ends of the splice may be tapered by continuing the tucking process for two or three tucks, cutting out a few fibers from each strand after each tuck. Rolling the splice (under the foot or under a board) will make it compact and smooth.
■ 24. Long Splice.—The long splice must be used where it is necessary tb keep the increase in diameter to a minimum. It also has a neater appearance. The long splice is used to join ropes of equal size when the rope is to run through a block.
a. Stage I: Unlaying.—To make a long splice in a three-strand rope (see fig. 60) —
(1) Unlay 15 turns from the ends and tie strings about one of the ropes at these points
(2) Bring the two parts together in the same manner as for the short splice.
(3> Beginning at the point where the two parts are placed together, unlay one of the strands to the right, and lay carefully in its place all but the last Ave turns of the corresponding strand from the left. This latter operation should follow closely the unlaying of the strand to the right. There are still two pairs of strands left at point A where the ends were placed together.
(4) Remove the piccc of string and run one of these pairs to the left in the same manner as the first pair to the right: cut off the long ends of the strands (including the two remaining at A) about five turns from the main rope.
Stage 2: Tucking.—The next part of the splicing consists in tucking the ends of the three pairs of strands. All are tucked in the same manner, as follows: being sure that the ends of the strands pass each other as illustrated in (a) <flg. 50) and not as in (b). As shown in <c). bring the strand from the right up over the nearest strand from the
permanently to a ring or becket and for making a permanent loop in the end of a rope. To make an eye splice (see flg. 51).—
a. Unlay about five turns on the end of the rope and pass the middle free strand (b) under a strand of the rope so as to form a loop of the desired size.
b. Pass a second free strand (a) under the next strand of the rope.
c. Pass the third free strand (c) under the third strand of the rope as shown in "inset A"; tuck the free strands into the rope (over one strand and under the next> in the same manner as the short splice.
d. Draw all the strands taut and cut off the loose ends.
■ 26. Renewing a Broken Strand.—Unlay each broken end for about 10 turns; secure a strand of the same size rope about 20 turns in length and lay all but about 5 turns at each end of it into the broken rope in place of the broken strand; join the new strand at each end with an overhand knot with the end of the broken strand; cut the ends of the broken strand to 5 turns and tuck the ends as in the long splice.
■ 27. Care and Use of Wire Rope—Correct handling of wire rope at all times Is essential to maximum service. The following precautions should be observed:
a. Reels of wire rope should not be dropped. Weight of rope may break reel, permitting rope to become kinked.
b. Prying with bars should be done on flanges of reel, not on rope.
c. Wire rope should be stored in a dry place and away from corrosive fumes. Outside layer of reel or coil should
STAGE I' RE-LAYING
STAGE Hf TUCKING
left and under the next strand (d>. and (e> give the strand from the left one tuck «>. <g> Each strand should now be given two more tucks in a direction almost at right angles to the direction of twist. When all three pairs of strands have been tucked, cut off the ends and make smooth by rolling.
25. Eye Splice.—The eye splice is used to secure a rope
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