high. I may be right or I may be wrong—am plumb willing to be shown the error of my ways; but it will rake a lot of argument, and a lot of proof, to convince me that changing the pitch of any stock causes the least change in the relation of the bore to the line of sight—and that is what determines where the gun is shooting.

I have said that 99 per cent, of shooters buck their shots. Of the other one per cent, who don't, those who arc riflemen know enough about stocks as a rule to have a pitch that keeps the stock in place on the shoulder; and those who arc shotgun user? are usually able to do pretty good shooting with anything that burns powder! But this argument is heside the question. Shooters have varying opinions as to the right pitch for rifle stocks, and many shotgun users prefer no pitch, oi at lcaai very little. The thing for a man to use is what he can use best—what he believes in—for confidence plays a mighty big part in the shooting game. Townsend Whelen prefers about a 3 inch Ditch on his rifle, and this is rhrhr.irp of many other expert target shooters and hunters. E. C. Crossman allows he wants from 4 to 5 inches, end for offhand shooting with a hunting aim this» amount of pitch handles better for me. But on several rifles of my own that 1 have stocked for offhand shooting, I have no idea what the pitch is, having never measured it. My own rule is ro rut the butt so that it forms a right angle with a line drawn from center of butt to a point in the forend tip level with the bottom of the barrel channel; in other words, making the butt, (b-b, Figure 47} at right angles with the center of form of the entire stock. This

gives me a definite rule to apply on my own stocks, as on bolt action rifles I want the forend tip about 18 inches from the trigger; others prefer a shorter forend, however, so the rule cannot be made universal.

When a man specifies the amount of pitch he wants on a stock, I make it as he wants it. When he leaves it up to me to fit him, I usually follow my own rule, carrying a line from center of butt to a point on bottom of barrel 18 inches ahead of the trigger and cutting the butt at right angles to it, and he usually remarks that the pitch seems to be just right. A stock so made will deliver the recoil very nearly through its center of form, and will cling to the shoulder in any of the shooting positions like a poor relative during a hard winter.

CAST OFF: Going back to Figure* 46r the small "head-on" view of the butt illustrates what is meant by "cast off in a stock. The line g-g is in prolongation with the center of the bore—in other words, the original center line of the stock. The buttplate has been shifted to the right a trifle so that its center comes on the line f-f. The stock is therefore cast off, or bent to the right a distance equal to that between these two lines. This slight bend is of course un-noticeable when the stock is viewed from the side; and one must look closely to see it from a top view. But it is there just the same.

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