■ 40. What Is Camouflage?—a. Camouflage is a weapon— one of the most important we have- It consists oi all the work we do to hide ourselves and our equipment from enemy observation. By means oi careful camouflage we can protect ourselves, confuse the enemy, cause him to waste valuable ammunition, or make him fall into a trap.
b. Remember that if the enemy can't see us. he can't hit us effectively. If you learn to understand and to carry out the important principles of camouflage, you can give your Army a head start on the enemy. However, if you, an individual soldier, make a single mistake, you may give away the position and plans of your whole battalion. That's how important camouflage is.
c. Everyone in the Army must know hour to use camouflage. But aii an engineer you are expected to be an expert at it. We must learn this job so well that when other branches of the service come to the engineers for camouflage advice and help, we will be able to do the job. Make good camouflage an intimate part of your daily life.
d. FM 21^45 and 5-20 contain additional information about deceiving the enemy by means of camouflage. Ask your platoon leader for these manuals and read them carefully.
■ 41. Individual Concealment.—You muft learn to hide your own presence and movements. Remember, you can be seen from both the ground and the air. The aerial observer is one of our deadliest enemies, but you can beat him if you are careful.
■ 42. Hints on Individual Camouflage.—«. Select your positions and routes of advarice beforehand.
b. Move rapidly between well selected positions by "leaps and bounds."
c. Learn to work and move silently.
e. Break up form. Use branches and leaves to break up your outline (fig. 76).
/. Break up solid areas of color and blend them with their surroundings. Camouflage your tent with natural materials (flg. 78).
g. Avoid a reflected light or shine. Paint or darken your face to confuse enemy snipers.
h Hide earth you dig lrom ground and change the regular outline of your fox hole (fig. 77),
■ 43. Camouflace Discipline.—In modern war, not only individuals but whole armies, their buildings, guns, and trucks, are camouflaged. Around installations it is important that the pattern of the ground be unchanged, especially as viewed from the air. A single set of footprints in a field is visible from the air. A single flashing mess kit can reveal the position of a company. Observe all rules of camouflage discipline.
b. Keep on existing paths and roads.
c. Don't throw refuse or spoil where it can be seen.
d. Do nothing that will change appearance of ground from the air.
■ 44. ARTTFTrTAT. Materxals,—a, Sometimes • artificial materials must be used in camouflage. The Army furnishes nets or various eizco lor this purpose. Leain Lu use them properly. The two main camouflage nets Issued by the
Army are shrimp nets (with ft-Inch mesh), which are used only as drapts, and flsh nets, which are garnished with strips of colored cioth and may be used either as drapes or fiat-tops. Garnishing means weaving the net so as to make it less transparent <flg. 79). Use the nets so that they conceal the shape of your vehicle, gun, or shelter, and so that;
© Wrong. Scouts are silhouetted against sky.
<21 Right. Scouts in shadows with durk foliage a« background. Figure 75 —Use shadow and terrain m observing.
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