Directions At Night

a. POLE STAR (FIGURE 4) - In the Northern Hemisphere, the Nortl Star (Polaris) is a reliable direction-finder, because tt is always nearly true north oI the observer. The problem is to locate it. By checking against the pattern shown in Figure 4, first identify the seven start in the Big Dipper, and then confirm this by finding the live stars in Big "W" (Cassiopeia). Polaris lies about halfway between these star groups, and the two • pointers" aim almost directly at it.

Fijure 4

b. OVERHEAD STARS - If the North Star is obscured o* cannot be located {or if you are in the Southern Hemisphere), sightings on any overhead star will provide accurate direction. Implant about a 4-foot stick into the ground, inclined somewhat from the vertical. Now lie down on the ground face up, with one eye directly underneath the tip of the stick. Move head slightly until you establish a line cf sipht to an overhead star, and then remain still to observe the star's direction oi movement. Like the sun, all stars always move generally frnm east to west, from which you can orient yourself to any desired direction of travel.

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