Heat the end cherry red and quickly clamp it in the vise, then upset the end to desired size by hammering. Two heats may be necessary. Then heat and shape the shank as desired, file to shape, harden, and temper at light straw. The edges should then be sharpened on an oilstone. Square the shanks and fit file handles. Make up a bottoming tool whenever you feel ambitious—there's no such thing as having too many of them.
Special shaped chisels are sometimes made by filing a piece of drill rod to the desired contour. Very good smail gouges are made in
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