Beretta

pocket pistol model 1934

The Italian firm of Pietro Beretta has been in the gunmaking business since 1680. They have manufactured everything from match locks to machine guns and today are noted for their line of shotguns and pocket pistols. Probably the best known product of this Italian firm is the 1934 pistol. This handy little pistol has been an official side arm of the Italian Army

E. J. Hoffschmidt has an extensive background as a gunsmith, engineering draftsman, and researcher, with a particular interest in automatic pistols.

and was widely used by Italian police before the enjl of World War II.

It is best known for its simple design and rugged construction. The gun has surprisingly few working parts and complicated milling machine operations have been virtually eliminated, thereby making the pistol easy to mass-produce. Although the 1934 lacks the more advanced features found on contemporary German pocket pistols, such as double-action. magazine disconnector, and cartridge indicator, it is nevertheless a handy little gun. Model 1934 type pistols are found in either .32 ACP (7.65

The Model 1934 resembles a larger, earlier version, the Model 1923. This gun was chambered for the 9 mm. Luger cartridge. Like the 1934, it was blow-back-operated but had a fiber buffer to prevent the slide battering the receiver when using the powerful 9 mm. Luger ammunition.

The simplicity of the design is best demonstrated by the disconnector mechanism. The trigger bar has an arm that extends up into a slot in the slide. Unless the slide is fully forward, the arm on the trigger bar will not allow

BernardelliBeretta Safe Position

^ To remove barrel, rotate safety catch (30) ~ to safe position and pull slide back as far as it will go. The safety catch will snap into hold-open notch on the slide. Push back or tap muzzle of barrel to free it from re-

Striping Gun Pietro Beretta

Beforo attempting to field strip gun, re-■ move magazine (18) and retract slide (1) to clear chamber. If magazine is empty and slide open, a good deal of force will be necessary to remove the magazine because slide pressure tends to hold magazine in

^ To remove barrel, rotate safety catch (30) ~ to safe position and pull slide back as far as it will go. The safety catch will snap into hold-open notch on the slide. Push back or tap muzzle of barrel to free it from re-

3 After barrel (36) is free of recesses in receiver, push it up and out, through open portion of slide as shown. Next, hold slide and release safety catch (30). Ease slide assembly off front of receiver (33)

To prevent magazine being held in ' by slide, grind back edge of follower to a slight radius, removing sharp shoulder that holds slide open after last shot. Remove follower before grinding by depressing button on magazine floorplate. At same time, slide plate off to front

C In general, the gun is simple to strip—it is merely a case of driving out retaining pins. Whon it comes to replacing trigger bar (24), the simple tool shown above will hold trigger spring plunger (25) depressed while trigger bar is pinned back into place

JL After replacing sear lever (12), hammer " (10) con bo easily lined up with hole in receiver (33) if hammer strut is out of way. To do this, first push hammer strut down from hammer opening. Use a screwdriver or piece of brass to hold it down, as shown, until hammer is pinned into place

Hoffschmidt

1951 Beretta

Hoffschmidt

Beretta 1934 Illustration

the trigger bar to engage the sear plate. This clever device prevents the gun firing full automatic, since it pushes the trigger bar clear of the sear plate every time the slide recoils and allows the sear to be released again only when the slide is fully forward.

Although the gun is reliable, it has one or two serious drawbacks. When the last shot is fired, the slide is held open by the empty magazine follower. The slide cannot be run forward until the empty magazine is removed. Since the magazine must be withdrawn against the pressure of a stiff recoil spring, the operation requires two

Parts

1. Slide

2. Extractor

3. Extractor spring

4. Extractor pin

5. Rear sight

6. Firing pin spring

7. Firing pin

8. Right-hand grip

10. Hammer

11. Hammer strut

12. Sear lever

13. Hammer spring

14. Hammer strut nut

15. Magazine catch spring

16. Spring follower

17. Magazine catch

18. Magazine

19. Magazine catch pin

20. Magazine catch hinge pin hands and a good deal of force, or else the slide must be locked back in takedown position by the safety catch, a slow operation either way.

This feature was corrected on some pistols by grinding the back edge of the magazine follower as shown in illustration 4. If this is done, the gun will not remain open after the last shot and the magazine can be removed easily.

Another awkward feature is the position and amount of motion necessary to operate the safety catch. Since the safety catch locks only the trigger, it is theoretically possible for the gun to fire if dropped on the hammer.--mm

Legend

21. Sear lever pin

22. Sear plate

23. Sear plate screw

24. Trigger bar

25. Trigger spring plunger

26. Trigger spring

27. Trigger

28. Trigger bar pin

29. Trigger pin

30. Safety catch

32. Left-hand grip

33. Receiver

34. Recoil spring guide

35. Recoil spring

36. Barrel

37. Ejector

38. Ejector pin

39. Hammer pin

Beretta Pistol AssemblyBeretta Pistol AssemblyBeretta Pistol AssemblyBeretta 1934 Xtractor

Many Model 1934 Beretta pocket pistols were brought back by soldiers after World War II. These simple, rugged pistols are found in cals. .380 and .32 ACP. They are generally well made and finished, " J later wartime production guns show a marked deterioration in finish and workmanship. Beretta magazines can be identified by the wide, open panel on each side.

The finger-rest floorplate affords a good grip and facilitates removal of the magazine. The cal. .32 magazine usually has a stamped floorplate, while the cal. .380 floorplate is usually machined from steel.

Beretta magazine followers are machined from steel. They must be rugged, since they act as a slide hold-open device when the last shot has been fired. The V-groove cutout on the back strap and the small notch in the follower are good points of recognition.—EDWARD J. H0FFSCHMIDT

Beretta Model 1934 Pistol

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Responses

  • William Tiller
    How to remove firing pin from beretta model 1934?
    4 years ago
  • deodato
    HOW TO ASSEMBLE pietro beretta al120?
    4 years ago
  • candida
    How to remove floorplate on beretta 32 cal magazine?
    4 years ago
  • margaret dirksen
    How to replace the hammer strut and spring on a beretta .25 jet fire?
    3 years ago
  • cian
    How to remove hammer for model 1934 7.65 beratta?
    1 year ago
  • joesph
    How good is Beretta hammer strut with NP3 coating?
    9 months ago

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