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striking barrels, and should be used for no ether purpose. Various others arc mentioned from time to time ir. connection with special jobs described throughout this book.

Having the files, the next thing needed is a file card—a brush with short hard steel bristles with which to brush out the filings that stick in the teeth. A clogged or "pinned" file is very quickly ruined, and a 40 cent card will add months or years to the life of all your files.

THE VISE comes next. The most useful of ali vises in the gun shop is the Prentiss Ironworker's Vise No. 19. This vise costs about $15.00. and is the best investment you can make if you

Pig 1. Various acctJonal shapes of useful flies, and their names: 1. Round; itiall: njousetail; (according to size) made In both taper and parallel. 2. Square , Tape- and parallel. 3 Three-square Taper «nl parallel. 4. J>it-

naw: really half round in 3ecr.lon. but not so named. 5, Half round. 6, Cant or lightning. Same shape as a Barrett file except the latter 1» slightly thinner, and smooth on the angled side*. 7, Mill. 8, Plat. 9, PUlax. 10, Round edge Joint. 11, Knife. 12, Crossing. 13. Slitting:; loztnge.

plan to do much work- Both the base and one jaw are swiveled, enabling the worker to swing the vise to any position or angle, and ro grip tapered stock, barrels, gunstocks, etc., firmiy. The jaws are 3l/2 inches wide and open 4*4 inches, fitting together very accurately when closed. If you do not care to put this much money in a vise, then get a heavy, cheapcr iron one of about the same size—they can be had as low as five or six dollars, and often can be picked up second hand for half that amount.

For a second vise it is well to consider one of the rapid-acting cabinet makers' vises which attach under the bench, the jaws coming flush with the top. These open and close by a quarter turn of the handle, and are fine for planing and draw-knife work, but are no good for heavy xvork on metal. They can be had from any hardware or mail order house anc cost around $5.00.

For a third vise, consider the little Yankee No. 1992 toolmaker's vise mentioned in Chapter 2, It is worth its weight in gold for small jobs on sights, springs, pins, etc., and lias the advantage of being

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