fire arms, particularly rifles. The Southern wood is somewhat lighter than that grown in the Northern states. Almost all American walnut will show "fiddle-back" when quarter sawed with the exception of the Texas walnut previously referred to. In selecting wood for a high grade stock there is a natural tendency to choose a quarter sawed plank in order to get this effect. Theoretically this is the wrong thing to do if maximum strength is sought. Figure 38A shows a sectional view of a walnut log divided into quarters. Two upper quarters are quarter sawed while the lower half is "board" sawed. Note that the quarter sawed planks have the edge grain presented on the flat surface while the others have edge grain oil the
better to lay out the pattern as indicated in figure 41. This gives the grain running up toward the forend which is not objectionable as it renders quite easy the inletting of the barrel, permitting chisel work mainly in one direction.
Figure 42 shows the right and wrong way of laying out a butt stock for shotgun or two-piece rifle stock. When the grain parallels the grip and bottom line of stock rather than the top line, the grip is greatly strengthened, and the danger of splitting off the toe (a very common accident) is eliminated.
The usual oil treatment provided for high grade stocks darkens the wood considerably and in unskillful hands may result in hiding much of the beauty of the grain. For this reason it is well to select wood that is not extremely dark in color with due care to avoid •apwood. .Another thing to be avoided is that variety of walnut sometimes ttrmed gray walnut by the trade, which usually runs to
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