI mw 475.21, N 17.69 . One isomer is known propane or -propane, yel crysts, mp 217 , expl mildly was prepd by boiling an ale soln of 2,6-dinitro-4-chloro -anis le with 1,3-diaminopropane. May be nitrated to give more powerful expls described below(Ref 2,pp 1008 & 1013)

Bisdiethyl Lead Styphnate Basic

(02N)3C6H 0Pb(CH2.CH3)20H 2 mw 871.77, N 4.82 yel crysts, mp expl ca 229 was prepd by Burrows et al(Ref 2) by reacting diethyl lead dichloride and diammonium styphnate at RT. It detonates with a firing current of 0.31-0.36amps (vs 0.40-0.47amp for lead styphnate) and was proposed for use as an ignition compn in elec blasting caps Refs l)Beil-not found 2)L.A.Burrows et al, USP 2105635(1938) & CA 32,2357(1938)

Bisdihydroxypropyloxamide and Derivatives

N,N'-Di-( ,y-dihydroxy propyl)- oxamide, HO. C 2CH(0H).CH2.NHC0- 2 mw 236.22, N 11.86 was obtd by the reactions HCl , , . ) NaOH glycerin - ----- chlorohydrin ----------- glyceride -H2N-CH2 -CH(OH).CH2 OH (C2 J i .4 - fiO-CHj .CH(OH)-CH2 -NH.CO 2 On nitration it yields the following expl deriv(Ref 2) Tetra nitrate or N,N'-Di( ,y-dibydroxypropyl)-oxamide Tetranitrate listed in CA Coll Formula Index (1920-1946),p 281 as C8H16N60, 4 or (j 0.NH.CH2.CH(H0N02).CH2(H0N02) mw...

Bisdimethylaminotriphenylmethane and Derivatives

Bis(dimethylamino)-triphenylmethane or Tetra-methyl-diamino-triphenylmethane, C23H26N2-Three isomers are described in Beil 13,273-5, (89) & 135 Mononitro-bis( dimethylamino)-triphenylm ethane, C23H2gN302. Three isomers are described in Beil 13,278-80 & 136 Dinitro-bis( dimethylamino)-triphenylmethane, C_,H N 0 Two isomers are described in Tri-, Tetra- and Pentanitro Derivatives, were not found in Beil or in CA thru 1956 Hexanitro ' bi s( dimethyl ami no) tri phenyl methane,...

Bisdiphenylcarbamide Ethylenediamine Complex

See under Diphenylcarbamide Complexes Suitable as Stabilizers and Gelatinizers in Smokeless Propellants Bis*diphenylurea (called Bis diphenyluree in Fr and N.N'-Bis diphenylaminoformyl-hydrazin in Ger),(C6Hs)2N.C0.NH.NH.C0.N(C6Hs)2 mw 422.47, N 13.26 col crysts, mp 215-217 , giving a Wh vapor Q 3214kcal mol Q -14.6kcal mol sol in acet si sol in cold w, ale or chlf was prepd by reacting 1 mol of hydrazine hydrate with 2 mols of diphenylcarbamic acid chloride (Refs 1 & 2). This compd was...

Bishydroxyethoxybenzene and Derivatives

L,3-Bis(2-hydroxyethoxy)-benzene or Di-fi-hydroxy-ethyl-m-phenylene Ether called R esorcin-bis-( 3 -oxy-athy 1 ather) in Ger , C6H4(OCH2-CH2.OH)2 mw 198.21, O 32.29 col crysts, mp 81 sol in ale or methylethyl ketone insol in eth, benz or ligroin was prepd by treating resorcinol, in Na ethylate soln, with ethylene chlorhydrin(Refs 1 & 2). This may be considered the parent compd of its nitrated derivs Refs l)Beil 6, 816 2)R.E.Rindfusz et al, JACS 42,163(1920) 1,3-Bis(...

Bishydroxyphenylanthranone and Derivatives

10,10-B is(4-hydroxyp henyl)-9- anth ranone c all e d 10.10-Bis(4-oxy-phenyl)-anthron-(9) or 10-oxo in Ger ' C6H 12.68 ndls(from dil alc), mp 308-309 other props and method of prepn are given in Beil 8, 373,(677) 10,10-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-x, x-dinitro-9-anthra-none, (H0)2C26H,40(N02)2 mw 468.40, N 5-98 grn-yel Ifts, mp 236 other props and method of prepn are given in Beil 8,(677) 10,10-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl-x, x, x, x-tetranitro-9 -anthranone, (HO)2C26H, 20(N02)4 mw 558.40, N 10.03 lemon-yel...

Bishydroxyphenylpropane and Derivatives

Bis(hydroxyphenyl)-propane, C)SH)602 mw 228.28, O 14.02 . Two isomers are described in the literature CH3.CH2.CH(C6H4.OH)2 called 1. l(or a.a> Bis-(4-oxyphenyl)-propan in Ger(Ref 1) and (CHg)2C(CsH4.0H) called 2.2(or 3. 3) -Bis-(4-oxy-phenyl)-propan in Ger(Ref 2) . Their props and methods of prepn are given in the Refs. Qc at 25 1868kcal mol & Qf 88.2kcal mol for 2,2-Bi s(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propane(R ef 3 ) Refs l)Beil 6,1011 & 977 2)Beil 6,1101,(493) & 978 3)W.N.Hubbard et al, JACS...

Bislldimethylpropynyl Peroxide See

L',2'*Bis(2,2*dinitroalkyl) amines of general formula R(NO_ )2C.CH2 2NH were prepd recently in Sweden by treating 2,2-dinitroalkyl-l-ethanol with 2,2-dinitroalkyl- 1-amine R(02N)2C.CH2.0H + H2N.CH2.C(N02)R R(02N)C.CH2 2NH+H20. Some of these compds may be suitable as ingredients of expl and propellant compositions Refs l)Beil-not found 2)F.R.Schenck & G.A. 'etterholn,SwedP 148217(1954) 3ritP 729469 (1955) USP 2731460(1956) & CA 50, 1893,7125 of general formula,R(02N)2C.CH2.HN.NH.CH2C(N02)R...

Bismethyl phenyl aminopropane and Derivatives

L,3'Bis (2' or 4')-methylphenylamino - propane or l,3*Bis .(2' or 4')-methylanilino propane called a.y-Di(o or p)-toluidino-propan or n.n' -Di(o or p)-tolyI-trimethylendiamin in Ger h3c.c6h4.nh.ch2.ch2.ch2.nh.c6h4.ch3 mw 254.36, n 11.01 . Two isomers are listed in Beil 12,828, & 977 1, mw 434.36, N 19.35 golden yel scales(from acett some et acet), mp 206 was prepd by boiling in alc soln 4-methyl -2,6-dinitroanisole with 1,3-diaminopropane. This compd gives an expl nitramine deriv on...

Bismethylaminoanthraquinone and Derivatives

Bis(methylamino)-anthraquinone, C 16H)4N202. Two isomers are described in the literature Di-methyldiaminoanthraquinone by Schmidt), (Ref 2) and 1,8-Bis(methylamino)-anthraquinone (Ref 3,p 739) (Compare with Diaminodimethyl -anthraquinone) Dinitro- bis( methyl amino)- anthraquinone ,C f gH, 2-N406. According to Ref 3,p 737, nitration of 1,5-isomer to give was patented in Germany (Ger P 156759). This patent was not at our disposal

Bismethylaminobenzophenone and Derivatives

4,4'-Bis(methylamino)-benzophenone, C,sH1sN20 is described in Beil 14, 89 C15H1AN405 is described in Beil 14,100 4,4'-Bis(methyl amino)- 3,5,3', mw 420.29, N 20.00 gold, shiny crysts(from boiling phenol), mp ca 225 (dec) diffc sol in common solvs other props and method of prepn are given in Beil 14,100

Bismethylaminodi phenylmethane and Derivatives

C,sH18N2 is described in Beil 13,239 & ill Mono-,Di- and Trinitroderivatives- not found in Beil 4,4'-Bis(methylamino)-3,5,3', 5'-tetranitrodi-phenylmethane, CH2 CsH2(N02)2.NH.CHJ2 mw 406.31, N 20.69 orn crysts, mp 250 (dec) sol in boiling et acet, acet, AcOH or chlf diffc sol in ale, petr eth or benz other props and method of prepn are given in Beil 13,246 phenylmethane, CH2 C6H2(N02)2.N(N02).CH3 mw 496.31, N 22.58 yel crysts, mp darkens at 210 , dec ca 217-220 mod sol in warm acet almost...

Bismethylphenylaminoethane and Derivatives

2-Bis (2', 3 or 4 )-methylphenylamino -ethane or or 4 ) - methylanilino -ethane called N.N'-Di(o, m or p-)-tolyl-athylendiamin in Ger , H3C,C6H4.NH.CH2.CH2.NH.C6H4.CH3 mw 240.34, N 11.66 . Three isomers are described in the literature. All form cryst salts. Other props and method of prepn are given in Beil 12, 825,868, & 974 l,2-Bis(4-methyl-2 ,6 -dinitrophenylamino)-ethane

Bisnaphthylsuccinamide and Derivatives

Bis(a- naph thy I)-sue cinamidei called Bernstei i> saure-bis-a-naphthamid or N.N'-Di-a-naphthyl -succinamid in Ger), C10H7.NH.CO.CH2.CH2.CO.NH.C, mw 368.42, N 7.60 ndls(from AcOH), mp ca 285 (dec) si sol in w or alc diffc sol in AcOH other props and method of prepn are given in Bis( mononitro-Ornaphtkyl)-succinamide, C24H18N406, not found in Beil or in CA thru 1956 (02N)2C, Q HS.NH. CO.CH2 .CH2 .CO.NH.C, 0Hg-(N02)2 mw 548.42, N 15.33 yel ndls(from AcOH), mp ca 22 dec) insol in w or alc was...

Bisnitrobenzylideneaminoguanidine[called

or in Ger , (02N.C6H4.CH N.NH-)2C NH mw 355-31, N 27-60 yel crysts, mp 240-242 insol in common org solvs was prepd by reacting the hydro-bromide of N,N'-diamino-guanidine and m-nitro-benzaldehyde in ale. It forms salts, such as the Hydrobromide, C, gH, 3N704+HBr, yel pdr,gradually reddens in the air and dec at 292 . Other props are given in the Refs. The expl props of the compd and its salts were not detd Refs l)Beil 7,(140) 2)A.Gaiter,Gazz 45 1,454 (1915) & JCS 108 1,656(1915)

Bisnitrohydroanthranol or Dinitro di

10.10' -Dinitro-10.10'-dioxy-9.10.9'. lO'-tetrahydro-di-anthranyl-(9.9') in Ger , 480.46, N 5.83 yel ndls, mp sublimes at 120 , dec 267-268 burns explosively at higher temps or in contact with a flame si sol in ale, eth or benz dec in hot dil NaOH was prepd by adding HN03 dropwise to a mixt of pure anthracene in AcOH and acet at 7-8 during 2 hrs, and heating to 50-55 after standing at RT for two days(Refs 1& 3) Its Dinitrate, C28H22N4010, mp 290 , resembling bis(nitrohydroanthranol) in all...

Bisnitroxyethylamine Nitrate or Diethanol am inetri nitrate

mw 258.16, N 21.71 , OB to C02 -24.8 crysts(from abs ale), mp 116-17 (Ref 2,p 13), mp 111.7-113.2 (Ref 4) mp 120.5 (Ref la). When heated in a test tube, it melts and decomp with a sudden puff & evoln of fumes when dropped on a red-hot plate, it expl with a flash(Ref 2,pp 26-7). This compd can also be prepd by nitrating diethanolamine as described in Refs la and 4. It was patented in Germany(Ref la) for use as an expl alone or as a component of expl compositions (See also Diethanolamine and...

Bisphenylethyleneglycol Ether and Derivatives

Bis(phenyl)-ethyleneglycol Ether or 1,2-Di-phenoxy-ethane (called Athylen-glykol-di-phenyliither or a. 3-Diphenoxy-athan in Ger), CgHs.O.CH2.CH2.O.C6Hs mw 214.25, is described in Beil 6,146 & 150 Bis(mononitrophenyl)- ethylene glycol Ether or l,2-Bis(nitrophenoxy)-ethane called Athylen -glykol-bis(nitro-phenylather) in Ger , 02N.C6H4.0.-CH2.CH2.0.C6H4.N02 mw 304.25, N 9.21 . Three isomers are described in Beil 6,219,224,232 & 223 Ether or 1, 2-Bis(2,4'dinitrophenoxy)-ethane called in Ger...

Bisstyrylbenzene and Derivatives

Bis(styryl)- benzene or Distyryl-benzene, C22H)8. One isomer l,4-Bis(styryl)-benzene is described in Beil 5,(361) 4,6-Dinitro-l,3-bis (styryl)- benzene, C22H16N204, dk yel ndls(from AcOH), mp 186 was prepd by heating 4,6-dinitroxylene with benzaldehyde in presence of piperadine Ref Beil 5,(360) 1, 3-Bis(styryl) 2,4, 6-trinitrobenzene (called 2.4.6-Trinitro-l .3-distyryl-benzol in Ger), C6H5,CH CH.C6H(N02)3.CH CH.C6Hs mw 417.36, N 10.07 yel ndls(from AcOH), mp 147-148 readily sol in benz or AcOH...

Bistrinitrophenylthiodimethy Ibenzene or Dipicrylthiolzylene

(CH3)2C6H2tS-C6H2iN02> 3 2 mW 592.48, N 14.19 . The following isomers are described in the literature 2,4-Bis(2' 2.4-Bis(2.4.6 -trinitro-phenylmercapto)-1.3-dim ethyl-benzol or in Ger , yel crysts(from AcOH), mp 211-213 was obtd by warming 2,4-dithio-l,3-dimethyl-benzene with 2 mols of picryl chloride in alc (Refs 1 & 2,p 142). Its expl props were not detd 4,6-Bis(2', 4', 6'-trinitrophenyltbio) 1,3-di-methylbenzene, orn-col crysts+1 mol CgHg (from benz), mp 258-259.5 sol in AcOH, et acet...

Bis[aazidoor anitrobenzylideneazine

Bis*(azidothioformyl) di sulfide (called Azidocarbon-disulfide by Audrieth and Bis-azidothioformyl-di-sulfid or Azidoschwefelkohlenstoff in Ger), N3.C( S).S.S.C( S).N3, mw 236.31, N 35.57 wh solid mp-detonates with great violence> 40 or when subjected to shock unstable even at RT v si sol in w(0.03 ) si sol in benz or CS2 sol in methanol, ethanol, ether, CC14 & xylene v sol in acet & et acet. Can be prepd by treating azido-dithiocarbonic acid (see Vol l,p A632-L) or its alkaline salts...

Bixylyl and Derivatives

Bixylyl Dixylyl or Te tramethyl-bipbenyl (called Tetramethyl-diphenyl in Ger), (CH3)2C6H3.C6H3(CH3)2 mw 210.30, H 8.63 . The sym isomers 2,4,2',4'-Tetramethyl- 2,5,-2',5'-Tetramethyl- 2,6,2',6'-Tetramethyl-(Ref 2) and 3,4,3',4'-Tetramethyl-biphenyl are described in the literature Refs l)Beil 5,620,(292,293) & 522 2)J.Guy, JChimPhys 46,469(1949) & CA 44,4298(1950) Dinitro-bixylyl or Dinitro-(tetramethyl-biphenyl), C,6H14N408, mw 390.30, N 14.36 . Two forms of the isomer x,x,x,x-T...

Black Diamond Black Diamond NuGel A

Brand of nongelatinous US permissible explosives manufd by Illinois Powder Manufacturing Co, St Louis, Mo Ref Bebie(1943),p 33 Black Dynamite. A mixt of powd coke and sand, impregnated with 45 by wt of NG Refs l)Daniel(1902),p 583 2)Clift & Fedoroff, Vol 4(1946),p 10 Black Liquor. A by-product of paper manuf, contg tar in addn to a small amt of aromatic hydrocarbons and phenolic compds. It was considered impracticable to use this tar, or any fraction thereof, as a source of raw materials for...

Black Powders Containing Potassium Nitrate Used in European Countries BkPdrs used in

Europe have practically the same formulations as those used in the US. As an example, the following compns of powders were used in France before WW II(Ref 12,p 280) Poudre de Guerre (Military powder) Poudre de mine forte (Strong mining expl) Poudre de mine ordinai (Ordinary mining expl) Poudre de mine lente (Slow mining expl) Poudre de chasse* (Sporting powder) Poudre d guerre brun (Brown military powder) *P.Tavernier,MP 36,232(1954) gives for black sporting powder KN03 75-78, charcoal 12-15...

Blanketing Compositions for Blasting Explo sives See under Sheathed Explosives

Blank Powder is used in firing signals, for saluting, for manoeuvres and, in fact, in all cases where it is required to make noise of firing without ejecting a projectile. Instead of projectiles felt wads are used. As the wads do not offer resistance to the expansion of pdr gases, the pressure in the weapon decreases after firing almost to zero. In order to offer greater resistance to the pdr gases the cartridge is sometimes provided with a mock shot made of hollow wood or other suitable...

Blast Effects In Air Earth And Water

Blast Impulse and Blast Pressure)(the latter is called Detonations-d V in Ger) In military operations it is a known fact, proved during WWII, that greater damage can be done to installations by blast effects from bombs than by metal fragments from bombs or other conventional projectiles. Blast waves act as a severe earthquake and cover a circular area, whereas bomb fragments do damage only at random points of impact When a bomb type HE(such as TNT, Comp B, HBX...

CA Trinitrobenzoic Acid Anhydride or Trinitro

Benzoylanhydride, (02N)3C H2.C0 20 mw496.22, N 16.94 , yel ndls, mp 270 (dec) si sol in benz. Was obtd, together with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzoylchlo-ride, on treating 2,4,6-trinitrobenzoic acid with a mixt of phosphorus pentachloride and oxychlo-ride. Care should be taken to prevent overheating, which might result in an expl. Another method of prepn is given in Ref 3 Refs l)Beil9,417 2)J.J.Sudborough JCS 67,600 (1895) 3)R.Reed,Jr,J ACS 77,3404-R(1955) & CA 50,4071(1956)

Chchch chchch

O 27.79 col ndls, mp 68-70 , expl violently on attempting to purify it by vac distn was prepd by treating cyclohexanone with H202. When treated with dil H2S04 it gave an intermediate product .OH peroxide in Ref 5,P 171 and with concd H,SO. it gave cyclohexanone monoperoxide,C6H T (Ref 2,pp 143-4 & 149) Refs l)Beil-not found 2)M.Stoll & W.Scherrer, Helv 13,142-4 & 146-9(1930) CA 24,2732(1930) 3)N.A.Milas et al,JACS61,2431(1939) 4)R. Criegee et al.Ann 565,7(1949) & CA 44,1917(1950)...

Chcicch mw ch

Col mobile liq, mp -0.8 , bp 26 at 0.2 mm and 50 at 2mm expl violently at 125-7 d 0.889 at 20 Qc 1869kcal mol nD 1.415 at 20 miscible with acet, octane or toluene insol in q no serious toxicological hazard in normal handling but high concns of vapor or liq in contact with skin should be avoided can be prepd by reacting t-butyl hydroperoxide with methyl ethyl ketone in the presence of an acid catalyst(Refs 2 & 3) This liq must not be distilled at atm press in a coned state it can be decompd...

Chcon

It yel pdr, mp dec at 202-3 with evoln of gas defgr when heated on a Pt foil in flame could not be obtained in cryst state because it is insol in neutral solvents such as eth, benz or chlf and is decompd by solvents such as ale. Can be prepd by adding dropwise aq NaN02 soln to the corresponding hydrazohydrazide dissolved in cold dil HC1 Refs l)Beil- not found 2)T.Curtius & W.Sand-haas,JPraktChem 125,93 & 100-1(1930) & CA 24,3231(1930) Benzyldiphenylamine or Diphenylbenzylamine,...

D i azidotrimethyl ammoni urn benzo quinone

called by Meldola & Hollely(Ref 2) and called 2 in Ger , CH C(N3> XCH C(N3) 42.04 brn subst, mp expl ca 100 very sol in w decomp in boiling w was prepd by reducing the dinitro-compd with tin and HCl, diazotizing the product and treating it with Na azide. The compd was not obtd in a pure state but its salts were sufficiently definite to establish its constitution. Chloride salt, CgH11N70+HC1, col ndls, becoming brn on exposure to air, mp expl ca 100 dec in w or ale Picrate salt,...

Diazidortrinitrobenzene or Picryldiazide

(02N)3C6H(N3)2, mw 295.14, N 42.72 , OB to C02-35.2 yel crysts, mp 92 . Was prepd by heating a soln of picryl dichloride with Na azide. It is an extremely sensitive expl Refs l)Beil- not found 2)Blatt,OSRD 2014(1944), listed under Nitro Compounds l,3,5*Triazido*2,4 dinitro> benzene, (02N)2C6H-(N3)3, mw 291.16, N 52.93 , OB to C02 -46.7 . Crysts(from ale), mp 116-7 (dec) compd turns brn at 50 and becomes semi-liq insol in w sol in acet or boiling ale, si sol in cold ale. A comp prepd by...

Errata in

Bzl Benzyl, C6HS-CH2- instead of C HS -CH-Add propln propulsion propn(s) proportion(s) instead of propulsion Delete ps parts per second SC Solventless Cordite instead of solventless, carbamite TNBAc instead of TNBA for Trinitrobenzoic Acid TNBzN Trinitrobenzoyl Nitrate instead of Trinitro-benzyl Nitrate Delete WAAC Woolwich Arsenal RevScInst instead of RevChimlnd Thorpe(1940) instead of Thorpe(1949) Ullmann, vol 4(1929) instead of vol 4(1926) Esplosivi instead of Explosivi Formula should read...

FPentanitrobenilNCHCO

C0.C6H2(N02)3 mw 435.22, N 16.09 , OB to C02 -68.0 col crysts, turn orn-brn in the light mp 261 (dec). This compd was prepd by nitration of 2,4,6-trinitrostilbene or 2,4,6,2'-tetranitrostil-bene with mixed nitric and sulfuric acids. Penta-nitrobenzil is also obtd from 2,4,6,2',4'-penta-nitrostilbene under similar conditions. It does not form addn compds with naphthalene or anthracene but thiophthene yields an impure yel prod, mp 220-4 . The pentanitrobenzil is recovered unchanged after boiling...