off flush with inside of band. If the band require* hlmng, ¡r js a good idea first to heat it red hot and flow in a little brazing spelter fruui die inside ontu llie end uf slicw. The spelter will go into the threads making a solid brazed joint, so that the screw can never loosen.

A still better way is to take the band to a good welder, and have him melt on some mild steel to form a good sized lump on bottom of

band, which is afterward filed, ground and drilled to shape to form a swivel stud, as shown in P'igure 140. This may be used for detachable swivels, or may be fitted with a fixed swivel, by pinning it in as described for attaching swivel to screw head.

This stunt is of value in remodeling some of the Krags which have a band with cavity for handguard, and arc minus swivel. W. Stokes Kirk also sells good outside bands similar to the lower band on the '73 model Springfield, which lacks a swivel. These bands are thick enough to permit their being fitted to different barrels.

MAKING BARREL BANDS. It used to be, that whatever had to be fastened to a rifle barrel was fastened with a screw turned into the barrel, or else by a dovetail slot; and because we didn't know any better, the scheme worked like cats fightin'. But since styles must change, even in shootin' irons, we know now that such antiquated methods are so destructive to accuracy that we can't hit a flock of barns with a barrel so fastened—if we know it. So we use barrel bands instead, as a means of attaching swivel screws, and to hold barrel and forend together, and to provide bases for sights mounted on the barrel—and sometimes to cover up screw hole» and other defects in the barrel itself, as well as to provide handguard fastenings.

The very best and most workmanlike bands are made from solid thick-walled Shelby tubing; the band and the stud to which the screw is attached, or which in some instances forms a sight base, being made in one solid piece. Other bands, which answer equally well, in many cases, are made from thin stock soldered, pinned, brazed, or screwed to a thicker block of steel.

Before going into details of barrel band construction, it must be

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