Browning Arms Co. added the BL-22 lever-action .22 caliber repeating rifle to its line of sporting arms in 1969. Generally similar in appearance to Winchester lever-action repeaters developed by John M. Browning in the late 1800's, this small-game and plinking rifle is produced for Browning in Japan. It weighs only about five lbs., and fires .22 long rifle, long, and short regular and high speed cartridges interchangeably, without adjustment. Capacity of its tubular under-barrel magazine is 15 long rifles, 17 longs, and 22 shorts.
An outstanding feature of this compact repeater is its short lever throw of only 33°, which makes for easy, rapid operation. Another excellent feature is that the trigger is mounted on the lever, and moves with it. This prevents the user's finger from being pinched between the lever and the trigger.
Of exposed type, the hammer has a half-cock notch designed to catch the hammer if it slips from the grasp when the rifle is being thumb cocked. The half-cock is not intended as a position of rest while handling or storing the rifle. The manufacturer suggests that the hammer be placed in fired position when the rifle is carried or stored.
Cartridge cases are ejected through a small port in the right of the receiver. This permits low mounting of a tele scope sight, and the receiver top is grooved for attaching a clamp-on telescope sight mount. Open sights on the barrel consist of a folding U-notch rear sight, adjustable for elevation, and a bead front sight.
Most exposed metal parts of this handsome rifle have a high-luster blue finish that contrasts nicely with the gloss-finished walnut buttstock and forearm. The black plastic buttplate bears the name "BROWNING".
There are two grades of this rifle. Grade I lacks engraving or checkering, and Grade II has hand engraving on the receiver, gold-plated trigger, and checkered buttstock and forearm. ■
1 After removing magazine assembly (18) and checking to see that no cartridges are in rifle, begin disassembly of the BL-22 over a clean, well-lighted bench. Open cocking lever (53) and remove action screw (14). Turn rifle upside down, and pull buttstock (27) and action assembly straight back out of receiver (16).
2 Working through the ejection port with a tweezers, lift ejector (12) from its fixed receiver pin, and remove. Then, draw ejector spring (13) straight out of its receiver seat.
3 The frame insert pin (41) may come out with frame (46) or stick in its hole in the receiver. If loose, remove the pin so that it is not lost. Close cocking lever. Then lift rear of bolt (1) slightly and push forward until lug "A" emerges from front of frame. Lift off bolt, and remove locking block (39) from cocking lever link (40). Push front end of carrier (38) slightly to the left, and allow it to swing up on its spring. All working parts are now exposed for cleaning and lubrication. Do not lower hammer (31) while action is out of receiver. Disassemble further only for repair. Drift out solid pins so that they emerge serrated ends first.
A Begin reassembly by seating flat end of frame insert pin in its frame socket. Pivot carrier downward into frame, and move to the right, catching carrier guide pin (37) beneath tail of cocking lever link.
5 Turn right side of frame down, and place locking block over stud on cocking lever link, locating small triangular section of block "B" down and toward hammer. Install bolt over locking block, guiding block into its well within bolt. Start bolt lug into its frame groove, and slide bolt to the rear until it clears carrier hook and can be brought flush with frame. Then, open cocking lever fully.
6 Insert ejector spring and ejector in receiver, positioning them as shown in illustration 2. Place action assembly in rear of receiver, sliding it forward on the bolt in a straight line. Tip of ejector spring must bear squarely on side of ejector. If necessary, position spring with a small screwdriver, working through ejection port. When action is fully home, replace action screw.
Early model (above) and late model (below) Browning cal. .22 automatic rifles
Browning Cal .22 Automatic Rifle
By Thomas E. Wessel
chambered for both cal. .22 short and long rifle cartridges and was offered in several grades, and a special version was made for use in commercial shooting galleries.
The Model 24 was discontinued in 1935 to be replaced that year by the Model 241. The Model 241 had a larger forearm and buttstock which made it more suitable for adult use.
2. Front sight
3. Barrel adjusting ring
4. Barrel lock ring
5. Barrel lock
6. Barrel lock spring
7. Barrel lock spring plunger
8. Cartridge guide
10. Magazine spring
12. Inner magazine tube
13. Magazine handle pin
14. Magazine follower
15. Magazine handle
16. Magazine follower spring
17. Magazine follower stop
18. Forearm retaining stud
19. Forearm escutcheon
20. Forearm screw
21. Rear sight
22. Firing pin spring
23. Firing pin spring guide
25. Extractor spring retaining pin
27. Extractor spring
28. Extractor spring retainer
29. Firing pin
30. Recoil spring
31. Recoil spring guide
32. Trigger pin
33. Safety, cross-bolt
34. Trigger guard
36. Safety spring
37. Safety spring plunger
38. Disconnector pin
39. Sear spring
41. Trigger spring
43. Cartridge guide spring
44. Cartridge stop
45. Sear spring pin
46. Sear pin
47. Stock screw
48. Outer magazine tube
50. Buttplate screw (2)
51. Magazine stop plate screw (4)
In 1914 the Belgian firm of Fabrique Nationale began production of a cal. .22 rifle designed in 1913 by John M. Browning. This rifle was semiautomatic with straight blowback-operated breech. Of hammerless construction, it had a tubular magazine in the buttstock. Top and sides of the receiver were completely enclosed. Ejection of fired cases was from bottom of the receiver. It was readily taken down for cleaning or storage.
In 1922 Remington Arms Co., Ilion, N. Y., began production of a similar rifle under license arrangement with FN. Designated Model 24, it had a loading port in the right side of the buttstock, but was otherwise mechanically similar to the FN rifle. The Model 24 had a 19" barrel and was
Barrel length was increased to 24" to effect an improvement in balance. The action was adapted for both standard and high-velocity cal. .22 short and long rifle cartridges, and like the Model 24 was available in several grades as well as a gallery model. Production of the Model 241 ceased in 1951.
In the interim the FN firm had maintained almost continuous production of the basic 1914 model. In 1956 an improved model was introduced by FN which bears a strong resemblance to the Remington Model 241. The magazine loading port is in the side of the buttstock, and both forearm and buttstock are large enough for adult use. Barrel length is 19'/2", and it is available in both .22 short and .22 long rifle chamberings. Several grades are offered, including a gallery model.
ITo remove barrel and forearm assembly from receiver, hold rifle upside down and push barrel lock (5) forward. Then draw breechblock (24) back Va" or more by the finger piece and hold with thumb of one hand. Give barrel a IA -turn clockwise and separate the 2 assemblies. To accomplish further disassembly of Browning .22 automatic rifle, remove inner magazine tube (12) and assembly by turning magazine handle (15) 14 turn and withdrawing assembly to rear until it catches against magazine stop plate (52). Give assembly -turn again and withdraw it from stock. Next, push trigger guard (34) forward about (A), retract breechblock (24) with forefinger and hold in its rearward position, then pull rear end of trigger guard out of receiver (B) about 1" and draw mechanism out and away
2 Remove stock screw (47) and stock. Place blade of a screwdriver against rear of cartridge guide spring (43) and pry spring out of cartridge guide slot in receiver (9). Slide cartridge guide (8) out of front end of receiver. Using thin-nosed pliers, grasp front end of cartridge stop (44) and lift it out of receiver
3 Continue by pulling trigger (35) to release firing pin (29). Lift breechblock out of trigger guard and allow it to move slowly forward to prevent escape of recoil spring (30) and firing pin spring (22). When breechblock is out, firing pin, firing pin spring guide (23), firing pin spring, recoil spring, and recoil spring guide (31) may be lifted away
4 Drift out extractor spring retaining pin (25) and remove extractor (26), extractor spring (27), and extractor spring retainer (28)
5 Next, drift out sear spring pin (45) from left to right and remove sear spring (39). Drift out sear pin (46). also from left to right, and slide sear (42) out of its housing to front. Drift out trigger pin (32) from left to right and remove trigger and disconnector (40) through top of trigger guard. Drift disconnector pin (38) from left to right out of trigger
6 Remove forearm screw (20) and forearm (11). Slide barrel lock (5) forward and away. Barrel lock spring (6) and barrel lock spring plunger (7) can now be removed from barrel lock ring (4). Using a leather or plastic mallet, tap off barrel lock ring and unscrew barrel adjusting ring (3). Reassemble in reverse order ■
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