White ec al., and with possibly a few of his own ideas thrown in for good measure. Whoever may have been responsible for its development, the fact remains that the resulting arm set the pattern for many others to follow; and barring perhaps a few improvements in stock formation, and of sighting equipment, it has scarccly been surpassed by any of the more costly jobs of recent years.
About this time, or possibly a little later, Colonel Whelen had been writing in some of the outdoor magazines concerning the effectiveness of the Krag on big game, he having been using an "as issued" rifle for hunting in the Philippines. His statements so interested Dr. Paul B. Jenkins, then shooting editor of "Outer's Book" which later was re christencd Outdoor Recreation, that he, being already an ardent admirer of the Krag action and cartridge, forthwith hied him to old Steve Munier, the veteran gunsmith of Milwaukee, and ordered what is believed to be the first Krag sporter.
White's rifle consisted of a service barrel and action mounted in a sporting stock, and fitted with a Lyman No. 34 receiver sight!— which I have always maintained was superior to the Lyman 48 for hunting purposes, due ro its greater strength and the fact that there is less danger of its coming out of adjustment. The barrel was held to the forend by an inside band such as is still being used. The regular military front sight base was used, although the blade was replaced by an ivory or gold bead. The military rear sight fixed base was left on the barrel, the movable base being merely screwed out, to be replaced when and if wanted. The stock was beautifully shaped, finished and checked, and fitted with sling swivels. The trigger pull was tuned up, and the sights adjusted for the desired hunting ranges.
Dr. Jenkins' Krag job did not include a new stock, the military stock being remodeled and used instead. The alterations to this arm (which was a carbine to begin with, having 22 inch barrel) consisted of removing the rear sight and base, filling in hole in hand-guard with a piccc of walnut, replacing the military front sight with a Lyman gold bead, fitting a Lyman No. 34 receiver sight (Derned if the old timers don't seem to agree with me about the 34-1), smoothing up the action, and remodeling the stock. The grip was reduced in front of the comb, deepening the hand hole to make the comb appear higher, and the stock then worked down to the same dimensions as the owner's favorite Parker shotgun stock, so that the two guns handle exactly alike. The stock was checked and refinished, the butt being fitted with a rubber recoil pad. The action was smoothed up, the slack taken out of the trigger, and a set-screw added to make the pull adjustable. Butt stock and forend band were fitted with eyes for sling hooks. This carbine was remodeled in the fall cf 1908, since which time it has killed seven deer besides much ether game—its best shot being on a deer running at 230 measured yards. ^^
Since these rifles were remodeled, the cranks in all parts of the country have taken strongly to the idea of building their hunting arms from modern or obsolete military rifles, and have vied with each other in the matter of stock design, sight equipment, fit, balance, and decoration—until it is safe to say that the finest and best all round hunting and target rifles today are based on military actions.
The reason for this is quite evident. Development in the field of ammunition has been largely centered on loads for military use. Our best hunting cartridges are but modifications of those originally worked out for the armies of the world. Increases in velocity and energy, with accompanying flat trajectory, have been first presented in the cartridges made for use in army rifles—and experience has taught that, barring slight differences in bullet construction—these military loads are also best for big game. Without a doubt the two best all round big game cartridges in the world today are the .30-06 and the .30 40. Both have proved their worth under actual hunting conditions in competition with others; and while there are instances when one of the magnum cartridges might prove better adapted to some special use, the two mentioned will hold their own in any company, and successfully account for their fair share of clean kills on all game found in America, and much African and Asiatic game besides. It is a fact worthy of note that most African hunters, while recognizing the need for a very large caliber rifle for rhe largest game, invariably takes along a lighter arm of about the power of the Springfield or Krag, with which he will fire a hundred shots at game to one with the larger arms. The Englishman is par tial to his .303 for all-round work, and the similarity of its ballistics to those of the .30-40 constitutes further evidence of the general desirability of this type of load for all round use.
To own a sporting Springfield is a dream that was unrealized by many riflemen who felt they could not afford the cost of having the service arm remodeled by a high class gunsmith; then Col. C. E. Stodter, then Director of Civilian Marksmanship took thines in hand and turned out a plain, substantial sporter, without frills or furbelows, yet possessing al) of the essentials, and at a price to compete easily with the standard run of factory guns.
The D. C. M. Sporter has brought to hundreds of riflemen a class and quality of arm that they never could have afforded otherwise ; it is ready to take to the range or hunting field just as it comes to the buyer. Yet the man who plans to have it further remodeled and "dolled up" a bit, or who perhaps plana on doing the work himself. finds it the best adapted of any military type of arm available. The barrel is already polished and blued—and a good job it is, too. The Lyman No. 48 sight is already fitted, and tlie arm sighted in at 100 yards. It has the military blade front sight—ideal for target work, although the hunter usually substitutes a pold or ivory bead. It has a plain and somewhat rough stock, with full pistol grip 3 1/2
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Deer hunting is an interesting thing that reminds you of those golden old ages of 19th centuries, where a handsome hunk well equipped with all hunting material rides on horse searching for his target animal either for the purpose of displaying his masculine powers or for enticing and wooing his lady love.